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Verbs in Medieval English : Differences in Verb Choice in Verse and Prose.

By: Contributor(s): Series: Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] SerPublisher: Berlin/Boston : De Gruyter, Inc., 1995Copyright date: ©1996Description: 1 online resource (281 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9783110823646
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Verbs in Medieval English : Differences in Verb Choice in Verse and ProseDDC classification:
  • 429.5
LOC classification:
  • PE585.O38 1996eb
Online resources:
Contents:
Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Table of abbreviations -- Texts examined -- Chapter 1. Introduction to verbal syntax -- 1. Inflections -- 1.1. Strong verbs -- 1.2. Weak verbs -- 1.3. Preterit-present verbs -- 1.4. Anomalous verbs -- 2. Distinct forms of verbs -- 2.1. Present forms -- 2.2. Preterit forms -- 2.3. Infinitives - simple and inflected -- 2.4. Participles -- 2.5. Imperatives -- 2.6. Subjunctives -- 3. Morphological ambiguity -- 3.1. The ending -e -- 3.2. The endings -an, -on, and -en -- 3.3. The endings -aþ, -iaþ, and -eþ (Late Old English and Middle English pl.) -- 4. Distinctive features of verbs -- 4.1. Intransitive and transitive -- 4.2. Copulas -- 4.3. 'Impersonal' verbs -- 4.4. Verbs with genitive (including reflexive) -- 4.5. Verbs with dative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.6. Verbs with accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.7. Verbs with genitive and dative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.8. Verbs with genitive and accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.9. Verbs with dative and accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.10. Verbs with accusative and accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.11. Verbs with accusative and adverbial dative -- 4.12. Verbs with prepositional object -- 4.13. Verbs with infinitive -- 4.14. Verbs with dependent clause -- Chapter 2. Conflicts between native verbs -- 1. Be- verbs (beon, wesan, [ge]weorðan) -- 2. Verbs of motion (gan,faran,feran, gewitan) -- 3. Verbs of saying, commanding, bidding and asking (cweðan, secgan, tellan -- [be]beodan, hatan, uton -- biddan, acsian, frignan) -- 4. Verbs of thinking and believing (hycgan, þencan, geþencan, wenan -- fultruwian, geliefan, geortruwian, truwian, beliefan) -- 5. Verbs of knowing ([ge]cnawan, ongitan, witan, oncnawan, understandan).
6. Verbs of seeing ([ge]seon, locian, behealdan, [ge]sceawian, hawian, wlitan) -- 7. Verbs of causing, making and allowing (don, lœtan, macian,fremman, wyrcan) -- 8. Verbs of getting and possessing (onfon, niman, [ge]healdan -- habban, [n]agan) -- 9. Verbs of obligation and necessity (gedafenian, gerisan, sculan -- þurfan, beþurfan, neodian) -- 10. Verbs of helping (fylstan,fultumian, helpan) -- 11. Verbs of teaching (lœran, tœcan) -- 12. Verbs of giving (syllan, giefan) -- 13. Verbs of killing and dying ([a]cwellan, [of]slean -- beon dead, deadian, sweltan) -- 14. Verbs of living and dwelling (libban, wunian, eardian,buan, dwellen) -- 15. Other verbs that show conflicts -- 15.1 Verbs of esteeming, praising, worshipping (weorðian, [ge]eadmian, gebiddan, lofian, herg[i]an) -- 15.2 Gemetan and findan -- 15.3 Verbs of gathering ([ge]somnian, [ge]gadrian) -- 15.4 Verbs of opening (ontynan, openian) -- 15.5 Verbs of refusing, opposing, forbidding (forsacan, wiðsacan, forbeodan, werian) -- 15.6 Verbs of hating (laðian, feogan, hatian) -- 15.7 Verbs of deceiving (beswican, geswican, leogan) -- 15.8 Verbs of fearing (ondrœdan, drœdan, fylhtan) -- 15.9 Verbs of leading and bringing ([ge]lœdan, [a-, ge-]teon, bringan) -- 15.10 Verbs of working (winnan, wyrcan, swincan) -- 15.11 Verbs of taking care and being anxious about (gieman, carian, behealdan, sorgian, beon gemyndig, ymbhycgan) -- 15.12 Verbs of building (tymbrian, arœran) -- 15.13 Verbs of listening, hearkening, hearing (hlystan, heorcnian, hieran) -- Chapter 3. Conflicts between native verbs and loan verbs -- A. Native verbs vs. Old Norse loans -- 1. Verbs of happening (gelimpan, becuman, happen) -- 2. Verbs of saying (cleopian, callen) -- 3. Verbs of thinking (þyncan, semen) -- 4. Verbs of getting (niman, taken) -- 5. Verbs of dreaming (mœtan, dremen) -- 6. Other verbs that show conflicts.
