Nanotechnology and Polymer-Based Nanostructures.

By: Haghi, A.KContributor(s): Zaikov, G.ESeries: Nanotechnology Science and TechnologyPublisher: Hauppauge : Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated, 2011Copyright date: ©2011Description: 1 online resource (182 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781619420373Subject(s): Nanofibers -- Materials.;Nanostructured materials.;PolymersGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Nanotechnology and Polymer-Based NanostructuresDDC classification: 620/.5 LOC classification: TA418.9.F5 -- N363 2011ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- NANOTECHNOLOGY AND POLYMER-BASED NANOSTRUCTURES -- NANOTECHNOLOGY AND POLYMER-BASED NANOSTRUCTURES -- LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- Chapter 1 ELECTROSPINNING OF NANOFIBERS -- Abstract -- Nomenclature/Symbols -- Introduction -- Electrospinning Set Up -- Effect of the Systematic Parameters on Electrospun Nanofibers -- Solution Properties -- Viscosity -- Solution Concentration -- Molecular Mass -- Surface Tension -- Number of Entanglements -- Solution Conductivity -- Solution Conductivity -- Effect of Salt Addition -- Solvent -- Processing Conditions -- Applied Voltage -- Feed Rate -- Distance of Needle Tip to the Collector -- Theory and Modeling -- Natural Fibers -- Electrospinning of Silk Fibers -- Introduction -- Crystal Structure of Silk (Fibroin) in Various Stages of Electrospinning -- The β Structure of Silk -- Spinning Dope Preparation for Electrospinning -- Degumming -- Fibroin Dissolution -- Elecrospinning of Silk Fibroin -- Effect of Silk Polymer Concentration on Fiber Diameter -- Effect of Voltage and of the Spinning Distance on Morphology and Diameter -- Characterization -- Electrospinning of Cellulose and of Cellulose Acetate -- Electrospinning of a CTA Solution -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 2 PRODUCTION OF NANOSIZED PARTICLES -- Abstract -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3 NANOTECHNOLOGY IN TEXTIES -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental -- 2.1. Fabrics -- 2.2. Dyes -- 2.3. Dyeing Agents -- 2.4. Repellents -- 2.5. Buffer -- 2.6. Dyeing -- 2.7. Application of Dendrimers -- 2.8.Particle Size Measurement -- 2.9.Textile Testing -- 2.10. Surface Reflectance and Roughness Measurement -- 2.11. Absorbance Measurement -- 2.12. Color Difference Assessment -- 3. Results and Discussion -- 3.1. Particle Size and Surface Roughness Measurements.
3.2. Repellency Measurements -- 3.3. Color Difference Measurements -- 3.4. Reflectance Difference Measurements -- 3.5. Absorbance Measurements -- 3.6. Color Difference Evaluation -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 4 POSSIBILITIES ON ELECTROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF COBALT NANOPARTICLES -- Abstract -- Introduction and Background -- Procedure -- Results -- References -- Chapter 5 THE EFFECT OF CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF POLYMERIC FILMS ON THE STRUCTURAL-POWER CHARACTERISTICS OF THEIR SURFACES -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental Details -- 3. Results and Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 6 FABRICATION OF NANOSTRUCTURED AND MULTICOMPARTMENTAL FABRICS BASED ON ELECTROSPUN NANOFIBERS -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Experimental -- Electrospining and Laminating Process -- Nanofiber Web Morphology -- Measurement of Air Permeability -- Mechanical Properties of Multilayer Nano-Web -- Results and Discussion -- Breathability -- Adhesion of Layers -- Tensile Strength -- Simulation of Nano-Web -- Fiber Diameter Measurement -- Manual Method -- Distance Transform -- Direct Tracking -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 7 NANOTECHNOLOGY AND HYDROPONIC CROP PRODUCTION -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Rational -- Results and Discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 8 SMART NANO-TEXTILES -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental -- 2.1. Materials -- 2.2. Sample Preparation -- 2.3. Instrumentation -- 2.3.1.Electrical Conductivity and Morphology Assessment -- 2.3.2. Sensitivity Assessment -- 3. Results and Discussion -- 3.1. Electrical Conductivity Analysis -- 3.2. Sensitivity Analysis -- 3.2.1. Sensitivity -- 3.2.2. Response Time -- 3.2.3. Linearity -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 9 ELECTROSPUN FIBERS OF CHITOSAN/CARBON NANOTUBE SIMULATION -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental.
2.1. Materials -- 2.2. Electrospinning of Chitosan/Carbon Nanotube Dispersion -- 2.3. Measurements and Characterizations -- 3. Results And Discussion -- 4. Fiber Diameter Measurement -- 4.1. Manual Method -- 4.2. Distance Transform -- 4.3. Direct Tracking -- 4.4. Real Webs Treatment -- 5. New Distance Transform Method -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 10 A NOTE ON THE EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE ON STRUCTURE OF LAMINATED NANOFIBER -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Experimental -- Results -- Conclusions -- References -- INDEX.
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Intro -- NANOTECHNOLOGY AND POLYMER-BASED NANOSTRUCTURES -- NANOTECHNOLOGY AND POLYMER-BASED NANOSTRUCTURES -- LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA -- CONTENTS -- PREFACE -- Chapter 1 ELECTROSPINNING OF NANOFIBERS -- Abstract -- Nomenclature/Symbols -- Introduction -- Electrospinning Set Up -- Effect of the Systematic Parameters on Electrospun Nanofibers -- Solution Properties -- Viscosity -- Solution Concentration -- Molecular Mass -- Surface Tension -- Number of Entanglements -- Solution Conductivity -- Solution Conductivity -- Effect of Salt Addition -- Solvent -- Processing Conditions -- Applied Voltage -- Feed Rate -- Distance of Needle Tip to the Collector -- Theory and Modeling -- Natural Fibers -- Electrospinning of Silk Fibers -- Introduction -- Crystal Structure of Silk (Fibroin) in Various Stages of Electrospinning -- The β Structure of Silk -- Spinning Dope Preparation for Electrospinning -- Degumming -- Fibroin Dissolution -- Elecrospinning of Silk Fibroin -- Effect of Silk Polymer Concentration on Fiber Diameter -- Effect of Voltage and of the Spinning Distance on Morphology and Diameter -- Characterization -- Electrospinning of Cellulose and of Cellulose Acetate -- Electrospinning of a CTA Solution -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 2 PRODUCTION OF NANOSIZED PARTICLES -- Abstract -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3 NANOTECHNOLOGY IN TEXTIES -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental -- 2.1. Fabrics -- 2.2. Dyes -- 2.3. Dyeing Agents -- 2.4. Repellents -- 2.5. Buffer -- 2.6. Dyeing -- 2.7. Application of Dendrimers -- 2.8.Particle Size Measurement -- 2.9.Textile Testing -- 2.10. Surface Reflectance and Roughness Measurement -- 2.11. Absorbance Measurement -- 2.12. Color Difference Assessment -- 3. Results and Discussion -- 3.1. Particle Size and Surface Roughness Measurements.

