Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders.

By: Costa, Lucio G
Contributor(s): Aschner, Michael
Publisher: : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Description: 1 online resource (451 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780128004074Subject(s): Developmental neurobiologyGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative DisordersDDC classification: 591.18799999999999 LOC classification: QP363.5.E585 2015Online resources: Click to View
Contents:
Front Cover -- Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Foreword -- Contributors -- Section-01 - Neurodevelopmental Disorders -- Chapter 1 - Overview Of The Role Of Environmental Factors In Neurodevelopmental Disorders -- INTRODUCTION -- EVIDENCE IMPLICATING ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS -- FOR NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS -- MECHANISMS BY WHICH ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS INFLUENCE RISK OF NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 2 - Genetic Factors in Environmentally Induced Disease -- INTRODUCTION -- PARKINSON'S DISEASE -- AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE -- CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS -- References -- Chapter 3 - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Effects and Mechanisms of Ethanol on the Developing Brain -- INTRODUCTION -- FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS (FASD) -- FASD PREVALENCE -- NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEFICITS IN FASD -- FASD AND BRAIN STRUCTURES -- ANIMAL MODELS FOR FASD -- MECHANISMS INVOLVED IN FASD -- EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENTS FOR FASD -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 4 - Prenatal Infection: Setting the Course of Brain Aging and Alzheimer's Disease? -- INTRODUCTION -- WHAT CHARACTERIZES ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE? -- ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE -- BASIC CELLULAR FUNCTIONS -- FROM AXONAL VARICOSITIES TO AXONAL DEGENERATION -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 5 - Neurobehavioral Effects of Air Pollution in Children -- INTRODUCTION -- EVIDENCE FROM EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH -- EVIDENCE FROM ANIMAL RESEARCH -- BIOLOGICAL PATHWAYS -- EVALUATION OF THE EVIDENCE AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 6 - The Role of Methylmercury Exposure in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders -- INTRODUCTION -- FETAL MINAMATA DISEASE AND ASSOCIATED DISORDERS.
ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY STUDIES OF LOW-LEVEL MEHG EXPOSURE: IMPROVING MEASUREMENTS AND METHODS -- OF MATERNAL FISH CONSUMPTION FOR CHILDHOOD OUTCOMES -- INSIGHTS ON NEUROBEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF MEHG FROM ANIMAL MODEL STUDIES -- CROSS-SPECIES COMPARISONS OF MEHG NEURODEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS -- MECHANISMS UNDERLYING MEHG-MEDIATED NEUROTOXICITY -- ENERGETICS, ALTERED CA2+ HOMEOSTASIS, AND PRODUCTION OF REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES -- EFFECTS OF MEHG ON MICROTUBULES AS A MECHANISM UNDERLYING DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPATHOLOGY -- EFFECTS OF MEHG ON ASTROCYTES AND MICROGLIA -- NEURONAL SIGNALING -- DELAYED NEUROTOXICITY, NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASE, AND INTERGENERATIONAL EFFECTS -- THE SOCIETAL AND HUMAN COSTS OF MEHG EXPOSURE -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 7 - Developmental Exposure to Lead: Overview and Integration of Neurobehavioral Consequences and Mediation -- INTRODUCTION AND FOCUS -- AND OCCUPATIONAL CONTAMINANT -- THE PERSISTENT QUESTION OF WHETHER ELEVATED LEAD EXPOSURE REDUCES IQ -- CHANGES IN LEARNING -- AS BEHAVIORAL MECHANISMS OF LEAD-INDUCED LEARNING AND IQ DEFICITS? -- PERSISTENCE OF DEVELOPMENTAL LEAD NEUROTOXICITY -- EN ROUTE TO MORE RELEVANT EVALUATIONS OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND PUBLIC HEALTH PROTECTION -- AN INTEGRATED SUMMARY AND HYPOTHESIZED RELATIONSHIPS OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF DEVELOPMENTAL LEAD EXPOSURE -- References -- Chapter 8 - Thyroid-Disrupting Chemicals as Developmental Neurotoxicants -- INTRODUCTION -- REGULATION OF TH ACTION -- REPRESENTATIVE TDCS AND MECHANISMS OF DISRUPTION -- DISRUPTION OF TH ACTION IN THE DEVELOPING BRAIN -- TH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE AUDITORY SYSTEM -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- References -- Chapter 9 - Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Summary and Perspectives -- References -- Section-02 - Neurodegenerative Disorders.
