Rhetoric in European Culture and Beyond.

By: Kraus, Jiří
Publisher: Prague : Karolinum Press, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (271 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9788024625881Subject(s): English language -- Rhetoric.;English prose literatureGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Rhetoric in European Culture and BeyondDDC classification: 808.042 LOC classification: PE1408 -- .K738 2014ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- CONTENTS -- Introduction -- History of Rhetoric - A motionless History? -- 1. The Origin of Rhetoric in Ancient Greece -- THE SEARCH FOR TECHNÉ -- PROTAGORAS'S AGONISTIC RHETORIC -- FIRST TEACHERS -- ANCIENT RHETORIC AS A MODEL OF PERSUASIVE COMMUNICATION -- PLATO'S UNENDING DISPUTE WITH RHETORIC -- ISOCRATES'S PROGRAMME OF RHETORIC IN SERVICE OF POLITICAL CULTURE -- ARISTOTLE AS ANCIENT RHETORIC'S PINNACLE -- ON THE ART OF PERSUATION IN RHETORIC TO ALEXANDER -- 2. Hellenistic and Roman Rhetoric -- THE BIRTH OF HELLENISTIC PHILOLOGY -- RHETORICAL INSTRUCTION IN THE HELLENISTIC PERIOD -- HERMAGORAS OF TEMNOS AND THE STASIS THEORY -- RHETORIC IN ANCIENT ROME -- RHETORICA AD HERENNIUM (AD C. HERENNIUM DE RATIONE DICENDI LIBRI QUATTUOR) -- CICERO'S PERFECT ORATOR AS A CITIZEN, AN ADVOCATE OF LAW AND A POLITICIAN -- QUINTILIAN'S INSTITUTES OF ORATORY -- PLINY THE YOUNGER AND TACITUS ON THE ROLE OF RHETORIC IN IMPERIAL ROME -- THE SECOND SOPHISTIC AND HERMOGENES'S RHETORIC AS A STASIS SYSTEM -- 3. Rhetoric and Medieval Christian Culture -- RHETORIC AND THE SEVEN LIBERAL ARTS ALLEGORY IN MARTIANUS CAPELLA -- AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO - PREACHER, RHETORICIAN, POLEMICIST -- TOPICA BOETII - RHETORIC IN THE SERVICE OF DIALECTICS -- CASSIODORUS'S ENCYCLOPAEDIC VIEW OF CHRISTIAN WORLD -- ISIDORE OF SEVILLE AND THE ORIGIN OF SCHOLASTIC EDUCATION -- RHETORIC AS PART OF GRAMMAR: THE VENERABLE BEDE -- ALCUIN OF YORK: A TEACHER OF WISDOM AND ELOQUENCE -- ARTES PRAEDICANDI: ART OF PREACHING IN THE MIDDLE AGES -- ARTES DICTAMINIS: THE ART OF RHETORIC'S NEW FACE -- ARTES POETRIAE: THEORY AND PRACTICE OF WRITTEN DISCOURSE -- RHETORIC IN MEDIEVAL BYZANTIUM -- 4. From Humanism to the Enlightenment -- RHETORIC DURING HUMANISM AND RENAISSANCE -- LORENZO VALLA, A RENAISSANCE PHILOLOGIST -- GEORGE OF TREBIZOND -- BYZANTINE RHETORIC AFTER THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE.
