A Reference Grammar of Romanian : Volume 1: The noun phrase.

By: Dobrovie-Sorin, CarmenContributor(s): Giurgea, IonSeries: Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics TodayPublisher: Amsterdam/Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013Copyright date: ©2013Description: 1 online resource (930 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9789027271358Subject(s): Romanian language -- Grammar.;Romanian language -- Noun.;Romanian language -- PhraseologyGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: A Reference Grammar of Romanian : Volume 1: The noun phraseDDC classification: 459/.554 LOC classification: PC671 -- .R44 2013ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- A Reference Grammar of Romanian -- Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of contents -- List of contributors -- Abbreviations used in glosses -- Glossing principles -- Preface -- Introduction -- 1. Nominal features -- 1.1 General observations and terminology -- 1.2 Gender -- 1.3 Number: Count and mass nouns -- 1.4 Case -- 2. Pronouns and the person feature -- 3. Determiners and other nominal functional categories -- 4. Adnominal constituents -- 4.1 Complements and modifiers -- 4.2 Adnominal modifiers vs. DP-adjuncts. Appositions -- 4.3 Focal particles -- 5. Distribution and syntactic functions of nominal projections -- 5.1 Functions and distribution of DPs -- 5.2 Functions and distribution of NPs -- 6. The semantics of determiners and determiner phrases -- 6.1 Types of DPs -- 6.2 Theoretical perspectives -- 6.2.1 Predicate calculus without and with restricted variables -- 6.2.2 The relational analysis of determ±iners -- 6.2.3 Montagovian approaches -- 6.2.4 Dynamic approaches -- The semantics of determiners -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Definite determiners -- 2.1 Definite vs. indefinite DPs -- 2.2 The definite determiner -ul -- 2.3 Demonstrative determiners -- 2.4 Conclusion -- 3. Indefinite determiners -- 3.1 Unmarked indefinite determiners -- 3.1.1 Scopal freedom -- 3.1.2 Specific and non-specific indefinites DPs and ways of marking them -- 3.1.3 Generic indefinites -- 3.2 Marked indefinite determiners -- 3.2.1 Partitive DPs and partitive determiners -- 3.2.2 Dependent indefinites: The co-varying determiner câte un -- 3.2.3 The negative indefinite determiner niciun -- 3.2.4 Free choice: Vreun and ori- determiners -- 3.2.5 Identifiable indefinites: Un anume -- 3.3 Conclusion -- 4. Conclusion -- Pronouns -- 1. Personal and reflexive pronouns -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Grammatical features and paradigm.
1.2.1 The feature composition of personal pronouns -- 1.2.2 The forms -- 1.3 Syntactic differences between strong and clitic forms -- 1.4 Strong Pronouns -- 1.5 The grammatical functions of clitic pronouns -- 1.5.1 Common grammatical functions of clitic and strong pronouns -- 1.5.2 Grammatical functions restricted to clitics -- 1.5.3 The clitic doubling of strong pronouns -- 1.5.4 Pronominal clitics vs. inflection -- 1.5.5 Overt and null subject pronouns -- 1.6 The structure of clitic clusters -- 1.6.1 Linear orders inside the verbal cluster -- 1.6.2 Constraints on the verbal host -- 1.6.3 Pronominal clitic clusters -- 1.6.3.1. The order of co-occurring dative and accusative clitics -- 1.6.3.2 Ethical datives co-occurring with other pronominal clitics -- 1.6.3.3 Person constraints -- 1.7 Clitic allomorphs -- 1.7.1 The forms -- 1.7.2 The selection of allomorphs -- 1.7.3 The clitic o -- 1.7.4 Verb allomorphs -- 1.8 The semantics of personal and reflexive pronouns -- 1.8.1 Co-reference -- 1.8.2 The bound variable interpretation -- 1.8.3 The interpretation of gender -- 1.8.4 Pronouns of laziness -- 1.8.5 Genderless pronouns -- 1.8.6 Special (pragmatic) interpretations of some pronominal forms -- 1.8.6.1 Generic uses -- 1.8.6.2 Person deviations -- 2. Politeness pronouns -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Morphology -- 2.3 Syntactic properties: Doubling clitics and agreement -- 2.4 The use of politeness forms -- 3. The pronominal intensifier însuşi -- 3.1 Morphology -- 3.2 Syntactic properties -- 3.3 The intensifier use -- 3.4 The reflexive use -- 4. Reciprocal constructions -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Reciprocal marking -- 4.2.1 Clitics -- 4.2.2 Strong reciprocal anaphors -- 4.3 Locality constraints and positions of the antecedent -- 4.4 Reciprocal marking and symmetric predicates -- 4.5 The semantics of reciprocal constructions.