6.1 Verbs of throwing (sendan, [ge]weorþan, casten) -- 6.2 Auxiliary verbs (gøra, can/con/gan, do, make) -- B. Native verbs vs. Anglo-French or Old French loans -- 1. Verbs of liking and disliking (cwemen, lician, lystan, plesen) -- 2. Verbs of doubting (tweo[ga]n, tweonian, douten) -- 3. Verbs of judgment (deman, juggen) -- 4. Verbs of remembering ([ge]myndi[g]an, mynegian, remembren) -- 5. Verbs of serving (þegnian, geembehtan, serven, ministren) -- 6. Other verbs that show conflicts -- 6.1 Verbs of entering (entren, comen/gon) -- 6.2 Verbs of curing (gieman, lecnian, [ge]hœlan) -- 6.3 Verbs of crying (cleopian, crien) -- 6.4 Verbs of catching (cach[i]er, lahte,claurede, clahte) -- Chapter 4. Verbs that became obsolete and archaic by the end of Middle English -- 1. The loss of prefixed verbs -- 2. The loss of poetic words -- 3. The influx of loan words -- Chapter 5. Resulting syntactic changes in Old and Middle English -- 1. Passive vs. man-periphrasis and active -- 2. Transitive vs. reflexive and/or intransitive -- 3. 'Impersonal' vs. personal -- 4. Simple vs. periphrasis -- 4.1. Simple or prefixed verb vs. phrasal verb -- 4.2. Simple verb vs. 'verb + adjective/noun/participle' -- 4.3. Simple verb vs. 'auxiliary + infinitive' -- Chapter 6. Conclusion -- Notes -- Select bibliography -- Appendix -- Index of Old English verbs.
Summary: The future of English linguistics as envisaged by the editors of Topics in English Linguistics lies in empirical studies which integrate work in English linguistics into general and theoretical linguistics on the one hand, and comparative linguistics on the other. The TiEL series features volumes that present interesting new data and analyses, and above all fresh approaches that contribute to the overall aim of the series, which is to further outstanding research in English linguistics.
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Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Table of abbreviations -- Texts examined -- Chapter 1. Introduction to verbal syntax -- 1. Inflections -- 1.1. Strong verbs -- 1.2. Weak verbs -- 1.3. Preterit-present verbs -- 1.4. Anomalous verbs -- 2. Distinct forms of verbs -- 2.1. Present forms -- 2.2. Preterit forms -- 2.3. Infinitives - simple and inflected -- 2.4. Participles -- 2.5. Imperatives -- 2.6. Subjunctives -- 3. Morphological ambiguity -- 3.1. The ending -e -- 3.2. The endings -an, -on, and -en -- 3.3. The endings -aþ, -iaþ, and -eþ (Late Old English and Middle English pl.) -- 4. Distinctive features of verbs -- 4.1. Intransitive and transitive -- 4.2. Copulas -- 4.3. 'Impersonal' verbs -- 4.4. Verbs with genitive (including reflexive) -- 4.5. Verbs with dative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.6. Verbs with accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.7. Verbs with genitive and dative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.8. Verbs with genitive and accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.9. Verbs with dative and accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.10. Verbs with accusative and accusative (including 'impersonal' and reflexive) -- 4.11. Verbs with accusative and adverbial dative -- 4.12. Verbs with prepositional object -- 4.13. Verbs with infinitive -- 4.14. Verbs with dependent clause -- Chapter 2. Conflicts between native verbs -- 1. Be- verbs (beon, wesan, [ge]weorðan) -- 2. Verbs of motion (gan,faran,feran, gewitan) -- 3. Verbs of saying, commanding, bidding and asking (cweðan, secgan, tellan -- [be]beodan, hatan, uton -- biddan, acsian, frignan) -- 4. Verbs of thinking and believing (hycgan, þencan, geþencan, wenan -- fultruwian, geliefan, geortruwian, truwian, beliefan) -- 5. Verbs of knowing ([ge]cnawan, ongitan, witan, oncnawan, understandan).