RUDOLPHUS AGRICOLA -- RHETORIC IN THE WORKS OF DESIDERIUS ERASMUS -- PHILIPP MELANCHTHON'S AUTHORITY OF PROTESTANT RHETORIC -- PETRUS RAMUS AND OMER TALON. THE TRADITION OF PHILIPPO-RAMIAN RHETORIC BOOKS -- FRANCESCO PATRIZI'S PERFETTA RHETORICA -- 5. Baroque Rhetoric in Service of the Church -- SOAREZ'S JESUIT RHETORIC -- CAUSSIN'S FIGURES, SYMBOLS AND EMBLEMS -- JESUIT RHETORIC IN BOHEMIA AND POLAND. BOHUSLAV BALBÍN -- PROTESTANT RHETORIC AND PREACHING TEXTBOOKS -- BARTHOLOMAEUS KECKERMANN AND THE GDAŃSK RHETORIC -- VOSSIUS'S RHETORIC OF RHETORICAL AFFECTS -- COMENIUS'S BRETHREN'S RHETORIC -- RELIGIOUS, POLITICAL AND CULTURAL PREREQUISITES FOR THE RHETORICAL BOOM IN RUSSIA AND UKRAINE -- 6. Scholarly Community Replaced by the Republic of Letters. Philosophy Versus Rhetoric at the Threshhold of a new Era -- BACON'S POLEMICAL DIALOGUE WITH RHETORIC -- HOBBES'S RHETORIC AS A POLITICAL WEAPON -- BERNARD LAMY'S CARTESIAN INSPIRATIONS -- 7. Taste Norms and Criteria in the 18th-Century Rhetoric -- FÉNELON'S RHETORIC AS AN ART OF PORTRAIT -- DU MARSAIS AND HIS PROJECT OF PHILOSOPHICAL RHETORIC -- VICO'S INSTITUTIONES ORATORIAE AND PROJECT OF A "NEW SCIENCE" -- RHETORIC, TEACHING REFINED TASTE (BOUHOURS, ROLLIN, DUBOS) -- ADAM SMITH AND SCOTTISH RHETORIC -- RHETORIC IN SPAIN AND GREGORIO MAYANS Y SISCAR -- PHILOLOGICAL ORIENTATION OF RHETORIC IN GERMANY - JOHANN CHRISTOPH GOTTSCHED -- LOMONOSOV AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLASSICISM IN RUSSIA -- 8. Rhetoric in the 19th Century -- FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC -- 19TH-CENTURY RHETORIC IN FRANCE. FONTANIER'S SEMANTIC THEORY OF TROPES AND FIGURES -- 19TH-CENTURY RHETORIC IN ENGLAND. WHATELY, BAIN, SPENCER -- JUNGMANN'S SLOVESNOST AS RHETORIC FOR READERS' EDIFICATION AND TASTE -- 9. Rhetoric in the 20th Century -- RHETORIC - INSPIRATION FOR LANGUAGE, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSES.
RHETORIC IN THE UNITED STATES AGAINST BARRIERS IN COMMUNICATION -- RHETORIC SINCE THE MID-20TH CENTURY IN GERMANY AND AUSTRIA -- THEORY OF ARGUMENTATION IN THE WORK OF CHAIM PERELMAN AND STEPHEN TOULMIN -- RHETORIC IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY IN ROMANCE COUNTRIES -- 10. Other Rhetorical Theories and Other Cultures -- Epilogue -- Notes -- Selected Bibliography -- Name Index.
Summary: This book, Rhetoric in European and World Culture, defines the position of rhetoric in the cultural and educational systems from ancient times through the present. It examines the decline of its importance in a period of rationalism and enlightenment, presents the causes of why rhetoric (reduced to a system of rhetorical tricks) came to have negative connotations, and explains why rhetoric in the 20th century was able to regain its position. It demonstrates that the prestige of rhetoric sharply falls when it is reduced to a refined method for deceiving the public, and increases when it is seen as a scientific discipline that is used throughout all of the fields of the humanities - philosophy, logic, semiotics, literary science, linguistics, the science of media and others. In this sense, rhetoric strives for universal recognition and the cultivation of rhetorical expression, spoken and written, including not only its production but also reception and interpretation. In such a renaissance of interest, rhetoric appears not merely as a guide to language skills, but as a complex theoretical field examining human behaviour in social communication. Chapters 1-9 describe the development of rhetoric from its Greek, Hellenic and Roman beginnings to rhetoric in the context of medieval Christian culture, later during the periods of humanism, Enlightenment, baroque. The final chapter is concerned with rhetoric in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. It takes into account geography, including the history of rhetoric in France, Spain, Italy, Germany, England, Scotland, Poland, Russia, the Czech Lands, Moravia, Slovakia and from the 19th century in the United States.The final chapter presents an answer to the question of whether corresponding systems of rhetorical knowledge have been formed beyond the borders of Mediterranean antiquity. The selected examples ofSummary: theoretical works on "the art of speech" from India, the Middle East, China, Korea and Japan show that each language community forms its own concept, theory and practice of persuasive and suggestive speaking behaviours. Often such findings, instead of being used as manuals for the stylization and presentation of speeches, rather concentrate on analyzing written documents, in which we can find not only specific categorical devices of the given culture (as is the case with comments on the Vedic texts of ancient India) but also tropes and figures characteristic of Greek and Roman rhetoric, e.g., the Hebrew and Aramaic texts of the Old Testament.
