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Four Ages of Understanding : The First Postmodern Survey of Philosophy from Ancient Times to the Turn of the Twenty-First Century.

By: Series: Toronto Studies in Semiotics and CommunicationPublisher: Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2001Copyright date: ©2001Description: 1 online resource (1054 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9781442675032
Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Four Ages of Understanding : The First Postmodern Survey of Philosophy from Ancient Times to the Turn of the Twenty-First CenturyDDC classification:
  • 190
LOC classification:
  • B72.D445 2001
Online resources:
Contents:
Intro -- Contents -- Aviso: Why Read this Book? -- List of Tables and Illustrations -- Reconocimientos -- Preface: The Boundary of Time -- 1 Society and Civilization: The Prelude to Philosophy -- PART ONE: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY: THE DISCOVERY OF "REALITY -- 2 Philosophy as Physics -- Beginning at the Beginning -- Monism -- Pluralism -- Dualism -- Mathematicism: A Theorem from Pythagoras -- Requirements and Dilemmas for a Philosophy of Being -- Summing Up -- 3 The Golden Age: Philosophy Expands Its Horizon -- Socrates (469-399BC) -- Plato (c.427-347BC) -- Aristotle (384-322BC) -- Looking Forward to Latinity, First Aspect -- 4 The Final Greek Centuries and the Overlap of Neoplatonism with Christianity -- The Founding of Stoicism, and, as Background Thereto, Cynicism -- The Stoic Development -- Skepticism and Epicureanism -- The Counterpoint of Stoicism and Epicureanism in the Last Greek Centuries -- Neoplatonism -- The Tree of Porphyry -- Looking Forward to Latinity, Second Aspect: The Greek Notion of Σημείον as "Natural Sign -- PART TWO: THE LATIN AGE: PHILOSOPHY OF BEING -- 5 The Geography of the Latin Age -- Political Geography: The Latin Lebenswelt -- Intellectual Geography: Seeing Latinity Whole -- 6 The So-Called Dark Ages -- Augustine of Hippo (AD354-430) -- Boethius (c.AD480-524) -- The Tunnel to Latin Scholasticism -- Lights at the End of the Tunnel: Anselm of Canterbury (c.1033-1109), Peter Abaelard (c.1079-1142), Peter Lombard (c.1095-1160) -- 7 Cresting a Wave: The Second Stage -- Albertus Magnus (c.1201-1280) -- The Splendor of the Latins -- Into the Abyss -- 8 The Fate of Sign in the Later Latin Age -- Roger Bacon (c.1214-1292) -- Joannes Duns Scotus (c.1266-1308) -- William of Ockham (c.1285-1349) -- The Thicket (i.1349/1529) -- Domingo de Soto (1495-1569) and the Path Beyond the Thicket -- 9 Three Outcomes, Two Destinies.
The First Outcome: Pedro da Fonseca (1528-1599) -- Second Outcome: The Conimbricenses (1606, 1607) -- The Vindication of Augustine: John Poinsot (1589-1644) -- One Further Augustinian Heritage: Grammatical Theory and Modistae as a Minor Tradition of Latin Semiotics -- The End of the Story in Latin Times and Its Opening to the Future -- 10 The Road Not Taken -- Stating the Question -- Finding a Focus -- Adjusting the Focus: Understanding What We Have Found -- Conclusion -- PART THREE: THE MODERN PERIOD: THE WAY OF IDEAS -- 11 Beyond the Latin Umwelt: Science Comes of Age -- Questions Only Humans Ask -- Reasonable Questions Philosophy Cannot Answer -- The Quarrels between Faith and Reason -- Science and Academic Freedom: The Achievement of Modernity -- 12 The Founding Fathers: René Descartes and John Locke -- René Descartes (1596-1650) -- John Locke (1632-1704) -- The Common Heritage of Modern Times (c.1637-1867) -- 13 Synthesis and Successors: The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde -- Dr Jekyll Sets Up Shop. The Scientific Side of Modernity: Coming to Terms with Nature -- The Philosophical Side of Modernity: Abandoning the Way of Texts -- Enter Mr Hyde: The Problem of the External World as the Schizophrenia of Modernity -- Journey's End, Journey's Beginning -- 14 Locke Again: The Scheme of Human Knowledge -- Locke's Modest Proposal Subversive of the Way of Ideas, Its Reception, and Its Bearing on the Resolution of an Ancient and a Modern Controversy in Logic -- Expanding upon Locke's Initial Sketch -- A Distinction Which Unites -- PART FOUR: POSTMODERN TIMES: THE WAY OF SIGNS -- 15 Charles Sanders Peirce and the Recovery of Signum -- The Last of the Moderns ... -- ... and First of the Postmoderns -- Peirce's Grand Vision -- Categories and the Action of Signs -- The Peculiar Case of Firstness -- The Ethics of Terminology -- Conclusion.
16 Semiology: Modernity's Attempt to Treat the Sign -- The Proposal of Semiology -- The Essence of Semiology's Proposal -- Points of Comparison between the Project of Semiotics and That of Semiology -- The Struggle for the Imagination of Popular Culture -- Steps to a Postmodern Doctrine of Signs -- 17 At the Turn of the Twenty-first Century -- Trattato di semiotica generale -- The History of Semiotics as It Appears Today (and When and Where Is That?) -- Theoretical Heart of Trattato di semiotica generale -- The Line of Advance -- 18 Beyond Realism and Idealism: Resumé and Envoi -- Rationale of This Work, in View of All That Could Be Said -- The Semeiotic Animal -- Resumé -- Envoi: Beyond Realism and Idealism -- Historically Layered References -- Gloss on the References -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z -- Timetable of Figures.
Summary: The first full-scale demonstration of the centrality of the theory of signs to the history of philosophy, Four Ages of Understanding provides a new vantage point from which to review and reinterpret the development of intellectual culture at the threshold of "globalization".
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Intro -- Contents -- Aviso: Why Read this Book? -- List of Tables and Illustrations -- Reconocimientos -- Preface: The Boundary of Time -- 1 Society and Civilization: The Prelude to Philosophy -- PART ONE: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY: THE DISCOVERY OF "REALITY -- 2 Philosophy as Physics -- Beginning at the Beginning -- Monism -- Pluralism -- Dualism -- Mathematicism: A Theorem from Pythagoras -- Requirements and Dilemmas for a Philosophy of Being -- Summing Up -- 3 The Golden Age: Philosophy Expands Its Horizon -- Socrates (469-399BC) -- Plato (c.427-347BC) -- Aristotle (384-322BC) -- Looking Forward to Latinity, First Aspect -- 4 The Final Greek Centuries and the Overlap of Neoplatonism with Christianity -- The Founding of Stoicism, and, as Background Thereto, Cynicism -- The Stoic Development -- Skepticism and Epicureanism -- The Counterpoint of Stoicism and Epicureanism in the Last Greek Centuries -- Neoplatonism -- The Tree of Porphyry -- Looking Forward to Latinity, Second Aspect: The Greek Notion of Σημείον as "Natural Sign -- PART TWO: THE LATIN AGE: PHILOSOPHY OF BEING -- 5 The Geography of the Latin Age -- Political Geography: The Latin Lebenswelt -- Intellectual Geography: Seeing Latinity Whole -- 6 The So-Called Dark Ages -- Augustine of Hippo (AD354-430) -- Boethius (c.AD480-524) -- The Tunnel to Latin Scholasticism -- Lights at the End of the Tunnel: Anselm of Canterbury (c.1033-1109), Peter Abaelard (c.1079-1142), Peter Lombard (c.1095-1160) -- 7 Cresting a Wave: The Second Stage -- Albertus Magnus (c.1201-1280) -- The Splendor of the Latins -- Into the Abyss -- 8 The Fate of Sign in the Later Latin Age -- Roger Bacon (c.1214-1292) -- Joannes Duns Scotus (c.1266-1308) -- William of Ockham (c.1285-1349) -- The Thicket (i.1349/1529) -- Domingo de Soto (1495-1569) and the Path Beyond the Thicket -- 9 Three Outcomes, Two Destinies.

