The Asrama System : The History and Hermeneutics of a Religious Institution.

By: Olivelle, PatrickPublisher: Cary : Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 1993Copyright date: ©1993Description: 1 online resource (289 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780195344783Subject(s): Asramas (Four stages of life);Religious life -- HinduismGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Asrama System : The History and Hermeneutics of a Religious InstitutionDDC classification: 294.544 LOC classification: BL1237.75.O45 1993Online resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- Contents -- Abbreviations -- Prologue -- I. INTRODUCTION -- 1. Meaning and Method -- 1.1 The Meaning of Āśrama -- 1.2 The Meaning of the Āśrama System -- 1.3 Issues of Method -- 2. Background and Context -- 2.1 The Vedic Ideal of Religious Life -- 2.2 The Socio-Economic Context -- 2.3 Rival Views of Religious Life -- II. THE EARLY PERIOD -- 3. The Origins -- 3.1 The Original Formulation -- 3.2 Controversy and Debate -- 3.3 Authorship -- 3.4 Date -- 3.5 The Pre-History of the Āśrama System and the Question of the Three Āśramas -- 4. Ingredients of Change -- 4.1 The Third Āśrama and the Problem of the Hermit -- 4.2 The Fourth Āśrama and the Time of Renunciation -- 4.3 Ritual Appropriations of Renunciation -- 4.4 The Āśramas and the Rites of Passage -- III. THE CLASSICAL PERIOD -- 5. The Classical Āśrama System -- 5.1 Description of the Classical System -- 5.2 The Hermeneutics of the Classical System -- 5.3 The Classical System in the Smrtis -- 5.4 The Original System in the Classical Period -- 6. Development of the Classical System -- 6.1 Classifications of the Āśramas -- 6.2 Modifications of the Classical System -- 7. The Āśramas and Other Brāhmanical Institutions -- 7.1 Gender and Āśrama -- 7.2 Varna and Āśrama -- 7.3 The Āśramas and Civil Authority -- 7.4 Parisad and Āśrama -- 7.5 Āśrama and Other Aspects of Dharma -- 7.6 Sets of Four: The Purusārthas and the Āśramas -- 8. The Āśrama System in Medieval Theology -- 8.1 Anāśramin: Obligation to Live in an Āśrama -- 8.2 Atyāśramin: Transcendence of the Āśramas -- 8.3 The Question of a Fifth Āśrama -- 8.4 Āśrama and the Doctrine of Yuga -- 8.5 The Legitimacy of the Āśrama System: The Continuing Debate -- Epilogue -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Y -- Z.
Summary: The lesser known and explored of the two pillars of Hinduism--asrama and varna--asrama is the name given to a system of four distinct and legitimate ways of leading a religious life: as a celibate student, a married householder, a forest hermit, and a world renouncer. In this, the firstfull-length study of the asrama system, Olivelle uncovers its origin and traces its subsequent history. He examines in depth its relationship to other institutional and doctrinal aspects of the Brahmanical world and its position within Brahmanical theology, and assesses its significance within thehistory of Indian religion. Throughout, he argues that the asrama system is primarily a theological construct and that the system and its history should be carefully distinguished from the socio-religious institutions comprehended by the system and from their respective histories.
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Intro -- Contents -- Abbreviations -- Prologue -- I. INTRODUCTION -- 1. Meaning and Method -- 1.1 The Meaning of Āśrama -- 1.2 The Meaning of the Āśrama System -- 1.3 Issues of Method -- 2. Background and Context -- 2.1 The Vedic Ideal of Religious Life -- 2.2 The Socio-Economic Context -- 2.3 Rival Views of Religious Life -- II. THE EARLY PERIOD -- 3. The Origins -- 3.1 The Original Formulation -- 3.2 Controversy and Debate -- 3.3 Authorship -- 3.4 Date -- 3.5 The Pre-History of the Āśrama System and the Question of the Three Āśramas -- 4. Ingredients of Change -- 4.1 The Third Āśrama and the Problem of the Hermit -- 4.2 The Fourth Āśrama and the Time of Renunciation -- 4.3 Ritual Appropriations of Renunciation -- 4.4 The Āśramas and the Rites of Passage -- III. THE CLASSICAL PERIOD -- 5. The Classical Āśrama System -- 5.1 Description of the Classical System -- 5.2 The Hermeneutics of the Classical System -- 5.3 The Classical System in the Smrtis -- 5.4 The Original System in the Classical Period -- 6. Development of the Classical System -- 6.1 Classifications of the Āśramas -- 6.2 Modifications of the Classical System -- 7. The Āśramas and Other Brāhmanical Institutions -- 7.1 Gender and Āśrama -- 7.2 Varna and Āśrama -- 7.3 The Āśramas and Civil Authority -- 7.4 Parisad and Āśrama -- 7.5 Āśrama and Other Aspects of Dharma -- 7.6 Sets of Four: The Purusārthas and the Āśramas -- 8. The Āśrama System in Medieval Theology -- 8.1 Anāśramin: Obligation to Live in an Āśrama -- 8.2 Atyāśramin: Transcendence of the Āśramas -- 8.3 The Question of a Fifth Āśrama -- 8.4 Āśrama and the Doctrine of Yuga -- 8.5 The Legitimacy of the Āśrama System: The Continuing Debate -- Epilogue -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Y -- Z.

The lesser known and explored of the two pillars of Hinduism--asrama and varna--asrama is the name given to a system of four distinct and legitimate ways of leading a religious life: as a celibate student, a married householder, a forest hermit, and a world renouncer. In this, the firstfull-length study of the asrama system, Olivelle uncovers its origin and traces its subsequent history. He examines in depth its relationship to other institutional and doctrinal aspects of the Brahmanical world and its position within Brahmanical theology, and assesses its significance within thehistory of Indian religion. Throughout, he argues that the asrama system is primarily a theological construct and that the system and its history should be carefully distinguished from the socio-religious institutions comprehended by the system and from their respective histories.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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