The Philosophy of Law : An Encyclopedia.

By: Tebbit, MarkPublisher: New York : Routledge, 1999Copyright date: ©2000Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (989 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780203800225Subject(s): Law -- Philosophy -- Encyclopedias.;PhilosophyGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Philosophy of Law : An EncyclopediaDDC classification: 340.1 LOC classification: K204 -- .K9 1999ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Introduction -- Subject List by Topic -- Contributors -- The Encyclopedia -- A -- Aboriginal Legal Cultures -- Abortion and Infanticide -- Absolute Liability -- Abuse of Right -- Acquisition and Transfer -- The Original Acquisition of Property Rights -- The Transfer of Property Rights -- Act Requirement -- Action and Agency -- Action-based Philosophy of Law -- Actus Reus -- Administrative Decision Making -- Admissibility -- Aesthetics -- Aesthetics and Legal Interpretation -- Humanistic Critiques of Law -- Legal Regulation of the Arts -- Aesthetic Critiques of Legal Works -- Affinity -- African Philosophy of Law -- Theoretical Trends in African Jurisprudence -- African Jurisprudence and the Twenty-First Century -- Agency (Mandate) -- Aging -- Alternative Dispute Resolution -- Amendment -- American Jurists, 1860-1960 -- Analogy -- Anarchist Philosophy of Law -- Anselm (1033/4-1109) -- Anthropology -- Aquinas, Thomas (1225-1274) -- Divine Law or Eternal Law (Lex Divina, Lex Aeterna) -- Positive Divine Law -- Natural Law (Lex Naturalis, Ius Naturale, Rectitudo Naturalis) -- Law of Nations (Ius Gentium) -- Human (Positive) Law (Lex Humana) -- Arbitration -- Act of Birth: The Disputants' Liberty and the Private Temptation -- Act of Growth: The Disputants' Constraint and the Public Temptation -- Beyond the Loop: The Arbitrators' Working Principles -- Argumentation -- Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) -- Array Theory -- Art -- Artificial Intelligence and Networks -- Asian Philosophy of Law -- Asylum and Refugees -- The Triple Role of Government in Asylum Policy -- Use of Legal Means to Limit States' Responsibility -- Attempts -- Augustine (354-430) -- Intentionalism -- Lying -- Homocide and Suicide -- Political Legitimacy -- Punishment -- Just War Theory -- Austin, John (1790-1859).
Authority -- Automatism -- Autonomy -- Axiology -- B -- Bankruptcy -- Beccaria, Cesare (1738-1794) -- Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832) -- Betrothal -- Betti, Emilio (1890-1968) -- Bill of Rights -- Charter Rights -- Blackstone, William (1723-1780) -- Bobbio, Norberto (1909- ) -- Bodenheimer, Edgar (1908-1991) -- Burial -- Burke, Edmund (1729-1797) -- C -- Capacity -- Capital Punishment -- Catholic Philosophy of Law -- Causation, Criminal -- Causation, Tort Law -- Cause-in-Fact -- Proof of Counterfactuals in Cause-in-Fact -- Proximate or Legal Cause -- Central and Eastern European Philosophy of Law -- Chaos Theory -- Character -- Charter Rights -- Bill of Rights -- Children -- Chinese Philosophy of Law -- Confucianism and Legal Philosophy -- The Legalists (Fa Jia) -- Cultural and Philosophical Symbiosis of Confucianism and Legalism -- The Present Situation -- Cicero, MarcusTullius (106-43 B.C.) -- Citizenship and Membership -- Civil Disobedience -- Civil Rights -- Civilian Philosophy of Law -- (General) Legal Theory -- Theory of Justice -- Theory of Legal Science -- History of the Philosophy of Law -- Civility -- Historical Background -- Contemporary Debates -- Codification -- Coercion (Duress) -- Coherence -- Collective Rights -- Common Good -- Common Law Philosophy of Law -- Commons -- Communitarian Philosophy of Law -- Conception of the Self -- Conception of Community -- Nature and Scope of Distributive Justice -- Priority of the Right over the Good -- Community -- Commutative Justice -- Comparative Law -- Compliance -- Compound Damages -- Compound Offenses -- Computers -- Confessions -- Configurative Philosophy of Law -- Confinement -- Conflict of Laws -- Conscience -- Conscientious Objection -- Consent -- Conspiracy -- Conspiracy as an Inchoate Offense -- Conspirators' Liability for Substantive Offenses -- Problems of Individuation and Scope.
