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Aristotle's Concept of Chance : Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism.

By: Series: SUNY Series in Ancient Greek PhilosophyPublisher: Albany : State University of New York Press, 2012Copyright date: ©2010Description: 1 online resource (487 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9781438432281
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Aristotle's Concept of Chance : Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and DeterminismDDC classification:
  • 123/.3092
LOC classification:
  • B485 -- .D73 2012eb
Online resources:
Contents:
Intro -- Aristotle's Concept of Chance -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- INTRODUCTION -- PART I. CHANCE IN THE PHYSICS OF ARISTOTLE:THE METAPHYSICS OF CHANCE -- 1. THE DOCTRINE OF PHYS. II, iv-vi -- (i) Context and method -- (ii) Terminology -- (iii) Only unusual occurrences come about by chance -- (iv) Chance refers to events -- (v) Some events are meaningful and others are not -- (vi) Chance events are both unusual and meaningful -- (vii) Chance is a cause -- (viii) Chance is an accidental cause that is meaningful -- (ix) Chance as an accidental cause can pertain to any category -- (x) Chance events are inherently unpredictable -- (xi) The relationship of τύχη to τέχνη -- their outcomes are contingent -- (xii) Both good luck and bad luck are meaningful -- (xiii) Good luck -- (xiv)The distinction between τύχη and ταὐτόματον -- (xv) The relationship of ταὐτόματον to μάτην -- (xvi) Substances generated counter to nature fall und ταὐτόματον -- (xvii) Chance, νοῦς and φύσις -- 2. THE STRUCTURE OF PHYS. II, iv-vi -- 3. DATING PHYS. II, iv-vi -- (a) Texts in which τύχη covers all of chance -- (b) Τύχη in Aristotle's mature metaphysical writings -- (i) the meaning of ταὐτόματον καί τύχη -- (ii) Inconclusive passages in the later metaphysical writings -- (iii) The sources of generation -- (iv) Note on Met. K -- (v) Conclusion -- 4. NECESSITY AND CHANCE -- (a) Aristotle's concept of necessity -- (i) Introduction -- (ii) Absolute necessity -- (iii) Final causes are not derived by absolute necessity -- (iv) The necessity of the Unmoved Mover -- (v) Hypothetical necessity -- (vi) Degrees of hypothetical necessity -- (vii) Force -- (viii) Fate -- (ix) The correspondence of the four causes to absolute and hypothetical necessity -- (x) The coincidence of hypothetical and absolute necessity.
(xi) The distinction in subject-matter and method betweenphysics and the other two theoretical sciences -- (xii) Accidents occur by absolute and notby hypothetical necessity -- (xiii) There is no science of the unusual accident -- (xiv) Necessity in relation to man -- (b) Necessity and chance: Aristotle's criticism of the Presocratics -- (ii) Necessity and chance in Democritus -- (iii) Conclusion -- (a) Additional note on Phys. VIII, iv (cf. n. 86 supra). -- (b) Additional note on Plato's concept of chance (cf. n. 172 supra). -- (c) Additonal note on Empedocles' zoogony (cf. n. 182 supra). -- (d) Additional note on Phys. II, iv, 196 a 28-33 (cf. supra n. 191). -- 5. THE CAUSES OF THAT WHICH OCCURS BY CHANCE -- (a) Chance events -- (b) Monsters -- (c) Spontaneous generation -- (i) The vocabulary of spontaneous generation -- (ii) The causes of spontaneous generation -- (iii) The evolution of the theory of spontaneous generation -- (d) The parallel between chance events and chance substances -- (i) The unusualness of monsters and spontaneous generation -- (ii) The unusual category and the efficient cause -- (e) Conclusion -- PART II. CHANCE IN THE ETHICS OF ARISTOTLE -- 6. CHANCE AS THE SOURCE OF EXTERNAL PROSPERITY -- (a) The necessity of external prosperity -- (b) Good fortune throughout a complete life(βίος τέλειος) is necessary for perfect happiness -- (i) Aristotle recognises the existence of various degrees of happiness -- (ii) The happiness sought in the ethical works is perfect happiness -- (iii) Perfect happiness must last throughout life -- (iv) Perfect happiness requires a "complete life" (βίος τέλειος) -- (v) Perfect happiness on one day and in a complete lifetime -- (vi) Chance, external prosperity and happiness -- 7. CHANCE AND INTUITION -- a. The doctrine of τύχη in EE VIII, ii.
b. The doctrine of good fortune (εὐτυχία) in MM II, viii -- ADDITIONAL NOTE ON THE CHRONOLOGY OFARISTOTLE'S ETHICAL WORKS -- APPENDIX I. CHANCE IN THE LISTS OF SOURCES OF HAPPINESS IN NE AND EE -- APPENDIX II. DIFFERENCES IN THE ROLE OF CHANCE IN NE, EE AND MM -- (i) The doctrine of external goods -- (ii) Chance and intuition -- PART III. IMPLICATIONS OF ARISTOTLE'S CONCEPT OF CHANCE -- 8. CHANCE AND ARISTOTLE'S REJECTION OF DETERMINISM -- (a) Determinism and final causality -- (b) Determinism and efficient causality -- (i) Human free choice -- (ii) Unusual accidents: Met. E(VI), iii -- (iii) Chance -- (iv) Conclusion -- ADDITIONAL NOTE ON DETERMINIST INTERPRETATIONS OF ARISTOTLE'S PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE -- 9. ARISTOTLE'S CONCEPT OF CHANCE AND RELATED CONTEMPORARY QUESTIONS -- (a) Chance and the order in the universe -- (b) Chance and the origin of life -- (c) Chance and Evolution -- (i) Aristotle's analogy of substance -- (ii) Teleology -- (iii) The Operation of Chance -- (d) Quantum theory -- (e) Conclusion -- CONCLUSION -- (a) Textual conclusions -- (b) Doctrinal conclusions -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- INDEX LOCORUM -- INDEX NOMINUM -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z.
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Intro -- Aristotle's Concept of Chance -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- INTRODUCTION -- PART I. CHANCE IN THE PHYSICS OF ARISTOTLE:THE METAPHYSICS OF CHANCE -- 1. THE DOCTRINE OF PHYS. II, iv-vi -- (i) Context and method -- (ii) Terminology -- (iii) Only unusual occurrences come about by chance -- (iv) Chance refers to events -- (v) Some events are meaningful and others are not -- (vi) Chance events are both unusual and meaningful -- (vii) Chance is a cause -- (viii) Chance is an accidental cause that is meaningful -- (ix) Chance as an accidental cause can pertain to any category -- (x) Chance events are inherently unpredictable -- (xi) The relationship of τύχη to τέχνη -- their outcomes are contingent -- (xii) Both good luck and bad luck are meaningful -- (xiii) Good luck -- (xiv)The distinction between τύχη and ταὐτόματον -- (xv) The relationship of ταὐτόματον to μάτην -- (xvi) Substances generated counter to nature fall und ταὐτόματον -- (xvii) Chance, νοῦς and φύσις -- 2. THE STRUCTURE OF PHYS. II, iv-vi -- 3. DATING PHYS. II, iv-vi -- (a) Texts in which τύχη covers all of chance -- (b) Τύχη in Aristotle's mature metaphysical writings -- (i) the meaning of ταὐτόματον καί τύχη -- (ii) Inconclusive passages in the later metaphysical writings -- (iii) The sources of generation -- (iv) Note on Met. K -- (v) Conclusion -- 4. NECESSITY AND CHANCE -- (a) Aristotle's concept of necessity -- (i) Introduction -- (ii) Absolute necessity -- (iii) Final causes are not derived by absolute necessity -- (iv) The necessity of the Unmoved Mover -- (v) Hypothetical necessity -- (vi) Degrees of hypothetical necessity -- (vii) Force -- (viii) Fate -- (ix) The correspondence of the four causes to absolute and hypothetical necessity -- (x) The coincidence of hypothetical and absolute necessity.