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Intro -- CONTENTS -- Introduction -- History of Rhetoric - A motionless History? -- 1. The Origin of Rhetoric in Ancient Greece -- THE SEARCH FOR TECHNÉ -- PROTAGORAS'S AGONISTIC RHETORIC -- FIRST TEACHERS -- ANCIENT RHETORIC AS A MODEL OF PERSUASIVE COMMUNICATION -- PLATO'S UNENDING DISPUTE WITH RHETORIC -- ISOCRATES'S PROGRAMME OF RHETORIC IN SERVICE OF POLITICAL CULTURE -- ARISTOTLE AS ANCIENT RHETORIC'S PINNACLE -- ON THE ART OF PERSUATION IN RHETORIC TO ALEXANDER -- 2. Hellenistic and Roman Rhetoric -- THE BIRTH OF HELLENISTIC PHILOLOGY -- RHETORICAL INSTRUCTION IN THE HELLENISTIC PERIOD -- HERMAGORAS OF TEMNOS AND THE STASIS THEORY -- RHETORIC IN ANCIENT ROME -- RHETORICA AD HERENNIUM (AD C. HERENNIUM DE RATIONE DICENDI LIBRI QUATTUOR) -- CICERO'S PERFECT ORATOR AS A CITIZEN, AN ADVOCATE OF LAW AND A POLITICIAN -- QUINTILIAN'S INSTITUTES OF ORATORY -- PLINY THE YOUNGER AND TACITUS ON THE ROLE OF RHETORIC IN IMPERIAL ROME -- THE SECOND SOPHISTIC AND HERMOGENES'S RHETORIC AS A STASIS SYSTEM -- 3. Rhetoric and Medieval Christian Culture -- RHETORIC AND THE SEVEN LIBERAL ARTS ALLEGORY IN MARTIANUS CAPELLA -- AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO - PREACHER, RHETORICIAN, POLEMICIST -- TOPICA BOETII - RHETORIC IN THE SERVICE OF DIALECTICS -- CASSIODORUS'S ENCYCLOPAEDIC VIEW OF CHRISTIAN WORLD -- ISIDORE OF SEVILLE AND THE ORIGIN OF SCHOLASTIC EDUCATION -- RHETORIC AS PART OF GRAMMAR: THE VENERABLE BEDE -- ALCUIN OF YORK: A TEACHER OF WISDOM AND ELOQUENCE -- ARTES PRAEDICANDI: ART OF PREACHING IN THE MIDDLE AGES -- ARTES DICTAMINIS: THE ART OF RHETORIC'S NEW FACE -- ARTES POETRIAE: THEORY AND PRACTICE OF WRITTEN DISCOURSE -- RHETORIC IN MEDIEVAL BYZANTIUM -- 4. From Humanism to the Enlightenment -- RHETORIC DURING HUMANISM AND RENAISSANCE -- LORENZO VALLA, A RENAISSANCE PHILOLOGIST -- GEORGE OF TREBIZOND -- BYZANTINE RHETORIC AFTER THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE.

