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Cardiovascular Surgery.

By: Contributor(s): Publisher: Prague : Karolinum Press, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (266 pages)Content type:
  • text
Media type:
  • computer
Carrier type:
  • online resource
ISBN:
  • 9788024625997
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: Print version:: Cardiovascular SurgeryDDC classification:
  • 617.4;617.410421
LOC classification:
  • RD598 -- .S46 2014eb
Online resources:
Contents:
Intro -- Contents -- General Introduction -- CARDIAC SURGERY -- 1 The Fundamentals of Cardiac Surgery -- 1.1 Preoperative Assessment -- 1.1.1 Patient History -- 1.1.2 Physical Examination -- 1.1.3 Investigations -- 1.2 Patient Preparation -- 1.2.1 Preoperative Blood Tests -- 1.2.2 Assessment of Risks -- 1.2.3 Skin Cleansing and Shaving -- 1.2.4 Discontinuation of Medication -- 1.2.5 Consent -- 1.3 Intraoperative Care -- 1.3.1 Induction of Anesthesia -- 1.3.2 Surgical Preparation of the Patient -- 1.3.3 Draping -- 1.3.4 Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 1.3.5 Myocardial Protection -- 1.4 Postoperative Care -- 1.4.1 Respiratory Care -- 1.4.2 Hemodynamic Management -- 1.4.3 Heart Rate and Rhythm Management -- 1.4.4 Postoperative Ischemia and Infarction -- 1.4.5 Right Ventricular Failure and Pulmonary Hypertension -- 1.4.6 Bleeding -- 1.4.7 Renal Dysfunction -- 1.4.8 Neurologic Events -- 1.4.9 Gastrointestinal Events -- 1.4.10 Infections -- 2 Congenital Heart Disease -- 2.1 Atrial Septal Defect -- 2.1.1 Pathophysiology -- 2.1.2 Epidemiology -- 2.1.3 Types of Atrial Septal Defects -- 2.1.4 Diagnosis -- 2.1.5 Treatment -- 2.1.6 Decompression Sickness -- 2.1.7 Paradoxical Emboli -- 2.1.8 Migraine -- 2.1.9 Prognosis -- 2.2 Ventricular Septal Defect -- 2.2.1 Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors -- 2.2.2 Pathophysiology -- 2.2.3 Symptoms and Signs -- 2.2.4 Treatment -- 2.2.5 Prognosis -- 2.3 Patent Ductus Arteriosus -- 2.3.1 Physiology -- 2.3.2 Causes, Incidence, and Symptoms -- 2.3.3 Diagnosis -- 2.3.4 Treatment -- 2.3.5 Prognosis -- 2.4 Pulmonary Valve Stenosis -- 2.4.1 Evaluation -- 2.4.2 Treatment -- 2.5 Coarctation of the Aorta -- 2.5.1 Incidence, Signs, and Symptoms -- 2.5.2 Imaging and Diagnosis -- 2.5.3 Treatment -- 2.5.4 Prognosis -- 2.6 Atrioventricular Septal Defect -- 2.6.1 Pathophysiology -- 2.6.2 Treatment -- 2.7 Tetralogy of Fallot.