4.5.1 Strong vs. weak reciprocity -- 4.5.2Individual vs. group readings -- 4.5.3 Special reading with ordering predicates -- Genitive DPs and Pronominal Possessors -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The syntax of genitives -- 2.1 Synthetic genitives and al-genitives -- 2.2 Synthetic genitives following definite nouns are disguised al-genitives -- 2.3 Free-standing genitive DPs -- 2.4 Prenominal genitives -- 2.5 The syntactic position of postnominal genitives -- 2.6 The status of the genitive "article" al occurring in postnominal genitives -- 2.7 Co-occurring genitives -- 2.8 Conclusions: Types of genitives, types of nominal projections and determiners -- 3. The interpretation of genitives -- 3.1 The semantic composition -- 3.2 (In)definiteness spread -- 3.3 Interpretive variability -- 3.4 Mutual constraints between the determiners of genitives and the head N -- 3.5 The semantic composition of genitives in predicate positions -- 4. Genitive Case alternating with prepositional marking -- 4.1 Genitive Case alternating with de-Marking -- 4.2 Genitive Case alternating with a-marking -- 5. De-al genitives -- 5.1 The structure of de-al genitives -- 5.2 The interpretation of de-al genitives -- 5.3 Other distributional properties of de-al genitives -- 5.4 Partitive de-ai -- 5.4.1 Unul + de + plural al- phrase -- 5.4.2 Elliptical constructions -- 6. Pronominal possessors -- 6.1 A non-uniform paradigm: Genitive-marked and agreeing pronominal possessors -- 6.2 The position of pronominal possessors -- 6.3 On the categorial status of agreeing possessors -- 6.4 Suffixal agreeing possessors with kinship terms -- The Adjective -- 1. Introduction. The adjective compared to the other lexical categories -- 1.1 Adjectives and nouns. The nominalization of adjectives -- 1.2 Adjectives and verbs -- 1.2.1 The external argument of adjectives.
1.2.2 Semantic correlates of the adjective/verb distinction. The aspectual properties of adjectives -- 1.2.3 Verbal forms with adjectival distribution. Participles vs. adjectives. -- 1.3 Adjectives and adverbs -- 2. Classes of adjectives -- 2.1 Distributional classes -- 2.2 Intersective and non-intersective adjectives -- 2.3 Quality adjectives -- 2.3.1 General properties -- 2.3.2 Quality adjectives with a qua-N reading -- 2.4 Non-intersective adjectives -- 2.4.1 Two types of non-intersective adjectives: Relational and intensional adjectives -- 2.4.2 Relational adjectives -- 2.4.3 Non-relational denominal adjectives -- 2.4.4 Intensional adjectives -- 3. Adjective placement inside the DP -- 3.1 Prenominal vs. postnominal adjectives -- 3.1.1 Classes of prenominal adjectives -- 3.1.2 Non-restrictive (appositive) vs. restrictive -- 3.1.3 Conclusion. Prenominal adjectives compared with postnominal ­adjectives -- 3.1.4 Formal constraints on the position of adjectives -- 3.2 Relative order of stacked adjectives -- 3.3 The double definiteness construction -- 4. Gradation. Degree expressions, degrees of comparison. -- 4.1 Gradability. Degrees and scales. -- 4.2 Antonymic pairs and Measure Phrases -- 4.3 Types of gradable adjectives depending on the structure of the scales -- 4.3.1 Relative vs. absolute adjectives -- 4.3.2 Absolute adjectives and the structure of the scale -- 4.3.3 Distributive adjectives and perfect 'perfectly' vs. complet 'completely' -- 4.3.4 Scalar properties of deverbal adjectives -- 4.4 The syntax of the Degree Phrase -- 4.4.1 Degree heads -- 4.4.2 The construction with de -- 4.4.3 Constructions with puţin and mult -- 4.4.4 Other constituents licensed by degree words -- 4.4.5 Degree heads in non-adjectival environments. -- 4.5 The comparative of superiority -- 4.5.1 The comparative complement -- 4.5.2 The differential.
