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Automobiles : Performance, Safety Assessment, and Energy Consumption.

By: Series: Transportation Issues, Policies and R&DPublisher: Hauppauge : Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated, 2010Copyright date: ©2010Description: 1 online resource (235 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9781617619564
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Automobiles: Performance, Safety Assessment, and Energy ConsumptionDDC classification:
  • 368.2/32012
LOC classification:
  • TL242 -- .A97 2010eb
Online resources:
Contents:
Intro -- AUTOMOBILES: PERFORMANCE, SAFETY ASSESSMENT, AND ENERGY -- AUTOMOBILES: PERFORMANCE, SAFETY ASSESSMENT, AND ENERGY -- LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- Chapter 1 AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE RATE-MAKING: THE SPANISH CASE -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE RATE-MAKING -- 2.1. Rate-Making and Technical Principles -- a) A priori or class-rating -- b) A posteriori or experience-rating -- 2.2. A Priori Motor Insurance Rating -- 2.3. Distance-Based Prediction -- 3. THE CIDE/ASCIDE AGREEMENTS -- 3.1. The Computer Centre for Claims Compensation (CICOS) System -- 3.2. The Property Damage Claims Management (SDM) System -- 4. OTHER RECORDS AND PLATAFORMS IN THE SECTOR -- 4.1. Official Spanish Records of Policyholder Insurance and Accident Information (SINCO) -- 4.2. Motor Insurance Statistics (ESA) -- 4.3. Technical Specification Information System (Base SIETE) -- 4.4. Record of Stolen and Indemnified Vehicles (FVSI) -- 4.5. Record of Insured Vehicles (FIVA) -- 5. INFLUENCE OF THE CIDE/ASCIDE AGREEMENTS ON SOA TARIFFS -- 6. INFLUENCE OF SECTORAL SERVICES ON DRAWING UP TARIFFS -- SINCO Records -- ESA Service -- Base SIETE -- The FVSI and FIVA Records -- 7. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 2 NEW DESCRIPTION FOR DRIVING BEHAVIOR BY TP-THEORY BASED ON COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY∗ -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF TP-THEORY --- THE REAFFERENCE PRINCIPLE -- 3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF TP-THEORY --- INTEGRATED TIME WINDOWS -- 4. THE TP-THEORY --- HIERARCHICAL AND DYNAMIC STRUCTURE OF GOAL-DIRECTED BEHAVIOR -- 5. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3 THE ABILITY PROFILE OF PEOPLE WITH PARKINSON DISEASE: COGNITIVE AND MOTOR FUNCTIONS IN DRIVING -- ABSTRACT -- Background -- Purpose -- Methodology -- Result -- Conclusion -- BACKGROUND -- METHODOLOGY -- Study Design.
STISIM Driving Simulator Assessment -- Data Analysis -- RESULT -- Analysis of Simulated Driving Performance -- Relationship between the Driving Index and the Standardised Psychometric Tests -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- APPENDIX. DRIVING TASKS AND ASSESSMENT CRITERIA (LEE, LEE, CAMERON AND LI-TSANG, 2003) -- Chapter 4 TWO CONCEPTS TO IMPROVE CRASH WORTHINESS OF HAT COLUMNS BY APPLYING ULTRAFINE GRAINED STEEL SHEETS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- IMPROVEMENT OF DYNAMIC ENERGY ABSORPTION BY ULTRAFINE GRAINED FERRITE-CEMENTITE STEELS -- Experimental Procedure -- Results and Discussion -- IMPROVEMENT OF DEFORMATION SHAPE BY ULTRAFINE GRAINED MULTI-PHASE STEELS -- Experimental Procedure -- Results and Discussion -- NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF AXIAL COLLAPSE TO CONFIRM THE EFFECT OF WORK HARDENABILITY -- Finite Element Model and Material Parameters -- Results and Discussion -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 5 LIGHT ALLOYS: NEW TECHNOLOGIES LEADING TO GOOD PERSPECTIVES FOR THE ENVIRONMENT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. PRODUCTION PROCESSES -- 2.1. Powder Metallurgy of Light Alloys -- 2.2. Spray Forming -- 2.3. Metal Foam -- 2.4. Nanostructured Materials Processing -- 3. NEW LIGHT ALLOYS -- 3.1 Aluminum Alloys -- 3.2. Magnesium Alloys -- LLNNL-CODE -- 3.3. Titanium Alloys -- 4. PERSPECTIVES OF UTILIZATION OF LIGHT ALLOYS AND THE ENVIRONMENT -- 5. EFFECTIVE USE, COMPARATIVE AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 6 EFFECTS OF ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES ON PREGNANT WOMEN AND THEIR FETUSES: USEFUL KNOWLEDGE FOR THE AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE PROFESSIONALS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- LONG-TERM OBSERVATION OF FETAL OUTCOMES FOLLOWING COLLISIONS -- ANALYSIS USING INSURANCE REPORT DATA IN JAPAN -- EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REAR-END COLLISIONS AND FETAL OUTCOMES -- Determining the Cause of Fetal Outcomes.