2.7.1 Causes, Incidence, and Symptoms -- 2.7.2 Palliative Surgery -- 2.7.3 Total Surgical Repair -- 2.7.4 Prognosis -- 2.8 Transposition of the Great Vessels -- 2.8.1 Dextro-Transposition of the Great Arteries -- 2.8.2 Levo-Transposition of the Great Arteries -- 2.8.3 Causes, Incidence, and Symptoms -- 2.8.4 Treatment -- 2.8.5 Prognosis -- 2.9 Tricuspid Atresia -- 2.9.1 Treatment -- 2.9.2 Prognosis -- 2.10 Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return -- 2.10.1 Variations -- 2.10.2 Pathophysiology -- 2.10.3 Treatment -- 2.11 Truncus Arteriosus -- 2.11.1 Treatment -- 2.12 Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome -- 2.12.1 Symptoms -- 2.12.2 Treatment -- 2.12.3 Prognosis -- 2.13 Pulmonary Atresia -- 2.13.1 Treatment -- 2.13.2 Prognosis -- 2.14 Ebstein's Anomaly -- 2.14.1 Symptoms -- 2.14.2 Treatment -- 2.14.3 Prognosis -- 2.15 Vascular Rings -- 2.15.1 Incidence and Causes -- 2.15.2 Symptoms -- 2.15.3 Treatment -- 3 Valvular Heart Disease -- 3.1 Aortic Valve Disease -- 3.1.1 Anatomy -- 3.1.2 Aortic Stenosis -- 3.1.3 Aortic Regurgitation -- 3.1.4 Prosthesis Selection -- 3.1.5 Technique of Operation -- 3.1.6 Operative Mortality -- 3.1.7 Long-Term Survival -- 3.1.8 Valve-Related Complications -- 3.2 Mitral Valve Disease -- 3.2.1 Anatomy -- 3.2.2 Mitral Stenosis -- 3.2.3 Mitral Regurgitation -- 3.3 Tricuspid Valve Disease -- 3.3.1 Anatomy -- 3.3.2 Etiology -- 3.3.3 Tricuspid Regurgitation -- 3.3.4 Tricuspid Stenosis -- 3.3.5 Surgery -- 3.3.6 Results -- 3.4 Infective Endocarditis -- 4 Ischemic Heart Disease -- 4.1 Pathogenesis -- 4.1.1 Role of Fixed Coronary Obstructions -- 4.1.2 Role of Acute Plaque Change -- 4.2 Chronic Coronary Artery Disease -- 4.2.1 Symptoms -- 4.2.2 Preoperative Evaluation -- 4.2.3 Indication for Surgery -- 4.2.4 Surgical Procedure -- 4.2.5 Outcomes -- 4.3 Unstable Angina -- 4.4 Ischemic Myocardial Injury -- 4.4.1 Progression of Damage.
4.4.2 Effects of Reperfusion -- 4.4.3 Revascularization in Acute Myocardial Infarction -- 4.5 Mechanical Complications of Myocardial Infarction -- 4.5.1 Free-Wall Rupture -- 4.5.2 Post-Infarction Ventricular Septal Defect -- 4.5.3 Papillary Muscle Rupture -- 4.5.4 Aneurysmal Formation -- 4.5.5 Ventricular Remodeling -- 5 Pericardial Disease -- 5.1 Pericarditis -- 5.1.1 Etiology -- 5.1.2 Classification -- 5.1.3 Signs and Symptoms -- 5.1.4 Physical Examinations -- 5.1.5 Cardiac Tamponade -- 5.1.6 Diagnosis -- 5.1.7 Treatment -- 5.2 Constrictive Pericarditis -- 5.2.1 Etiology -- 5.2.2 Pathophysiology -- 5.2.3 Diagnosis -- 5.2.4 Clinical Features -- 5.2.5 Treatment -- 5.3 Acute Cardiac Tamponade -- 5.3.1 Clinical Findings -- 5.3.2 Investigations -- 5.3.3 Variant Forms of Cardiac Tamponade -- 5.3.4 Management of Acute Cardiac Tamponade -- 6 Cardiac Tumors -- 6.1 Primary Benign Tumors -- 6.1.1 Myxoma -- 6.1.2 Lipoma -- 6.1.3 Papillary Fibroelastoma -- 6.1.4 Rhabdomyoma -- 6.1.5 Fibroma -- 6.1.6 Mesothelioma of the Atrioventricular Node -- 6.1.7 Pheochromocytoma -- 6.1.8 Paraganglioma -- 6.1.9 Hemangioma -- 6.1.10 Teratoma -- 6.1.11 Castleman Tumor -- 6.2 Primary Malignant Tumors -- 6.2.1 Angiosarcoma -- 6.2.2 Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma -- 6.2.3 Rhabdomyosarcoma -- 6.2.4 Other Sarcomas and Mesenchymal-Origin Tumors -- 6.2.5 Lymphomas -- 6.2.6 Pulmonary Artery Sarcomas -- 6.2.7 Heart Transplantation -- 6.3 Secondary Metastatic Tumors -- 6.4 Right Atrial Extension of Subdiaphragmatic Tumors -- 6.5 Carcinoid Heart Disease -- 6.5.1 Clinical Presentation -- 6.5.2 Diagnosis -- 6.5.3 Treatment -- 6.5.4 Surgical and Interventional Treatment -- 7 Traumatic Heart Disease -- 7.1 Penetrating Cardiac Trauma -- 7.1.1 Prehospital Management -- 7.1.2 Initial Assessment -- 7.1.3 Cardiac Tamponade -- 7.1.4 Perioperative Management -- 7.1.5 Postoperative Complications.
