The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography : Digital Imaging, Theory and Applications, History, and Science.

By: Peres, Michael R
Contributor(s): Peres, Michael R
Publisher: Burlington : Routledge, 2007Copyright date: ©2007Edition: 4th edDescription: 1 online resource (864 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780080477848Subject(s): Photography -- Encyclopedias.;Photography -- Digital techniques.;Photography -- HistoryGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography : Digital Imaging, Theory and Applications, History, and ScienceDDC classification: 770.3 LOC classification: TR9 -- .F6 2007ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Front Cover -- Focal Encyclopedia of Photography -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Contributors -- Photographers and Image Contributors -- About the Editors -- Mission Statement -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Timelines -- Advances in Photographic Technology: Michael Peres -- Advancement of Digital Photography and Related Technologies Timetable: Roger L. Carter -- History and the Evolution of Photography: Mark Osterman and Grant B. Romer -- Contemporary Thoughts on the History of Photography: Grant B. Romer -- The Technical Evolution of Photography in the 19th Century: Mark Osterman -- Introduction to Photographic Equipment, Processes, and Definitions of the 19th Century: Mark Osterman -- Introduction to the Biographies of Selected Innovators of Photographic Technology: Grant B. Romer -- Selected Photographs from the 19th Century: Mark Osterman -- Evolution of the Photographic Lens in the 19th Century: Milan Zahorcak -- Major Themes and Photographers of the 20th Century: Nancy M. Stuart -- Photography in the 20th Century: Nancy M. Stuart -- Photography, Fine Art Photography, and the Visual Arts: 1900-2001: Saul Ostrow -- Photography and Society in the 20th Century: Gretchen Garner -- Photography and Desire: Fashion, Glamour, and Pornography: Bruce Checefsky -- Photography Programs in the 20th Century Museums, Galleries, and Collections: Lynne Bentley-kemp -- Photographic Higher Education in the United States: Nancy M. Stuart -- Photographic Workshops: A Changing Educational Practice: Christopher Burnett -- Magazines: The Photographers' Press in the United States and Great Britain During the Transition Decade of the 1960s: David Brittain -- Histories, Theories, Criticism: Gary Sampson -- African Americans as Photographers and Photographic Subjects: David C. Hart.
Biographies of Selected Photographers from the 20th Century: Robert Hirsch, Ken White, and Garie Waltzer -- Photographic Companies and Applications: Michael R. Peres -- Photography's Dependence on Equipment: Michael R. Peres and Greg Barnett -- Profiles of Selected Photographic Film and Digital Companies: Michael R. Peres -- Overviews of Selected Applications of Photography: Michael R. Peres -- Applications of Advertising Photography: Denis Defibaugh -- Catalog Photography: Howard LeVant -- Commercial Photography: George Cochran -- Food Photography: Allan Vogel -- Illustration Photography: George Cochran -- Still-Life Photography: Denis Defibaugh -- Architectural Photography: William W. DuBois -- Corporate Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Dance and Theater Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Theatrical Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Freelance Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Identification Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Industrial Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Landscape Photography: Denis Defibaugh -- Narrative, Documentary, and Editorial Photography: Owen Butler -- Orb Photography: Michael R. Peres -- Panoramic Photography: Andrew Davidhazy -- Photojournalism: Guenther Cartwright -- Postcard Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Portrait Photography: Kathleen Francis -- School Photography: Thomas Gorman -- Snapshot Photography: Richard Zakia -- Sports Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Stock Photography: Henry Schleichkorn -- Wedding Photography: George Schaub -- Digital Photography: Franziska S. Frey -- Digital, a Maturing Technology: Franziska S. Frey -- Digital Archiving: Lukas Rosenthaler -- Imaging Systems: Romano Padeste -- Solid State Imaging Sensors: Michael Kriss -- Standards and Imaging Materials: Peter Adelstein -- Digital Camera Testing: Dietmar Wüller -- Image Formation: Sabine Süsstrunk -- Colorimetry: Sabine Süsstrunk.
