A History of Natural Philosophy : From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century.

By: Grant, EdwardPublisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006Copyright date: ©2007Description: 1 online resource (377 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780511293702Subject(s): Physics--HistoryGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: A History of Natural Philosophy : From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth CenturyDDC classification: 501 LOC classification: QC7 .G73 2007Online resources: Click to View
Contents:
Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- 1 Ancient Egypt to Plato -- The Preliterate Beginnings -- Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia -- Early Greek Natural Philosophy and Medicine -- The Pre-Socratic Natural Philosophers -- Hippocratic Medicine -- Plato -- 2 Aristotle (384-322 bc) -- Life -- Works: Aristotle's Writings and Their Preservation -- Aristotle's Achievements -- Aristotle's Cosmos and Natural Philosophy -- The Scope of Aristotle's Natural Philosophy -- Aristotle's Approach -- 3 Late Antiquity -- Neoplatonism and Its Approach to Aristotle -- Philoponus and Simplicius -- 4 Islam and the Eastward Shift of Aristotelian Natural Philosophy -- The Translations -- The Beginnings: Nestorian and Monophysite Christian Translators -- Al-Nadım's "Fihrist": A Catalogue of Translations -- Hunayn ibn Ishaq (808-873) -- Translations in Baghdad -- The Fate of Natural Philosophy in Islam -- Three Levels of the Intellectual Hierarchy -- Muslim Natural Philosophers -- The Assault against the Philosophers:al-Ghazali(1058-1111) -- Ibn as-Salah ash-Shahrazurı(d. 1245) -- and Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) -- Higher Education: The Madrasas -- The Marginal Existence of Islamic Natural Philosophy -- 5 Natural Philosophy before the Latin Translations -- Roman Authors -- The Latin Encyclopedists: European Learning to the Ninth Century -- Macrobius (fl. Early Fifth Century AD) -- Calcidius (fl. Fourth or Fifth Century AD) -- Martianus Capella (fl. ca. 365-440) -- Isidore of Seville (ca. 560-636) -- Pseudo-Bede (ca. Second Half of Eleventh Century) -- The Twelfth Century and Its Immediate Antecedents -- Advances in Education and Learning -- Hostile Reception of the New Theology -- Natural Philosophy in the Twelfth Century -- Adelard of Bath (ca. 1080-d.ca.1152) -- Bernard Silvester (fl. 1145-1153).
William of Conches (ca. 1090-d. after 1154) -- 6 Translations in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries -- The World of the Translators -- Translations from Arabic and Greek in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries -- Translations from Arabic into Latin -- Translations from Greek into Latin -- How Trustworthy Are Aristotle's Translated Texts? -- Pseudo-Aristotle: Works Falsely Attributed to Aristotle -- 7 Natural Philosophy after the Translations: Its Role and Place in the Late Middle Ages -- The Medieval University -- The Impact of Aristotelian Natural Philosophy in the Early Thirteenth Century to 1240 -- William of Auvergne (ca. 1180-1249) -- University Lectures on Natural Philosophy -- The Classification of the Sciences and the Subject of Natural Philosophy -- Dominicus Gundissalinus (fl. 1140) -- Robert Kilwardby (d. 1279) -- Roger Bacon (ca. 1219-1292) -- Albertus Magnus (Albert the Great) (ca. 1200-1280) and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) -- Anonymous Fourteenth-Century Treatise On Natural Philosophy -- The Occult Sciences and Natural Philosophy -- Natural Magic -- The Role of Magic in Medieval Natural Philosophy -- 8 The Form and Content of Late Medieval Natural Philosophy -- Textual Commentaries on the Works of Aristotle -- The Questions ("Questiones") Form of Commentary on Aristotle's Works -- John Buridan: On The Possibility of Other Worlds -- The Thematic Treatise, or "Tractatus -- The Substantive Nature of Natural Philosophy in the Late Middle Ages -- Departures from Aristotle -- Thought Experiments and the Role of the Imagination -- Departures from Aristotle Based on Appeals to God's Absolute Power -- That Homogeneous Mixed Bodies of Unequal Weight Would Fall with the Same Speed in a Void -- Beyond Aristotle -- The Role of Experience in Medieval Natural Philosophy -- Was Aristotelian Natural Philosophy Science? -- PHYSICS.
Questions on Visual Rays, Rainbows, and Halos -- GEOLOGY -- CHEMISTRY -- METEOROLOGY -- 9 The Relations between Natural Philosophy and Theology -- The Disciplinary Relations Between Natural Philosophy and Theology -- Did God and Theology Play an Integral Role in Medieval Natural Philosophy? -- How a Few Significant Natural Philosophers Viewed the Relations Between Natural Philosophy and Theology -- The Relationship as Reflected in the Questions and Commentaries on the Works of Aristotle -- Did Natural Philosophy Influence Medieval Theology? -- 10 The Transformation of Medieval Natural Philosophy from the Early Modern Period to the End of the Nineteenth Century -- The Fate of Medieval Natural Philosophy During the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries -- The New Natural Philosophy of the Seventeenth Century -- The Transformation of Natural Philosophy -- Experiments -- The Dissemination of Scientific Knowledge -- The Forms of Literature in the New Natural Philosophy -- Scientific Societies -- Scientific Journals -- Natural Magic -- Natural Philosophy and Religion -- The Relations Between Natural Philosophy and Science in the Seventeenth and Nineteenth Centuries -- The Medieval Background -- Francis Bacon: Natural Philosophy Is "The Great Mother of the Sciences -- The Revolution in Natural Philosophy From The Middle Ages To The Nineteenth Century -- Isaac Newton Again -- Natural Philosophy as a Synonym for Physics and Science in the Nineteenth Century -- The Continuity of History and the Problem of Names and Terminology -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Index.
Summary: This book describes how natural philosophy and exact mathematical sciences joined together to make the Scientific Revolution possible.
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Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- 1 Ancient Egypt to Plato -- The Preliterate Beginnings -- Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia -- Early Greek Natural Philosophy and Medicine -- The Pre-Socratic Natural Philosophers -- Hippocratic Medicine -- Plato -- 2 Aristotle (384-322 bc) -- Life -- Works: Aristotle's Writings and Their Preservation -- Aristotle's Achievements -- Aristotle's Cosmos and Natural Philosophy -- The Scope of Aristotle's Natural Philosophy -- Aristotle's Approach -- 3 Late Antiquity -- Neoplatonism and Its Approach to Aristotle -- Philoponus and Simplicius -- 4 Islam and the Eastward Shift of Aristotelian Natural Philosophy -- The Translations -- The Beginnings: Nestorian and Monophysite Christian Translators -- Al-Nadım's "Fihrist": A Catalogue of Translations -- Hunayn ibn Ishaq (808-873) -- Translations in Baghdad -- The Fate of Natural Philosophy in Islam -- Three Levels of the Intellectual Hierarchy -- Muslim Natural Philosophers -- The Assault against the Philosophers:al-Ghazali(1058-1111) -- Ibn as-Salah ash-Shahrazurı(d. 1245) -- and Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) -- Higher Education: The Madrasas -- The Marginal Existence of Islamic Natural Philosophy -- 5 Natural Philosophy before the Latin Translations -- Roman Authors -- The Latin Encyclopedists: European Learning to the Ninth Century -- Macrobius (fl. Early Fifth Century AD) -- Calcidius (fl. Fourth or Fifth Century AD) -- Martianus Capella (fl. ca. 365-440) -- Isidore of Seville (ca. 560-636) -- Pseudo-Bede (ca. Second Half of Eleventh Century) -- The Twelfth Century and Its Immediate Antecedents -- Advances in Education and Learning -- Hostile Reception of the New Theology -- Natural Philosophy in the Twelfth Century -- Adelard of Bath (ca. 1080-d.ca.1152) -- Bernard Silvester (fl. 1145-1153).