(xi) The distinction in subject-matter and method betweenphysics and the other two theoretical sciences -- (xii) Accidents occur by absolute and notby hypothetical necessity -- (xiii) There is no science of the unusual accident -- (xiv) Necessity in relation to man -- (b) Necessity and chance: Aristotle's criticism of the Presocratics -- (ii) Necessity and chance in Democritus -- (iii) Conclusion -- (a) Additional note on Phys. VIII, iv (cf. n. 86 supra). -- (b) Additional note on Plato's concept of chance (cf. n. 172 supra). -- (c) Additonal note on Empedocles' zoogony (cf. n. 182 supra). -- (d) Additional note on Phys. II, iv, 196 a 28-33 (cf. supra n. 191). -- 5. THE CAUSES OF THAT WHICH OCCURS BY CHANCE -- (a) Chance events -- (b) Monsters -- (c) Spontaneous generation -- (i) The vocabulary of spontaneous generation -- (ii) The causes of spontaneous generation -- (iii) The evolution of the theory of spontaneous generation -- (d) The parallel between chance events and chance substances -- (i) The unusualness of monsters and spontaneous generation -- (ii) The unusual category and the efficient cause -- (e) Conclusion -- PART II. CHANCE IN THE ETHICS OF ARISTOTLE -- 6. CHANCE AS THE SOURCE OF EXTERNAL PROSPERITY -- (a) The necessity of external prosperity -- (b) Good fortune throughout a complete life(βίος τέλειος) is necessary for perfect happiness -- (i) Aristotle recognises the existence of various degrees of happiness -- (ii) The happiness sought in the ethical works is perfect happiness -- (iii) Perfect happiness must last throughout life -- (iv) Perfect happiness requires a "complete life" (βίος τέλειος) -- (v) Perfect happiness on one day and in a complete lifetime -- (vi) Chance, external prosperity and happiness -- 7. CHANCE AND INTUITION -- a. The doctrine of τύχη in EE VIII, ii.

b. The doctrine of good fortune (εὐτυχία) in MM II, viii -- ADDITIONAL NOTE ON THE CHRONOLOGY OFARISTOTLE'S ETHICAL WORKS -- APPENDIX I. CHANCE IN THE LISTS OF SOURCES OF HAPPINESS IN NE AND EE -- APPENDIX II. DIFFERENCES IN THE ROLE OF CHANCE IN NE, EE AND MM -- (i) The doctrine of external goods -- (ii) Chance and intuition -- PART III. IMPLICATIONS OF ARISTOTLE'S CONCEPT OF CHANCE -- 8. CHANCE AND ARISTOTLE'S REJECTION OF DETERMINISM -- (a) Determinism and final causality -- (b) Determinism and efficient causality -- (i) Human free choice -- (ii) Unusual accidents: Met. E(VI), iii -- (iii) Chance -- (iv) Conclusion -- ADDITIONAL NOTE ON DETERMINIST INTERPRETATIONS OF ARISTOTLE'S PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE -- 9. ARISTOTLE'S CONCEPT OF CHANCE AND RELATED CONTEMPORARY QUESTIONS -- (a) Chance and the order in the universe -- (b) Chance and the origin of life -- (c) Chance and Evolution -- (i) Aristotle's analogy of substance -- (ii) Teleology -- (iii) The Operation of Chance -- (d) Quantum theory -- (e) Conclusion -- CONCLUSION -- (a) Textual conclusions -- (b) Doctrinal conclusions -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- INDEX LOCORUM -- INDEX NOMINUM -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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