Chapter 10 - Overview of Neurodegenerative Disorders and Susceptibility Factors in Neurodegenerative Processes -- CLASSIFICATION -- MECHANISTIC CLUES -- COMPLEX DISORDERS -- LIFESTYLE MODIFIERS OF NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASE RISK -- GENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS -- EPIGENETICS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 11 - Environmental Neurotoxins Linked to a Prototypical Neurodegenerative Disease -- INTRODUCTION -- ALS-PDC: A DECLINING OR DISAPPEARING ENVIRONMENTAL DISEASE -- ALS-PDC: LINKS TO CYCAD EXPOSURE -- ALS-PDC: LINKS TO CYCASIN -- ALS-PDC: LINKS TO L-BMAA -- ALS-PDC AND PHYTOSTEROLS -- PACIFIC REGION -- SUMMARIZING THE EVIDENCE: ALS-PDC AND CYCAD TOXINS -- Acknowledgment -- References -- Chapter 12 - Environmental Exposures and Risks for Parkinson's Disease -- INTRODUCTION -- ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES -- DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS -- References -- Chapter 13 - Parkinson's Disease: Mechanisms, Models, and Biological Plausibility -- DESCRIPTION OF PARKINSON'S DISEASE -- GENETIC ETIOLOGY OF PD -- ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTORS TO PD -- CLASSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS ASSOCIATED WITH PD -- ANIMAL MODELS RELEVANT TO PD -- ALTERNATIVE MODELS -- EMERGING FRONTIERS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 14 - Genetic Models of Parkinson's Disease: Behavior, Signaling, and Pathological Features -- INTRODUCTION -- DESIRABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ANIMAL MODEL FOR PD -- METHODS TO GENERATE GENETIC MODELS OF DISEASE -- GENETIC MOUSE MODELS FOR PD -- AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE MUTATIONS -- CONCLUSIONS -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 15 - Alzheimer's Disease and the Search for Environmental Risk Factors -- INTRODUCTION -- HISTORY AND BIOLOGICAL CONTEXT -- CLINICAL AND STUDY DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS -- INFLUENCE STUDY DESIGN -- CONSIDERING RISK FACTORS -- EXAMPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTORS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References.
Chapter 16 - Environmental Factors and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: What Do We Know? -- INTRODUCTION -- EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CHALLENGES TO THE STUDY OF AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- ANTIOXIDANTS AND AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- FUTURE RESEARCH CONSIDERATIONS -- References -- Chapter 17 - Gene-Environment Interactions in Huntington's Disease -- AND MODELS -- NATURAL HISTORY OF HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE AND RELATED DISORDERS -- OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS -- BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF THE HUNTINGTIN PROTEIN -- ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES IN HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE: LIFESTYLE EFFECTS -- ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES IN HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE: METALS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 18 - Neuroinflammation in Neurological Dysfunction and Degeneration -- INFLAMMATION AND NEURODEGENERATION: CLUES FROM EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES -- DIRECT AND INDIRECT INDUCTION OF CHRONIC NEUROINFLAMMATION -- NEUROINFLAMMATION AND NEUROLOGICAL DYSFUNCTION: MODULATING BEHAVIOR -- NEUROINFLAMMATION IN NEURODEGENERATION: RECAPITULATING PROGRESSIVE NEURONAL DEATH -- THERAPEUTIC IMPLICATIONS: BREAKING THE CYCLE -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 19 - Late Neurological Effects of Early Environmental Exposures -- METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES -- EARLY-LIFE EXPOSURE AND LATER COGNITIVE STATUS -- EARLY-LIFE EXPOSURE AND LATER PSYCHIATRIC STATUS -- ADOLESCENCE AND ADULTHOOD -- DEVELOPMENTAL PROGRAMMING -- EARLY-LIFE LEAD EXPOSURE AND AD -- ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES -- CONCLUSION -- References -- Chapter 20 - Environmental Factors in Neurodegenerative Disorders: Summary and Perspectives -- References -- Index.
Summary: Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders presents a state-of-the-art review of the effects of environmental contaminants on the development and degeneration of the human nervous system, brought together by world-leading experts in the field. Part One describes the adverse effects that the environment can have on neurological development, and how these effects may exhibit. Specific contaminants and their possible consequences of exposure are addressed (lead, methylmercury, alcohol), as well as specific disorders and the environmental factors associated with them, such as the effect of diet on attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders. Part Two tackles neurodegenerative disorders, specifically addressing their potential neurotoxic origins, and discussing the increasing interest in the effects that early exposure may have in later life. Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders is an invaluable reference for those professionals working in the fields of toxicology, environmental health and neuroscience. Provides, for the first time, the cutting-edge theory of environmental impacts on both neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders Written by an international selection of the world's foremost experts in the field of neurotoxicology Full-colour throughout, providing accurate and illustrative examples of neurotoxic effects in action An invaluable reference for those professionals working in the fields of toxicology, environmental health, and neuroscience.
