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Basics of Medical Physics.

By: Contributor(s): Publisher: Prague : Karolinum Press, 2018Copyright date: ©2017Description: 1 online resource (224 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9788024638843
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Basics of Medical PhysicsDDC classification:
  • 610.153
LOC classification:
  • R895 .J573 2017
Online resources:
Contents:
Cover -- CONTENTS -- 1. STRUCTURE OF MATTER -- 1.1 PARTICLES AND FORCE INTERACTIONS -- 1.2 ENERGY -- 1.3 QUANTUM EFFECTS -- 1.3.1 Quantum numbers -- 1.4 HYDROGEN ATOM -- 1.4.1 Spectrum of the hydrogen atom -- 1.5 ELECTRON STRUCTURE OF HEAVY ATOMS -- 1.6 EXCITATION AND IONISATION OF ATOMS -- 1.6.1 Binding energy of electrons in an atom -- 1.7 PRINCIPLE OF MASS SPECTROSCOPY -- 1.8 ATOMIC NUCLEI -- 1.8.1 Binding energy of a nucleus -- 1.8.2 Magnetic properties of nuclei -- 1.9 FORCES ACTING BETWEEN ATOMS -- 1.9.1 Ionic bonds -- 1.9.2 Covalent bonds -- 1.10 PHYSICAL BASIS OF NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPHY -- 2. MOLECULAR BIOPHYSICS -- 2.1 MOLECULAR BONDS AND FORCES -- 2.2 PHASES OF MATTER -- 2.2.1 Gaseous phase -- 2.2.2 Liquid phase -- 2.2.3 Solids -- 2.2.4 Plasma -- 2.3 CHANGE OF PHASES -- 2.3.1 Phase diagram -- 2.3.2 Gibbs law of phases -- 2.4 CLASSIFICATION OF DISPERSION SYSTEM -- 2.4.1 Analytical dispersions -- 2.4.2 Colloidal dispersions -- 2.5 WATER -- 2.6 TRANSPORT PHENOMENA -- 2.6.1 Basic laws of fluids -- 2.6.2 Law of Laplace -- 2.6.3 Viscosity -- 2.6.4 The Hagen-Poiseuille law -- 2.6.5 Stokes law -- 2.6.6 Diffusion -- 2.7 COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS -- 2.7.1 Raoult laws -- 2.7.2 Osmotic pressure -- 2.8 PHASE BORDER PHENOMENA -- 2.8.1 Surface tension -- 2.8.2 Adsorption -- 3. THERMODYNAMICS -- 3.1 THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEM -- 3.2 WORK AND HEAT -- 3.4 HEAT TRANSPORT -- 3.5 FUNCTIONS OF STATE -- 3.5.1 Internal energy -- 3.5.2 Enthalpy -- 3.5.3 Entropy -- 3.5.4 Free energy -- 3.5.5 Free enthalpy -- 3.6 CHEMICAL POTENTIAL -- 3.7 REACTION HEAT -- 3.8 THERMODYNAMICS OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM -- 3.9 TRANSFORMATION AND ACCUMULATION OF ENERGY IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM -- 3.10 MEASUREMENT OF TEMPERATURE -- 3.10.1 Liquid thermometers -- 3.10.2 Medical thermometer -- 3.10.3 Calorimetric thermometer -- 3.10.4 Thermocouple.