Color Spaces, Color Encodings, and Color Image Encodings: Sabine Süsstrunk -- Color Management: Sabine Süsstrunk -- Color Management in the Future: Jean-Pierre van de Capelle -- Digital Camera Raw: Greg Barnett -- Digital Image Processing: Lukas Rosenthaler -- Metadata and Digital Photography: Simon Margulies -- Spectral Imaging: Mitchell R. Rosen -- Creative Applications of Digital Photography, the Scan-O-Gram: Patti Russotti -- Glossary of Digital Terminology -- Contemporary Issues: J. Tomas Lopez -- A Different Set of Questions for a New Age: J. Tomas Lopez -- Academic and Pedagogical Issues: The Impact of Digital Imaging on Photographic Education: Margaret P. Evans -- Ethical Photojournalism: Its Authenticity and Impact: John Kaplan -- The Future of Publishing: Millard Schisler -- 100 Years from Now…: Daniel Burge -- Perception, Evidence, Truth, and Seeing: Richard Zakia -- The Photo Marketplace and Contemporary Image Makers: Daile Kaplan -- The Photographic Studio of the 21st Century: Doug Manchee -- Photographic Virtual Reality: John (Craig) Freeman -- Potlatch, Auction, and the In-between: Digital Art and Digital Audiences: A.D. Coleman -- The Pressure to Stay Current: Barry Haynes -- Science as Art: Michael R. Peres and David Malin -- Scientific Photography: Expanded Vision: David Malin -- The Aided Eye: David Malin -- Acoustic Holography: David Malin -- Aerial Photography: David Malin and Donald L. Light -- Anthropological Photography: John Fergus-Jean -- Archaeological Photography: Matt Schlitz -- Astrophotography: David Malin and Dennis di Cicco -- Autoradiography: David Malin -- Ballistics Photography: Peter W.W. Fuller -- Biological Photography: Joseph M. Ogrodnick -- Botanical Photography: Paul Harcourt-Davis -- Cave Photography: David Malin -- Chronophotography: Andrew Davidhazy -- Darkfield Illumination: David Malin.
Dental Photography: Wolfgang Bengel -- Electron Imaging: Richard Zakia and Dougal G. McCulloch -- Electron Microscopy: Dougal G. McCulloch -- Endoscopic Photography: Andrew Paul Gardner -- False-Color Photography: David Malin -- Fluorescence Photography: David Malin -- Forensic Photography: Gale Spring -- Geological Photography: Anthony H. Cooper -- High-Speed Cinematography: Peter W.W. Fuller -- High-Speed Still Photography: Peter W.W. Fuller -- Hologram: Sean Johnston -- Holographic Interferometry: Sean Johnston -- Holography: Sean Johnston -- Hypersensitization: David Malin -- Image Manipulation: Science Fact or Fiction: David Malin -- Infrared Photography: Andy Finney -- Kirilian Photography: David Malin -- Medical Diagnostic Imaging: Donald McRobbie -- Medical Photography: Staffan Larsson and Jonas Brane -- Military Photography: John Sidoriak -- Multispectral Imaging: David Malin -- Nature Photography: Peter Eastaway -- Night-Time and Twilight Photography: David Malin -- Nuclear Track Recording: David Malin -- Ophthalmic Photography: Christye P. Sisson -- Photogrammetry: Cliff Ogleby -- Photomacrography and Close-Up Photography: Michael R. Peres and John G. Delly -- Photomicrography: Michael W. Davidson, Scott Olenych, and Nathan Claxton -- Police Photography: Larry S. Miller -- Pseudocolor: David Malin -- Remote Sensing: Nicholas M. Short, David Malin, and Donald L. Light -- Schlieren and Shadowgraph Photography: Phred Petersen -- Scientific Visualization: Masahiro Takatsuka -- Space Photography: Paul E. Lowman -- Streak and Strip Photography: Phred Petersen and Andrew Davidhazy -- Technical Photography: Ted Kinsman -- Time-Lapse Photography: David Malin -- Underwater Photography: Eric H. Cheng -- Human Vision: Krystel R. Huxlin -- The Human Visual System: Krystel R. Huxlin -- 20th Century Materials and Process Essentials: Scott Williams.