7.2 Blunt Cardiac Trauma -- 7.2.1 Mechanisms and Types of Injury -- 7.2.2 Natural History -- 7.2.3 Diagnosis -- 7.2.4 Assessment and Management -- 7.3 Thoracic Aorta and Arch Vessel Blunt Trauma -- 7.3.1 Diagnosis -- 7.3.2 Assessment and Management -- 7.4 Commotio Cordis -- 7.4.1 Epidemiology -- 7.4.2 Outcome -- 7.4.3 Preventive Strategies -- 8 Pulmonary Embolism -- 8.1 Signs and Symptoms -- 8.2 Diagnosis -- 8.2.1 Blood Tests -- 8.2.2 Non-Invasive Imaging -- 8.2.3 Other Tests -- 8.3 Treatment -- 8.3.1 Anticoagulation -- 8.3.2 Thrombolysis -- 8.3.3 Surgery -- 8.3.4 Inferior Vena Cava Filter -- 8.3.5 Prognosis -- 8.4 Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy -- 9 Surgery of Arrhythmias -- 9.1 Conduction System Anatomy -- 9.1.1 Sinus Node and Atrium -- 9.1.2 Atrioventricular Node -- 9.1.3 His-Purkinje System and Ventricles -- 9.1.4 Abnormal Connections -- 9.2 Pathophysiology -- 9.2.1 Abnormal Pulse Formation -- 9.2.2 Abnormal Pulse Conduction -- 9.2.3 Arrhythmias -- 9.3 Noninvasive Diagnostic Methods -- 9.4 Invasive Diagnostic Methods -- 9.4.1 Electrophysiologic Study -- 9.4.2 Endocardial Mapping -- 9.5 Therapeutic Choices -- 9.5.1 Pharmacologic -- 9.5.2 Pacemakers -- 9.5.3 Catheter Ablation -- 9.5.4 Implantable Defibrillators -- 9.5.5 Surgery -- 9.6 Atrial Fibrillation -- 9.6.1 Surgical Indications -- 9.6.2 Surgical Technique -- 10 The Heart Transplantation -- 10.1 History -- 10.2 The Cardiac Recipient -- 10.2.1 Etiology of End-Stage Cardiac Failure -- 10.2.2 Indications for Cardiac Transplantation -- 10.2.3 Contraindications for Cardiac Transplantation -- 10.2.4 Management of Recipient -- 10.3 The Cardiac Donor -- 10.3.1 Donor Heart Procurement -- 10.3.2 Donor-Recipient Matching -- 10.4 Surgery -- 10.4.1 Orthotopic Heart Transplantation -- 10.4.2 Heterotopic Heart Transplantation -- 10.5 Postoperative Management.