4.5.3 Other elements that can modify mai -- 4.5.4 Comparative correlatives -- 4.6 The comparative of inferiority -- 4.7 The comparative of equality (the equative) and other constructions with atât and aşa -- 4.7.1 La fel -- 4.7.2 Atât and aşa in equatives -- 4.7.3 Other degree constructions with atât and aşa -- 4.7.4 On the semantics of equatives. The internal reading of equatives -- 4.7.5 Equatives without a degree word -- 4.8 Comparing different properties -- 4.8.1 The interpretations -- 4.8.2 The comparative of superiority -- 4.8.3 The comparative of equality -- 4.9 The superlative -- 4.9.1 The morpho-syntax of the superlative -- 4.9.2 The semantics of the superlative -- 4.9.3 The superlative of mult -- 4.10 On the semantics of other degree words -- 5. The complementation of adjectives -- 5.1 Dative complements -- 5.2 Prepositional complements -- 5.2.1 The preposition cu -- 5.2.1.1 The preposition cu with symmetric predicates -- 5.2.1.2 The preposition cu with interpersonal behavior predicates and as a comitative adjunct -- 5.2.1.3 Other uses -- 5.2.2 The preposition de -- 5.2.3 The preposition la -- 5.2.4 The preposition în -- 5.2.5 The preposition pe -- 5.2.6 The preposition pentru -- 5.2.7 The complex preposition faţă de -- 5.2.8 Other prepositions -- 5.3 Inherent accusative with the adjective dator -- 5.4 Clausal arguments -- 5.4.1 Introduction -- 5.4.2 Finite clauses -- 5.4.2.1 Object clauses -- 5.4.2.2 Subject clauses -- 5.4.3 Infinitival clauses -- 5.4.3.1 Infinitival vs. finite clauses -- 5.4.3.2 Introductory elements -- 5.4.3.3. The subject of the infinitive -- 5.4.4 Supine clauses -- 5.4.4.1 Object clauses -- 5.4.4.2 Subject clauses -- 5.4.4.3 The tough-construction -- Adnominal prepositional phrases -- 1. General properties of Romanian prepositions -- 1.1 Lexical prepositions and functional prepositions -- 1.2 Prepositions and case.
1.2.1 Lexical prepositions selecting the accusative.
Summary: Based on recent research in formal linguistics, this volume provides a thorough description of the whole system of Romanian Noun Phrases, understood in an extended sense, that is, in addition to nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines all the adnominal phrases: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional phrases, complement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The book focuses on syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but also includes a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian contained in the book can serve as a starting point for the study of the syntax/semantics of Noun Phrases in other languages, regardless of whether or not they are typologically related to Romanian. This book will be of special interest to linguists working on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, especially because Romanian is relevant for comparative linguistics not only as a Romance language, but also as part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.
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Intro -- A Reference Grammar of Romanian -- Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of contents -- List of contributors -- Abbreviations used in glosses -- Glossing principles -- Preface -- Introduction -- 1. Nominal features -- 1.1 General observations and terminology -- 1.2 Gender -- 1.3 Number: Count and mass nouns -- 1.4 Case -- 2. Pronouns and the person feature -- 3. Determiners and other nominal functional categories -- 4. Adnominal constituents -- 4.1 Complements and modifiers -- 4.2 Adnominal modifiers vs. DP-adjuncts. Appositions -- 4.3 Focal particles -- 5. Distribution and syntactic functions of nominal projections -- 5.1 Functions and distribution of DPs -- 5.2 Functions and distribution of NPs -- 6. The semantics of determiners and determiner phrases -- 6.1 Types of DPs -- 6.2 Theoretical perspectives -- 6.2.1 Predicate calculus without and with restricted variables -- 6.2.2 The relational analysis of determ±iners -- 6.2.3 Montagovian approaches -- 6.2.4 Dynamic approaches -- The semantics of determiners -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Definite determiners -- 2.1 Definite vs. indefinite DPs -- 2.2 The definite determiner -ul -- 2.3 Demonstrative determiners -- 2.4 Conclusion -- 3. Indefinite determiners -- 3.1 Unmarked indefinite determiners -- 3.1.1 Scopal freedom -- 3.1.2 Specific and non-specific indefinites DPs and ways of marking them -- 3.1.3 Generic indefinites -- 3.2 Marked indefinite determiners -- 3.2.1 Partitive DPs and partitive determiners -- 3.2.2 Dependent indefinites: The co-varying determiner câte un -- 3.2.3 The negative indefinite determiner niciun -- 3.2.4 Free choice: Vreun and ori- determiners -- 3.2.5 Identifiable indefinites: Un anume -- 3.3 Conclusion -- 4. Conclusion -- Pronouns -- 1. Personal and reflexive pronouns -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Grammatical features and paradigm.

