A Companion to the Philosophy of Language.

By: Hale, BobContributor(s): Wright, Crispin | Miller, AlexanderSeries: Blackwell Companions to Philosophy SerPublisher: Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2017Copyright date: ©2016Edition: 2nd edDescription: 1 online resource (1175 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781118972083Subject(s): Language and languages--PhilosophyGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: A Companion to the Philosophy of LanguageDDC classification: 401 LOC classification: P106.C667 2017ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- Volume I -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Preface to the Second Edition -- Preface to the First Edition -- Part I Meaning and Theories`of Meaning -- Chapter 1 Metaphysics, Philosophy, and the Philosophy of Language -- 1 Two Positions -- 2 Dummett and Thought -- 3 Wittgenstein, Early and Late -- 4 Carnap and Quine -- 5 Ordinary Language Philosophy -- 6 The Turn Back -- 7 The Larger Picture -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 2 Meaning and Truth-Conditions: From Frege's Grand Design to Davidson's -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 3 Intention and Convention in the Theory of Meaning -- 1 Lewis on the Public-Language Relation -- 2 Intention-Based Semantics -- 3 An Almost-Gricean Semantics -- 4 What Endures? -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 4 Meaning, Use, Verification -- 1 Meaning as Use -- 2 Verificationism -- 3 Rules and Norms -- Notes -- References -- Postscript -- Meaning Is Use -- Use and Assertion -- A First Response: Specialized Assertion Conditions -- A Second Response: Adding to Assertion Conditions -- Fitch's Paradox or the Paradox of Knowability -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 5 Semantics and Pragmatics -- 1 Pragmatics and Semantics -- 2 Austin on Locutionary, Illocutionary, and Perlocutionary Acts -- 3 Grice on Illocutionary Acts -- 4 Grice on Basic and Derivative Illocutionary Acts -- 5 The Orthodox View -- 6 Occasion-Sensitivity -- 7 Basic and Derivative Illocutionary Acts -- 8 Conclusion -- Note -- References -- Chapter 6 Pragmatics -- 1 Semantic Properties -- 2 The Pragmatic View -- 3 Domestications -- 4 Implicature -- 5 Metaphysics -- 6 Perspective -- 7 Thoughts -- 8 Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- In Retrospect -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 7 On the Linguistic Status of Context Sensitivity -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Terms of Debate.
3 Overt Context Sensitivity -- 4 Covert Context Sensitivity -- 5 Whither Context? -- 6 Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 8 A Guide to Naturalizing Semantics -- The Crude Causal Theory -- Dretske's Information-Theoretic Account -- Optimal Conditions Accounts -- Teleological Theories -- Fodor's Asymmetric Dependence Theory -- Causal-Role Semantics -- Conclusion -- Postscript -- Teleological Theories: Basic Distinctions -- The Content Question: Input-Oriented Theories -- The Content Question: Output-Oriented and Mixed Theories -- The Status Question -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 9 Inferentialism -- 1 Varieties of Inferentialism -- 2 Logical Inferentialism -- 3 Brandom's Inferentialism -- 4 Objections and Replies -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 10 Against Harmony -- 1 The Inversion Principle -- 2 An Argument for the Inversion Principle -- 3 Problems with the Argument -- 4 Arguments from the 'Innocence' of Logic -- 5 Tennant's Argument for Harmony -- 6 Harmony and Inferential Role Semantics -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 11 Meaning and Privacy -- 1 Introduction: The Two Questions and their Consequences -- 2 Private States and Public Language: The Possibility -- 3 Private States and Public Language: The Effects -- 4 The Possibility of a Private Language -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- References -- Chapter 12 Tacit Knowledge -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Tacit Knowledge and Propositional Attitudes -- 3 Tacit Knowledge and Dispositional States -- 4 Wright's Attack on Evans -- 5 The Mirror Constraint and Understanding Novel Utterances -- 6 Wright's Proposal -- 7 Tacit Knowledge and Rule-Following -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 13 Radical Interpretation -- 1 A Bird's-Eye View of Some Options.
2 From "Truth and Meaning" to "Radical Interpretation" -- 3 The Basis for Radical Interpretation -- 4 Interpretation, Charity, Holism, and Norms -- 5 Indeterminacy of Meaning, Holism, and Molecularity -- References -- Postscript -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 14 Propositional Attitudes -- Propositional Attitudes and Philosophy of Language -- Questions about Propositions -- Semantics and Structure -- (Neo-)Russellianism and Fregeanism -- Attitudes, Utterances, and Sentences -- Semantic versus Psychological Sententialism -- Attitudes and Context -- Alternatives to Relational Accounts -- Appendix: De Dicto, De Re, and De Se -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 15 Holism -- 1 What Is Meaning Holism? -- 2 Does the Duhem-Quine Thesis Provide a Ground for Meaning Holism? -- 3 Does Revisability Support Meaning Holism? -- 4 Do Interpretational and Compositional Considerations Support Meaning Holism? -- 5 Global Holism, Justification, and Semantic Value -- 6 Local Holisms and Their Source -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 16 Metaphor -- 1 Figurative and Non-figurative: Metaphor, Idiom, and Ambiguity -- 2 Metaphorical Meaning -- 3 Davidson and the Case against Metaphorical Meaning -- 4 Paraphrase and Propositional Status -- 5 Metaphor and Communication -- 6 Pragmatics and Speaker's Meaning -- 7 Metaphor, Rhetoric, and Relevance -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- 1 Metaphor, Meaning, and Language: Positive Developments -- 2 Distinctiveness and Dispensability: For and Against -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 17 Conditionals -- 1 Introduction: Conditional Information -- 2 Preliminaries -- 3 Strict Conditionals -- 4 Variably Strict Conditionals -- 5 Counterfactual Dynamics -- 6 Indicative Conditionals and Collapse -- 7 Antecedents as Restrictors -- 8 Dynamics and Indicative Conditionals -- 9 Other Surveys -- Notes.