3.10.5 Electrical resistance thermometer -- 3.10.6 Thermistor -- 3.10.7 Thermography -- 3.10.8 A bimetallic strip -- 3.11 CALORIMETRY -- 3.12 THERMAL LOSSES -- 3.13 THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS -- 4. BIOPHYSICS OF ELECTRIC PHENOMENA -- 4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 4.1.1 Coulomb law and permittivity -- 4.1.2 Electric potential, potentials of phase boundary-lines -- 4.1.3 Donnan equilibrium -- 4.2 ELECTRIC PHENOMENA IN ALIVE ORGANISM -- 4.2.1 Resting membrane potential of nerve cell -- 4.2.2 Action potential of nerve fibre -- 4.2.3 Action potential in heart cell -- 4.2.4 Electrocardiogram (ECG) -- 4.2.5 Heart's electrical sequence and interpretation of electrocardiogram -- 4.2.6 Electroencephalograph (EEG) and Electromyograph (EMG) -- 4.3 ELECTRIC FIELD, ELECTRIC CURRENT AND VOLTAGE -- 4.3.1 Conduction of electric current in organism -- 4.3.2 Effect of electric current on organism -- 4.3.3 Conductometry -- 4.4 OSCILLOSCOPE -- 5. ACOUSTICS AND PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES OF HEARING -- 5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 5.1.1 Basic quantities -- 5.1.2 The Doppler effect -- 5.1.3 Weber-Fechner's law -- 5.1.4 Complex tones -- 5.2 THE PRINCIPLES OF HEARING -- 5.3 ULTRASOUND -- 5.3.1 Piezoelectric effect -- 5.3.2 Ultrasound imaging -- 5.3.3 Effect of ultrasound on tissue -- 5.4 SHOCK WAVES -- 6. OPTICS -- 6.1 PROPAGATION OF LIGHT -- 6.2 RAY OPTICS -- 6.3 DISPERSION OF LIGHT -- 6.4 LIGHT SCATTERING -- 6.4.1 Rayleigh scattering -- 6.4.2 Raman scattering -- 6.5 ABSORPTION OF LIGHT -- 6.6 POLARISATION OF LIGHT -- 6.6.1 Polarimetry -- 6.7 QUANTUM OPTICS -- 6.8 WAVE OPTICS -- 6.8.1 Interference of light -- 6.8.2 Diffraction of light -- 6.9 LENSES -- 6.9.1 Compound microscope -- 6.10 LASER -- 6.11 OPTICS OF THE HUMAN EYE -- 6.11.1 Eye defects -- 6.11.2 Biophysics of vision -- 7. X-RAY PHYSICS AND MEDICAL APPLICATION -- 7.1 GENERAL FEATURES OF X-RAYS.
7.1.1 Production of braking radiation (bremsstrahlung) -- 7.1.2 Production of characteristic X-rays -- 7.1.3 The attenuation of X-radiation -- 7.1.4 X-ray contrast -- 7.2 USE OF X-RAYS FOR DIAGNOSTIC PURPOSES -- 7.2.1 X-ray imaging methods -- 7.2.2 Computed tomography -- 7.2.3 Risks of X-ray radiation -- 7.3 THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF X-RAYS -- 8. RADIOACTIVITY AND IONISING RADIATION -- 8.1 NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL RADIOACTIVITY -- 8.1.1 Basic law of radioactive decay -- 8.1.2 Radioactive equilibrium -- 8.1.3 Radioactive series -- 8.1.4 Types of radioactive decay -- 8.2 IONISING RADIATION AND ITS SOURCES -- 8.2.1 Positively charged particles -- 8.2.2 Linear accelerators -- 8.2.3 Circular accelerators -- 8.2.4 Negatively charged particles - electrons -- 8.2.5 Neutrons -- 8.2.6 Radionuclide sources of neutrons -- 8.2.7 γ-radiation -- 8.2.8 Cosmic rays -- 8.3 INTERACTION OF RADIATION WITH MATTER -- 8.3.1 Interaction of α-particles -- 8.3.2 Interaction of β-radiation -- 8.3.3 Interaction of γ-radiation -- 8.3.4 Neutron interactions -- 8.4 DETECTION OF IONISING RADIATION -- 8.4.1 Ionisation chambers -- 8.4.2 Geiger-Müller counter -- 8.4.3 Scintillation counter -- 8.4.4 Semiconductor-based detector -- 8.4.5 Integral and selective detection of γ-radiation -- 8.5 BASIC QUANTITIES IN RADIATION DOSIMETRY -- 8.5.1 Personal dosimeters -- 8.6 USE OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE IN THERAPY -- 8.7 USE OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE IN DIAGNOSTICS -- 8.7.1 Radionuclides -- 8.7.2 Scintigraphy (planar gamma radiography) -- 8.7.3 Single photon emission computerised tomography -- 8.7.4 Positron emission tomography.