Seatbelt Use during Pregnancy -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7 ISSUE OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN AUTOMOBILES: A BRIEF DISCUSSION -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- Economics Aspect -- Environmental Aspect -- Health Aspect -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8 SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF AUTOMOBILES: HAZARD ASPECT -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- PHYSICAL HAZARD -- BIOCHEMICAL HAZARD -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 9 MODULAR AND SCALABLE MULTI-INTERFACE DATA ACQUISITION ARCHITECTURE DESIGN FOR ENERGY MONITORING IN FISHING VESSELS: AN IN-DEPTH REVIEW -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- THE STATE OF ART -- PROJECT DESCRIPTION -- Energy Variables Analysis -- Data Acquisition System Design -- Data Acquisition Phase -- SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE -- DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM -- HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE -- MULTITHREAD SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE -- Data Synchronization -- LOCAL DATA STORAGE -- REMOTE DATA ACCESS -- Owastreaming -- DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM -- Acdsade -- Database -- CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter10ANEWPOISSONMIXTUREMODELFORTHENUMBEROFCLAIMSINAUTOMOBILEINSURANCE -- Abstract -- Acknowledgments -- 1.Introduction -- 2.TheBackground -- 3.TheNewDiscreteModel -- 3.1.TheParticularCaser=1/2 -- 4.Estimation -- 4.1.TheTwo-ParameterPSGDistribution -- 4.1.1.Momentestimate -- 4.1.2.Maximumlikelihoodmethod -- 4.2.TheOne-ParameterPSGDistribution -- 4.2.1.Zero-proportionmethod -- 4.2.2.Momentestimate -- 4.2.3.Maximumlikelihoodestimate -- 5.FittingAutomobileClaimFrequencyData -- 5.1.Bonus-MalusPremiums -- 5.2.BayesianRobustnessIssue -- 6.Conclusion -- References -- Chapter11VISION-BASEDSAFETYFEATURESFORAUTOMOTIVEVEHICLES:IMPROVEDALGORITHMSANDTECHNIQUESFORFPGAIMPLEMENTATION -- Abstract -- 1.Introduction -- 2.RelatedWork -- 2.1.The9-BinHoGFeatureSet -- 2.2.TechniquesforImprovingSystem'sSpeed -- 2.2.1.Multi-Resolution -- 2.2.2.IntegralImageandCascadeStructure.
2.2.3.ImprovingIntegralImage -- 3.4-BinHoG:OptimizationoftheOriginalHoGFeatureSet -- 4.PCImplementation:ConventionalImplementation -- 4.1.SystemOverview -- 4.2.DataCollection -- 4.3.TrainingResults -- 4.4.TestingResults -- 4.5.SystemImplementation -- 5.ImprovedPCImplementations -- 5.1.TheCombinedScan -- 5.1.1.TheProposedCombinedScanTechnique -- 5.1.2.TrainingSSClassifiers -- 5.1.3.PerformanceofStopSignDetectionSystems -- 5.2.TheCombinedIntegralMap(CIMap) -- 5.2.1.TheProposedCIMap -- 5.2.2.OverflowControl -- 5.2.3.PerformanceofSystemwhenUsingCIMap -- 6.FPGAImplementationoftheStopSignDetectionSystem -- 6.1.FPGADesignConsiderations -- 6.1.1.HardwareResources -- 6.1.2.NumericCapability -- 7.ConventionalImplementation -- 7.1.SystemOverview -- 7.2.ComputingGradientAngleBin -- 7.3.ComputingandUsingIMaps -- 7.4.SmallInternalLineBuffer -- 7.5.TheClassifier -- 8.ImprovedImplemementation -- 8.1.StructureofanImprovedFPGA-basedSystem -- 8.2.DirectAngleBinComputation -- 8.3.IMapComputation -- 8.4.BufferingData:EfficientBufferingScheme -- 8.4.1.HorizontalBuffer -- 8.4.2.VerticalBuffer -- 8.4.3.Theimplementationoftheefficientbufferingscheme -- 8.5.TheClassifier -- 8.6.Post-ProcessingandHMI -- 8.7.OverallSystemPerformance -- 9.Discussions -- 10.Conclusion -- References -- INDEX.