RUDOLPHUS AGRICOLA -- RHETORIC IN THE WORKS OF DESIDERIUS ERASMUS -- PHILIPP MELANCHTHON'S AUTHORITY OF PROTESTANT RHETORIC -- PETRUS RAMUS AND OMER TALON. THE TRADITION OF PHILIPPO-RAMIAN RHETORIC BOOKS -- FRANCESCO PATRIZI'S PERFETTA RHETORICA -- 5. Baroque Rhetoric in Service of the Church -- SOAREZ'S JESUIT RHETORIC -- CAUSSIN'S FIGURES, SYMBOLS AND EMBLEMS -- JESUIT RHETORIC IN BOHEMIA AND POLAND. BOHUSLAV BALBÍN -- PROTESTANT RHETORIC AND PREACHING TEXTBOOKS -- BARTHOLOMAEUS KECKERMANN AND THE GDAŃSK RHETORIC -- VOSSIUS'S RHETORIC OF RHETORICAL AFFECTS -- COMENIUS'S BRETHREN'S RHETORIC -- RELIGIOUS, POLITICAL AND CULTURAL PREREQUISITES FOR THE RHETORICAL BOOM IN RUSSIA AND UKRAINE -- 6. Scholarly Community Replaced by the Republic of Letters. Philosophy Versus Rhetoric at the Threshhold of a new Era -- BACON'S POLEMICAL DIALOGUE WITH RHETORIC -- HOBBES'S RHETORIC AS A POLITICAL WEAPON -- BERNARD LAMY'S CARTESIAN INSPIRATIONS -- 7. Taste Norms and Criteria in the 18th-Century Rhetoric -- FÉNELON'S RHETORIC AS AN ART OF PORTRAIT -- DU MARSAIS AND HIS PROJECT OF PHILOSOPHICAL RHETORIC -- VICO'S INSTITUTIONES ORATORIAE AND PROJECT OF A "NEW SCIENCE" -- RHETORIC, TEACHING REFINED TASTE (BOUHOURS, ROLLIN, DUBOS) -- ADAM SMITH AND SCOTTISH RHETORIC -- RHETORIC IN SPAIN AND GREGORIO MAYANS Y SISCAR -- PHILOLOGICAL ORIENTATION OF RHETORIC IN GERMANY - JOHANN CHRISTOPH GOTTSCHED -- LOMONOSOV AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLASSICISM IN RUSSIA -- 8. Rhetoric in the 19th Century -- FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC -- 19TH-CENTURY RHETORIC IN FRANCE. FONTANIER'S SEMANTIC THEORY OF TROPES AND FIGURES -- 19TH-CENTURY RHETORIC IN ENGLAND. WHATELY, BAIN, SPENCER -- JUNGMANN'S SLOVESNOST AS RHETORIC FOR READERS' EDIFICATION AND TASTE -- 9. Rhetoric in the 20th Century -- RHETORIC - INSPIRATION FOR LANGUAGE, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSES.

RHETORIC IN THE UNITED STATES AGAINST BARRIERS IN COMMUNICATION -- RHETORIC SINCE THE MID-20TH CENTURY IN GERMANY AND AUSTRIA -- THEORY OF ARGUMENTATION IN THE WORK OF CHAIM PERELMAN AND STEPHEN TOULMIN -- RHETORIC IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY IN ROMANCE COUNTRIES -- 10. Other Rhetorical Theories and Other Cultures -- Epilogue -- Notes -- Selected Bibliography -- Name Index.

This book, Rhetoric in European and World Culture, defines the position of rhetoric in the cultural and educational systems from ancient times through the present. It examines the decline of its importance in a period of rationalism and enlightenment, presents the causes of why rhetoric (reduced to a system of rhetorical tricks) came to have negative connotations, and explains why rhetoric in the 20th century was able to regain its position. It demonstrates that the prestige of rhetoric sharply falls when it is reduced to a refined method for deceiving the public, and increases when it is seen as a scientific discipline that is used throughout all of the fields of the humanities - philosophy, logic, semiotics, literary science, linguistics, the science of media and others. In this sense, rhetoric strives for universal recognition and the cultivation of rhetorical expression, spoken and written, including not only its production but also reception and interpretation. In such a renaissance of interest, rhetoric appears not merely as a guide to language skills, but as a complex theoretical field examining human behaviour in social communication. Chapters 1-9 describe the development of rhetoric from its Greek, Hellenic and Roman beginnings to rhetoric in the context of medieval Christian culture, later during the periods of humanism, Enlightenment, baroque. The final chapter is concerned with rhetoric in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. It takes into account geography, including the history of rhetoric in France, Spain, Italy, Germany, England, Scotland, Poland, Russia, the Czech Lands, Moravia, Slovakia and from the 19th century in the United States.The final chapter presents an answer to the question of whether corresponding systems of rhetorical knowledge have been formed beyond the borders of Mediterranean antiquity. The selected examples of

theoretical works on "the art of speech" from India, the Middle East, China, Korea and Japan show that each language community forms its own concept, theory and practice of persuasive and suggestive speaking behaviours. Often such findings, instead of being used as manuals for the stylization and presentation of speeches, rather concentrate on analyzing written documents, in which we can find not only specific categorical devices of the given culture (as is the case with comments on the Vedic texts of ancient India) but also tropes and figures characteristic of Greek and Roman rhetoric, e.g., the Hebrew and Aramaic texts of the Old Testament.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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