10.5.1 Intermediate Care Unit and Convalescent Ward -- 10.5.2 Outpatient Follow-up -- 10.6 Immunosuppressive Therapy -- 10.6.1 Immunosuppressive Strategies -- 10.7 Complications -- 10.7.1 Acute Rejection -- 10.7.2 Infectious Complications -- 10.7.3 Allograft Coronary Artery Disease -- 10.7.4 Renal Dysfunction -- 10.7.5 Hypertension -- 10.7.6 Malignancy -- 10.7.7 Other Chronic Complications -- 10.7.8 Retransplantation -- 10.8 Results -- 11 The Extracorporeal Circulation and Cardiac Support -- 11.1 Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 11.1.1 Components -- 11.1.2 Conduct of Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 11.1.3 Stopping Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 11.1.4 Complications -- 11.1.5 Results -- 11.2 Cardiac Support Devices -- 11.2.1 Short-Term Mechanical Support -- 11.2.2 Long-Term Mechanical Support -- 11.2.3 Complications -- 11.2.4 Clinical Results -- VASCULAR SURGERY -- 1 The Principles of Vascular Surgery -- 1.1 Medical Examination -- 1.2 Objective Methods -- 1.3 Technical Survey -- 1.3.1 Suturing -- 1.3.2 Anastomoses -- 1.4 Vascular Substitutes -- 1.4.1 Biological Vascular Substitutes -- 1.4.2 Artificial Vascular Substitutes - Vascular Prostheses -- 1.5 Basic Rules of Vascular Surgery -- 1.6 Complications -- 1.6.1 Early Complications -- 1.6.2 Nonvascular Complications -- 1.6.3 Late Complications -- 2 The Occlussive Arterial Diseases -- 2.1 Branches of Arcus Aortae -- 2.1.1 The Arteries Supplying the Brain -- 2.1.2 Ischemic Disease of the Brain -- 2.2 Abdominal Aorta -- 2.2.1 Embolism -- 2.2.2 Coarctation of the Abdominal Aorta -- 2.2.3 Hypoplasia of the Abdominal Aorta -- 2.2.4 Arteriosclerosis of the Aortoiliac Segment -- 2.3 Iliac Arteries -- 2.4 Infrainguinal Arteries -- 2.4.1 Reconstruction of the Common and Deep Femoral Artery -- 2.4.2 Infrainguinal Bypass -- 2.4.3 Femoropopliteal Proximal Bypass -- 2.4.4 Femoropopliteal Distal Bypass -- 2.4.5 Femorocrural Bypass.
2.4.6 Critical Limb Ischemia.
Summary: The history of surgical approaches to many diseases spans several centuries. However, the last century, and particularly its second half, witnessed an establishment of specialized surgical fields, such as urology surgery, neurosurgery and thoracic surgery, as a result of the rapidly growing knowledge of physiology, pathophysiology, blood transfusion, infection control as well as thanks to excellent new diagnostic methods and technological discoveries. After the Second World War, successful cardiac surgeries were carried out and later, in the 1960s, these were followed by vascular surgeries. The progress in sonography and arteriography, along with the development of new instruments, extracorporeal circulation, vascular substitutes and artificial valves, and last but not least, significant progress in the medicine in general, gradually resulted in the development of one of the pillars of modern surgery - cardiovascular surgery.Although this publication is primarily intended to help prepare foreign students at Czech universities for the demanding state examination in surgery, the arrangement of the text also makes it useful for further, special exams in cardiac and vascular surgery. after the graduation from the university.
Holdings
Item type Current library Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Ebrary Ebrary Afghanistan Available EBKAF-N0006211
Ebrary Ebrary Algeria Available
Ebrary Ebrary Cyprus Available
Ebrary Ebrary Egypt Available
Ebrary Ebrary Libya Available
Ebrary Ebrary Morocco Available
Ebrary Ebrary Nepal Available EBKNP-N0006211
Ebrary Ebrary Sudan Available
Ebrary Ebrary Tunisia Available
Total holds: 0

