Sustainable Agriculture : Technology, Planning and Management.

By: Salazar, AugustoContributor(s): Rios, IsmaelSeries: Agriculture Issues and PoliciesPublisher: Hauppauge : Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated, 2010Copyright date: ©2010Description: 1 online resource (445 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781617619106Subject(s): Sustainable agriculture.;Sustainable developmentGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Sustainable Agriculture: Technology, Planning and ManagementDDC classification: 630 LOC classification: S494.5.S86 -- S877 2010ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: TECHNOLOGY, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT -- SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: TECHNOLOGY, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT -- LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- Chapter 1 SUSTAINABLE GREENHOUSE SYSTEMS -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MICROCLIMATE AND ENERGY -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.1.1. Temperature -- 2.1.2. Humidity -- 2.1.3. Carbon Dioxide -- 2.1.4. Dynamic Climate Control -- 2.2. Heating -- 2.2.1. Combined Heat and Power -- 2.2.2. Other Concepts of Greenhouse Heating -- 2.2.3. Solar Thermal Systems -- 2.2.4. Concepts of Energy Savings -- 2.3. Ventilation -- 2.3.1. Forced Ventilation -- 2.3.2. Natural Ventilation -- Buoyancy Driven Ventilation -- Wind Driven Ventilation -- Combining Wind and Buoyancy Effects -- 2.4. Cooling Systems -- 2.4.1. Sprinkling -- 2.4.2. Fan and Pad -- 2.4.3. Fogging -- 2.4.4. Other Concepts of Greenhouse Cooling -- Heat Exchange with an Underground Aquifer -- Shading -- Whitewashing -- 2.5. Energy Sources -- 2.5.1. Photovoltaics for Greenhouse Systems -- 2.5.2. Wind Turbines for Greenhouse Systems -- 3. COVERING MATERIALS -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Covering Materials and Energy Saving -- 3.3. Covering Materials as Growth Regulators -- 3.4. Plastic Films Lifetime -- 3.5. Biodegradable Materials -- 3.5.1. Thermoplasticised Extruded Starch-Based Films -- Low Tunnel Films -- Soil Mulching Films -- 3.5.2. Water-Born Sprayable Coatings -- 4. HYDROPONIC TECHNOLOGY -- 4.1. Techniques -- 4.1.1. Substrate Culture -- 4.1.2. Water Culture -- 4.2. Water and Nutrient Supply -- 4.2.1. Open Systems -- 4.2.2. Closed Systems -- 4.3. Advantages and Disadvantages -- 4.4. General Remarks -- 5. INTEGRATED PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Pest and Disease Control Strategies -- 5.2.1. Biological Control Agents for Pest and Disease Management.
5.2.2. Use of Suppressive Composts -- 5.2.3. Resistance Inducers (SAR Mechanisms) -- 5.3. Case Studies -- 5.3.1. Integrated Control of Pests and Limitation of Related Virus Damages -- 5.3.2. Tomato: Grey Mould and Climatic Management of Cultivation Environment -- 5.3.3. Control of Soilborne Pathogens: Solarization, Grafting on Resistant Rootstock, Biofumigation, Soilless Cultivation -- 6. SUMMARY AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- LIST OF SYMBOLS -- SUBSCRIPTS -- Chapter 2 MECHANISMS OF GOVERNANCE OF AGRARIAN SUSTAINABILITY -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- CONCEPT OF AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY -- Ideology, Strategy, or System Characteristics -- Economics of Agricultural Sustainability -- THE MECHANISMS OF GOVERNANCE -- "Institutions Matter" -- The Modes of Governance -- The Costs of Governance -- The Principle Governance Matrix -- Farm as a Governing Structure -- The Effective Modes for Public Intervention -- Stages for Analyzing and Improvement of the Governance -- ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE IN BULGARIAN AGRICULTURE -- Institutional Environment -- Private Modes of Governance -- Market Modes -- Public Modes -- Environmental Governance in Conditions of EU CAP Implementation -- Sustainability of Farm Structures -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3 THE ROLE OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES IN THE SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- HULLED WHEATS -- Uses of the Naked and Hulled Wheats -- The Hulled Wheats in Spain: Past and Present -- Genetic Diversity of the Spanish Hulled Wheats -- The Present Moment and the Future of the Escanda in Asturias -- CHESTNUT -- On-Farm Conservation of Chestnut Genetic Resources -- The Situation of Chestnut in Spain -- Chestnut Orchards in Southern Spain: An Example of on-farm Conservation -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.