6. Verbs of seeing ([ge]seon, locian, behealdan, [ge]sceawian, hawian, wlitan) -- 7. Verbs of causing, making and allowing (don, lœtan, macian,fremman, wyrcan) -- 8. Verbs of getting and possessing (onfon, niman, [ge]healdan -- habban, [n]agan) -- 9. Verbs of obligation and necessity (gedafenian, gerisan, sculan -- þurfan, beþurfan, neodian) -- 10. Verbs of helping (fylstan,fultumian, helpan) -- 11. Verbs of teaching (lœran, tœcan) -- 12. Verbs of giving (syllan, giefan) -- 13. Verbs of killing and dying ([a]cwellan, [of]slean -- beon dead, deadian, sweltan) -- 14. Verbs of living and dwelling (libban, wunian, eardian,buan, dwellen) -- 15. Other verbs that show conflicts -- 15.1 Verbs of esteeming, praising, worshipping (weorðian, [ge]eadmian, gebiddan, lofian, herg[i]an) -- 15.2 Gemetan and findan -- 15.3 Verbs of gathering ([ge]somnian, [ge]gadrian) -- 15.4 Verbs of opening (ontynan, openian) -- 15.5 Verbs of refusing, opposing, forbidding (forsacan, wiðsacan, forbeodan, werian) -- 15.6 Verbs of hating (laðian, feogan, hatian) -- 15.7 Verbs of deceiving (beswican, geswican, leogan) -- 15.8 Verbs of fearing (ondrœdan, drœdan, fylhtan) -- 15.9 Verbs of leading and bringing ([ge]lœdan, [a-, ge-]teon, bringan) -- 15.10 Verbs of working (winnan, wyrcan, swincan) -- 15.11 Verbs of taking care and being anxious about (gieman, carian, behealdan, sorgian, beon gemyndig, ymbhycgan) -- 15.12 Verbs of building (tymbrian, arœran) -- 15.13 Verbs of listening, hearkening, hearing (hlystan, heorcnian, hieran) -- Chapter 3. Conflicts between native verbs and loan verbs -- A. Native verbs vs. Old Norse loans -- 1. Verbs of happening (gelimpan, becuman, happen) -- 2. Verbs of saying (cleopian, callen) -- 3. Verbs of thinking (þyncan, semen) -- 4. Verbs of getting (niman, taken) -- 5. Verbs of dreaming (mœtan, dremen) -- 6. Other verbs that show conflicts.

6.1 Verbs of throwing (sendan, [ge]weorþan, casten) -- 6.2 Auxiliary verbs (gøra, can/con/gan, do, make) -- B. Native verbs vs. Anglo-French or Old French loans -- 1. Verbs of liking and disliking (cwemen, lician, lystan, plesen) -- 2. Verbs of doubting (tweo[ga]n, tweonian, douten) -- 3. Verbs of judgment (deman, juggen) -- 4. Verbs of remembering ([ge]myndi[g]an, mynegian, remembren) -- 5. Verbs of serving (þegnian, geembehtan, serven, ministren) -- 6. Other verbs that show conflicts -- 6.1 Verbs of entering (entren, comen/gon) -- 6.2 Verbs of curing (gieman, lecnian, [ge]hœlan) -- 6.3 Verbs of crying (cleopian, crien) -- 6.4 Verbs of catching (cach[i]er, lahte,claurede, clahte) -- Chapter 4. Verbs that became obsolete and archaic by the end of Middle English -- 1. The loss of prefixed verbs -- 2. The loss of poetic words -- 3. The influx of loan words -- Chapter 5. Resulting syntactic changes in Old and Middle English -- 1. Passive vs. man-periphrasis and active -- 2. Transitive vs. reflexive and/or intransitive -- 3. 'Impersonal' vs. personal -- 4. Simple vs. periphrasis -- 4.1. Simple or prefixed verb vs. phrasal verb -- 4.2. Simple verb vs. 'verb + adjective/noun/participle' -- 4.3. Simple verb vs. 'auxiliary + infinitive' -- Chapter 6. Conclusion -- Notes -- Select bibliography -- Appendix -- Index of Old English verbs.

The future of English linguistics as envisaged by the editors of Topics in English Linguistics lies in empirical studies which integrate work in English linguistics into general and theoretical linguistics on the one hand, and comparative linguistics on the other. The TiEL series features volumes that present interesting new data and analyses, and above all fresh approaches that contribute to the overall aim of the series, which is to further outstanding research in English linguistics.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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