3.2. Repellency Measurements -- 3.3. Color Difference Measurements -- 3.4. Reflectance Difference Measurements -- 3.5. Absorbance Measurements -- 3.6. Color Difference Evaluation -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 4 POSSIBILITIES ON ELECTROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF COBALT NANOPARTICLES -- Abstract -- Introduction and Background -- Procedure -- Results -- References -- Chapter 5 THE EFFECT OF CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF POLYMERIC FILMS ON THE STRUCTURAL-POWER CHARACTERISTICS OF THEIR SURFACES -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental Details -- 3. Results and Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 6 FABRICATION OF NANOSTRUCTURED AND MULTICOMPARTMENTAL FABRICS BASED ON ELECTROSPUN NANOFIBERS -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Experimental -- Electrospining and Laminating Process -- Nanofiber Web Morphology -- Measurement of Air Permeability -- Mechanical Properties of Multilayer Nano-Web -- Results and Discussion -- Breathability -- Adhesion of Layers -- Tensile Strength -- Simulation of Nano-Web -- Fiber Diameter Measurement -- Manual Method -- Distance Transform -- Direct Tracking -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 7 NANOTECHNOLOGY AND HYDROPONIC CROP PRODUCTION -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Rational -- Results and Discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 8 SMART NANO-TEXTILES -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental -- 2.1. Materials -- 2.2. Sample Preparation -- 2.3. Instrumentation -- 2.3.1.Electrical Conductivity and Morphology Assessment -- 2.3.2. Sensitivity Assessment -- 3. Results and Discussion -- 3.1. Electrical Conductivity Analysis -- 3.2. Sensitivity Analysis -- 3.2.1. Sensitivity -- 3.2.2. Response Time -- 3.2.3. Linearity -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 9 ELECTROSPUN FIBERS OF CHITOSAN/CARBON NANOTUBE SIMULATION -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental.

2.1. Materials -- 2.2. Electrospinning of Chitosan/Carbon Nanotube Dispersion -- 2.3. Measurements and Characterizations -- 3. Results And Discussion -- 4. Fiber Diameter Measurement -- 4.1. Manual Method -- 4.2. Distance Transform -- 4.3. Direct Tracking -- 4.4. Real Webs Treatment -- 5. New Distance Transform Method -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 10 A NOTE ON THE EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE ON STRUCTURE OF LAMINATED NANOFIBER -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Experimental -- Results -- Conclusions -- References -- INDEX.

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