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Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Series editor's preface -- Acknowledgments -- Figure and map acknowledgements -- List of plates -- List of figures and tables -- List of boxes -- Maps -- Introduction -- Notes -- Chronology -- 1. The Twentieth Century in an Iron Cage: Modernization and Rationalization -- Modernization -- Greater wealth -- Transformed demographics -- After and before work -- Greater equality -- Mobility -- Leisure -- Women, work and families -- Individualism -- Belief -- The decline of rural life -- Designing urban life -- Notes -- 2. War and Peace: Lenin and Wilson -- War and mobilization -- Revolution -- Peace-making -- The quest for security -- Notes -- 3. The 1920s: Precarious Democracy -- Weimar democracy -- Britain -- France -- Italy -- Democracy, community and hatred -- Notes -- 4. Europe and the World of the Depression -- Society and depression -- Germany's slide into dictatorship -- British crisis management -- French crises -- Successful corporatism -- Turkey: the strong man of Europe? -- Failed solidarity -- Dictatorship -- Spain as the European hotspot -- Notes -- 5. Peace and War: The Failure of the International Order in the 1930s -- The new Germany -- Soviet civilization? -- Terrors compared -- Notes -- 6. The Second World War -- Blitzkrieg -- Racial war -- World war -- The Nazi new order in Europe -- The neutrals -- The Pope and the War -- The Anglo-American vision -- Notes -- 7. The Reconstruction of Europe, Western Style: Making the 1950s -- Ideals and Realpolitik -- Human rights -- Economic prosperity -- Security risks -- Germany: a new kind of state -- The princess in the fairy stories: France -- The price of Britain's goodbye to Empire -- Italy and one-party politics -- Small (social) democracies -- Dictatorships -- The modernization of Turkey.
The modernization of the Church -- The dynamics of growth -- European integration -- Europe and the United States -- Notes -- 8. Yalta and Communism: The Reconstruction of Europe, Eastern Style, from the 1940s to the 1970s -- Yalta -- Ideals and violence -- Coalition rule -- Stalinism and the Zhdanov line -- After Stalin -- Disillusionment -- Technology -- Solidarność -- Notes -- 9. A Golden Age: the 1960s -- Chemicals and the youth culture -- The youth revolt -- The legacy of 1968 -- Women's rights -- Homosexual clashes -- Notes -- 10. The Limits to Growthmanship: the 1970s -- Mediterranean instability -- The Keynesian boom and its discontents -- Morality and politics -- External constraints -- Can events be controlled after all? -- Notes -- 11. Right Step: the 1980s -- The Thatcher model -- France's two-year experiment with socialist policies -- German conservatism -- The European framework -- Notes -- 12. Malta and Communism: 1989 and the Restoration of Europe -- Gorbachev -- Jaruzelski -- 1989 -- The Soviet collapse -- Notes -- 13. The Return to Europe: The New Politics and the End of the Cold War -- Normalized demographics -- Normalized politics -- Non-national business -- The politics of TINA -- The new politics 1: Property -- The new politics 2: Morality and foreign policy -- The new politics 3: Corruption -- The new politics 4: The threatened environment -- The new politics 5: Localist nationalisms -- Notes -- Appendix 1: Populations of Major European Countries -- Appendix 2: Short Biographies -- Appendix 3: Bibliography -- Index.
In the early twentieth century brutal nation-states such as Mussolini's Italy, Stalin's Russia and Hitler's Germany came to the fore and the twin evils of dictatorship and war ensured the rapid destruction of liberal democracy, market economics and the international order. In contrast, the latter half was concerned with re-thinking and re-shaping these core values which still guide political life after the millennium. Harold James analyses the failures and achievements of the twentieth century. The demands of the post-war period, namely the place of Europe in a wider international order are also examined. Features include: Boxed Case Studies Maps Plates Figures Short Biographies Chronologies Statistical Appendix James lucidly argues that European societies today are dominated by the trend to converge around the principles of democracy, market economics and international integration. He shows that the stability brought by the gradual unwinding of the nation-state and the end of left-right politics have created a Europe 'reborn'.
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.