Intro -- Contents -- General Introduction -- CARDIAC SURGERY -- 1 The Fundamentals of Cardiac Surgery -- 1.1 Preoperative Assessment -- 1.1.1 Patient History -- 1.1.2 Physical Examination -- 1.1.3 Investigations -- 1.2 Patient Preparation -- 1.2.1 Preoperative Blood Tests -- 1.2.2 Assessment of Risks -- 1.2.3 Skin Cleansing and Shaving -- 1.2.4 Discontinuation of Medication -- 1.2.5 Consent -- 1.3 Intraoperative Care -- 1.3.1 Induction of Anesthesia -- 1.3.2 Surgical Preparation of the Patient -- 1.3.3 Draping -- 1.3.4 Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 1.3.5 Myocardial Protection -- 1.4 Postoperative Care -- 1.4.1 Respiratory Care -- 1.4.2 Hemodynamic Management -- 1.4.3 Heart Rate and Rhythm Management -- 1.4.4 Postoperative Ischemia and Infarction -- 1.4.5 Right Ventricular Failure and Pulmonary Hypertension -- 1.4.6 Bleeding -- 1.4.7 Renal Dysfunction -- 1.4.8 Neurologic Events -- 1.4.9 Gastrointestinal Events -- 1.4.10 Infections -- 2 Congenital Heart Disease -- 2.1 Atrial Septal Defect -- 2.1.1 Pathophysiology -- 2.1.2 Epidemiology -- 2.1.3 Types of Atrial Septal Defects -- 2.1.4 Diagnosis -- 2.1.5 Treatment -- 2.1.6 Decompression Sickness -- 2.1.7 Paradoxical Emboli -- 2.1.8 Migraine -- 2.1.9 Prognosis -- 2.2 Ventricular Septal Defect -- 2.2.1 Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors -- 2.2.2 Pathophysiology -- 2.2.3 Symptoms and Signs -- 2.2.4 Treatment -- 2.2.5 Prognosis -- 2.3 Patent Ductus Arteriosus -- 2.3.1 Physiology -- 2.3.2 Causes, Incidence, and Symptoms -- 2.3.3 Diagnosis -- 2.3.4 Treatment -- 2.3.5 Prognosis -- 2.4 Pulmonary Valve Stenosis -- 2.4.1 Evaluation -- 2.4.2 Treatment -- 2.5 Coarctation of the Aorta -- 2.5.1 Incidence, Signs, and Symptoms -- 2.5.2 Imaging and Diagnosis -- 2.5.3 Treatment -- 2.5.4 Prognosis -- 2.6 Atrioventricular Septal Defect -- 2.6.1 Pathophysiology -- 2.6.2 Treatment -- 2.7 Tetralogy of Fallot.

2.7.1 Causes, Incidence, and Symptoms -- 2.7.2 Palliative Surgery -- 2.7.3 Total Surgical Repair -- 2.7.4 Prognosis -- 2.8 Transposition of the Great Vessels -- 2.8.1 Dextro-Transposition of the Great Arteries -- 2.8.2 Levo-Transposition of the Great Arteries -- 2.8.3 Causes, Incidence, and Symptoms -- 2.8.4 Treatment -- 2.8.5 Prognosis -- 2.9 Tricuspid Atresia -- 2.9.1 Treatment -- 2.9.2 Prognosis -- 2.10 Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return -- 2.10.1 Variations -- 2.10.2 Pathophysiology -- 2.10.3 Treatment -- 2.11 Truncus Arteriosus -- 2.11.1 Treatment -- 2.12 Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome -- 2.12.1 Symptoms -- 2.12.2 Treatment -- 2.12.3 Prognosis -- 2.13 Pulmonary Atresia -- 2.13.1 Treatment -- 2.13.2 Prognosis -- 2.14 Ebstein's Anomaly -- 2.14.1 Symptoms -- 2.14.2 Treatment -- 2.14.3 Prognosis -- 2.15 Vascular Rings -- 2.15.1 Incidence and Causes -- 2.15.2 Symptoms -- 2.15.3 Treatment -- 3 Valvular Heart Disease -- 3.1 Aortic Valve Disease -- 3.1.1 Anatomy -- 3.1.2 Aortic Stenosis -- 3.1.3 Aortic Regurgitation -- 3.1.4 Prosthesis Selection -- 3.1.5 Technique of Operation -- 3.1.6 Operative Mortality -- 3.1.7 Long-Term Survival -- 3.1.8 Valve-Related Complications -- 3.2 Mitral Valve Disease -- 3.2.1 Anatomy -- 3.2.2 Mitral Stenosis -- 3.2.3 Mitral Regurgitation -- 3.3 Tricuspid Valve Disease -- 3.3.1 Anatomy -- 3.3.2 Etiology -- 3.3.3 Tricuspid Regurgitation -- 3.3.4 Tricuspid Stenosis -- 3.3.5 Surgery -- 3.3.6 Results -- 3.4 Infective Endocarditis -- 4 Ischemic Heart Disease -- 4.1 Pathogenesis -- 4.1.1 Role of Fixed Coronary Obstructions -- 4.1.2 Role of Acute Plaque Change -- 4.2 Chronic Coronary Artery Disease -- 4.2.1 Symptoms -- 4.2.2 Preoperative Evaluation -- 4.2.3 Indication for Surgery -- 4.2.4 Surgical Procedure -- 4.2.5 Outcomes -- 4.3 Unstable Angina -- 4.4 Ischemic Myocardial Injury -- 4.4.1 Progression of Damage.