1.2.1 The feature composition of personal pronouns -- 1.2.2 The forms -- 1.3 Syntactic differences between strong and clitic forms -- 1.4 Strong Pronouns -- 1.5 The grammatical functions of clitic pronouns -- 1.5.1 Common grammatical functions of clitic and strong pronouns -- 1.5.2 Grammatical functions restricted to clitics -- 1.5.3 The clitic doubling of strong pronouns -- 1.5.4 Pronominal clitics vs. inflection -- 1.5.5 Overt and null subject pronouns -- 1.6 The structure of clitic clusters -- 1.6.1 Linear orders inside the verbal cluster -- 1.6.2 Constraints on the verbal host -- 1.6.3 Pronominal clitic clusters -- 1.6.3.1. The order of co-occurring dative and accusative clitics -- 1.6.3.2 Ethical datives co-occurring with other pronominal clitics -- 1.6.3.3 Person constraints -- 1.7 Clitic allomorphs -- 1.7.1 The forms -- 1.7.2 The selection of allomorphs -- 1.7.3 The clitic o -- 1.7.4 Verb allomorphs -- 1.8 The semantics of personal and reflexive pronouns -- 1.8.1 Co-reference -- 1.8.2 The bound variable interpretation -- 1.8.3 The interpretation of gender -- 1.8.4 Pronouns of laziness -- 1.8.5 Genderless pronouns -- 1.8.6 Special (pragmatic) interpretations of some pronominal forms -- 1.8.6.1 Generic uses -- 1.8.6.2 Person deviations -- 2. Politeness pronouns -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Morphology -- 2.3 Syntactic properties: Doubling clitics and agreement -- 2.4 The use of politeness forms -- 3. The pronominal intensifier însuşi -- 3.1 Morphology -- 3.2 Syntactic properties -- 3.3 The intensifier use -- 3.4 The reflexive use -- 4. Reciprocal constructions -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Reciprocal marking -- 4.2.1 Clitics -- 4.2.2 Strong reciprocal anaphors -- 4.3 Locality constraints and positions of the antecedent -- 4.4 Reciprocal marking and symmetric predicates -- 4.5 The semantics of reciprocal constructions.

4.5.1 Strong vs. weak reciprocity -- 4.5.2Individual vs. group readings -- 4.5.3 Special reading with ordering predicates -- Genitive DPs and Pronominal Possessors -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The syntax of genitives -- 2.1 Synthetic genitives and al-genitives -- 2.2 Synthetic genitives following definite nouns are disguised al-genitives -- 2.3 Free-standing genitive DPs -- 2.4 Prenominal genitives -- 2.5 The syntactic position of postnominal genitives -- 2.6 The status of the genitive "article" al occurring in postnominal genitives -- 2.7 Co-occurring genitives -- 2.8 Conclusions: Types of genitives, types of nominal projections and determiners -- 3. The interpretation of genitives -- 3.1 The semantic composition -- 3.2 (In)definiteness spread -- 3.3 Interpretive variability -- 3.4 Mutual constraints between the determiners of genitives and the head N -- 3.5 The semantic composition of genitives in predicate positions -- 4. Genitive Case alternating with prepositional marking -- 4.1 Genitive Case alternating with de-Marking -- 4.2 Genitive Case alternating with a-marking -- 5. De-al genitives -- 5.1 The structure of de-al genitives -- 5.2 The interpretation of de-al genitives -- 5.3 Other distributional properties of de-al genitives -- 5.4 Partitive de-ai -- 5.4.1 Unul + de + plural al- phrase -- 5.4.2 Elliptical constructions -- 6. Pronominal possessors -- 6.1 A non-uniform paradigm: Genitive-marked and agreeing pronominal possessors -- 6.2 The position of pronominal possessors -- 6.3 On the categorial status of agreeing possessors -- 6.4 Suffixal agreeing possessors with kinship terms -- The Adjective -- 1. Introduction. The adjective compared to the other lexical categories -- 1.1 Adjectives and nouns. The nominalization of adjectives -- 1.2 Adjectives and verbs -- 1.2.1 The external argument of adjectives.