Constituting Acts -- Constitutionalism -- Continental Philosophy of Law -- Contractual Obligation -- Contractualist Philosophy of Law -- Convention and Custom -- Corrective Justice -- Cossio, Carlos (1902-1987) -- Cost-Benefit Analysis -- Criminalization -- Actus Reus -- Mens Rea -- Criminology -- Critical Legal Studies -- Customary Law -- D -- Damages -- Death -- Death Penalty -- Decision Making, Administrative -- Decision Making, Judicial -- Decisionist Philosophy of Law -- Nihilism -- Law and Decision -- Historical Background -- Objections -- Deconstructionist Philosophy of Law -- Deemings -- Defenses -- Failure-of-Proof Defenses -- Affirmative Defenses -- Justification -- Excuse -- Distinguishing Justification from Excuse -- Mistake of Law -- The Theory of Defenses -- A Criterion for the Defenses -- The Moral Basis of the Defenses -- Democratic Process -- Deontic Logic -- Derrida, Jacques (1930- ) -- Derridean Jurisprudents -- Desert -- Deterrence, Strategic -- Deterrent Rationale -- Developing Countries -- Dewey, John (1859-1952) -- Difference Theory -- Dignity -- Diminished Capacity -- Discipline -- Discourse Epistemology -- Discourse Theory -- Discretion -- Disobedience -- Disposition of Remains -- Posthumous Harm -- Posthumous Rights -- Rights of the Living in the Bodies of the Dead -- The Importance of Symbolism -- Dispute Resolution -- Infra Disputationem: The Immersed Part of Legal Resolution -- Intra Disputationem: The Tip of Legal Resolution -- Judicial Resolution -- Alternative Dispute Resolution -- Supra Disputationem: Recourse to Legislation -- Distributive Justice -- Utilitarianism -- Justice as Fairness -- Rights-based Libertarian Theories of Justice -- Marxian-Egalitarian Theories -- Divorce and Marriage -- Domat, Jean (1625-1696) -- Donation -- Drugs -- Due Process -- Dueling -- Duress -- Durkheim, Emile (1858-1917) -- Duty.
Dworkin, Ronald (1931- ) -- E -- Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction -- Nonjurisdictional Offices -- Internal and External Forum -- Ordinary and Delegated Jurisdiction -- Jurisdiction in History -- Autonomy of Jurisdiction -- Ecology and Environmental Sciences -- Economic Loss -- Economics -- Rational Choice for an Agent -- Interpersonal Rational Choice -- Normative Assessment -- Economics and Law -- Efficiency -- Eminent Domain and Takings -- History -- Contemporary Debates -- Empirical Evidence -- Engagement -- Entrapment -- Entrenchment -- Environment -- Epistemology in Law -- Equality -- Error, Deceit, and Illusion -- Estate and Patrimony -- Ethics, Legal -- Euthanasia and Suicide -- Evidence -- Facts and Knowledge of Facts -- Processes of Inference -- Ex Post Facto Legislation -- Exchange -- Exculpation -- Exegetical School -- Existentialist Philosophy of Law -- Exploitation -- Expressive Rationale for Punishment -- Descriptive and Normative Expressionism -- Extrinsic and Intrinsic Expressionism -- F -- Facts and Law -- Fairness -- The Concept of Fairness -- Social Justice -- Legal Fairness -- Obligations of Fairness -- Family Law -- Fascist (National Socialist) Philosophy of Law -- Philosophical Foundations -- Sources of Law -- Anthropological Presuppositions -- Philosophy of Law and Legal Practice -- Fault -- Evolution -- Concept -- Federal Jurists, 1800-1860, U.S. -- Feminist Philosophy of Law -- Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (1762-1814) -- Fictions and Deemings -- Roman Law -- Early English Common Law -- Jeremy Bentham -- Henry Sumner Maine -- Lon L. Fuller -- The Danger of Reification -- Statutory Deemings -- The Call for Revival -- Fighting -- Finance -- Finnis, John (1940- ) -- Forgiveness -- Foucault, Michel (1926-1984) -- Founding Jurists, 1760-1800, U.S. -- Fragmentation of Ownership -- Franchise and Referendum -- Frankfurt School (Early).