Twentieth Century Materials and Process Essentials: Scott Williams -- Silver Halide Materials: General Emulsion Properties: Alan Hodgson -- Black and White Films and Papers: Mike Gristwood -- The Chemistry of Developers and the Development Processes: Scott Williams -- From Exposure to Print: The Essentials of Solver-Halide Photography Required for Long-Lasting, High Quality Prints: Ralph W. Lambrecht -- Color Photography: Jon A. Kapecki -- Silver Dye-Bleach Photography: Hartmut Blaue -- Photographic Optics: Terrance Kessler -- Additional Lens Types: Michael R. Peres -- Some Other Filter Types: Michael R. Peres -- Perspective: Leslie Stroebel -- Photometry, Radiometry, and Measurement: Carl Salvaggio -- Color Theory: Mitchell R. Rosen -- Color Measurement: David R. Wyble -- Twentieth Century Photographic Lighting: Jon Tarrant -- The Camera Defined: Bob Rose -- The History of the Twentieth Century Camera: Bob Rose,Todd Gustavson, and Hiroshi Yano -- Enlargers: Bob Rose -- Projection: Bob Rose -- Index.
Summary: *Searchable CD ROM containing the entire book (including images) *Over 450 color images, plus never before published images provided by the George Eastman House collection, as well as images from Ansel Adams, Howard Schatz, and Jerry Uelsmann to name just a few The role and value of the picture cannot be matched for accuracy or impact. This comprehensive treatise, featuring the history and historical processes of photography, contemporary applications, and the new and evolving digital technologies, will provide the most accurate technical synopsis of the current, as well as early worlds of photography ever compiled. This Encyclopedia, produced by a team of world renown practicing experts, shares in highly detailed descriptions, the core concepts and facts relative to anything photographic. This Fourth edition of the Focal Encyclopedia serves as the definitive reference for students and practitioners of photography worldwide, expanding on the award winning 3rd edition. In addition to Michael Peres (Editor in Chief), the editors are: Franziska Frey (Digital Photography), J. Tomas Lopez (Contemporary Issues), David Malin (Photography in Science), Mark Osterman (Process Historian), Grant Romer (History and the Evolution of Photography), Nancy M. Stuart (Major Themes and Photographers of the 20th Century), and Scott Williams (Photographic Materials and Process Essentials).
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Front Cover -- Focal Encyclopedia of Photography -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Contributors -- Photographers and Image Contributors -- About the Editors -- Mission Statement -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Timelines -- Advances in Photographic Technology: Michael Peres -- Advancement of Digital Photography and Related Technologies Timetable: Roger L. Carter -- History and the Evolution of Photography: Mark Osterman and Grant B. Romer -- Contemporary Thoughts on the History of Photography: Grant B. Romer -- The Technical Evolution of Photography in the 19th Century: Mark Osterman -- Introduction to Photographic Equipment, Processes, and Definitions of the 19th Century: Mark Osterman -- Introduction to the Biographies of Selected Innovators of Photographic Technology: Grant B. Romer -- Selected Photographs from the 19th Century: Mark Osterman -- Evolution of the Photographic Lens in the 19th Century: Milan Zahorcak -- Major Themes and Photographers of the 20th Century: Nancy M. Stuart -- Photography in the 20th Century: Nancy M. Stuart -- Photography, Fine Art Photography, and the Visual Arts: 1900-2001: Saul Ostrow -- Photography and Society in the 20th Century: Gretchen Garner -- Photography and Desire: Fashion, Glamour, and Pornography: Bruce Checefsky -- Photography Programs in the 20th Century Museums, Galleries, and Collections: Lynne Bentley-kemp -- Photographic Higher Education in the United States: Nancy M. Stuart -- Photographic Workshops: A Changing Educational Practice: Christopher Burnett -- Magazines: The Photographers' Press in the United States and Great Britain During the Transition Decade of the 1960s: David Brittain -- Histories, Theories, Criticism: Gary Sampson -- African Americans as Photographers and Photographic Subjects: David C. Hart.

