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Potential Applications of Concentrated Solar Energy : Proceedings of a Workshop.

By: Contributor(s): Publisher: Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, 1991Copyright date: ©1991Description: 1 online resource (164 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9780309583572
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Potential Applications of Concentrated Solar Energy : Proceedings of a WorkshopDDC classification:
  • 621.47
LOC classification:
  • TJ809.2 -- .P68 1991eb
Online resources:
Contents:
PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP -- Copyright -- Preface -- Contents -- SESSION 1 WATER TREATMENT: ADVANCED PHOTOOXIDATION PROCESSES -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- Systems Considered -- Factors Affecting Treatment Efficiencies: Kinetic Considerations -- Treatments Using UV, Ozone, and/or Hydrogen Peroxide -- Photocatalytic Treatment -- Future Research Areas -- CHEMICAL MODELS OF ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES -- Abstract -- List of References -- MECHANISTIC STUDIES OF THE PHOTOCATALYTIC BEHAVIOR OF TIO2 PARTICLES IN A PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL SLURRY CELL AND THE… -- Conclusions -- EFFECT OF LIGHT INTENSITY ON PHOTOCATALYTIC REACTION -- Introduction -- Theory -- Experimental Data -- Conclusions -- References -- A COMPARISON OF ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES WITH SEMICONDUCTOR-CATALYZED PHOTO-OXIDATION -- Introduction -- Mechanisms and Application of AOPS and SCPO -- Recommended Research Objectives for SCPO -- ULTROX OPERATING EXPERIENCES WITH UV/OXIDATION -- ECONOMICS -- Introduction -- Description of the UV-Oxidation Process -- Application of UV-Oxidation to Various Waters -- Oxidation Treatment and Operating Costs -- SOLAR PHOTOCATALYZED PROCESS ECONOMICS -- Definitions of a Representative Plant -- Projected Costs for Solar and Competitive Technologies -- Path to Cost Competitiveness -- Conclusions -- PHOTOCATALYZED REMOVAL OF MULTIPLE CONTAMINANTS FROM WATER -- IMMOBILIZED CATALYSTS IN SOLAR CONCENTRATORS -- Introduction -- Desired Characteristics -- Experiments -- Conclusion -- PHOTOCATALYSIS WITH LARGE-SCALE TROUGH COLLECTORS -- Abstract -- SESSION 2 WASTE TREATMENT -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- HIGH-TEMPERATURE PHOTOCHEMISTRY INDUCED BY CONCENTRATED SOLAR RADIATION -- Background -- Fundamental Research Aspects -- Applied Research Aspects -- CHEMICAL PROCESSES DURING INCINERATION AND IMPLICATIONS OF DETOXIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES USING SOLAR PROTONS.
References -- SOLAR TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN CHEMICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT -- Introduction -- The Vanishing-Niche Problem -- High Associated Costs: -- Application to Solar Treatment Technologies -- Conclusion -- SESSION 3 MATERIALS PROCESSING AND SYNTHESIS -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- INTRODUCTION -- PRESENT SURFACE TREATMENT TECHNIQUES -- Surface Heating with Light -- Thermal Spray/Plasma Arc -- Chemical Vapor Deposition -- Physical Vapor Deposition -- Ion Beam Techniques -- MATERIAL USES OF CONCENTRATED SOLAR PHOTONS -- Thermal Applications -- Photolytic Applications -- ECONOMIC ANALYSIS -- SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT -- APPLICATIONS OF ENERGETIC PARTICLES IN IMPROVING COATING ADHESION PROPERTIES -- Introduction -- Ion-Beam-Assisted Deposition -- Discussion -- Summary -- References -- PULSED LASER PROCESSING OF SOLAR CELLS -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Laser-Solid Interactions -- Electrical Properties of Laser Annealed Samples -- References -- SURFACE MODIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES USING CONCENTRATED SOLAR RADIATION -- Abstract -- INTRODUCTION -- PROGRESS -- Phase Transformation Hardening -- Cladding -- Radiative Joining -- Self-Propagating High Temperature Synthesis Reactions -- Thin Film Growth in Controlled Atmospheres -- FUTURE AREAS OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT -- References -- A COMPARISON OF THE ECONOMICS OF MATERIALS PROCESSING WITH SOLAR FURNACES AND HIGH-INTENSITY ARC LAMPS -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Description of the Arc Lamp System -- Description of the Solar Furnace System -- Definition of Case Studies -- Economic Models -- Case Study Results -- Summary and Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- SESSION 4 SOLAR PUMPING OF LASERS -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- SOLAR PUMPED LASERS: WORK IN PROGRESS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO -- INTRODUCTION -- THERMODYNAMIC OVERVIEW OF SOLAR LASERS -- Thermal Cycle.