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Item type Current library Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
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Ebrary Ebrary Algeria Available
Ebrary Ebrary Cyprus Available
Ebrary Ebrary Egypt Available
Ebrary Ebrary Libya Available
Ebrary Ebrary Morocco Available
Ebrary Ebrary Nepal Available EBKNP-N00075906
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Ebrary Ebrary Tunisia Available
Total holds: 0

Cover -- CONTENTS -- 1. STRUCTURE OF MATTER -- 1.1 PARTICLES AND FORCE INTERACTIONS -- 1.2 ENERGY -- 1.3 QUANTUM EFFECTS -- 1.3.1 Quantum numbers -- 1.4 HYDROGEN ATOM -- 1.4.1 Spectrum of the hydrogen atom -- 1.5 ELECTRON STRUCTURE OF HEAVY ATOMS -- 1.6 EXCITATION AND IONISATION OF ATOMS -- 1.6.1 Binding energy of electrons in an atom -- 1.7 PRINCIPLE OF MASS SPECTROSCOPY -- 1.8 ATOMIC NUCLEI -- 1.8.1 Binding energy of a nucleus -- 1.8.2 Magnetic properties of nuclei -- 1.9 FORCES ACTING BETWEEN ATOMS -- 1.9.1 Ionic bonds -- 1.9.2 Covalent bonds -- 1.10 PHYSICAL BASIS OF NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPHY -- 2. MOLECULAR BIOPHYSICS -- 2.1 MOLECULAR BONDS AND FORCES -- 2.2 PHASES OF MATTER -- 2.2.1 Gaseous phase -- 2.2.2 Liquid phase -- 2.2.3 Solids -- 2.2.4 Plasma -- 2.3 CHANGE OF PHASES -- 2.3.1 Phase diagram -- 2.3.2 Gibbs law of phases -- 2.4 CLASSIFICATION OF DISPERSION SYSTEM -- 2.4.1 Analytical dispersions -- 2.4.2 Colloidal dispersions -- 2.5 WATER -- 2.6 TRANSPORT PHENOMENA -- 2.6.1 Basic laws of fluids -- 2.6.2 Law of Laplace -- 2.6.3 Viscosity -- 2.6.4 The Hagen-Poiseuille law -- 2.6.5 Stokes law -- 2.6.6 Diffusion -- 2.7 COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS -- 2.7.1 Raoult laws -- 2.7.2 Osmotic pressure -- 2.8 PHASE BORDER PHENOMENA -- 2.8.1 Surface tension -- 2.8.2 Adsorption -- 3. THERMODYNAMICS -- 3.1 THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEM -- 3.2 WORK AND HEAT -- 3.4 HEAT TRANSPORT -- 3.5 FUNCTIONS OF STATE -- 3.5.1 Internal energy -- 3.5.2 Enthalpy -- 3.5.3 Entropy -- 3.5.4 Free energy -- 3.5.5 Free enthalpy -- 3.6 CHEMICAL POTENTIAL -- 3.7 REACTION HEAT -- 3.8 THERMODYNAMICS OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM -- 3.9 TRANSFORMATION AND ACCUMULATION OF ENERGY IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM -- 3.10 MEASUREMENT OF TEMPERATURE -- 3.10.1 Liquid thermometers -- 3.10.2 Medical thermometer -- 3.10.3 Calorimetric thermometer -- 3.10.4 Thermocouple.

