Saadya Gaon : The Double Path of the Mystic and the Rationalist.Series: Études Sur le Judaïsme Médiéval SerPublisher: Leiden : BRILL, 2013Copyright date: ©2013Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (256 pages)Content type:
- online resource
- B759.S24.H35 2013eb
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Intro -- Contents -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- Saadya's Life and the Cultural Milieu -- The Kitāb al-Amānāt wa-l-Iʿtiqādāt (Book of Beliefs and Convictions): Structure, Content and Method -- The Ṣefer Yeẓirah -- Saadya's Commentary on the Ṣefer Yeẓirah -- The Literature on Saadya's Epistemology -- Chapter One Two Paths to Knowledge -- I. Process and Insight -- The Process of the Elimination of Doubts in Ten Steps -- The Six Observations -- The Process of Cognition in the TSY -- KAI: An Epistemological Dualism -- TSY: An Epistemology Based on Simplicity -- II. The Sources of Knowledge -- Abraham's Supposed Authorship of the Ṣefer Yeẓirah -- Prophecy and Philosophy -- What is Knowledge? The Contextuality of Knowledge in the KAI and in the TSY -- Knowledge Realized and the Ways to Knowledge: Wisdom -- Intellect and Speculation -- III. Saadya's Aim in the Two Books: Knowledge Expressed and Ineffable -- Saadya's Aim in the Two Books: The KAI against Doubt and Uncertainty -- The TSY: Against a Literal Understanding -- IV. Saadya Now: The Two Epistemological Frameworks from a Contemporary Perspective -- The Question of Externalism/Internalism and Foundationalism/Coherentism in Contemporary Epistemology -- Externalism and Foundationalism in the KAI -- Internalism and Coherentism in the TSY -- Chapter Two The Understanding of Reality in the KAI and in the TSY -- I. Creation ex Nihilo -- The Place of Creation ex Nihilo in the KAI and the TSY -- The Philoponean Proofs in Saadya -- II. The Ontological Realms -- Sensation Causing Material Reality (ḥaqīqa) -- Immediate Knowledge of the Intellect, and Illumination -- The Map of Creation in the TSY -- Connecting Creator and Creation: The Notions of the 'First Air' and of 'God's Created Glory' -- Between Creator and Creation: The Notion of the Soul in the KAI.
The Description of the Creator in the KAI and the TSY -- Aristotelian Categories and the Description of the Divine -- III. Finitude, Time, and Space in the KAI and the TSY -- The Question of Finitude: The Reformulation of the Philoponean Proofs in the Epistemology of the KAI -- Extension of the Philoponean Proofs by Way of Analogy/Correspondence in the TSY -- Gradualness, Time and Timelessness -- The Concept of Place in the KAI and TSY -- Back to Epistemology: Speculation and Analogy -- Knowing and Knowledge: The Relationship between Epistemology and Ontology in the KAI -- The Relationship between Epistemology and Ontology in the TSY -- Chapter Three Rational Theology: An Islamic Parallel from the 10th Century: The Muġnī -- I. Kalām in the Muġnī and Saadya -- About the Thought of the Kalām -- The Kalām in Saadya -- The Muġnī of ʿAbd al-Jabbār -- II. The Concept of Speculation (naẓar) in the Muġnī and Saadya -- The Nature of Speculation -- The Notion of the 'Tranquility of the Soul' (sukūn an-nafs) in the Epistemology of the Muġnī -- The Finitude of the Speculation in Saadya's KAI -- The Physical Representations of the Act of Speculation: Pressure, Blowing, Hunting and Spear Throwing -- Speculation and Sense Perception -- The Notion of Logical Inference (istidlāl) -- The Notion of Aspect in the Muġnī -- Speculation and Revelation: Ability (maqdūr) and Obligation (ījāb) to Speculate in the Muġnī -- Speculation and Religion -- The Notion of the Intellect (ʿaql) -- Speculation and Exegesis in Saadya and in the Muġnī -- The Sources of Knowledge: Perception (idrāk) and Sensation (ḥass) -- III . What is Knowledge? -- Definitions of Knowledge in the Muġnī -- What is Not Knowledge -- Knowledge and Reality (ḥaqīqa) -- Necessary (ḍarūrī) and Acquired (muktasab) Knowledge -- Dialectical Epistemologies.
Chapter Four Gnosticism: An Islamic Parallel from the 10th Century: The Epistles of the Sincere Brethren -- I. Who were the Sincere Brethren? -- The Content of the Epistles -- II. The Multilayered Epistemology of the Brethren -- The Notion of Knowledge in the Epistles of the Brethren -- The Ultimate Aim of the Process of Knowledge -- Knowledge for the Masses and for the Distinguished -- The Notion of Belief (īmān) in the Brethren -- III. The Psychology of the Brethren -- The Notion of the Soul in the Brethren and in the KAI -- The Internalism of the Brethren -- The Faculties of the Soul -- The Faculty of Imagination, Inspiration and Revelation in the Brethren and the TSY -- Philosophy and Prophecy -- IV. Numbers, Systems, and Interconnectedness -- The Third (Intermediary) Ontological Position and the Numeric System -- Analogies/Correspondences -- God: Unity, Centeredness and Immanence -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Index.
In Saadya Gaon: The Double Path of the Mystic and the Rationalist Gyongyi Hegedus argues that Saadya's thought can be conceived as a conscious attempt to harmonize rational theology (kalam) and medieval neo-Pythagorean thought.
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.