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Front Cover -- Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Foreword -- Contributors -- Section-01 - Neurodevelopmental Disorders -- Chapter 1 - Overview Of The Role Of Environmental Factors In Neurodevelopmental Disorders -- INTRODUCTION -- EVIDENCE IMPLICATING ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS -- FOR NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS -- MECHANISMS BY WHICH ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS INFLUENCE RISK OF NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 2 - Genetic Factors in Environmentally Induced Disease -- INTRODUCTION -- PARKINSON'S DISEASE -- AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE -- CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS -- References -- Chapter 3 - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Effects and Mechanisms of Ethanol on the Developing Brain -- INTRODUCTION -- FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS (FASD) -- FASD PREVALENCE -- NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEFICITS IN FASD -- FASD AND BRAIN STRUCTURES -- ANIMAL MODELS FOR FASD -- MECHANISMS INVOLVED IN FASD -- EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENTS FOR FASD -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 4 - Prenatal Infection: Setting the Course of Brain Aging and Alzheimer's Disease? -- INTRODUCTION -- WHAT CHARACTERIZES ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE? -- ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE -- BASIC CELLULAR FUNCTIONS -- FROM AXONAL VARICOSITIES TO AXONAL DEGENERATION -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 5 - Neurobehavioral Effects of Air Pollution in Children -- INTRODUCTION -- EVIDENCE FROM EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH -- EVIDENCE FROM ANIMAL RESEARCH -- BIOLOGICAL PATHWAYS -- EVALUATION OF THE EVIDENCE AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 6 - The Role of Methylmercury Exposure in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders -- INTRODUCTION -- FETAL MINAMATA DISEASE AND ASSOCIATED DISORDERS.

ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY STUDIES OF LOW-LEVEL MEHG EXPOSURE: IMPROVING MEASUREMENTS AND METHODS -- OF MATERNAL FISH CONSUMPTION FOR CHILDHOOD OUTCOMES -- INSIGHTS ON NEUROBEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF MEHG FROM ANIMAL MODEL STUDIES -- CROSS-SPECIES COMPARISONS OF MEHG NEURODEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS -- MECHANISMS UNDERLYING MEHG-MEDIATED NEUROTOXICITY -- ENERGETICS, ALTERED CA2+ HOMEOSTASIS, AND PRODUCTION OF REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES -- EFFECTS OF MEHG ON MICROTUBULES AS A MECHANISM UNDERLYING DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPATHOLOGY -- EFFECTS OF MEHG ON ASTROCYTES AND MICROGLIA -- NEURONAL SIGNALING -- DELAYED NEUROTOXICITY, NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASE, AND INTERGENERATIONAL EFFECTS -- THE SOCIETAL AND HUMAN COSTS OF MEHG EXPOSURE -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 7 - Developmental Exposure to Lead: Overview and Integration of Neurobehavioral Consequences and Mediation -- INTRODUCTION AND FOCUS -- AND OCCUPATIONAL CONTAMINANT -- THE PERSISTENT QUESTION OF WHETHER ELEVATED LEAD EXPOSURE REDUCES IQ -- CHANGES IN LEARNING -- AS BEHAVIORAL MECHANISMS OF LEAD-INDUCED LEARNING AND IQ DEFICITS? -- PERSISTENCE OF DEVELOPMENTAL LEAD NEUROTOXICITY -- EN ROUTE TO MORE RELEVANT EVALUATIONS OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND PUBLIC HEALTH PROTECTION -- AN INTEGRATED SUMMARY AND HYPOTHESIZED RELATIONSHIPS OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF DEVELOPMENTAL LEAD EXPOSURE -- References -- Chapter 8 - Thyroid-Disrupting Chemicals as Developmental Neurotoxicants -- INTRODUCTION -- REGULATION OF TH ACTION -- REPRESENTATIVE TDCS AND MECHANISMS OF DISRUPTION -- DISRUPTION OF TH ACTION IN THE DEVELOPING BRAIN -- TH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE AUDITORY SYSTEM -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- References -- Chapter 9 - Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Summary and Perspectives -- References -- Section-02 - Neurodegenerative Disorders.