Chapter 4 PHYTOTOXINS PRODUCED BY FUNGI RESPONSIBLE OF FORESTALL PLANT DISEASES -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. PHYTOTOXINS -- 3. FUNGI INVOLVED IN DIFFERENT CANKER FORMS OF CYPRESS -- 3.1. Seiridium Toxins -- 3.2. Sphaeropsis and Diplodia Toxins -- 3.3. Sphaeropsis Sapinea (Isolated from Cypress Infected Tree) Toxins -- 3.4. Other Spheropsidins Isolated from Spheropsis sapinea f. sp. cupressi -- 3.5. Structure-Activity Relationships Studies Among Sphaeropsidins and Some their Deivatives -- 3.6. Other Sphaeropsisones from Sphaeropsis Sapinea f. sp. cupressi -- 3.7. Sapinopiridione, a New 3, 3, 6-Trisubstituted-2, 4-Pyridione Isolated from Sphaeropsis Sapinea Isolated from Infected Cypress Tree -- 4. FUNGI INVOLVED IN THE PINE DECLINE -- 4.1. Phytotoxins Produced by Sphaeropsis Sapinea Involved in Pine Decline -- 5. FUNGI INVOLVED IN THE DECLINE OF CORK OAK -- 5.1. Phytotoxins Produced by Diplodia Corticola -- 5.2. Absolute Stereochemistry of Diplopyrone -- 5.3. Other Phytotoxic Metabolites Isolated from Diplopia Corticola -- 5.3.1. Diplobifuranylones A and B -- 5.3.2. Diplofuranones A and B -- 5.3.3. Chemotaxonomic Significance -- 5. 4. Phytotoxins Produced by Biscognauxia Mediterranea -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 5 RETHINKING THE NOTION OF „MULTIFUNCTIONAL AGRICULTURE‟ -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION: THE NEED FOR A RECONCEPTUALIZATION OF „MULTIFUNCTIONAL AGRICULTURE‟ -- 2. THE PRODUCTIVISM/NON-PRODUCTIVISM SPECTRUM OF AGRICULTURAL DECISION-MAKING -- 3. THE MULTIFUNCTIONALITY SPECTRUM -- 4. TOWARDS A NORMATIVE VIEW OF MULTIFUNCTIONALITY -- Conceptualising Weak, Moderate and Strong Multifunctionality -- A Normative View of Multifunctionality: Conceptual Implications -- 5. CONCLUSIONS: EMERGING RESEARCH AGENDAS FOR LAND USE POLICY -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.