References -- Chapter 18 Generics -- 1 Generics -- 2 Genericity -- 3 Separating the Semantics of Generics from Theories of Genericity -- 4 Connecting the Semantics of Generics with Theories of Genericity -- 5 Ascriptions of Dispositions, Habits, and Capacities -- 6 Some Theories of Genericity -- 7 Two Ways of Doing Away with Genericity -- 8 Closing -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 19 Deflationist Theories of Truth, Meaning, and Content -- I -- A. Radical Inflationism -- B. Radical Deflationism -- II -- Notes -- References -- Volume II -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Part I Language, Truth, and Reality -- Chapter 20 Realism and its Oppositions -- 1 Dummett's General Account of R/AR Disputes -- 2 Arguments against Semantic Realism -- 3 The Adequacy of Dummett's Characterization of  R/AR Disputes -- 4 Error Theories, Projectivism, and Quasi‐realism -- 5 Realism and Objective Truth -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- Relativizing Truth -- Realism and Grounds -- The Variety of Conceptions of Realism -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 21 Theories of Truth -- 1 Introduction: Problems with Correspondence -- 2 The Coherence Theory and the Pragmatic Theory -- 3 Coherence and Correspondence -- 4 Why Pragmatic and Coherence Theories are Attractive -- 5 Why the Coherence Theory Fails -- 6 Frege on Defining Truth -- 7 The Correspondence Theory -- 8 The Redundancy Theory -- 9 The Semantic Theory -- Note -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript: Pluralism about Truth -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 22 Truthmaker Semantics -- I Theory -- II Applications -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 23 Analyticity -- I -- Belief, Apriority, and Indeterminacy -- Analyticity: Metaphysical or Epistemological? -- The Metaphysical Concept -- The Epistemological Concept -- II.
"Two Dogmas" and the Rejection of Frege‐Analyticity -- Skeptical Theses about Analyticity -- Non-factualism about Frege-Analyticity -- The Error Thesis about Frege-Analyticity -- III -- The Analyticity of Logic -- The Classical View and Implicit Definition -- Implicit Definition and Non-Factualism -- Implicit Definition and Conventionalism -- Quine against Implicit Definition: Regress -- Quine against Implicit Definition: Constitutive Truth -- Implicit Definition, Justification, and Entitlement -- Conclusion -- Appendix: A Priori Knowledge of the Second Premise -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript: Further Thoughts about Analyticity: 20 Years Later -- Introduction -- Can Epistemic Analyticity Explain All A Priori Justification? -- Is Uniformity a Requirement? -- Can Epistemic Analyticity Explain Even Some Cases of A Priori Justification? -- The Constitutive View -- The Basis View -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 24 Rule-Following, Objectivity, and Meaning -- 1 Wittgenstein on Meaning, Understanding, and Rules -- 2 Kripke on Rules -- 3 Is Semantic Irrealism Incoherent? -- 4 Wright on the Rule‐Following Considerations -- 5 Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript: Factualism and New Problems for Rule-Following -- 1 Factualist Readings of Kripke's Wittgenstein -- 2 Wright's and Boghossian's Problems from "Blind" Rule-Following -- References -- Chapter 25 The Normativity of Meaning -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Meaning and Normative Judgment -- 3 Meaning as a Source of Normativity -- 4 The Normative Determination of Meaning -- 5 The Normativity of Semantic Concepts -- 6 Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 26 Indeterminacy of Translation -- 1 What Does the Indeterminacy of Translation Involve? -- 2 Could One Live with the Indeterminacy of Translation?.
3 Quine's Arguments for the Indeterminacy Thesis.
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Intro -- Volume I -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Preface to the Second Edition -- Preface to the First Edition -- Part I Meaning and Theories`of Meaning -- Chapter 1 Metaphysics, Philosophy, and the Philosophy of Language -- 1 Two Positions -- 2 Dummett and Thought -- 3 Wittgenstein, Early and Late -- 4 Carnap and Quine -- 5 Ordinary Language Philosophy -- 6 The Turn Back -- 7 The Larger Picture -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 2 Meaning and Truth-Conditions: From Frege's Grand Design to Davidson's -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 3 Intention and Convention in the Theory of Meaning -- 1 Lewis on the Public-Language Relation -- 2 Intention-Based Semantics -- 3 An Almost-Gricean Semantics -- 4 What Endures? -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 4 Meaning, Use, Verification -- 1 Meaning as Use -- 2 Verificationism -- 3 Rules and Norms -- Notes -- References -- Postscript -- Meaning Is Use -- Use and Assertion -- A First Response: Specialized Assertion Conditions -- A Second Response: Adding to Assertion Conditions -- Fitch's Paradox or the Paradox of Knowability -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 5 Semantics and Pragmatics -- 1 Pragmatics and Semantics -- 2 Austin on Locutionary, Illocutionary, and Perlocutionary Acts -- 3 Grice on Illocutionary Acts -- 4 Grice on Basic and Derivative Illocutionary Acts -- 5 The Orthodox View -- 6 Occasion-Sensitivity -- 7 Basic and Derivative Illocutionary Acts -- 8 Conclusion -- Note -- References -- Chapter 6 Pragmatics -- 1 Semantic Properties -- 2 The Pragmatic View -- 3 Domestications -- 4 Implicature -- 5 Metaphysics -- 6 Perspective -- 7 Thoughts -- 8 Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- In Retrospect -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 7 On the Linguistic Status of Context Sensitivity -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Terms of Debate.