Chapter 10 - Overview of Neurodegenerative Disorders and Susceptibility Factors in Neurodegenerative Processes -- CLASSIFICATION -- MECHANISTIC CLUES -- COMPLEX DISORDERS -- LIFESTYLE MODIFIERS OF NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASE RISK -- GENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS -- EPIGENETICS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 11 - Environmental Neurotoxins Linked to a Prototypical Neurodegenerative Disease -- INTRODUCTION -- ALS-PDC: A DECLINING OR DISAPPEARING ENVIRONMENTAL DISEASE -- ALS-PDC: LINKS TO CYCAD EXPOSURE -- ALS-PDC: LINKS TO CYCASIN -- ALS-PDC: LINKS TO L-BMAA -- ALS-PDC AND PHYTOSTEROLS -- PACIFIC REGION -- SUMMARIZING THE EVIDENCE: ALS-PDC AND CYCAD TOXINS -- Acknowledgment -- References -- Chapter 12 - Environmental Exposures and Risks for Parkinson's Disease -- INTRODUCTION -- ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES -- DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS -- References -- Chapter 13 - Parkinson's Disease: Mechanisms, Models, and Biological Plausibility -- DESCRIPTION OF PARKINSON'S DISEASE -- GENETIC ETIOLOGY OF PD -- ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTORS TO PD -- CLASSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS ASSOCIATED WITH PD -- ANIMAL MODELS RELEVANT TO PD -- ALTERNATIVE MODELS -- EMERGING FRONTIERS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 14 - Genetic Models of Parkinson's Disease: Behavior, Signaling, and Pathological Features -- INTRODUCTION -- DESIRABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ANIMAL MODEL FOR PD -- METHODS TO GENERATE GENETIC MODELS OF DISEASE -- GENETIC MOUSE MODELS FOR PD -- AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE MUTATIONS -- CONCLUSIONS -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 15 - Alzheimer's Disease and the Search for Environmental Risk Factors -- INTRODUCTION -- HISTORY AND BIOLOGICAL CONTEXT -- CLINICAL AND STUDY DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS -- INFLUENCE STUDY DESIGN -- CONSIDERING RISK FACTORS -- EXAMPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTORS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References.

Chapter 16 - Environmental Factors and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: What Do We Know? -- INTRODUCTION -- EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CHALLENGES TO THE STUDY OF AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- ANTIOXIDANTS AND AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS -- FUTURE RESEARCH CONSIDERATIONS -- References -- Chapter 17 - Gene-Environment Interactions in Huntington's Disease -- AND MODELS -- NATURAL HISTORY OF HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE AND RELATED DISORDERS -- OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS -- BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF THE HUNTINGTIN PROTEIN -- ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES IN HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE: LIFESTYLE EFFECTS -- ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES IN HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE: METALS -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 18 - Neuroinflammation in Neurological Dysfunction and Degeneration -- INFLAMMATION AND NEURODEGENERATION: CLUES FROM EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES -- DIRECT AND INDIRECT INDUCTION OF CHRONIC NEUROINFLAMMATION -- NEUROINFLAMMATION AND NEUROLOGICAL DYSFUNCTION: MODULATING BEHAVIOR -- NEUROINFLAMMATION IN NEURODEGENERATION: RECAPITULATING PROGRESSIVE NEURONAL DEATH -- THERAPEUTIC IMPLICATIONS: BREAKING THE CYCLE -- CONCLUSIONS -- References -- Chapter 19 - Late Neurological Effects of Early Environmental Exposures -- METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES -- EARLY-LIFE EXPOSURE AND LATER COGNITIVE STATUS -- EARLY-LIFE EXPOSURE AND LATER PSYCHIATRIC STATUS -- ADOLESCENCE AND ADULTHOOD -- DEVELOPMENTAL PROGRAMMING -- EARLY-LIFE LEAD EXPOSURE AND AD -- ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES -- CONCLUSION -- References -- Chapter 20 - Environmental Factors in Neurodegenerative Disorders: Summary and Perspectives -- References -- Index.

Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders presents a state-of-the-art review of the effects of environmental contaminants on the development and degeneration of the human nervous system, brought together by world-leading experts in the field. Part One describes the adverse effects that the environment can have on neurological development, and how these effects may exhibit. Specific contaminants and their possible consequences of exposure are addressed (lead, methylmercury, alcohol), as well as specific disorders and the environmental factors associated with them, such as the effect of diet on attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders. Part Two tackles neurodegenerative disorders, specifically addressing their potential neurotoxic origins, and discussing the increasing interest in the effects that early exposure may have in later life. Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders is an invaluable reference for those professionals working in the fields of toxicology, environmental health and neuroscience. Provides, for the first time, the cutting-edge theory of environmental impacts on both neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders Written by an international selection of the world's foremost experts in the field of neurotoxicology Full-colour throughout, providing accurate and illustrative examples of neurotoxic effects in action An invaluable reference for those professionals working in the fields of toxicology, environmental health, and neuroscience.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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