Down-conversion Cycle -- Solar Laser Program at the University of Chicago -- Solid-State Lasers -- Dye Lasers -- References -- BLACKBODY PUMPED LASERS -- Summary -- SOLAR PUMPED LASERS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS -- Solar Pumped Lasers -- Solar Pumped Laser Applications -- SESSION 5 PHOTOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- Models for Charge Separation in Photosynthesis -- Industrial Applications of Concentrated Solar Photons -- Overall Assessment -- PHOTOPHYSICS AND PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF PORPHYRIN SYSTEMS -- Future Directions -- Acknowledgment -- References -- POTENTIAL INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF PHOTONS -- Abstract -- SESSION 6 FUEL PROCESSING AND THERMOCHEMICAL/PHOTOCHEMICAL CYCLES -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- GAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE EXPERIENCE IN SOLAR FUEL RESEARCH -- Photochemical Synthesis -- Thermochemical Fuel Synthesis -- Photochemical Processes -- Thermal Processes -- Collector Systems -- THERMAL, THERMOCHEMICAL, AND HYBRID SOLAR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION -- Abstract -- EVALUATION METHODS -- Thermodynamics -- Engineering -- HIGH TEMPERATURE SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS -- HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESSES -- Thermochemical and Hybrid Processes -- R&D DIRECTIONS -- Acknowledgment -- CHEMICAL REACTIONS DRIVEN BY CONCENTRATED SOLAR ENERGY -- Oil Shale Gasification -- Methane Reforming -- References -- INEXPENSIVE PHENOL REPLACEMENTS FROM BIOMASS: AN ON-GOING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER EFFORT -- Abstract -- Overview -- Approach - Coupling of Basic and Applied Research -- Inexpensive Phenol Replacements from Biomass -- DOE-OIT/SERI Adhesives Program - Case Study in Technology Transfer -- Acknowledgments -- References -- SESSION 7 ADVANCED RESEARCH -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- THE BIOTECHNOLOGY OF CULTIVATING DUNALIELLA RICH IN BETA CAROTENE: FROM BASIC RESEARCH TO INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION -- References.
PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF BIOCHEMICALS FROM ALGAE AND OTHER BIOTECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS ENABLED BY HIGHER SOLAR CONCENTRATION -- PLENARY SESSION STATUS OF EUROPEAN R&D IN SOLAR CHEMISTRY AND INDUSTRIAL INTEREST IN THIS TECHNOLOGY -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- GENERAL -- SOME TECHNICAL ASPECTS -- R&D Issues -- Photochemistry and Photoelectrochemistry -- High Temperature Thermochemistry and Photo-Assisted Thermochemistry -- Remark Concerning Comparison Criteria for Different Solar Technologies -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- APPENDIX A National Academy of Sciences/National, Research Council COMMITTEE ON POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF CONCENTRATED… -- Appendix B National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council COMMITTEE ON POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF CONCENTRATED….
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PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP -- Copyright -- Preface -- Contents -- SESSION 1 WATER TREATMENT: ADVANCED PHOTOOXIDATION PROCESSES -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- Systems Considered -- Factors Affecting Treatment Efficiencies: Kinetic Considerations -- Treatments Using UV, Ozone, and/or Hydrogen Peroxide -- Photocatalytic Treatment -- Future Research Areas -- CHEMICAL MODELS OF ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES -- Abstract -- List of References -- MECHANISTIC STUDIES OF THE PHOTOCATALYTIC BEHAVIOR OF TIO2 PARTICLES IN A PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL SLURRY CELL AND THE… -- Conclusions -- EFFECT OF LIGHT INTENSITY ON PHOTOCATALYTIC REACTION -- Introduction -- Theory -- Experimental Data -- Conclusions -- References -- A COMPARISON OF ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES WITH SEMICONDUCTOR-CATALYZED PHOTO-OXIDATION -- Introduction -- Mechanisms and Application of AOPS and SCPO -- Recommended Research Objectives for SCPO -- ULTROX OPERATING EXPERIENCES WITH UV/OXIDATION -- ECONOMICS -- Introduction -- Description of the UV-Oxidation Process -- Application of UV-Oxidation to Various Waters -- Oxidation Treatment and Operating Costs -- SOLAR PHOTOCATALYZED PROCESS ECONOMICS -- Definitions of a Representative Plant -- Projected Costs for Solar and Competitive Technologies -- Path to Cost Competitiveness -- Conclusions -- PHOTOCATALYZED REMOVAL OF MULTIPLE CONTAMINANTS FROM WATER -- IMMOBILIZED CATALYSTS IN SOLAR CONCENTRATORS -- Introduction -- Desired Characteristics -- Experiments -- Conclusion -- PHOTOCATALYSIS WITH LARGE-SCALE TROUGH COLLECTORS -- Abstract -- SESSION 2 WASTE TREATMENT -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- HIGH-TEMPERATURE PHOTOCHEMISTRY INDUCED BY CONCENTRATED SOLAR RADIATION -- Background -- Fundamental Research Aspects -- Applied Research Aspects -- CHEMICAL PROCESSES DURING INCINERATION AND IMPLICATIONS OF DETOXIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES USING SOLAR PROTONS.