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Intro -- AUTOMOBILES: PERFORMANCE, SAFETY ASSESSMENT, AND ENERGY -- AUTOMOBILES: PERFORMANCE, SAFETY ASSESSMENT, AND ENERGY -- LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- Chapter 1 AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE RATE-MAKING: THE SPANISH CASE -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE RATE-MAKING -- 2.1. Rate-Making and Technical Principles -- a) A priori or class-rating -- b) A posteriori or experience-rating -- 2.2. A Priori Motor Insurance Rating -- 2.3. Distance-Based Prediction -- 3. THE CIDE/ASCIDE AGREEMENTS -- 3.1. The Computer Centre for Claims Compensation (CICOS) System -- 3.2. The Property Damage Claims Management (SDM) System -- 4. OTHER RECORDS AND PLATAFORMS IN THE SECTOR -- 4.1. Official Spanish Records of Policyholder Insurance and Accident Information (SINCO) -- 4.2. Motor Insurance Statistics (ESA) -- 4.3. Technical Specification Information System (Base SIETE) -- 4.4. Record of Stolen and Indemnified Vehicles (FVSI) -- 4.5. Record of Insured Vehicles (FIVA) -- 5. INFLUENCE OF THE CIDE/ASCIDE AGREEMENTS ON SOA TARIFFS -- 6. INFLUENCE OF SECTORAL SERVICES ON DRAWING UP TARIFFS -- SINCO Records -- ESA Service -- Base SIETE -- The FVSI and FIVA Records -- 7. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 2 NEW DESCRIPTION FOR DRIVING BEHAVIOR BY TP-THEORY BASED ON COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY∗ -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF TP-THEORY --- THE REAFFERENCE PRINCIPLE -- 3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF TP-THEORY --- INTEGRATED TIME WINDOWS -- 4. THE TP-THEORY --- HIERARCHICAL AND DYNAMIC STRUCTURE OF GOAL-DIRECTED BEHAVIOR -- 5. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3 THE ABILITY PROFILE OF PEOPLE WITH PARKINSON DISEASE: COGNITIVE AND MOTOR FUNCTIONS IN DRIVING -- ABSTRACT -- Background -- Purpose -- Methodology -- Result -- Conclusion -- BACKGROUND -- METHODOLOGY -- Study Design.

STISIM Driving Simulator Assessment -- Data Analysis -- RESULT -- Analysis of Simulated Driving Performance -- Relationship between the Driving Index and the Standardised Psychometric Tests -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- APPENDIX. DRIVING TASKS AND ASSESSMENT CRITERIA (LEE, LEE, CAMERON AND LI-TSANG, 2003) -- Chapter 4 TWO CONCEPTS TO IMPROVE CRASH WORTHINESS OF HAT COLUMNS BY APPLYING ULTRAFINE GRAINED STEEL SHEETS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- IMPROVEMENT OF DYNAMIC ENERGY ABSORPTION BY ULTRAFINE GRAINED FERRITE-CEMENTITE STEELS -- Experimental Procedure -- Results and Discussion -- IMPROVEMENT OF DEFORMATION SHAPE BY ULTRAFINE GRAINED MULTI-PHASE STEELS -- Experimental Procedure -- Results and Discussion -- NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF AXIAL COLLAPSE TO CONFIRM THE EFFECT OF WORK HARDENABILITY -- Finite Element Model and Material Parameters -- Results and Discussion -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 5 LIGHT ALLOYS: NEW TECHNOLOGIES LEADING TO GOOD PERSPECTIVES FOR THE ENVIRONMENT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. PRODUCTION PROCESSES -- 2.1. Powder Metallurgy of Light Alloys -- 2.2. Spray Forming -- 2.3. Metal Foam -- 2.4. Nanostructured Materials Processing -- 3. NEW LIGHT ALLOYS -- 3.1 Aluminum Alloys -- 3.2. Magnesium Alloys -- LLNNL-CODE -- 3.3. Titanium Alloys -- 4. PERSPECTIVES OF UTILIZATION OF LIGHT ALLOYS AND THE ENVIRONMENT -- 5. EFFECTIVE USE, COMPARATIVE AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 6 EFFECTS OF ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES ON PREGNANT WOMEN AND THEIR FETUSES: USEFUL KNOWLEDGE FOR THE AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE PROFESSIONALS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- LONG-TERM OBSERVATION OF FETAL OUTCOMES FOLLOWING COLLISIONS -- ANALYSIS USING INSURANCE REPORT DATA IN JAPAN -- EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REAR-END COLLISIONS AND FETAL OUTCOMES -- Determining the Cause of Fetal Outcomes.