1.2.2 Semantic correlates of the adjective/verb distinction. The aspectual properties of adjectives -- 1.2.3 Verbal forms with adjectival distribution. Participles vs. adjectives. -- 1.3 Adjectives and adverbs -- 2. Classes of adjectives -- 2.1 Distributional classes -- 2.2 Intersective and non-intersective adjectives -- 2.3 Quality adjectives -- 2.3.1 General properties -- 2.3.2 Quality adjectives with a qua-N reading -- 2.4 Non-intersective adjectives -- 2.4.1 Two types of non-intersective adjectives: Relational and intensional adjectives -- 2.4.2 Relational adjectives -- 2.4.3 Non-relational denominal adjectives -- 2.4.4 Intensional adjectives -- 3. Adjective placement inside the DP -- 3.1 Prenominal vs. postnominal adjectives -- 3.1.1 Classes of prenominal adjectives -- 3.1.2 Non-restrictive (appositive) vs. restrictive -- 3.1.3 Conclusion. Prenominal adjectives compared with postnominal ­adjectives -- 3.1.4 Formal constraints on the position of adjectives -- 3.2 Relative order of stacked adjectives -- 3.3 The double definiteness construction -- 4. Gradation. Degree expressions, degrees of comparison. -- 4.1 Gradability. Degrees and scales. -- 4.2 Antonymic pairs and Measure Phrases -- 4.3 Types of gradable adjectives depending on the structure of the scales -- 4.3.1 Relative vs. absolute adjectives -- 4.3.2 Absolute adjectives and the structure of the scale -- 4.3.3 Distributive adjectives and perfect 'perfectly' vs. complet 'completely' -- 4.3.4 Scalar properties of deverbal adjectives -- 4.4 The syntax of the Degree Phrase -- 4.4.1 Degree heads -- 4.4.2 The construction with de -- 4.4.3 Constructions with puţin and mult -- 4.4.4 Other constituents licensed by degree words -- 4.4.5 Degree heads in non-adjectival environments. -- 4.5 The comparative of superiority -- 4.5.1 The comparative complement -- 4.5.2 The differential.

4.5.3 Other elements that can modify mai -- 4.5.4 Comparative correlatives -- 4.6 The comparative of inferiority -- 4.7 The comparative of equality (the equative) and other constructions with atât and aşa -- 4.7.1 La fel -- 4.7.2 Atât and aşa in equatives -- 4.7.3 Other degree constructions with atât and aşa -- 4.7.4 On the semantics of equatives. The internal reading of equatives -- 4.7.5 Equatives without a degree word -- 4.8 Comparing different properties -- 4.8.1 The interpretations -- 4.8.2 The comparative of superiority -- 4.8.3 The comparative of equality -- 4.9 The superlative -- 4.9.1 The morpho-syntax of the superlative -- 4.9.2 The semantics of the superlative -- 4.9.3 The superlative of mult -- 4.10 On the semantics of other degree words -- 5. The complementation of adjectives -- 5.1 Dative complements -- 5.2 Prepositional complements -- 5.2.1 The preposition cu -- 5.2.1.1 The preposition cu with symmetric predicates -- 5.2.1.2 The preposition cu with interpersonal behavior predicates and as a comitative adjunct -- 5.2.1.3 Other uses -- 5.2.2 The preposition de -- 5.2.3 The preposition la -- 5.2.4 The preposition în -- 5.2.5 The preposition pe -- 5.2.6 The preposition pentru -- 5.2.7 The complex preposition faţă de -- 5.2.8 Other prepositions -- 5.3 Inherent accusative with the adjective dator -- 5.4 Clausal arguments -- 5.4.1 Introduction -- 5.4.2 Finite clauses -- 5.4.2.1 Object clauses -- 5.4.2.2 Subject clauses -- 5.4.3 Infinitival clauses -- 5.4.3.1 Infinitival vs. finite clauses -- 5.4.3.2 Introductory elements -- 5.4.3.3. The subject of the infinitive -- 5.4.4 Supine clauses -- 5.4.4.1 Object clauses -- 5.4.4.2 Subject clauses -- 5.4.4.3 The tough-construction -- Adnominal prepositional phrases -- 1. General properties of Romanian prepositions -- 1.1 Lexical prepositions and functional prepositions -- 1.2 Prepositions and case.

1.2.1 Lexical prepositions selecting the accusative.

Based on recent research in formal linguistics, this volume provides a thorough description of the whole system of Romanian Noun Phrases, understood in an extended sense, that is, in addition to nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines all the adnominal phrases: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional phrases, complement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The book focuses on syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but also includes a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian contained in the book can serve as a starting point for the study of the syntax/semantics of Noun Phrases in other languages, regardless of whether or not they are typologically related to Romanian. This book will be of special interest to linguists working on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, especially because Romanian is relevant for comparative linguistics not only as a Romance language, but also as part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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