Tense and Aspect in Indo-European Languages : Theory, typology, diachrony.

By: Hewson, JohnContributor(s): Bubenik, VitSeries: Current Issues in Linguistic TheoryPublisher: Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1997Copyright date: ©1997Description: 1 online resource (415 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9789027275974Subject(s): Indo-European languages -- Tense.;Indo-European languages -- AspectGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Tense and Aspect in Indo-European Languages : Theory, typology, diachronyDDC classification: 415 LOC classification: P649 -- .H48 1997ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
TENSE AND ASPECT IN INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES THEORY, TYPOLOGY, DIACHRONY -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- AUTHORS' PREFACE -- Table of contents -- LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS -- CHAPTER ONE. TENSE AND ASPECT: DESCRIPTION AND THEORY -- 1.Introduction -- 1.1 The elements of consciousness -- 1.2 The first stage of chronogenesis: the quasi-nominal mood -- 1.3 The second stage of chronogenesis: the representation of Universe Time -- 1.4 The third stage of chronogenesis: the indicative -- 1.5 Systems with two stages of development -- 1.6 Systems with four or more stages of development -- 1.7 Aspect in Indo-European languages -- 1.8 Different kinds of aspect -- 1.9 Perfect vs. Per -- 1.10 Conclusion -- 1.11 Envoi -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER TWO. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF ANCIENT GREEK -- 2. Introduction -- 2.1 Chronogenesis: systemic layering -- 2.2 The 1929 and 1945 models of the Greek system -- 2.3 Aspects in Ancient Greek -- 2.4 The Classical Greek subjunctives -- 2.5 The nominal and optative forms -- 2.5.1 Differences between nominal and optative f orms -- 2.6 The sigmatic future -- 2.6.1 Voice fluctuations of the sigmaticfuture -- 2.6.2 The sigmaticfuture in other IE languages -- 2.6.3 Sigmatic non-past in Modern Greek -- 2.7 Conclusion -- 2.7.1 The Chronogenetic system of Ancient Greek -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER THREE. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF VEDIC AND CLASSICALSANSKRIT -- 3. Introduction -- 3.1 Diachronic strata in Sanskrit and stages in its development -- 3.2 The aorist in Indo-European languages -- 3.3 Aspects in Vedic Sanskrit -- 3.4 Aspects in Classical Sanskrit -- 3.5 Aspect at the nominal level -- 3.6 Evidence of usage -- 3.6.1 The perfect or Retrospective aspect -- 3.6.2 The aorist -- 3.6.3 The imperfect -- 3.6.4 Evidence from ancient grammarians -- 3.7 The Chronogenetic system of Vedic Sanskrit krnόmi "I make -- REFERENCES.
CHAPTER FOUR. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF CLASSICAL ARMENIAN -- 4. Introduction -- 4.1 The tense/aspect system of Classical Armenian -- 4.2 Modal forms of Classical Armenian -- 4.3 The system of voice -- 4.4 Quasi-nominal forms in Classical Armenian -- 4.5 The ergative construction of the transitive perfect in Classical Armenian -- 4.6 Conclusions -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER FIVE. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF OLD CHURCH SLAVIC -- 5. Introduction -- 5.1 Tense/aspect systems of Slavic and Baltic languages -- 5.2 The development of perfectivity in the Slavic family -- 5.3 Tense/aspect system of OCS -- 5.4 Retrospective aspect -- 5.5 Anrìcipation of subsequent developments in the diachronic perspective -- 5.6 Future time reference -- 5.7 Modal forms -- 5.8 Aspectual contrasts in quasi-nominal forms -- 5.9 Conclusions -- 5.9.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Old Church Slavic verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SIX. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF ALBANIAN -- 6. Introduction -- 6.1 The position of Albanian within the Indo-European phylum -- 6.2 The tense/aspect system of Albanian -- 6.3 Future time reference -- 6.4 The actual-habitual opposition -- 6.5 Albanian modal forms -- 6.6 Albanian quasi-nominal forms -- 6.7 Mediopassive morphology in Albanian -- 6.8 Conclusions -- 6.8.