Free Law Movement -- Freedom and Capacity of Contract -- Importance -- Definition -- Capacity -- Monopoly -- Mistake -- Fuller, Lon L. (1902-1978) -- Morality -- Law -- Internal Morality of Law -- Law and Morality -- Fundamental Rights -- G -- Gadamer, Hans-Georg (1900- ) -- Game Theory -- Gény, François (1861-1959) -- Gift -- Goodness and Coherence -- History of the Idea -- Advantages of Coherence -- Disadvantages of Coherence -- Goodness -- Goods -- Grotius, Hugo (1583-1645) -- Group Rights -- Gurvitch, Georges (1894-1965) -- H -- Habermas, Jürgen (1929- ) -- Harms -- Hart, Herbert Lionel Adolphus (1907-1992) -- Hate Literature -- Hayek, Friedrich von (1899-1992) -- Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831 ) -- Hellenic Philosophy of Law: Conceptual Framework -- ΔIKH -- θEMIΣ -- NEMΩ, NEMEΣIΣ, NOMOΣ -- ГPAɸH -- APXH -- Hellenic Philosophy of Law: Primary Sources -- Homer -- Hesiod -- Philosophers -- Dramatists -- Historians -- Sophists -- Hellenistic Philosophy of Law -- Greek Law -- Stoics -- The Metaphysical Way -- The Anthropological Way of Kinship (Oikeiòsis) -- Epicureans -- Neoplatonism -- Hermeneutical Philosophy of Law -- Hire -- Hire of Goods -- Hire of Personal Services or Labor -- History (Historicity of Law) -- Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679) -- Hohfeld, Wesley Newcombe (1879-1918) -- Holdsworth, Richard (1590-1649) -- Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. (1841-1935) -- Homelessness and Residency -- Homicide -- Justifiable Homicide -- Excusable Homicide -- Murder -- Manslaughter -- Homosexuality -- Human Rights -- Hume, David (1711-1776) -- Husserl, Gerhart (1893-1973) -- Hutchinson, Thomas (1711-1780) -- I -- Idealists, British -- Ideology -- Ignorance -- Immunity -- Imperfect Obligation -- Imputation and Exculpation -- Incapacitative Rationale -- Inchoate Offenses -- Included Offenses -- Indeterminacy -- Indian, North American.
Indian Philosophy of Law.
Summary: From articles centering on the detailed and doctrinal exposition of the law to those which reside almost wholly within the realm of philosophical ethics, this volume affords comprehensive treatment to both sides of the philosophico-legal equation. Systematic and sustained coverage of the many dimensions of legal thought gives ample expression to the true breadth and depth of the philosophy of law, with coverage of: The modes of knowing and the kinds of normativity used in the law; Studies in international, constitutional, criminal, administrative, persons and property, contracts and tort law-including their historical origins and worldwide ramifications; Current legal cultures such as common law and civilian, European, and Aboriginal; Influential jurisprudents and their biographies; All influential schools and methods.
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Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Introduction -- Subject List by Topic -- Contributors -- The Encyclopedia -- A -- Aboriginal Legal Cultures -- Abortion and Infanticide -- Absolute Liability -- Abuse of Right -- Acquisition and Transfer -- The Original Acquisition of Property Rights -- The Transfer of Property Rights -- Act Requirement -- Action and Agency -- Action-based Philosophy of Law -- Actus Reus -- Administrative Decision Making -- Admissibility -- Aesthetics -- Aesthetics and Legal Interpretation -- Humanistic Critiques of Law -- Legal Regulation of the Arts -- Aesthetic Critiques of Legal Works -- Affinity -- African Philosophy of Law -- Theoretical Trends in African Jurisprudence -- African Jurisprudence and the Twenty-First Century -- Agency (Mandate) -- Aging -- Alternative Dispute Resolution -- Amendment -- American Jurists, 1860-1960 -- Analogy -- Anarchist Philosophy of Law -- Anselm (1033/4-1109) -- Anthropology -- Aquinas, Thomas (1225-1274) -- Divine Law or Eternal Law (Lex Divina, Lex Aeterna) -- Positive Divine Law -- Natural Law (Lex Naturalis, Ius Naturale, Rectitudo Naturalis) -- Law of Nations (Ius Gentium) -- Human (Positive) Law (Lex Humana) -- Arbitration -- Act of Birth: The Disputants' Liberty and the Private Temptation -- Act of Growth: The Disputants' Constraint and the Public Temptation -- Beyond the Loop: The Arbitrators' Working Principles -- Argumentation -- Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) -- Array Theory -- Art -- Artificial Intelligence and Networks -- Asian Philosophy of Law -- Asylum and Refugees -- The Triple Role of Government in Asylum Policy -- Use of Legal Means to Limit States' Responsibility -- Attempts -- Augustine (354-430) -- Intentionalism -- Lying -- Homocide and Suicide -- Political Legitimacy -- Punishment -- Just War Theory -- Austin, John (1790-1859).