Biographies of Selected Photographers from the 20th Century: Robert Hirsch, Ken White, and Garie Waltzer -- Photographic Companies and Applications: Michael R. Peres -- Photography's Dependence on Equipment: Michael R. Peres and Greg Barnett -- Profiles of Selected Photographic Film and Digital Companies: Michael R. Peres -- Overviews of Selected Applications of Photography: Michael R. Peres -- Applications of Advertising Photography: Denis Defibaugh -- Catalog Photography: Howard LeVant -- Commercial Photography: George Cochran -- Food Photography: Allan Vogel -- Illustration Photography: George Cochran -- Still-Life Photography: Denis Defibaugh -- Architectural Photography: William W. DuBois -- Corporate Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Dance and Theater Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Theatrical Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Freelance Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Identification Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Industrial Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Landscape Photography: Denis Defibaugh -- Narrative, Documentary, and Editorial Photography: Owen Butler -- Orb Photography: Michael R. Peres -- Panoramic Photography: Andrew Davidhazy -- Photojournalism: Guenther Cartwright -- Postcard Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Portrait Photography: Kathleen Francis -- School Photography: Thomas Gorman -- Snapshot Photography: Richard Zakia -- Sports Photography: Kathleen Francis -- Stock Photography: Henry Schleichkorn -- Wedding Photography: George Schaub -- Digital Photography: Franziska S. Frey -- Digital, a Maturing Technology: Franziska S. Frey -- Digital Archiving: Lukas Rosenthaler -- Imaging Systems: Romano Padeste -- Solid State Imaging Sensors: Michael Kriss -- Standards and Imaging Materials: Peter Adelstein -- Digital Camera Testing: Dietmar Wüller -- Image Formation: Sabine Süsstrunk -- Colorimetry: Sabine Süsstrunk.

Color Spaces, Color Encodings, and Color Image Encodings: Sabine Süsstrunk -- Color Management: Sabine Süsstrunk -- Color Management in the Future: Jean-Pierre van de Capelle -- Digital Camera Raw: Greg Barnett -- Digital Image Processing: Lukas Rosenthaler -- Metadata and Digital Photography: Simon Margulies -- Spectral Imaging: Mitchell R. Rosen -- Creative Applications of Digital Photography, the Scan-O-Gram: Patti Russotti -- Glossary of Digital Terminology -- Contemporary Issues: J. Tomas Lopez -- A Different Set of Questions for a New Age: J. Tomas Lopez -- Academic and Pedagogical Issues: The Impact of Digital Imaging on Photographic Education: Margaret P. Evans -- Ethical Photojournalism: Its Authenticity and Impact: John Kaplan -- The Future of Publishing: Millard Schisler -- 100 Years from Now…: Daniel Burge -- Perception, Evidence, Truth, and Seeing: Richard Zakia -- The Photo Marketplace and Contemporary Image Makers: Daile Kaplan -- The Photographic Studio of the 21st Century: Doug Manchee -- Photographic Virtual Reality: John (Craig) Freeman -- Potlatch, Auction, and the In-between: Digital Art and Digital Audiences: A.D. Coleman -- The Pressure to Stay Current: Barry Haynes -- Science as Art: Michael R. Peres and David Malin -- Scientific Photography: Expanded Vision: David Malin -- The Aided Eye: David Malin -- Acoustic Holography: David Malin -- Aerial Photography: David Malin and Donald L. Light -- Anthropological Photography: John Fergus-Jean -- Archaeological Photography: Matt Schlitz -- Astrophotography: David Malin and Dennis di Cicco -- Autoradiography: David Malin -- Ballistics Photography: Peter W.W. Fuller -- Biological Photography: Joseph M. Ogrodnick -- Botanical Photography: Paul Harcourt-Davis -- Cave Photography: David Malin -- Chronophotography: Andrew Davidhazy -- Darkfield Illumination: David Malin.