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Albanian verbal s -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SEVEN. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF TOCHARIAN -- 7. Introduction -- 7.1 The place of Tocharian in the IE phylum -- 7.2 The tense/aspect system of Tocharian -- 7.3 The periphrastic formations of Tocharian -- 7.4 The modal forms of Tocharian -- 7.5 The system of voice of Tocharian -- 7.6 The quasi-nominal f orms of Tocharian -- 7.7 Conclusions -- 7.7.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Tocharian ve -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER EIGHT. TENSE AND ASPECT IN BALTIC -- 8. Introduction -- 8.1 Tense in Baltic -- 8.1.1 Tense in Latvian -- 8.1.2 Tense in Lithuanian.
8.2 The role of Aktionsart prefixes -- 8.2.1 The use of Aktionsart suffixes -- 8.2.2 The verb būt(i) "tο be -- 8.3 Second level forms: conditional and conjunctive -- 8.3.1 The so-called conditional -- 8.3.2 The so-called conjunctive -- 8.4 The quasi-nominal mood -- 8.4.1 Infinitive and supine -- 8.4.2 Baltic participles -- 8.4.3 The past participle passive -- 8.4.4 The past participle active and middle -- 8.4.5 Present participle active -- 8.4.6 Present participle passive -- 8.4.7 The aspectual contrasts in the quasi-nominal mood -- 8.4.8 The participle in /-dams/ -- 8.5 Analytic aspect in Baltic -- 8.6 Conclusion -- 8.6.1 Sketch of the chronogenetic system of Latvian -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER NINE. TENSE AND ASPECT IN CELTIC -- 9. Introduction -- 9.1 Tense in Celtic -- 9.2 Tense and aspect in Irish -- 9.2.1 Tense -- 9.2.2 Aktionsart: the verbstá and bíonn -- 9.2.3 Aspect -- 9.3 Tense and aspect in Welsh -- 9.3.1 Tense -- 9.3.2 The role of Aktionsart in the Welsh verbal system -- 9.3.3 Aspect -- 9.3.4 The amalgamation of tense, aspect, and Aktionsart in Welsh -- 9.4 Conclusion -- 9.4.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the modern Irish verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER TEN. THE LATIN VERBAL SYSTEM -- 10. Introduction -- 10.1 Tense and aspect in La -- 10.1.1 Allomorphic variation of aspect markers -- 10.1.2 Allomorphic variation of tense markers -- 10.1.3 Tense paradigms of the Latin indicative (active) -- 10.1.4 The Latin present perfect -- 10.1.5 Dual function of the present perfect -- 10.1.6 The medio-passive voice -- 10.2 Level Two: the subjunctivef orms -- 10.2.1 Quasi nominal vs. subjunctive -- 10.2.2 Subjunctive vs. indicative -- 10.3 Level One: quasi-nominal forms -- 10.3.1 Participles -- 10.4 Infinitives -- 10.5 Conclusion -- 10.5.1 Sketch of the Latin chronogenetic system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER ELEVEN. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF GERMANIC.
11. Introduction -- 11.1 The Germanic tense system -- 11.2 From PIE to Germanic -- 11.3 Reinterpretation from aspect to tense -- 11.4 The cognitive function of tense in Ascending Time -- 11.5 Subjunctives -- 11.6 Quasi-nominal forms -- 11.7 The Germanic verbal system -- 11.8 The modal auxiliaries -- 11.9 Aktionsart -- 11.10 Mediopassive forms -- 11.11 Conclusion -- 11.1.1 Sketch of the chronogenetic system of Gothic -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER TWELVE. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF HITTITE -- 12. Introduction -- 12.1 The aspectual dyad of Hittite vs. the aspectual triad of Vedic Sanskrit andAncient Greek -- 12.2 The formation of the mediopassive -- 12.3 Aspect at the quasi-nominal level -- 12.4 Relating Hittite to Vedic Sanskrit and Ancient Greek -- 12.5 The age of the aspectual triad present-aorist-perfect -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER THIRTEEN. FROM ANCIENT TO MODERN GREEK -- 13. Introduction -- 13.1 Aspects in Modern Greek -- 13.2 The aorist and marking for perfectivity in Modern Greek -- 13.3 The Modern Greek subjunctives -- 13.4 Aspect at the nominal level -- 13.4.1 The infinitive -- 13.4.2 The participles -- 13.5 Two perfects of Modern Greek -- 13.6 Periphrastic future of Modern Greek -- 13.7 Conclusion -- 13.7.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Modern Greek system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER FOURTEEN. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN INDIC TENSE-ASPECT SYSTEMS -- 14. Introduction -- 14.1 From Middle to Modern Indic -- 14.2 Aspects in Hindi -- 14.3 Development of aspect at the nominal level -- 14.4 Modal forms and modality in Hindi -- 14.5 Aktionsarts in Hindi -- 14.5.1 Chronogenetic Sketch of the Hindi verbal system -- 14.6 Aspects and Aktionsaris in European Romani -- 14.6.1 Chronogenetic Sketch of the Romani verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER FIFTEEN. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN SLAVIC TENSE-ASPECT SYSTEM -- 15. Introduction.
15.1 Relating modern Slavic languages to their common anc -- 15.2 The functional overlap between the perfect and the aorist in Common Slavic -- 15.3 From Common Slavic to Modern Bulgarian and Macedonian - the rise of the have-perfect and the inferential mode -- 15.4 Future time reference -- 15.5 From Common Slavic to Modern Czech - the development ofquantificational aspect -- 15.6 From Common Slavic to Modern Russian -- 15.7 Quasi-nominalf orms of Modern Slavic languages -- 15.8 Conclusion -- 15.8.1 Chrongenetic sketch of the Czech verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SIXTEEN. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN IRANIAN TENSE-ASPECT SYSTEM -- 16. Introduction -- 16.1 Non-ergative Iranian languages -- 16.1.1 Quasi-nominal forms -- 16.2 Ergative Iranian languages -- 16.2.1 Sketch of the chronogenetic system of Modern Persian (Farsi) -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SEVENTEENFROM LATIN TO MODERN ROMANCE -- 17. Introduction -- 17.1 The replacement of the Latin Perfectum -- 17.2 Present perfect aspect to preterit tense -- 17.3 Reshaping the future -- 17.4 Development of the Romance conditional and preterit -- 17.4.1 Romance presents and imperfects -- 17.5 The indicative system of modern French -- 17.6 The disappearance of the preterit from modern French -- 17.7 The subjunctive -- 17.8 The quasi-nominal forms -- 17.9 Aspect in Modern French -- 17.10 Aktionsart -- 17.11 Conclusion -- 17.11.1 Chronogenetic Sketch of French -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER EIGHTEEN. TENSE AND ASPECT IN MODERN GERMANIC -- 18. Introduction -- 18.1 Contrast of Non-past usage in Dutch, German and English -- 18.2 Contrast of present perfect usage in Dutch, German, and English -- 18.3 Usage of the present perfect in North Germanic languages -- 18.4 Progressive aspect in Germanic -- 18.5 The verbs of resultant state -- 18.6 The do auxiliary of English -- 18.6.1 The meaning of the do auxiliary.
18.6.2 Cognitive function of the auxiliary do.
Summary: This monograph presents a general picture of the evolution of IE verbal systems within a coherent cognitive framework. The work encompasses all the language families of the IE phylum, from prehistory to present day languages.Inspired by the ideas of Roman Jakobson and Gustave Guillaume the authors relate tense and aspect to underlying cognitive processes, and show that verbal systems have a staged development of time representations (chronogenesis). They view linguistic change as systemic and trace the evolution of the earliest tense systems by (a) aspectual split and (b) aspectual merger from the original aspectual contrasts of PIE, the evidence for such systemic change showing clearly in the paradigmatic morphology of the daughter languages.The nineteen chapters cover first the ancient documentation, then those families whose historical data are from a more recent date. The last chapters deal with the systemic evolution of languages that are descended from ancient forbears such as Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin, and are completed by a chapter on the practical and theoretical conclusions of the work.
Holdings
Item type Current library Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Ebrary Ebrary Afghanistan
Available EBKAF00056026
Ebrary Ebrary Algeria
Available
Ebrary Ebrary Cyprus
Available
Ebrary Ebrary Egypt
Available
Ebrary Ebrary Libya
Available
Ebrary Ebrary Morocco
Available
Ebrary Ebrary Nepal
Available EBKNP00056026
Ebrary Ebrary Sudan

