Language Typology 1987 : Systematic Balance in Language. Papers from the Linguistic Typology Symposium, Berkeley, 1-3 Dec 1987.

By: Lehmann, Winfred PSeries: Current Issues in Linguistic TheoryPublisher: Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1990Copyright date: ©1990Description: 1 online resource (222 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9789027278319Subject(s): Typology (Linguistics) -- Congresses.;Historical linguistics -- CongressesGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Language Typology 1987 : Systematic Balance in Language. Papers from the Linguistic Typology Symposium, Berkeley, 1–3 Dec 1987DDC classification: 415 LOC classification: P204 -- .L54 1987ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
LANGUAGE TYPOLOGY 1987 SYSTEMATIC BALANCE IN LANGUAGE -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Dedication -- Table of contents -- Foreword -- GENERAL AND SPECIFIC TENDENCIES IN HISTORICAL CHANGE OF LANGUAGE TYPE -- TYPOLOGY IN THE SERVICE OF INTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION: Saxalin Nivx -- TYPOLOGY AND PHONOLOGICAL HISTORY -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MIDDLE COMMON SLAVIC VOWEL SYSTEM -- 3. SATƏM VELARS IN KWAKIUTL AND OLD FRENCH -- 4. VERNER'S LAW IN TAKELMA -- 5. DE SAUSSURE'S LAW IN LITHUANIAN -- NOTES -- DIACHRONIC TYPOLOGY AND RECONSTRUCTION: The "Archaism" of Germanic and Armenian in Light of the Glottalic Theory -- NOTES -- ALIGNMENT TYPOLOGY AND DIACHRONIC CHANGE -- 1. THE PROBLEM -- 2. A UNIVERSAL OF ALIGNMENT CHANGE -- 3. THE COMPLEMENTARITY PRINCIPLE AND EXTENSION IN A SYNTACTIC SPLIT -- 3.1 Condition (i) on complementarity. -- 3.2. Indo-Iranian examples. -- 3.3 Kartvelian examples. -- 4. THE COMPLEMENTARITY PRINCIPLE AND SIMPLE EXTENSION -- 4.1 Condition (ii) on complementarity. -- 4.2 Wappo. -- 4.3 Udi. -- 4.4 Mingrelian. -- 5. THE COMPLEMENTARITY PRINCIPLE AND SYNTACTIC LEVELS -- 5.1 Condition (iii) on the Complementarìty Principle. -- 5.2 Lardil. -- 5.3 Kartvelian, Seríes I. -- 5.4 Kartvelian, Series II. -- 6. THE PUTATIVE PROBLEM OF THE PARTIAL RECIPIENT -- 6.1 Spanish. -- 6.2 Partial recipients as a problem for the Complementarity Principle. -- 7. INTERACTION WITH THE UNACCUSATIVE HYPOTHESIS -- 7.1 Condition (iii) and the Unaccusative Hypothesis. -- 7.2 An example involving the Unaccusative Hypothesis: Finnish. -- 7.3 The putative problem of the extended accusative. -- 8. CONCLUSION -- NOTES -- ON THE SOURCE OF THE GENITIVE IN ERGATIVE LANGUAGES -- SOME PRECONDITIONS AND TYPICAL TRAITS OF THE STATIVE-ACTIVE LANGUAGE TYPE (with reference to Proto-Indo-European) -- HISTORICAL MORPHEMICS AND UNIT-ORDER TYPOLOGY -- NOTES.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND P.I.E. WORD ORDER TYPE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EURASIATIC HYPOTHESIS -- NOTES -- DIACHRONIC CHANGE AND TYPOLOGY, as Illustrated with Languages of East and Southeast Asia -- NOTE -- TYPOLOGY AND CHANGE IN ALASKAN LANGUAGES -- NOTE -- PRINCIPLES OF GRAMMATICIZATION: Towards a Diachronic Typology -- 0. INTRODUCTION -- 1. GRAMMATICIZATION -- 2. FUNCTIONAL DOMAINS -- 3. THE HEURISTIC PRINCIPLES IN OLD ENGLISH -- 3.1 Accumulation. -- 3.1.1 Verbal Ablaut. -- 3.1.2 Suffixation. -- 3.1.3 Prefixation. -- 3.1.4 Auxiliation. -- 3.1.5 Word Order. -- 3.1.6 Summary. -- 3.2 Divergence. -- 3.3 Specialization. -- 3.4 Persistence. -- 4. CONCLUSION -- NOTES -- SYNTACTIC RESIDUES -- 0. INTRODUCTION -- 1. IDENTIFICATION OF RESIDUES -- 2. VALIDATION FOR THE USE OF TYPOLOGY IN HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS -- 3. ESTABLISHED GENERALIZATIONS BASED ON THE EMPIRICIST POSITION -- 4. VARIATION IN LANGUAGE -- 5. RESIDUES AS PRESERVATIONS FROM AN EARLIER STAGE -- 6. RESIDUES REFLECTING PATTERNS OF SYNTACTIC SELECTION -- 7. PATTERNS REFLECTING SANDHI -- 8. RESIDUES OF SYNTACTIC INTONATION -- 9. INTERPRETATION OF RESIDUES FOR RECONSTRUCTION -- References -- Index.
Summary: These papers from the 1987 Typology Symposium - a follow-up to the 1985 meeting in Moscow - deal with the relevance of typology for historical linguistics. Its application in understanding phonological and grammatical change is examined for a variety of languages. Its relevance for application of the comparative method and the method of internal reconstruction is noted with reference to the glottalic theory and problems in other language families. Among the several approaches, alignment typology is especially examined, with languages defined as accusative, ergative or stative-active an approach to which linguists of the USSR have made important contributions in recent years.Among specific problems examined are tonogenesis in Na-Dene, the origin of the genitive in ergative languages, and relative pronouns of Indo-European languages in the context of the Eurasiatic hypothesis. Along with changes in other languages (like those of East and Southeast Asia), these problems are discussed in an effort to determine general and specific tendencies in language change, and to contribute towards the development of diachronic typology.
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LANGUAGE TYPOLOGY 1987 SYSTEMATIC BALANCE IN LANGUAGE -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Dedication -- Table of contents -- Foreword -- GENERAL AND SPECIFIC TENDENCIES IN HISTORICAL CHANGE OF LANGUAGE TYPE -- TYPOLOGY IN THE SERVICE OF INTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION: Saxalin Nivx -- TYPOLOGY AND PHONOLOGICAL HISTORY -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MIDDLE COMMON SLAVIC VOWEL SYSTEM -- 3. SATƏM VELARS IN KWAKIUTL AND OLD FRENCH -- 4. VERNER'S LAW IN TAKELMA -- 5. DE SAUSSURE'S LAW IN LITHUANIAN -- NOTES -- DIACHRONIC TYPOLOGY AND RECONSTRUCTION: The "Archaism" of Germanic and Armenian in Light of the Glottalic Theory -- NOTES -- ALIGNMENT TYPOLOGY AND DIACHRONIC CHANGE -- 1. THE PROBLEM -- 2. A UNIVERSAL OF ALIGNMENT CHANGE -- 3. THE COMPLEMENTARITY PRINCIPLE AND EXTENSION IN A SYNTACTIC SPLIT -- 3.1 Condition (i) on complementarity. -- 3.2. Indo-Iranian examples. -- 3.3 Kartvelian examples. -- 4. THE COMPLEMENTARITY PRINCIPLE AND SIMPLE EXTENSION -- 4.1 Condition (ii) on complementarity. -- 4.2 Wappo. -- 4.3 Udi. -- 4.4 Mingrelian. -- 5. THE COMPLEMENTARITY PRINCIPLE AND SYNTACTIC LEVELS -- 5.1 Condition (iii) on the Complementarìty Principle. -- 5.2 Lardil. -- 5.3 Kartvelian, Seríes I. -- 5.4 Kartvelian, Series II. -- 6. THE PUTATIVE PROBLEM OF THE PARTIAL RECIPIENT -- 6.1 Spanish. -- 6.2 Partial recipients as a problem for the Complementarity Principle. -- 7. INTERACTION WITH THE UNACCUSATIVE HYPOTHESIS -- 7.1 Condition (iii) and the Unaccusative Hypothesis. -- 7.2 An example involving the Unaccusative Hypothesis: Finnish. -- 7.3 The putative problem of the extended accusative. -- 8. CONCLUSION -- NOTES -- ON THE SOURCE OF THE GENITIVE IN ERGATIVE LANGUAGES -- SOME PRECONDITIONS AND TYPICAL TRAITS OF THE STATIVE-ACTIVE LANGUAGE TYPE (with reference to Proto-Indo-European) -- HISTORICAL MORPHEMICS AND UNIT-ORDER TYPOLOGY -- NOTES.

RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND P.I.E. WORD ORDER TYPE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EURASIATIC HYPOTHESIS -- NOTES -- DIACHRONIC CHANGE AND TYPOLOGY, as Illustrated with Languages of East and Southeast Asia -- NOTE -- TYPOLOGY AND CHANGE IN ALASKAN LANGUAGES -- NOTE -- PRINCIPLES OF GRAMMATICIZATION: Towards a Diachronic Typology -- 0. INTRODUCTION -- 1. GRAMMATICIZATION -- 2. FUNCTIONAL DOMAINS -- 3. THE HEURISTIC PRINCIPLES IN OLD ENGLISH -- 3.1 Accumulation. -- 3.1.1 Verbal Ablaut. -- 3.1.2 Suffixation. -- 3.1.3 Prefixation. -- 3.1.4 Auxiliation. -- 3.1.5 Word Order. -- 3.1.6 Summary. -- 3.2 Divergence. -- 3.3 Specialization. -- 3.4 Persistence. -- 4. CONCLUSION -- NOTES -- SYNTACTIC RESIDUES -- 0. INTRODUCTION -- 1. IDENTIFICATION OF RESIDUES -- 2. VALIDATION FOR THE USE OF TYPOLOGY IN HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS -- 3. ESTABLISHED GENERALIZATIONS BASED ON THE EMPIRICIST POSITION -- 4. VARIATION IN LANGUAGE -- 5. RESIDUES AS PRESERVATIONS FROM AN EARLIER STAGE -- 6. RESIDUES REFLECTING PATTERNS OF SYNTACTIC SELECTION -- 7. PATTERNS REFLECTING SANDHI -- 8. RESIDUES OF SYNTACTIC INTONATION -- 9. INTERPRETATION OF RESIDUES FOR RECONSTRUCTION -- References -- Index.

These papers from the 1987 Typology Symposium - a follow-up to the 1985 meeting in Moscow - deal with the relevance of typology for historical linguistics. Its application in understanding phonological and grammatical change is examined for a variety of languages. Its relevance for application of the comparative method and the method of internal reconstruction is noted with reference to the glottalic theory and problems in other language families. Among the several approaches, alignment typology is especially examined, with languages defined as accusative, ergative or stative-active an approach to which linguists of the USSR have made important contributions in recent years.Among specific problems examined are tonogenesis in Na-Dene, the origin of the genitive in ergative languages, and relative pronouns of Indo-European languages in the context of the Eurasiatic hypothesis. Along with changes in other languages (like those of East and Southeast Asia), these problems are discussed in an effort to determine general and specific tendencies in language change, and to contribute towards the development of diachronic typology.

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