Authority -- Automatism -- Autonomy -- Axiology -- B -- Bankruptcy -- Beccaria, Cesare (1738-1794) -- Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832) -- Betrothal -- Betti, Emilio (1890-1968) -- Bill of Rights -- Charter Rights -- Blackstone, William (1723-1780) -- Bobbio, Norberto (1909- ) -- Bodenheimer, Edgar (1908-1991) -- Burial -- Burke, Edmund (1729-1797) -- C -- Capacity -- Capital Punishment -- Catholic Philosophy of Law -- Causation, Criminal -- Causation, Tort Law -- Cause-in-Fact -- Proof of Counterfactuals in Cause-in-Fact -- Proximate or Legal Cause -- Central and Eastern European Philosophy of Law -- Chaos Theory -- Character -- Charter Rights -- Bill of Rights -- Children -- Chinese Philosophy of Law -- Confucianism and Legal Philosophy -- The Legalists (Fa Jia) -- Cultural and Philosophical Symbiosis of Confucianism and Legalism -- The Present Situation -- Cicero, MarcusTullius (106-43 B.C.) -- Citizenship and Membership -- Civil Disobedience -- Civil Rights -- Civilian Philosophy of Law -- (General) Legal Theory -- Theory of Justice -- Theory of Legal Science -- History of the Philosophy of Law -- Civility -- Historical Background -- Contemporary Debates -- Codification -- Coercion (Duress) -- Coherence -- Collective Rights -- Common Good -- Common Law Philosophy of Law -- Commons -- Communitarian Philosophy of Law -- Conception of the Self -- Conception of Community -- Nature and Scope of Distributive Justice -- Priority of the Right over the Good -- Community -- Commutative Justice -- Comparative Law -- Compliance -- Compound Damages -- Compound Offenses -- Computers -- Confessions -- Configurative Philosophy of Law -- Confinement -- Conflict of Laws -- Conscience -- Conscientious Objection -- Consent -- Conspiracy -- Conspiracy as an Inchoate Offense -- Conspirators' Liability for Substantive Offenses -- Problems of Individuation and Scope.

Constituting Acts -- Constitutionalism -- Continental Philosophy of Law -- Contractual Obligation -- Contractualist Philosophy of Law -- Convention and Custom -- Corrective Justice -- Cossio, Carlos (1902-1987) -- Cost-Benefit Analysis -- Criminalization -- Actus Reus -- Mens Rea -- Criminology -- Critical Legal Studies -- Customary Law -- D -- Damages -- Death -- Death Penalty -- Decision Making, Administrative -- Decision Making, Judicial -- Decisionist Philosophy of Law -- Nihilism -- Law and Decision -- Historical Background -- Objections -- Deconstructionist Philosophy of Law -- Deemings -- Defenses -- Failure-of-Proof Defenses -- Affirmative Defenses -- Justification -- Excuse -- Distinguishing Justification from Excuse -- Mistake of Law -- The Theory of Defenses -- A Criterion for the Defenses -- The Moral Basis of the Defenses -- Democratic Process -- Deontic Logic -- Derrida, Jacques (1930- ) -- Derridean Jurisprudents -- Desert -- Deterrence, Strategic -- Deterrent Rationale -- Developing Countries -- Dewey, John (1859-1952) -- Difference Theory -- Dignity -- Diminished Capacity -- Discipline -- Discourse Epistemology -- Discourse Theory -- Discretion -- Disobedience -- Disposition of Remains -- Posthumous Harm -- Posthumous Rights -- Rights of the Living in the Bodies of the Dead -- The Importance of Symbolism -- Dispute Resolution -- Infra Disputationem: The Immersed Part of Legal Resolution -- Intra Disputationem: The Tip of Legal Resolution -- Judicial Resolution -- Alternative Dispute Resolution -- Supra Disputationem: Recourse to Legislation -- Distributive Justice -- Utilitarianism -- Justice as Fairness -- Rights-based Libertarian Theories of Justice -- Marxian-Egalitarian Theories -- Divorce and Marriage -- Domat, Jean (1625-1696) -- Donation -- Drugs -- Due Process -- Dueling -- Duress -- Durkheim, Emile (1858-1917) -- Duty.