Access a wide range of magazines and books using Pressreader and Ebook central.

Enjoy your reading, British Council Sudan.

Available
Ebrary Ebrary Tunisia
Available
Total holds: 0

TENSE AND ASPECT IN INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES THEORY, TYPOLOGY, DIACHRONY -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- AUTHORS' PREFACE -- Table of contents -- LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS -- CHAPTER ONE. TENSE AND ASPECT: DESCRIPTION AND THEORY -- 1.Introduction -- 1.1 The elements of consciousness -- 1.2 The first stage of chronogenesis: the quasi-nominal mood -- 1.3 The second stage of chronogenesis: the representation of Universe Time -- 1.4 The third stage of chronogenesis: the indicative -- 1.5 Systems with two stages of development -- 1.6 Systems with four or more stages of development -- 1.7 Aspect in Indo-European languages -- 1.8 Different kinds of aspect -- 1.9 Perfect vs. Per -- 1.10 Conclusion -- 1.11 Envoi -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER TWO. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF ANCIENT GREEK -- 2. Introduction -- 2.1 Chronogenesis: systemic layering -- 2.2 The 1929 and 1945 models of the Greek system -- 2.3 Aspects in Ancient Greek -- 2.4 The Classical Greek subjunctives -- 2.5 The nominal and optative forms -- 2.5.1 Differences between nominal and optative f orms -- 2.6 The sigmatic future -- 2.6.1 Voice fluctuations of the sigmaticfuture -- 2.6.2 The sigmaticfuture in other IE languages -- 2.6.3 Sigmatic non-past in Modern Greek -- 2.7 Conclusion -- 2.7.1 The Chronogenetic system of Ancient Greek -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER THREE. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF VEDIC AND CLASSICALSANSKRIT -- 3. Introduction -- 3.1 Diachronic strata in Sanskrit and stages in its development -- 3.2 The aorist in Indo-European languages -- 3.3 Aspects in Vedic Sanskrit -- 3.4 Aspects in Classical Sanskrit -- 3.5 Aspect at the nominal level -- 3.6 Evidence of usage -- 3.6.1 The perfect or Retrospective aspect -- 3.6.2 The aorist -- 3.6.3 The imperfect -- 3.6.4 Evidence from ancient grammarians -- 3.7 The Chronogenetic system of Vedic Sanskrit krnόmi "I make -- REFERENCES.

CHAPTER FOUR. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF CLASSICAL ARMENIAN -- 4. Introduction -- 4.1 The tense/aspect system of Classical Armenian -- 4.2 Modal forms of Classical Armenian -- 4.3 The system of voice -- 4.4 Quasi-nominal forms in Classical Armenian -- 4.5 The ergative construction of the transitive perfect in Classical Armenian -- 4.6 Conclusions -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER FIVE. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF OLD CHURCH SLAVIC -- 5. Introduction -- 5.1 Tense/aspect systems of Slavic and Baltic languages -- 5.2 The development of perfectivity in the Slavic family -- 5.3 Tense/aspect system of OCS -- 5.4 Retrospective aspect -- 5.5 Anrìcipation of subsequent developments in the diachronic perspective -- 5.6 Future time reference -- 5.7 Modal forms -- 5.8 Aspectual contrasts in quasi-nominal forms -- 5.9 Conclusions -- 5.9.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Old Church Slavic verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SIX. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF ALBANIAN -- 6. Introduction -- 6.1 The position of Albanian within the Indo-European phylum -- 6.2 The tense/aspect system of Albanian -- 6.3 Future time reference -- 6.4 The actual-habitual opposition -- 6.5 Albanian modal forms -- 6.6 Albanian quasi-nominal forms -- 6.7 Mediopassive morphology in Albanian -- 6.8 Conclusions -- 6.8.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Albanian verbal s -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SEVEN. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF TOCHARIAN -- 7. Introduction -- 7.1 The place of Tocharian in the IE phylum -- 7.2 The tense/aspect system of Tocharian -- 7.3 The periphrastic formations of Tocharian -- 7.4 The modal forms of Tocharian -- 7.5 The system of voice of Tocharian -- 7.6 The quasi-nominal f orms of Tocharian -- 7.7 Conclusions -- 7.7.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Tocharian ve -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER EIGHT. TENSE AND ASPECT IN BALTIC -- 8. Introduction -- 8.1 Tense in Baltic -- 8.1.1 Tense in Latvian -- 8.1.2 Tense in Lithuanian.