3.10.5 Electrical resistance thermometer -- 3.10.6 Thermistor -- 3.10.7 Thermography -- 3.10.8 A bimetallic strip -- 3.11 CALORIMETRY -- 3.12 THERMAL LOSSES -- 3.13 THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS -- 4. BIOPHYSICS OF ELECTRIC PHENOMENA -- 4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 4.1.1 Coulomb law and permittivity -- 4.1.2 Electric potential, potentials of phase boundary-lines -- 4.1.3 Donnan equilibrium -- 4.2 ELECTRIC PHENOMENA IN ALIVE ORGANISM -- 4.2.1 Resting membrane potential of nerve cell -- 4.2.2 Action potential of nerve fibre -- 4.2.3 Action potential in heart cell -- 4.2.4 Electrocardiogram (ECG) -- 4.2.5 Heart's electrical sequence and interpretation of electrocardiogram -- 4.2.6 Electroencephalograph (EEG) and Electromyograph (EMG) -- 4.3 ELECTRIC FIELD, ELECTRIC CURRENT AND VOLTAGE -- 4.3.1 Conduction of electric current in organism -- 4.3.2 Effect of electric current on organism -- 4.3.3 Conductometry -- 4.4 OSCILLOSCOPE -- 5. ACOUSTICS AND PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES OF HEARING -- 5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 5.1.1 Basic quantities -- 5.1.2 The Doppler effect -- 5.1.3 Weber-Fechner's law -- 5.1.4 Complex tones -- 5.2 THE PRINCIPLES OF HEARING -- 5.3 ULTRASOUND -- 5.3.1 Piezoelectric effect -- 5.3.2 Ultrasound imaging -- 5.3.3 Effect of ultrasound on tissue -- 5.4 SHOCK WAVES -- 6. OPTICS -- 6.1 PROPAGATION OF LIGHT -- 6.2 RAY OPTICS -- 6.3 DISPERSION OF LIGHT -- 6.4 LIGHT SCATTERING -- 6.4.1 Rayleigh scattering -- 6.4.2 Raman scattering -- 6.5 ABSORPTION OF LIGHT -- 6.6 POLARISATION OF LIGHT -- 6.6.1 Polarimetry -- 6.7 QUANTUM OPTICS -- 6.8 WAVE OPTICS -- 6.8.1 Interference of light -- 6.8.2 Diffraction of light -- 6.9 LENSES -- 6.9.1 Compound microscope -- 6.10 LASER -- 6.11 OPTICS OF THE HUMAN EYE -- 6.11.1 Eye defects -- 6.11.2 Biophysics of vision -- 7. X-RAY PHYSICS AND MEDICAL APPLICATION -- 7.1 GENERAL FEATURES OF X-RAYS.

7.1.1 Production of braking radiation (bremsstrahlung) -- 7.1.2 Production of characteristic X-rays -- 7.1.3 The attenuation of X-radiation -- 7.1.4 X-ray contrast -- 7.2 USE OF X-RAYS FOR DIAGNOSTIC PURPOSES -- 7.2.1 X-ray imaging methods -- 7.2.2 Computed tomography -- 7.2.3 Risks of X-ray radiation -- 7.3 THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF X-RAYS -- 8. RADIOACTIVITY AND IONISING RADIATION -- 8.1 NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL RADIOACTIVITY -- 8.1.1 Basic law of radioactive decay -- 8.1.2 Radioactive equilibrium -- 8.1.3 Radioactive series -- 8.1.4 Types of radioactive decay -- 8.2 IONISING RADIATION AND ITS SOURCES -- 8.2.1 Positively charged particles -- 8.2.2 Linear accelerators -- 8.2.3 Circular accelerators -- 8.2.4 Negatively charged particles - electrons -- 8.2.5 Neutrons -- 8.2.6 Radionuclide sources of neutrons -- 8.2.7 γ-radiation -- 8.2.8 Cosmic rays -- 8.3 INTERACTION OF RADIATION WITH MATTER -- 8.3.1 Interaction of α-particles -- 8.3.2 Interaction of β-radiation -- 8.3.3 Interaction of γ-radiation -- 8.3.4 Neutron interactions -- 8.4 DETECTION OF IONISING RADIATION -- 8.4.1 Ionisation chambers -- 8.4.2 Geiger-Müller counter -- 8.4.3 Scintillation counter -- 8.4.4 Semiconductor-based detector -- 8.4.5 Integral and selective detection of γ-radiation -- 8.5 BASIC QUANTITIES IN RADIATION DOSIMETRY -- 8.5.1 Personal dosimeters -- 8.6 USE OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE IN THERAPY -- 8.7 USE OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE IN DIAGNOSTICS -- 8.7.1 Radionuclides -- 8.7.2 Scintigraphy (planar gamma radiography) -- 8.7.3 Single photon emission computerised tomography -- 8.7.4 Positron emission tomography.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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