Seatbelt Use during Pregnancy -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7 ISSUE OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN AUTOMOBILES: A BRIEF DISCUSSION -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- Economics Aspect -- Environmental Aspect -- Health Aspect -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8 SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF AUTOMOBILES: HAZARD ASPECT -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- PHYSICAL HAZARD -- BIOCHEMICAL HAZARD -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 9 MODULAR AND SCALABLE MULTI-INTERFACE DATA ACQUISITION ARCHITECTURE DESIGN FOR ENERGY MONITORING IN FISHING VESSELS: AN IN-DEPTH REVIEW -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- THE STATE OF ART -- PROJECT DESCRIPTION -- Energy Variables Analysis -- Data Acquisition System Design -- Data Acquisition Phase -- SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE -- DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM -- HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE -- MULTITHREAD SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE -- Data Synchronization -- LOCAL DATA STORAGE -- REMOTE DATA ACCESS -- Owastreaming -- DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM -- Acdsade -- Database -- CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter10ANEWPOISSONMIXTUREMODELFORTHENUMBEROFCLAIMSINAUTOMOBILEINSURANCE -- Abstract -- Acknowledgments -- 1.Introduction -- 2.TheBackground -- 3.TheNewDiscreteModel -- 3.1.TheParticularCaser=1/2 -- 4.Estimation -- 4.1.TheTwo-ParameterPSGDistribution -- 4.1.1.Momentestimate -- 4.1.2.Maximumlikelihoodmethod -- 4.2.TheOne-ParameterPSGDistribution -- 4.2.1.Zero-proportionmethod -- 4.2.2.Momentestimate -- 4.2.3.Maximumlikelihoodestimate -- 5.FittingAutomobileClaimFrequencyData -- 5.1.Bonus-MalusPremiums -- 5.2.BayesianRobustnessIssue -- 6.Conclusion -- References -- Chapter11VISION-BASEDSAFETYFEATURESFORAUTOMOTIVEVEHICLES:IMPROVEDALGORITHMSANDTECHNIQUESFORFPGAIMPLEMENTATION -- Abstract -- 1.Introduction -- 2.RelatedWork -- 2.1.The9-BinHoGFeatureSet -- 2.2.TechniquesforImprovingSystem'sSpeed -- 2.2.1.Multi-Resolution -- 2.2.2.IntegralImageandCascadeStructure.

2.2.3.ImprovingIntegralImage -- 3.4-BinHoG:OptimizationoftheOriginalHoGFeatureSet -- 4.PCImplementation:ConventionalImplementation -- 4.1.SystemOverview -- 4.2.DataCollection -- 4.3.TrainingResults -- 4.4.TestingResults -- 4.5.SystemImplementation -- 5.ImprovedPCImplementations -- 5.1.TheCombinedScan -- 5.1.1.TheProposedCombinedScanTechnique -- 5.1.2.TrainingSSClassifiers -- 5.1.3.PerformanceofStopSignDetectionSystems -- 5.2.TheCombinedIntegralMap(CIMap) -- 5.2.1.TheProposedCIMap -- 5.2.2.OverflowControl -- 5.2.3.PerformanceofSystemwhenUsingCIMap -- 6.FPGAImplementationoftheStopSignDetectionSystem -- 6.1.FPGADesignConsiderations -- 6.1.1.HardwareResources -- 6.1.2.NumericCapability -- 7.ConventionalImplementation -- 7.1.SystemOverview -- 7.2.ComputingGradientAngleBin -- 7.3.ComputingandUsingIMaps -- 7.4.SmallInternalLineBuffer -- 7.5.TheClassifier -- 8.ImprovedImplemementation -- 8.1.StructureofanImprovedFPGA-basedSystem -- 8.2.DirectAngleBinComputation -- 8.3.IMapComputation -- 8.4.BufferingData:EfficientBufferingScheme -- 8.4.1.HorizontalBuffer -- 8.4.2.VerticalBuffer -- 8.4.3.Theimplementationoftheefficientbufferingscheme -- 8.5.TheClassifier -- 8.6.Post-ProcessingandHMI -- 8.7.OverallSystemPerformance -- 9.Discussions -- 10.Conclusion -- References -- INDEX.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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