8.2 The role of Aktionsart prefixes -- 8.2.1 The use of Aktionsart suffixes -- 8.2.2 The verb būt(i) "tο be -- 8.3 Second level forms: conditional and conjunctive -- 8.3.1 The so-called conditional -- 8.3.2 The so-called conjunctive -- 8.4 The quasi-nominal mood -- 8.4.1 Infinitive and supine -- 8.4.2 Baltic participles -- 8.4.3 The past participle passive -- 8.4.4 The past participle active and middle -- 8.4.5 Present participle active -- 8.4.6 Present participle passive -- 8.4.7 The aspectual contrasts in the quasi-nominal mood -- 8.4.8 The participle in /-dams/ -- 8.5 Analytic aspect in Baltic -- 8.6 Conclusion -- 8.6.1 Sketch of the chronogenetic system of Latvian -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER NINE. TENSE AND ASPECT IN CELTIC -- 9. Introduction -- 9.1 Tense in Celtic -- 9.2 Tense and aspect in Irish -- 9.2.1 Tense -- 9.2.2 Aktionsart: the verbstá and bíonn -- 9.2.3 Aspect -- 9.3 Tense and aspect in Welsh -- 9.3.1 Tense -- 9.3.2 The role of Aktionsart in the Welsh verbal system -- 9.3.3 Aspect -- 9.3.4 The amalgamation of tense, aspect, and Aktionsart in Welsh -- 9.4 Conclusion -- 9.4.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the modern Irish verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER TEN. THE LATIN VERBAL SYSTEM -- 10. Introduction -- 10.1 Tense and aspect in La -- 10.1.1 Allomorphic variation of aspect markers -- 10.1.2 Allomorphic variation of tense markers -- 10.1.3 Tense paradigms of the Latin indicative (active) -- 10.1.4 The Latin present perfect -- 10.1.5 Dual function of the present perfect -- 10.1.6 The medio-passive voice -- 10.2 Level Two: the subjunctivef orms -- 10.2.1 Quasi nominal vs. subjunctive -- 10.2.2 Subjunctive vs. indicative -- 10.3 Level One: quasi-nominal forms -- 10.3.1 Participles -- 10.4 Infinitives -- 10.5 Conclusion -- 10.5.1 Sketch of the Latin chronogenetic system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER ELEVEN. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF GERMANIC.

11. Introduction -- 11.1 The Germanic tense system -- 11.2 From PIE to Germanic -- 11.3 Reinterpretation from aspect to tense -- 11.4 The cognitive function of tense in Ascending Time -- 11.5 Subjunctives -- 11.6 Quasi-nominal forms -- 11.7 The Germanic verbal system -- 11.8 The modal auxiliaries -- 11.9 Aktionsart -- 11.10 Mediopassive forms -- 11.11 Conclusion -- 11.1.1 Sketch of the chronogenetic system of Gothic -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER TWELVE. THE VERBAL SYSTEM OF HITTITE -- 12. Introduction -- 12.1 The aspectual dyad of Hittite vs. the aspectual triad of Vedic Sanskrit andAncient Greek -- 12.2 The formation of the mediopassive -- 12.3 Aspect at the quasi-nominal level -- 12.4 Relating Hittite to Vedic Sanskrit and Ancient Greek -- 12.5 The age of the aspectual triad present-aorist-perfect -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER THIRTEEN. FROM ANCIENT TO MODERN GREEK -- 13. Introduction -- 13.1 Aspects in Modern Greek -- 13.2 The aorist and marking for perfectivity in Modern Greek -- 13.3 The Modern Greek subjunctives -- 13.4 Aspect at the nominal level -- 13.4.1 The infinitive -- 13.4.2 The participles -- 13.5 Two perfects of Modern Greek -- 13.6 Periphrastic future of Modern Greek -- 13.7 Conclusion -- 13.7.1 Chronogenetic sketch of the Modern Greek system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER FOURTEEN. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN INDIC TENSE-ASPECT SYSTEMS -- 14. Introduction -- 14.1 From Middle to Modern Indic -- 14.2 Aspects in Hindi -- 14.3 Development of aspect at the nominal level -- 14.4 Modal forms and modality in Hindi -- 14.5 Aktionsarts in Hindi -- 14.5.1 Chronogenetic Sketch of the Hindi verbal system -- 14.6 Aspects and Aktionsaris in European Romani -- 14.6.1 Chronogenetic Sketch of the Romani verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER FIFTEEN. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN SLAVIC TENSE-ASPECT SYSTEM -- 15. Introduction.