Dental Photography: Wolfgang Bengel -- Electron Imaging: Richard Zakia and Dougal G. McCulloch -- Electron Microscopy: Dougal G. McCulloch -- Endoscopic Photography: Andrew Paul Gardner -- False-Color Photography: David Malin -- Fluorescence Photography: David Malin -- Forensic Photography: Gale Spring -- Geological Photography: Anthony H. Cooper -- High-Speed Cinematography: Peter W.W. Fuller -- High-Speed Still Photography: Peter W.W. Fuller -- Hologram: Sean Johnston -- Holographic Interferometry: Sean Johnston -- Holography: Sean Johnston -- Hypersensitization: David Malin -- Image Manipulation: Science Fact or Fiction: David Malin -- Infrared Photography: Andy Finney -- Kirilian Photography: David Malin -- Medical Diagnostic Imaging: Donald McRobbie -- Medical Photography: Staffan Larsson and Jonas Brane -- Military Photography: John Sidoriak -- Multispectral Imaging: David Malin -- Nature Photography: Peter Eastaway -- Night-Time and Twilight Photography: David Malin -- Nuclear Track Recording: David Malin -- Ophthalmic Photography: Christye P. Sisson -- Photogrammetry: Cliff Ogleby -- Photomacrography and Close-Up Photography: Michael R. Peres and John G. Delly -- Photomicrography: Michael W. Davidson, Scott Olenych, and Nathan Claxton -- Police Photography: Larry S. Miller -- Pseudocolor: David Malin -- Remote Sensing: Nicholas M. Short, David Malin, and Donald L. Light -- Schlieren and Shadowgraph Photography: Phred Petersen -- Scientific Visualization: Masahiro Takatsuka -- Space Photography: Paul E. Lowman -- Streak and Strip Photography: Phred Petersen and Andrew Davidhazy -- Technical Photography: Ted Kinsman -- Time-Lapse Photography: David Malin -- Underwater Photography: Eric H. Cheng -- Human Vision: Krystel R. Huxlin -- The Human Visual System: Krystel R. Huxlin -- 20th Century Materials and Process Essentials: Scott Williams.

Twentieth Century Materials and Process Essentials: Scott Williams -- Silver Halide Materials: General Emulsion Properties: Alan Hodgson -- Black and White Films and Papers: Mike Gristwood -- The Chemistry of Developers and the Development Processes: Scott Williams -- From Exposure to Print: The Essentials of Solver-Halide Photography Required for Long-Lasting, High Quality Prints: Ralph W. Lambrecht -- Color Photography: Jon A. Kapecki -- Silver Dye-Bleach Photography: Hartmut Blaue -- Photographic Optics: Terrance Kessler -- Additional Lens Types: Michael R. Peres -- Some Other Filter Types: Michael R. Peres -- Perspective: Leslie Stroebel -- Photometry, Radiometry, and Measurement: Carl Salvaggio -- Color Theory: Mitchell R. Rosen -- Color Measurement: David R. Wyble -- Twentieth Century Photographic Lighting: Jon Tarrant -- The Camera Defined: Bob Rose -- The History of the Twentieth Century Camera: Bob Rose,Todd Gustavson, and Hiroshi Yano -- Enlargers: Bob Rose -- Projection: Bob Rose -- Index.

*Searchable CD ROM containing the entire book (including images) *Over 450 color images, plus never before published images provided by the George Eastman House collection, as well as images from Ansel Adams, Howard Schatz, and Jerry Uelsmann to name just a few The role and value of the picture cannot be matched for accuracy or impact. This comprehensive treatise, featuring the history and historical processes of photography, contemporary applications, and the new and evolving digital technologies, will provide the most accurate technical synopsis of the current, as well as early worlds of photography ever compiled. This Encyclopedia, produced by a team of world renown practicing experts, shares in highly detailed descriptions, the core concepts and facts relative to anything photographic. This Fourth edition of the Focal Encyclopedia serves as the definitive reference for students and practitioners of photography worldwide, expanding on the award winning 3rd edition. In addition to Michael Peres (Editor in Chief), the editors are: Franziska Frey (Digital Photography), J. Tomas Lopez (Contemporary Issues), David Malin (Photography in Science), Mark Osterman (Process Historian), Grant Romer (History and the Evolution of Photography), Nancy M. Stuart (Major Themes and Photographers of the 20th Century), and Scott Williams (Photographic Materials and Process Essentials).

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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