Chapter 6 THE SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON PRODUCTION IN CHINA AND IN AUSTRALIA: COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THE GLOBAL RELEVANCE OF CHINA‟S AND AUSTRALIA‟S COTTON INDUSTRIES -- 3. MARKETS AND THE SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON PRODUCTION -- 4. TRENDS IN OVERALL COTTON YIELDS AND SUPPLIES AS INDICATORS OF THE SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON PRODUCTION -- 5. THE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONS OF COTTON PRODUCTION IN AUSTRALIA AND CHINA AND THE SUSTAINABILITY OF SUPPLY -- 6. THE STRUCTURE AND THE NATURE OF AUSTRALIA‟S AND CHINA‟S COTTON FARMING SYSTEMS AND THE SIZE OF FARMS - SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES -- 7. CHALLENGES BEING FACED IN SUSTAINING AUSTRALIA‟S COTTON PRODUCTION -- 7.1 Economic Challenges and Economic Phenomena Affecting the Sustainability of Australia‟s Cotton Supply -- 7.2 Environmental Factors Affecting the Sustainability of Australian Cotton Production -- 8. CHALLENGES BEING FACED IN SUSTAINING CHINA‟S COTTON PRODUCTION -- 8.1 Economic Factors Affecting the Sustainability of China‟s Cotton Supply -- 8.2. Environmental Factors Influencing the Sustainability of China‟s Cotton Production -- 9. DISCUSSION OF SOME MEASURES TO COUNTER LACK OF SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON SUPPLIES IN AUSTRALIA AND CHINA -- 10. CONCLUSION -- 11. REFERENCES -- Chapter 7 ROLE OF PLANT RHIZOSPHERE-ASSOCIATED FLUORESCENT PSEUDOMONADS IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. TAXONOMY AND DIVERSITY OF FLUORESCENT PSEUDOMONADS -- 3. PLANT GROWTH-PROMOTION -- 3.1 Solubilization of Iron -- 3.2 Phytohormone and Enzyme -- 3.2.1 Indole-3-acetic acid -- 3.2.2 Cytokinin -- 3.2.3 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase -- 3.2.4 Phosphatase -- 3.2.5 Promotion of rhizobia-legume symbiosis -- 4. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PHYTOPATHOGENS -- 4.1 Polysaccharide and Flagellin.
4.2 Siderophore, Salicylic Acid and N-Alkylated Benzylamine Derivative -- 4.3 Antibiotic -- 4.4. Fungal Cell Wall-Degrading Enzyme -- 5. HERBICIDAL POTENTIAL -- 5.1. Herbicidal Metabolites -- 6. NEMATODE CONTROL -- 7. BIODEGRADATION POTENTIAL -- 7.1. Pesticide -- 7.2. Herbicide -- 7.3. Insecticide -- 7.4. Hydrocarbon -- 8. CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8 THE SURVIVAL OF SMALL-SCALE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS IN ASIA, PARTICULARLY VIETNAM: GENERAL ISSUES ILLUSTRATED BY VIETNAM‟S AGRICULTURAL SECTOR, ESPECIALLY ITS PIG PRODUCTION -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST GOVERNMENT STRATEGIES IN EMERGING ECONOMIES INTENDED TO PROMOTE LARGE-SCALE AGRICULTURAL UNITS AND A RELEVANT ECONOMIC THEORY -- 3. THE PREDOMINANCE OF SMALL-SCALE UNITS IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN VIETNAM, PARTICULARLY IN PIG PRODUCTION -- 4. POLICIES PROPOSED BY VIETNAM‟S GOVERNMENT TO INCREASE THE SCALE OF UNITS PRODUCING PIGS AND OTHER LIVESTOCK -- 5. CONCLUDING COMMENTS -- 6. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- 7. REFERENCES -- Chapter 9 THE BIOCHAR APPROACH: A COMPLEMENTARY USE OF WASTE BIOMASS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION, CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND SOIL FERTILITY ENHANCEMENT -- ABSTRACT -- THE VALUES OF SOIL ORGANIC CARBON (SOC) -- GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) EMISSIONS FROM AGRICULTURE -- REPLENISHING SOC POOLS AND THE GLOBAL POTENTIAL OF CHARCOAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION -- BIOCHAR AND SOIL FERTILITY -- ADVANTAGES OF BIOCHAR CARBON SEQUESTRATION -- No Competition between SOC Restoration, Bio-Fuels and Food Production -- Pyrolysis or Gasification with Biochar Carbon Sequestration -- Fast SOC Buildup Beyond the Maximum Sequestration Capacity -- Reduced Deforestation -- CURRENT OBSTACLES FOR BIOCHAR CDM PROJECTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10 CONTROL METHODS FOR REDUCING NITRATE ACCUMULATION IN VEGETABLES CULTIVATED SOILLESS UNDER PROTECTED CONDITIONS: A REVIEW.
