Amazon cover image
Image from Amazon.com

Stereotypes as Explanations : The Formation of Meaningful Beliefs about Social Groups.

By: Contributor(s): Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002Copyright date: ©2002Description: 1 online resource (243 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9780511147951
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Stereotypes as Explanations : The Formation of Meaningful Beliefs about Social GroupsDDC classification:
  • 303.385
LOC classification:
  • HM1096 .S74 2002
Online resources:
Contents:
Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Figures -- Contributors -- Preface -- 1 Social, cultural and cognitive factors in stereotype formation -- The purpose of this book -- What are stereotypes? -- Guiding principle 1: stereotypes are aids to explanation -- Guiding principle 2: stereotypes are energy saving devices -- Guiding principle 3: stereotypes are shared group beliefs -- Stereotypes as psychological constructs -- Why do stereotypes form? -- How do stereotypes form? -- Distinctiveness and expectancy-based illusory correlations -- Integrating distinctiveness and expectancy-based illusory correlation through the idea of differentiated meaning -- The renaissance of explanation in stereotyping -- An overview of the chapters to come -- 2 Stereotype formation as category formation -- Social and cognitive psychological approaches to category formation -- Stereotypes for explanation, justification and rationalization -- Covariation and mechanism-based knowledge -- Using the covariation-mechanism distinction: defining stereotypes in more detail -- Conclusion -- 3 Subjective essentialism and the emergence of stereotypes -- The essence of subjective essentialism -- Subjective essentialism and the accentuation of accentuation -- Subjective essentialism and the amplification of illusory correlation -- The emergence of group stereotypes in a multidimensional context -- Conclusions -- 4 The role of theories in the formation of stereotype content -- Introduction -- Data and theory in stereotype formation and stereotype application -- Stereotype formation -- Stereotype application -- Summary -- Self-categorization theory and the formation of stereotype content -- Categorization, category formation and category salience -- Linking fit and theories in the formation of stereotype content -- Using theories to interpret fit.
Theories as ingroup beliefs -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgement -- NOTES -- 5 Illusory correlation and stereotype formation: making sense of group differences and cognitive biases -- Research on illusory correlation -- Illusory correlation: a product of data-based distortion or of sense-making processes? -- Illusory correlation as data-based distortions -- Illusory correlation as a sense-making process -- Task features inducing the perception of illusory correlation -- The standard instructions -- Labels A and B: expecting intergroup differences -- Groups: expecting intragroup similarities -- The nature of the stimuli -- Hypothesis testing and differentiated meaning -- Accentuation and task features -- Standard instructions and stimulus content -- A dynamic process -- Conclusions -- 6 Dependence and the formation of stereotyped beliefs about groups: from interpersonal to intergroup perception -- Introduction -- Dependence and the individuation of powerful targets -- Dependence and the formation of stereotyped beliefs about groups -- Attentional processes and stereotyping -- The experience of discrimination -- The experience of competition -- The anticipation of negative dependence -- When and why would interdependence lead to accentuation in group perception? -- Conclusions -- 7 Four degrees of stereotype formation: differentiation by any means necessary -- Introduction -- Theoretical principles and resources -- Four degrees of stereotype formation -- 1. 'Bottom up' stereotype formation: a case of clear and present differences -- 2. A bit of 'bottom up': a little data can go a long way -- 3. A bit of 'top down': a little knowledge goes just as far -- 4. Neither up nor down: differentiation by any means necessary -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgement.
8 From personal pictures in the head to collective tools in the world: how shared stereotypes allow groups to represent and… -- Stereotyping and stereotype formation: two metatheories -- The social identity approach to stereotyping: three phases of research -- 1. Social identity and social categorization -- 2. Self-categorization and social identity salience -- 3. Self-categorization, influence and consensus -- Self-categorization and the politics of stereotype formation: four lessons -- 1. Stereotypes are collective achievements -- 2. Stereotypes are works in progress -- 3. Stereotypes are embedded in a system of dynamic intergroup relations -- 4. Stereotypes help maintain and contest the social power structure -- Conclusion: stereotypes are shared tools not just private pictures -- NOTES -- 9 Conclusion: stereotypes are selective, variable and contested explanations -- A brief summary of the chapters -- Some unifying themes -- 1. Theories and knowledge about social groups have consequences for the dimensions which are selected to distinguish between… -- 2. Theory and data are intimately intertwined in stereotype formation -- 3. Meaning and differentiation: beyond cognitive economy? -- 4. Stereotypes are not passive responses to context -- 5. The wrong lessons have sometimes been draw from social cognitive research -- 6. Expectancies can produce coherence -- 7. Stereotypes are not necessarily bad -- 8. Stereotypical knowledge is shared -- Some points of difference -- The message of this book -- References -- Author index -- Subject index.
Summary: Stereotypes as Explanations explores the way that people develop impressions and views of social groups.
Holdings
Item type Current library Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Ebrary Ebrary Afghanistan Available EBKAF0005706
Ebrary Ebrary Algeria Available
Ebrary Ebrary Cyprus Available
Ebrary Ebrary Egypt Available
Ebrary Ebrary Libya Available
Ebrary Ebrary Morocco Available
Ebrary Ebrary Nepal Available EBKNP0005706
Ebrary Ebrary Sudan Available
Ebrary Ebrary Tunisia Available
Total holds: 0

Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Figures -- Contributors -- Preface -- 1 Social, cultural and cognitive factors in stereotype formation -- The purpose of this book -- What are stereotypes? -- Guiding principle 1: stereotypes are aids to explanation -- Guiding principle 2: stereotypes are energy saving devices -- Guiding principle 3: stereotypes are shared group beliefs -- Stereotypes as psychological constructs -- Why do stereotypes form? -- How do stereotypes form? -- Distinctiveness and expectancy-based illusory correlations -- Integrating distinctiveness and expectancy-based illusory correlation through the idea of differentiated meaning -- The renaissance of explanation in stereotyping -- An overview of the chapters to come -- 2 Stereotype formation as category formation -- Social and cognitive psychological approaches to category formation -- Stereotypes for explanation, justification and rationalization -- Covariation and mechanism-based knowledge -- Using the covariation-mechanism distinction: defining stereotypes in more detail -- Conclusion -- 3 Subjective essentialism and the emergence of stereotypes -- The essence of subjective essentialism -- Subjective essentialism and the accentuation of accentuation -- Subjective essentialism and the amplification of illusory correlation -- The emergence of group stereotypes in a multidimensional context -- Conclusions -- 4 The role of theories in the formation of stereotype content -- Introduction -- Data and theory in stereotype formation and stereotype application -- Stereotype formation -- Stereotype application -- Summary -- Self-categorization theory and the formation of stereotype content -- Categorization, category formation and category salience -- Linking fit and theories in the formation of stereotype content -- Using theories to interpret fit.

Theories as ingroup beliefs -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgement -- NOTES -- 5 Illusory correlation and stereotype formation: making sense of group differences and cognitive biases -- Research on illusory correlation -- Illusory correlation: a product of data-based distortion or of sense-making processes? -- Illusory correlation as data-based distortions -- Illusory correlation as a sense-making process -- Task features inducing the perception of illusory correlation -- The standard instructions -- Labels A and B: expecting intergroup differences -- Groups: expecting intragroup similarities -- The nature of the stimuli -- Hypothesis testing and differentiated meaning -- Accentuation and task features -- Standard instructions and stimulus content -- A dynamic process -- Conclusions -- 6 Dependence and the formation of stereotyped beliefs about groups: from interpersonal to intergroup perception -- Introduction -- Dependence and the individuation of powerful targets -- Dependence and the formation of stereotyped beliefs about groups -- Attentional processes and stereotyping -- The experience of discrimination -- The experience of competition -- The anticipation of negative dependence -- When and why would interdependence lead to accentuation in group perception? -- Conclusions -- 7 Four degrees of stereotype formation: differentiation by any means necessary -- Introduction -- Theoretical principles and resources -- Four degrees of stereotype formation -- 1. 'Bottom up' stereotype formation: a case of clear and present differences -- 2. A bit of 'bottom up': a little data can go a long way -- 3. A bit of 'top down': a little knowledge goes just as far -- 4. Neither up nor down: differentiation by any means necessary -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgement.

8 From personal pictures in the head to collective tools in the world: how shared stereotypes allow groups to represent and… -- Stereotyping and stereotype formation: two metatheories -- The social identity approach to stereotyping: three phases of research -- 1. Social identity and social categorization -- 2. Self-categorization and social identity salience -- 3. Self-categorization, influence and consensus -- Self-categorization and the politics of stereotype formation: four lessons -- 1. Stereotypes are collective achievements -- 2. Stereotypes are works in progress -- 3. Stereotypes are embedded in a system of dynamic intergroup relations -- 4. Stereotypes help maintain and contest the social power structure -- Conclusion: stereotypes are shared tools not just private pictures -- NOTES -- 9 Conclusion: stereotypes are selective, variable and contested explanations -- A brief summary of the chapters -- Some unifying themes -- 1. Theories and knowledge about social groups have consequences for the dimensions which are selected to distinguish between… -- 2. Theory and data are intimately intertwined in stereotype formation -- 3. Meaning and differentiation: beyond cognitive economy? -- 4. Stereotypes are not passive responses to context -- 5. The wrong lessons have sometimes been draw from social cognitive research -- 6. Expectancies can produce coherence -- 7. Stereotypes are not necessarily bad -- 8. Stereotypical knowledge is shared -- Some points of difference -- The message of this book -- References -- Author index -- Subject index.

Stereotypes as Explanations explores the way that people develop impressions and views of social groups.

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

There are no comments on this title.

to post a comment.