15.1 Relating modern Slavic languages to their common anc -- 15.2 The functional overlap between the perfect and the aorist in Common Slavic -- 15.3 From Common Slavic to Modern Bulgarian and Macedonian - the rise of the have-perfect and the inferential mode -- 15.4 Future time reference -- 15.5 From Common Slavic to Modern Czech - the development ofquantificational aspect -- 15.6 From Common Slavic to Modern Russian -- 15.7 Quasi-nominalf orms of Modern Slavic languages -- 15.8 Conclusion -- 15.8.1 Chrongenetic sketch of the Czech verbal system -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SIXTEEN. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN IRANIAN TENSE-ASPECT SYSTEM -- 16. Introduction -- 16.1 Non-ergative Iranian languages -- 16.1.1 Quasi-nominal forms -- 16.2 Ergative Iranian languages -- 16.2.1 Sketch of the chronogenetic system of Modern Persian (Farsi) -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER SEVENTEENFROM LATIN TO MODERN ROMANCE -- 17. Introduction -- 17.1 The replacement of the Latin Perfectum -- 17.2 Present perfect aspect to preterit tense -- 17.3 Reshaping the future -- 17.4 Development of the Romance conditional and preterit -- 17.4.1 Romance presents and imperfects -- 17.5 The indicative system of modern French -- 17.6 The disappearance of the preterit from modern French -- 17.7 The subjunctive -- 17.8 The quasi-nominal forms -- 17.9 Aspect in Modern French -- 17.10 Aktionsart -- 17.11 Conclusion -- 17.11.1 Chronogenetic Sketch of French -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER EIGHTEEN. TENSE AND ASPECT IN MODERN GERMANIC -- 18. Introduction -- 18.1 Contrast of Non-past usage in Dutch, German and English -- 18.2 Contrast of present perfect usage in Dutch, German, and English -- 18.3 Usage of the present perfect in North Germanic languages -- 18.4 Progressive aspect in Germanic -- 18.5 The verbs of resultant state -- 18.6 The do auxiliary of English -- 18.6.1 The meaning of the do auxiliary.

18.6.2 Cognitive function of the auxiliary do.

This monograph presents a general picture of the evolution of IE verbal systems within a coherent cognitive framework. The work encompasses all the language families of the IE phylum, from prehistory to present day languages.Inspired by the ideas of Roman Jakobson and Gustave Guillaume the authors relate tense and aspect to underlying cognitive processes, and show that verbal systems have a staged development of time representations (chronogenesis). They view linguistic change as systemic and trace the evolution of the earliest tense systems by (a) aspectual split and (b) aspectual merger from the original aspectual contrasts of PIE, the evidence for such systemic change showing clearly in the paradigmatic morphology of the daughter languages.The nineteen chapters cover first the ancient documentation, then those families whose historical data are from a more recent date. The last chapters deal with the systemic evolution of languages that are descended from ancient forbears such as Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin, and are completed by a chapter on the practical and theoretical conclusions of the work.

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

There are no comments on this title.

to post a comment.