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Intro -- SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: TECHNOLOGY, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT -- SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: TECHNOLOGY, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT -- LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- Chapter 1 SUSTAINABLE GREENHOUSE SYSTEMS -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MICROCLIMATE AND ENERGY -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.1.1. Temperature -- 2.1.2. Humidity -- 2.1.3. Carbon Dioxide -- 2.1.4. Dynamic Climate Control -- 2.2. Heating -- 2.2.1. Combined Heat and Power -- 2.2.2. Other Concepts of Greenhouse Heating -- 2.2.3. Solar Thermal Systems -- 2.2.4. Concepts of Energy Savings -- 2.3. Ventilation -- 2.3.1. Forced Ventilation -- 2.3.2. Natural Ventilation -- Buoyancy Driven Ventilation -- Wind Driven Ventilation -- Combining Wind and Buoyancy Effects -- 2.4. Cooling Systems -- 2.4.1. Sprinkling -- 2.4.2. Fan and Pad -- 2.4.3. Fogging -- 2.4.4. Other Concepts of Greenhouse Cooling -- Heat Exchange with an Underground Aquifer -- Shading -- Whitewashing -- 2.5. Energy Sources -- 2.5.1. Photovoltaics for Greenhouse Systems -- 2.5.2. Wind Turbines for Greenhouse Systems -- 3. COVERING MATERIALS -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Covering Materials and Energy Saving -- 3.3. Covering Materials as Growth Regulators -- 3.4. Plastic Films Lifetime -- 3.5. Biodegradable Materials -- 3.5.1. Thermoplasticised Extruded Starch-Based Films -- Low Tunnel Films -- Soil Mulching Films -- 3.5.2. Water-Born Sprayable Coatings -- 4. HYDROPONIC TECHNOLOGY -- 4.1. Techniques -- 4.1.1. Substrate Culture -- 4.1.2. Water Culture -- 4.2. Water and Nutrient Supply -- 4.2.1. Open Systems -- 4.2.2. Closed Systems -- 4.3. Advantages and Disadvantages -- 4.4. General Remarks -- 5. INTEGRATED PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Pest and Disease Control Strategies -- 5.2.1. Biological Control Agents for Pest and Disease Management.

5.2.2. Use of Suppressive Composts -- 5.2.3. Resistance Inducers (SAR Mechanisms) -- 5.3. Case Studies -- 5.3.1. Integrated Control of Pests and Limitation of Related Virus Damages -- 5.3.2. Tomato: Grey Mould and Climatic Management of Cultivation Environment -- 5.3.3. Control of Soilborne Pathogens: Solarization, Grafting on Resistant Rootstock, Biofumigation, Soilless Cultivation -- 6. SUMMARY AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- LIST OF SYMBOLS -- SUBSCRIPTS -- Chapter 2 MECHANISMS OF GOVERNANCE OF AGRARIAN SUSTAINABILITY -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- CONCEPT OF AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY -- Ideology, Strategy, or System Characteristics -- Economics of Agricultural Sustainability -- THE MECHANISMS OF GOVERNANCE -- "Institutions Matter" -- The Modes of Governance -- The Costs of Governance -- The Principle Governance Matrix -- Farm as a Governing Structure -- The Effective Modes for Public Intervention -- Stages for Analyzing and Improvement of the Governance -- ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE IN BULGARIAN AGRICULTURE -- Institutional Environment -- Private Modes of Governance -- Market Modes -- Public Modes -- Environmental Governance in Conditions of EU CAP Implementation -- Sustainability of Farm Structures -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3 THE ROLE OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES IN THE SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- HULLED WHEATS -- Uses of the Naked and Hulled Wheats -- The Hulled Wheats in Spain: Past and Present -- Genetic Diversity of the Spanish Hulled Wheats -- The Present Moment and the Future of the Escanda in Asturias -- CHESTNUT -- On-Farm Conservation of Chestnut Genetic Resources -- The Situation of Chestnut in Spain -- Chestnut Orchards in Southern Spain: An Example of on-farm Conservation -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.