3 Overt Context Sensitivity -- 4 Covert Context Sensitivity -- 5 Whither Context? -- 6 Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 8 A Guide to Naturalizing Semantics -- The Crude Causal Theory -- Dretske's Information-Theoretic Account -- Optimal Conditions Accounts -- Teleological Theories -- Fodor's Asymmetric Dependence Theory -- Causal-Role Semantics -- Conclusion -- Postscript -- Teleological Theories: Basic Distinctions -- The Content Question: Input-Oriented Theories -- The Content Question: Output-Oriented and Mixed Theories -- The Status Question -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 9 Inferentialism -- 1 Varieties of Inferentialism -- 2 Logical Inferentialism -- 3 Brandom's Inferentialism -- 4 Objections and Replies -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 10 Against Harmony -- 1 The Inversion Principle -- 2 An Argument for the Inversion Principle -- 3 Problems with the Argument -- 4 Arguments from the 'Innocence' of Logic -- 5 Tennant's Argument for Harmony -- 6 Harmony and Inferential Role Semantics -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 11 Meaning and Privacy -- 1 Introduction: The Two Questions and their Consequences -- 2 Private States and Public Language: The Possibility -- 3 Private States and Public Language: The Effects -- 4 The Possibility of a Private Language -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- References -- Chapter 12 Tacit Knowledge -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Tacit Knowledge and Propositional Attitudes -- 3 Tacit Knowledge and Dispositional States -- 4 Wright's Attack on Evans -- 5 The Mirror Constraint and Understanding Novel Utterances -- 6 Wright's Proposal -- 7 Tacit Knowledge and Rule-Following -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 13 Radical Interpretation -- 1 A Bird's-Eye View of Some Options.