4.4.2 Effects of Reperfusion -- 4.4.3 Revascularization in Acute Myocardial Infarction -- 4.5 Mechanical Complications of Myocardial Infarction -- 4.5.1 Free-Wall Rupture -- 4.5.2 Post-Infarction Ventricular Septal Defect -- 4.5.3 Papillary Muscle Rupture -- 4.5.4 Aneurysmal Formation -- 4.5.5 Ventricular Remodeling -- 5 Pericardial Disease -- 5.1 Pericarditis -- 5.1.1 Etiology -- 5.1.2 Classification -- 5.1.3 Signs and Symptoms -- 5.1.4 Physical Examinations -- 5.1.5 Cardiac Tamponade -- 5.1.6 Diagnosis -- 5.1.7 Treatment -- 5.2 Constrictive Pericarditis -- 5.2.1 Etiology -- 5.2.2 Pathophysiology -- 5.2.3 Diagnosis -- 5.2.4 Clinical Features -- 5.2.5 Treatment -- 5.3 Acute Cardiac Tamponade -- 5.3.1 Clinical Findings -- 5.3.2 Investigations -- 5.3.3 Variant Forms of Cardiac Tamponade -- 5.3.4 Management of Acute Cardiac Tamponade -- 6 Cardiac Tumors -- 6.1 Primary Benign Tumors -- 6.1.1 Myxoma -- 6.1.2 Lipoma -- 6.1.3 Papillary Fibroelastoma -- 6.1.4 Rhabdomyoma -- 6.1.5 Fibroma -- 6.1.6 Mesothelioma of the Atrioventricular Node -- 6.1.7 Pheochromocytoma -- 6.1.8 Paraganglioma -- 6.1.9 Hemangioma -- 6.1.10 Teratoma -- 6.1.11 Castleman Tumor -- 6.2 Primary Malignant Tumors -- 6.2.1 Angiosarcoma -- 6.2.2 Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma -- 6.2.3 Rhabdomyosarcoma -- 6.2.4 Other Sarcomas and Mesenchymal-Origin Tumors -- 6.2.5 Lymphomas -- 6.2.6 Pulmonary Artery Sarcomas -- 6.2.7 Heart Transplantation -- 6.3 Secondary Metastatic Tumors -- 6.4 Right Atrial Extension of Subdiaphragmatic Tumors -- 6.5 Carcinoid Heart Disease -- 6.5.1 Clinical Presentation -- 6.5.2 Diagnosis -- 6.5.3 Treatment -- 6.5.4 Surgical and Interventional Treatment -- 7 Traumatic Heart Disease -- 7.1 Penetrating Cardiac Trauma -- 7.1.1 Prehospital Management -- 7.1.2 Initial Assessment -- 7.1.3 Cardiac Tamponade -- 7.1.4 Perioperative Management -- 7.1.5 Postoperative Complications.