References -- SOLAR TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN CHEMICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT -- Introduction -- The Vanishing-Niche Problem -- High Associated Costs: -- Application to Solar Treatment Technologies -- Conclusion -- SESSION 3 MATERIALS PROCESSING AND SYNTHESIS -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- INTRODUCTION -- PRESENT SURFACE TREATMENT TECHNIQUES -- Surface Heating with Light -- Thermal Spray/Plasma Arc -- Chemical Vapor Deposition -- Physical Vapor Deposition -- Ion Beam Techniques -- MATERIAL USES OF CONCENTRATED SOLAR PHOTONS -- Thermal Applications -- Photolytic Applications -- ECONOMIC ANALYSIS -- SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT -- APPLICATIONS OF ENERGETIC PARTICLES IN IMPROVING COATING ADHESION PROPERTIES -- Introduction -- Ion-Beam-Assisted Deposition -- Discussion -- Summary -- References -- PULSED LASER PROCESSING OF SOLAR CELLS -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Laser-Solid Interactions -- Electrical Properties of Laser Annealed Samples -- References -- SURFACE MODIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES USING CONCENTRATED SOLAR RADIATION -- Abstract -- INTRODUCTION -- PROGRESS -- Phase Transformation Hardening -- Cladding -- Radiative Joining -- Self-Propagating High Temperature Synthesis Reactions -- Thin Film Growth in Controlled Atmospheres -- FUTURE AREAS OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT -- References -- A COMPARISON OF THE ECONOMICS OF MATERIALS PROCESSING WITH SOLAR FURNACES AND HIGH-INTENSITY ARC LAMPS -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Description of the Arc Lamp System -- Description of the Solar Furnace System -- Definition of Case Studies -- Economic Models -- Case Study Results -- Summary and Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- SESSION 4 SOLAR PUMPING OF LASERS -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- SOLAR PUMPED LASERS: WORK IN PROGRESS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO -- INTRODUCTION -- THERMODYNAMIC OVERVIEW OF SOLAR LASERS -- Thermal Cycle.

Down-conversion Cycle -- Solar Laser Program at the University of Chicago -- Solid-State Lasers -- Dye Lasers -- References -- BLACKBODY PUMPED LASERS -- Summary -- SOLAR PUMPED LASERS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS -- Solar Pumped Lasers -- Solar Pumped Laser Applications -- SESSION 5 PHOTOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- Models for Charge Separation in Photosynthesis -- Industrial Applications of Concentrated Solar Photons -- Overall Assessment -- PHOTOPHYSICS AND PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF PORPHYRIN SYSTEMS -- Future Directions -- Acknowledgment -- References -- POTENTIAL INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF PHOTONS -- Abstract -- SESSION 6 FUEL PROCESSING AND THERMOCHEMICAL/PHOTOCHEMICAL CYCLES -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- GAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE EXPERIENCE IN SOLAR FUEL RESEARCH -- Photochemical Synthesis -- Thermochemical Fuel Synthesis -- Photochemical Processes -- Thermal Processes -- Collector Systems -- THERMAL, THERMOCHEMICAL, AND HYBRID SOLAR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION -- Abstract -- EVALUATION METHODS -- Thermodynamics -- Engineering -- HIGH TEMPERATURE SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS -- HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESSES -- Thermochemical and Hybrid Processes -- R&D DIRECTIONS -- Acknowledgment -- CHEMICAL REACTIONS DRIVEN BY CONCENTRATED SOLAR ENERGY -- Oil Shale Gasification -- Methane Reforming -- References -- INEXPENSIVE PHENOL REPLACEMENTS FROM BIOMASS: AN ON-GOING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER EFFORT -- Abstract -- Overview -- Approach - Coupling of Basic and Applied Research -- Inexpensive Phenol Replacements from Biomass -- DOE-OIT/SERI Adhesives Program - Case Study in Technology Transfer -- Acknowledgments -- References -- SESSION 7 ADVANCED RESEARCH -- RAPPORTEUR'S REPORT -- THE BIOTECHNOLOGY OF CULTIVATING DUNALIELLA RICH IN BETA CAROTENE: FROM BASIC RESEARCH TO INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION -- References.

PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF BIOCHEMICALS FROM ALGAE AND OTHER BIOTECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS ENABLED BY HIGHER SOLAR CONCENTRATION -- PLENARY SESSION STATUS OF EUROPEAN R&D IN SOLAR CHEMISTRY AND INDUSTRIAL INTEREST IN THIS TECHNOLOGY -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- GENERAL -- SOME TECHNICAL ASPECTS -- R&D Issues -- Photochemistry and Photoelectrochemistry -- High Temperature Thermochemistry and Photo-Assisted Thermochemistry -- Remark Concerning Comparison Criteria for Different Solar Technologies -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- APPENDIX A National Academy of Sciences/National, Research Council COMMITTEE ON POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF CONCENTRATED… -- Appendix B National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council COMMITTEE ON POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF CONCENTRATED….

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