Chapter 4 PHYTOTOXINS PRODUCED BY FUNGI RESPONSIBLE OF FORESTALL PLANT DISEASES -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. PHYTOTOXINS -- 3. FUNGI INVOLVED IN DIFFERENT CANKER FORMS OF CYPRESS -- 3.1. Seiridium Toxins -- 3.2. Sphaeropsis and Diplodia Toxins -- 3.3. Sphaeropsis Sapinea (Isolated from Cypress Infected Tree) Toxins -- 3.4. Other Spheropsidins Isolated from Spheropsis sapinea f. sp. cupressi -- 3.5. Structure-Activity Relationships Studies Among Sphaeropsidins and Some their Deivatives -- 3.6. Other Sphaeropsisones from Sphaeropsis Sapinea f. sp. cupressi -- 3.7. Sapinopiridione, a New 3, 3, 6-Trisubstituted-2, 4-Pyridione Isolated from Sphaeropsis Sapinea Isolated from Infected Cypress Tree -- 4. FUNGI INVOLVED IN THE PINE DECLINE -- 4.1. Phytotoxins Produced by Sphaeropsis Sapinea Involved in Pine Decline -- 5. FUNGI INVOLVED IN THE DECLINE OF CORK OAK -- 5.1. Phytotoxins Produced by Diplodia Corticola -- 5.2. Absolute Stereochemistry of Diplopyrone -- 5.3. Other Phytotoxic Metabolites Isolated from Diplopia Corticola -- 5.3.1. Diplobifuranylones A and B -- 5.3.2. Diplofuranones A and B -- 5.3.3. Chemotaxonomic Significance -- 5. 4. Phytotoxins Produced by Biscognauxia Mediterranea -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 5 RETHINKING THE NOTION OF „MULTIFUNCTIONAL AGRICULTURE‟ -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION: THE NEED FOR A RECONCEPTUALIZATION OF „MULTIFUNCTIONAL AGRICULTURE‟ -- 2. THE PRODUCTIVISM/NON-PRODUCTIVISM SPECTRUM OF AGRICULTURAL DECISION-MAKING -- 3. THE MULTIFUNCTIONALITY SPECTRUM -- 4. TOWARDS A NORMATIVE VIEW OF MULTIFUNCTIONALITY -- Conceptualising Weak, Moderate and Strong Multifunctionality -- A Normative View of Multifunctionality: Conceptual Implications -- 5. CONCLUSIONS: EMERGING RESEARCH AGENDAS FOR LAND USE POLICY -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.