Dworkin, Ronald (1931- ) -- E -- Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction -- Nonjurisdictional Offices -- Internal and External Forum -- Ordinary and Delegated Jurisdiction -- Jurisdiction in History -- Autonomy of Jurisdiction -- Ecology and Environmental Sciences -- Economic Loss -- Economics -- Rational Choice for an Agent -- Interpersonal Rational Choice -- Normative Assessment -- Economics and Law -- Efficiency -- Eminent Domain and Takings -- History -- Contemporary Debates -- Empirical Evidence -- Engagement -- Entrapment -- Entrenchment -- Environment -- Epistemology in Law -- Equality -- Error, Deceit, and Illusion -- Estate and Patrimony -- Ethics, Legal -- Euthanasia and Suicide -- Evidence -- Facts and Knowledge of Facts -- Processes of Inference -- Ex Post Facto Legislation -- Exchange -- Exculpation -- Exegetical School -- Existentialist Philosophy of Law -- Exploitation -- Expressive Rationale for Punishment -- Descriptive and Normative Expressionism -- Extrinsic and Intrinsic Expressionism -- F -- Facts and Law -- Fairness -- The Concept of Fairness -- Social Justice -- Legal Fairness -- Obligations of Fairness -- Family Law -- Fascist (National Socialist) Philosophy of Law -- Philosophical Foundations -- Sources of Law -- Anthropological Presuppositions -- Philosophy of Law and Legal Practice -- Fault -- Evolution -- Concept -- Federal Jurists, 1800-1860, U.S. -- Feminist Philosophy of Law -- Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (1762-1814) -- Fictions and Deemings -- Roman Law -- Early English Common Law -- Jeremy Bentham -- Henry Sumner Maine -- Lon L. Fuller -- The Danger of Reification -- Statutory Deemings -- The Call for Revival -- Fighting -- Finance -- Finnis, John (1940- ) -- Forgiveness -- Foucault, Michel (1926-1984) -- Founding Jurists, 1760-1800, U.S. -- Fragmentation of Ownership -- Franchise and Referendum -- Frankfurt School (Early).

Free Law Movement -- Freedom and Capacity of Contract -- Importance -- Definition -- Capacity -- Monopoly -- Mistake -- Fuller, Lon L. (1902-1978) -- Morality -- Law -- Internal Morality of Law -- Law and Morality -- Fundamental Rights -- G -- Gadamer, Hans-Georg (1900- ) -- Game Theory -- Gény, François (1861-1959) -- Gift -- Goodness and Coherence -- History of the Idea -- Advantages of Coherence -- Disadvantages of Coherence -- Goodness -- Goods -- Grotius, Hugo (1583-1645) -- Group Rights -- Gurvitch, Georges (1894-1965) -- H -- Habermas, Jürgen (1929- ) -- Harms -- Hart, Herbert Lionel Adolphus (1907-1992) -- Hate Literature -- Hayek, Friedrich von (1899-1992) -- Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831 ) -- Hellenic Philosophy of Law: Conceptual Framework -- ΔIKH -- θEMIΣ -- NEMΩ, NEMEΣIΣ, NOMOΣ -- ГPAɸH -- APXH -- Hellenic Philosophy of Law: Primary Sources -- Homer -- Hesiod -- Philosophers -- Dramatists -- Historians -- Sophists -- Hellenistic Philosophy of Law -- Greek Law -- Stoics -- The Metaphysical Way -- The Anthropological Way of Kinship (Oikeiòsis) -- Epicureans -- Neoplatonism -- Hermeneutical Philosophy of Law -- Hire -- Hire of Goods -- Hire of Personal Services or Labor -- History (Historicity of Law) -- Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679) -- Hohfeld, Wesley Newcombe (1879-1918) -- Holdsworth, Richard (1590-1649) -- Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. (1841-1935) -- Homelessness and Residency -- Homicide -- Justifiable Homicide -- Excusable Homicide -- Murder -- Manslaughter -- Homosexuality -- Human Rights -- Hume, David (1711-1776) -- Husserl, Gerhart (1893-1973) -- Hutchinson, Thomas (1711-1780) -- I -- Idealists, British -- Ideology -- Ignorance -- Immunity -- Imperfect Obligation -- Imputation and Exculpation -- Incapacitative Rationale -- Inchoate Offenses -- Included Offenses -- Indeterminacy -- Indian, North American.

Indian Philosophy of Law.

From articles centering on the detailed and doctrinal exposition of the law to those which reside almost wholly within the realm of philosophical ethics, this volume affords comprehensive treatment to both sides of the philosophico-legal equation. Systematic and sustained coverage of the many dimensions of legal thought gives ample expression to the true breadth and depth of the philosophy of law, with coverage of: The modes of knowing and the kinds of normativity used in the law; Studies in international, constitutional, criminal, administrative, persons and property, contracts and tort law-including their historical origins and worldwide ramifications; Current legal cultures such as common law and civilian, European, and Aboriginal; Influential jurisprudents and their biographies; All influential schools and methods.

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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