The First Outcome: Pedro da Fonseca (1528-1599) -- Second Outcome: The Conimbricenses (1606, 1607) -- The Vindication of Augustine: John Poinsot (1589-1644) -- One Further Augustinian Heritage: Grammatical Theory and Modistae as a Minor Tradition of Latin Semiotics -- The End of the Story in Latin Times and Its Opening to the Future -- 10 The Road Not Taken -- Stating the Question -- Finding a Focus -- Adjusting the Focus: Understanding What We Have Found -- Conclusion -- PART THREE: THE MODERN PERIOD: THE WAY OF IDEAS -- 11 Beyond the Latin Umwelt: Science Comes of Age -- Questions Only Humans Ask -- Reasonable Questions Philosophy Cannot Answer -- The Quarrels between Faith and Reason -- Science and Academic Freedom: The Achievement of Modernity -- 12 The Founding Fathers: René Descartes and John Locke -- René Descartes (1596-1650) -- John Locke (1632-1704) -- The Common Heritage of Modern Times (c.1637-1867) -- 13 Synthesis and Successors: The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde -- Dr Jekyll Sets Up Shop. The Scientific Side of Modernity: Coming to Terms with Nature -- The Philosophical Side of Modernity: Abandoning the Way of Texts -- Enter Mr Hyde: The Problem of the External World as the Schizophrenia of Modernity -- Journey's End, Journey's Beginning -- 14 Locke Again: The Scheme of Human Knowledge -- Locke's Modest Proposal Subversive of the Way of Ideas, Its Reception, and Its Bearing on the Resolution of an Ancient and a Modern Controversy in Logic -- Expanding upon Locke's Initial Sketch -- A Distinction Which Unites -- PART FOUR: POSTMODERN TIMES: THE WAY OF SIGNS -- 15 Charles Sanders Peirce and the Recovery of Signum -- The Last of the Moderns ... -- ... and First of the Postmoderns -- Peirce's Grand Vision -- Categories and the Action of Signs -- The Peculiar Case of Firstness -- The Ethics of Terminology -- Conclusion.

16 Semiology: Modernity's Attempt to Treat the Sign -- The Proposal of Semiology -- The Essence of Semiology's Proposal -- Points of Comparison between the Project of Semiotics and That of Semiology -- The Struggle for the Imagination of Popular Culture -- Steps to a Postmodern Doctrine of Signs -- 17 At the Turn of the Twenty-first Century -- Trattato di semiotica generale -- The History of Semiotics as It Appears Today (and When and Where Is That?) -- Theoretical Heart of Trattato di semiotica generale -- The Line of Advance -- 18 Beyond Realism and Idealism: Resumé and Envoi -- Rationale of This Work, in View of All That Could Be Said -- The Semeiotic Animal -- Resumé -- Envoi: Beyond Realism and Idealism -- Historically Layered References -- Gloss on the References -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z -- Timetable of Figures.

The first full-scale demonstration of the centrality of the theory of signs to the history of philosophy, Four Ages of Understanding provides a new vantage point from which to review and reinterpret the development of intellectual culture at the threshold of "globalization".

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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