Chapter 6 THE SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON PRODUCTION IN CHINA AND IN AUSTRALIA: COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THE GLOBAL RELEVANCE OF CHINA‟S AND AUSTRALIA‟S COTTON INDUSTRIES -- 3. MARKETS AND THE SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON PRODUCTION -- 4. TRENDS IN OVERALL COTTON YIELDS AND SUPPLIES AS INDICATORS OF THE SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON PRODUCTION -- 5. THE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONS OF COTTON PRODUCTION IN AUSTRALIA AND CHINA AND THE SUSTAINABILITY OF SUPPLY -- 6. THE STRUCTURE AND THE NATURE OF AUSTRALIA‟S AND CHINA‟S COTTON FARMING SYSTEMS AND THE SIZE OF FARMS - SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES -- 7. CHALLENGES BEING FACED IN SUSTAINING AUSTRALIA‟S COTTON PRODUCTION -- 7.1 Economic Challenges and Economic Phenomena Affecting the Sustainability of Australia‟s Cotton Supply -- 7.2 Environmental Factors Affecting the Sustainability of Australian Cotton Production -- 8. CHALLENGES BEING FACED IN SUSTAINING CHINA‟S COTTON PRODUCTION -- 8.1 Economic Factors Affecting the Sustainability of China‟s Cotton Supply -- 8.2. Environmental Factors Influencing the Sustainability of China‟s Cotton Production -- 9. DISCUSSION OF SOME MEASURES TO COUNTER LACK OF SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON SUPPLIES IN AUSTRALIA AND CHINA -- 10. CONCLUSION -- 11. REFERENCES -- Chapter 7 ROLE OF PLANT RHIZOSPHERE-ASSOCIATED FLUORESCENT PSEUDOMONADS IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. TAXONOMY AND DIVERSITY OF FLUORESCENT PSEUDOMONADS -- 3. PLANT GROWTH-PROMOTION -- 3.1 Solubilization of Iron -- 3.2 Phytohormone and Enzyme -- 3.2.1 Indole-3-acetic acid -- 3.2.2 Cytokinin -- 3.2.3 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase -- 3.2.4 Phosphatase -- 3.2.5 Promotion of rhizobia-legume symbiosis -- 4. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PHYTOPATHOGENS -- 4.1 Polysaccharide and Flagellin.

4.2 Siderophore, Salicylic Acid and N-Alkylated Benzylamine Derivative -- 4.3 Antibiotic -- 4.4. Fungal Cell Wall-Degrading Enzyme -- 5. HERBICIDAL POTENTIAL -- 5.1. Herbicidal Metabolites -- 6. NEMATODE CONTROL -- 7. BIODEGRADATION POTENTIAL -- 7.1. Pesticide -- 7.2. Herbicide -- 7.3. Insecticide -- 7.4. Hydrocarbon -- 8. CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8 THE SURVIVAL OF SMALL-SCALE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS IN ASIA, PARTICULARLY VIETNAM: GENERAL ISSUES ILLUSTRATED BY VIETNAM‟S AGRICULTURAL SECTOR, ESPECIALLY ITS PIG PRODUCTION -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST GOVERNMENT STRATEGIES IN EMERGING ECONOMIES INTENDED TO PROMOTE LARGE-SCALE AGRICULTURAL UNITS AND A RELEVANT ECONOMIC THEORY -- 3. THE PREDOMINANCE OF SMALL-SCALE UNITS IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN VIETNAM, PARTICULARLY IN PIG PRODUCTION -- 4. POLICIES PROPOSED BY VIETNAM‟S GOVERNMENT TO INCREASE THE SCALE OF UNITS PRODUCING PIGS AND OTHER LIVESTOCK -- 5. CONCLUDING COMMENTS -- 6. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- 7. REFERENCES -- Chapter 9 THE BIOCHAR APPROACH: A COMPLEMENTARY USE OF WASTE BIOMASS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION, CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND SOIL FERTILITY ENHANCEMENT -- ABSTRACT -- THE VALUES OF SOIL ORGANIC CARBON (SOC) -- GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) EMISSIONS FROM AGRICULTURE -- REPLENISHING SOC POOLS AND THE GLOBAL POTENTIAL OF CHARCOAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION -- BIOCHAR AND SOIL FERTILITY -- ADVANTAGES OF BIOCHAR CARBON SEQUESTRATION -- No Competition between SOC Restoration, Bio-Fuels and Food Production -- Pyrolysis or Gasification with Biochar Carbon Sequestration -- Fast SOC Buildup Beyond the Maximum Sequestration Capacity -- Reduced Deforestation -- CURRENT OBSTACLES FOR BIOCHAR CDM PROJECTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10 CONTROL METHODS FOR REDUCING NITRATE ACCUMULATION IN VEGETABLES CULTIVATED SOILLESS UNDER PROTECTED CONDITIONS: A REVIEW.

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