William of Conches (ca. 1090-d. after 1154) -- 6 Translations in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries -- The World of the Translators -- Translations from Arabic and Greek in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries -- Translations from Arabic into Latin -- Translations from Greek into Latin -- How Trustworthy Are Aristotle's Translated Texts? -- Pseudo-Aristotle: Works Falsely Attributed to Aristotle -- 7 Natural Philosophy after the Translations: Its Role and Place in the Late Middle Ages -- The Medieval University -- The Impact of Aristotelian Natural Philosophy in the Early Thirteenth Century to 1240 -- William of Auvergne (ca. 1180-1249) -- University Lectures on Natural Philosophy -- The Classification of the Sciences and the Subject of Natural Philosophy -- Dominicus Gundissalinus (fl. 1140) -- Robert Kilwardby (d. 1279) -- Roger Bacon (ca. 1219-1292) -- Albertus Magnus (Albert the Great) (ca. 1200-1280) and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) -- Anonymous Fourteenth-Century Treatise On Natural Philosophy -- The Occult Sciences and Natural Philosophy -- Natural Magic -- The Role of Magic in Medieval Natural Philosophy -- 8 The Form and Content of Late Medieval Natural Philosophy -- Textual Commentaries on the Works of Aristotle -- The Questions ("Questiones") Form of Commentary on Aristotle's Works -- John Buridan: On The Possibility of Other Worlds -- The Thematic Treatise, or "Tractatus -- The Substantive Nature of Natural Philosophy in the Late Middle Ages -- Departures from Aristotle -- Thought Experiments and the Role of the Imagination -- Departures from Aristotle Based on Appeals to God's Absolute Power -- That Homogeneous Mixed Bodies of Unequal Weight Would Fall with the Same Speed in a Void -- Beyond Aristotle -- The Role of Experience in Medieval Natural Philosophy -- Was Aristotelian Natural Philosophy Science? -- PHYSICS.

Questions on Visual Rays, Rainbows, and Halos -- GEOLOGY -- CHEMISTRY -- METEOROLOGY -- 9 The Relations between Natural Philosophy and Theology -- The Disciplinary Relations Between Natural Philosophy and Theology -- Did God and Theology Play an Integral Role in Medieval Natural Philosophy? -- How a Few Significant Natural Philosophers Viewed the Relations Between Natural Philosophy and Theology -- The Relationship as Reflected in the Questions and Commentaries on the Works of Aristotle -- Did Natural Philosophy Influence Medieval Theology? -- 10 The Transformation of Medieval Natural Philosophy from the Early Modern Period to the End of the Nineteenth Century -- The Fate of Medieval Natural Philosophy During the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries -- The New Natural Philosophy of the Seventeenth Century -- The Transformation of Natural Philosophy -- Experiments -- The Dissemination of Scientific Knowledge -- The Forms of Literature in the New Natural Philosophy -- Scientific Societies -- Scientific Journals -- Natural Magic -- Natural Philosophy and Religion -- The Relations Between Natural Philosophy and Science in the Seventeenth and Nineteenth Centuries -- The Medieval Background -- Francis Bacon: Natural Philosophy Is "The Great Mother of the Sciences -- The Revolution in Natural Philosophy From The Middle Ages To The Nineteenth Century -- Isaac Newton Again -- Natural Philosophy as a Synonym for Physics and Science in the Nineteenth Century -- The Continuity of History and the Problem of Names and Terminology -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Index.

This book describes how natural philosophy and exact mathematical sciences joined together to make the Scientific Revolution possible.

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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