2 From "Truth and Meaning" to "Radical Interpretation" -- 3 The Basis for Radical Interpretation -- 4 Interpretation, Charity, Holism, and Norms -- 5 Indeterminacy of Meaning, Holism, and Molecularity -- References -- Postscript -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 14 Propositional Attitudes -- Propositional Attitudes and Philosophy of Language -- Questions about Propositions -- Semantics and Structure -- (Neo-)Russellianism and Fregeanism -- Attitudes, Utterances, and Sentences -- Semantic versus Psychological Sententialism -- Attitudes and Context -- Alternatives to Relational Accounts -- Appendix: De Dicto, De Re, and De Se -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 15 Holism -- 1 What Is Meaning Holism? -- 2 Does the Duhem-Quine Thesis Provide a Ground for Meaning Holism? -- 3 Does Revisability Support Meaning Holism? -- 4 Do Interpretational and Compositional Considerations Support Meaning Holism? -- 5 Global Holism, Justification, and Semantic Value -- 6 Local Holisms and Their Source -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 16 Metaphor -- 1 Figurative and Non-figurative: Metaphor, Idiom, and Ambiguity -- 2 Metaphorical Meaning -- 3 Davidson and the Case against Metaphorical Meaning -- 4 Paraphrase and Propositional Status -- 5 Metaphor and Communication -- 6 Pragmatics and Speaker's Meaning -- 7 Metaphor, Rhetoric, and Relevance -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- 1 Metaphor, Meaning, and Language: Positive Developments -- 2 Distinctiveness and Dispensability: For and Against -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 17 Conditionals -- 1 Introduction: Conditional Information -- 2 Preliminaries -- 3 Strict Conditionals -- 4 Variably Strict Conditionals -- 5 Counterfactual Dynamics -- 6 Indicative Conditionals and Collapse -- 7 Antecedents as Restrictors -- 8 Dynamics and Indicative Conditionals -- 9 Other Surveys -- Notes.

References -- Chapter 18 Generics -- 1 Generics -- 2 Genericity -- 3 Separating the Semantics of Generics from Theories of Genericity -- 4 Connecting the Semantics of Generics with Theories of Genericity -- 5 Ascriptions of Dispositions, Habits, and Capacities -- 6 Some Theories of Genericity -- 7 Two Ways of Doing Away with Genericity -- 8 Closing -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 19 Deflationist Theories of Truth, Meaning, and Content -- I -- A. Radical Inflationism -- B. Radical Deflationism -- II -- Notes -- References -- Volume II -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Part I Language, Truth, and Reality -- Chapter 20 Realism and its Oppositions -- 1 Dummett's General Account of R/AR Disputes -- 2 Arguments against Semantic Realism -- 3 The Adequacy of Dummett's Characterization of  R/AR Disputes -- 4 Error Theories, Projectivism, and Quasi‐realism -- 5 Realism and Objective Truth -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript -- Relativizing Truth -- Realism and Grounds -- The Variety of Conceptions of Realism -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 21 Theories of Truth -- 1 Introduction: Problems with Correspondence -- 2 The Coherence Theory and the Pragmatic Theory -- 3 Coherence and Correspondence -- 4 Why Pragmatic and Coherence Theories are Attractive -- 5 Why the Coherence Theory Fails -- 6 Frege on Defining Truth -- 7 The Correspondence Theory -- 8 The Redundancy Theory -- 9 The Semantic Theory -- Note -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript: Pluralism about Truth -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 22 Truthmaker Semantics -- I Theory -- II Applications -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 23 Analyticity -- I -- Belief, Apriority, and Indeterminacy -- Analyticity: Metaphysical or Epistemological? -- The Metaphysical Concept -- The Epistemological Concept -- II.

"Two Dogmas" and the Rejection of Frege‐Analyticity -- Skeptical Theses about Analyticity -- Non-factualism about Frege-Analyticity -- The Error Thesis about Frege-Analyticity -- III -- The Analyticity of Logic -- The Classical View and Implicit Definition -- Implicit Definition and Non-Factualism -- Implicit Definition and Conventionalism -- Quine against Implicit Definition: Regress -- Quine against Implicit Definition: Constitutive Truth -- Implicit Definition, Justification, and Entitlement -- Conclusion -- Appendix: A Priori Knowledge of the Second Premise -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript: Further Thoughts about Analyticity: 20 Years Later -- Introduction -- Can Epistemic Analyticity Explain All A Priori Justification? -- Is Uniformity a Requirement? -- Can Epistemic Analyticity Explain Even Some Cases of A Priori Justification? -- The Constitutive View -- The Basis View -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 24 Rule-Following, Objectivity, and Meaning -- 1 Wittgenstein on Meaning, Understanding, and Rules -- 2 Kripke on Rules -- 3 Is Semantic Irrealism Incoherent? -- 4 Wright on the Rule‐Following Considerations -- 5 Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Postscript: Factualism and New Problems for Rule-Following -- 1 Factualist Readings of Kripke's Wittgenstein -- 2 Wright's and Boghossian's Problems from "Blind" Rule-Following -- References -- Chapter 25 The Normativity of Meaning -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Meaning and Normative Judgment -- 3 Meaning as a Source of Normativity -- 4 The Normative Determination of Meaning -- 5 The Normativity of Semantic Concepts -- 6 Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 26 Indeterminacy of Translation -- 1 What Does the Indeterminacy of Translation Involve? -- 2 Could One Live with the Indeterminacy of Translation?.

3 Quine's Arguments for the Indeterminacy Thesis.

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