7.2 Blunt Cardiac Trauma -- 7.2.1 Mechanisms and Types of Injury -- 7.2.2 Natural History -- 7.2.3 Diagnosis -- 7.2.4 Assessment and Management -- 7.3 Thoracic Aorta and Arch Vessel Blunt Trauma -- 7.3.1 Diagnosis -- 7.3.2 Assessment and Management -- 7.4 Commotio Cordis -- 7.4.1 Epidemiology -- 7.4.2 Outcome -- 7.4.3 Preventive Strategies -- 8 Pulmonary Embolism -- 8.1 Signs and Symptoms -- 8.2 Diagnosis -- 8.2.1 Blood Tests -- 8.2.2 Non-Invasive Imaging -- 8.2.3 Other Tests -- 8.3 Treatment -- 8.3.1 Anticoagulation -- 8.3.2 Thrombolysis -- 8.3.3 Surgery -- 8.3.4 Inferior Vena Cava Filter -- 8.3.5 Prognosis -- 8.4 Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy -- 9 Surgery of Arrhythmias -- 9.1 Conduction System Anatomy -- 9.1.1 Sinus Node and Atrium -- 9.1.2 Atrioventricular Node -- 9.1.3 His-Purkinje System and Ventricles -- 9.1.4 Abnormal Connections -- 9.2 Pathophysiology -- 9.2.1 Abnormal Pulse Formation -- 9.2.2 Abnormal Pulse Conduction -- 9.2.3 Arrhythmias -- 9.3 Noninvasive Diagnostic Methods -- 9.4 Invasive Diagnostic Methods -- 9.4.1 Electrophysiologic Study -- 9.4.2 Endocardial Mapping -- 9.5 Therapeutic Choices -- 9.5.1 Pharmacologic -- 9.5.2 Pacemakers -- 9.5.3 Catheter Ablation -- 9.5.4 Implantable Defibrillators -- 9.5.5 Surgery -- 9.6 Atrial Fibrillation -- 9.6.1 Surgical Indications -- 9.6.2 Surgical Technique -- 10 The Heart Transplantation -- 10.1 History -- 10.2 The Cardiac Recipient -- 10.2.1 Etiology of End-Stage Cardiac Failure -- 10.2.2 Indications for Cardiac Transplantation -- 10.2.3 Contraindications for Cardiac Transplantation -- 10.2.4 Management of Recipient -- 10.3 The Cardiac Donor -- 10.3.1 Donor Heart Procurement -- 10.3.2 Donor-Recipient Matching -- 10.4 Surgery -- 10.4.1 Orthotopic Heart Transplantation -- 10.4.2 Heterotopic Heart Transplantation -- 10.5 Postoperative Management.

10.5.1 Intermediate Care Unit and Convalescent Ward -- 10.5.2 Outpatient Follow-up -- 10.6 Immunosuppressive Therapy -- 10.6.1 Immunosuppressive Strategies -- 10.7 Complications -- 10.7.1 Acute Rejection -- 10.7.2 Infectious Complications -- 10.7.3 Allograft Coronary Artery Disease -- 10.7.4 Renal Dysfunction -- 10.7.5 Hypertension -- 10.7.6 Malignancy -- 10.7.7 Other Chronic Complications -- 10.7.8 Retransplantation -- 10.8 Results -- 11 The Extracorporeal Circulation and Cardiac Support -- 11.1 Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 11.1.1 Components -- 11.1.2 Conduct of Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 11.1.3 Stopping Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 11.1.4 Complications -- 11.1.5 Results -- 11.2 Cardiac Support Devices -- 11.2.1 Short-Term Mechanical Support -- 11.2.2 Long-Term Mechanical Support -- 11.2.3 Complications -- 11.2.4 Clinical Results -- VASCULAR SURGERY -- 1 The Principles of Vascular Surgery -- 1.1 Medical Examination -- 1.2 Objective Methods -- 1.3 Technical Survey -- 1.3.1 Suturing -- 1.3.2 Anastomoses -- 1.4 Vascular Substitutes -- 1.4.1 Biological Vascular Substitutes -- 1.4.2 Artificial Vascular Substitutes - Vascular Prostheses -- 1.5 Basic Rules of Vascular Surgery -- 1.6 Complications -- 1.6.1 Early Complications -- 1.6.2 Nonvascular Complications -- 1.6.3 Late Complications -- 2 The Occlussive Arterial Diseases -- 2.1 Branches of Arcus Aortae -- 2.1.1 The Arteries Supplying the Brain -- 2.1.2 Ischemic Disease of the Brain -- 2.2 Abdominal Aorta -- 2.2.1 Embolism -- 2.2.2 Coarctation of the Abdominal Aorta -- 2.2.3 Hypoplasia of the Abdominal Aorta -- 2.2.4 Arteriosclerosis of the Aortoiliac Segment -- 2.3 Iliac Arteries -- 2.4 Infrainguinal Arteries -- 2.4.1 Reconstruction of the Common and Deep Femoral Artery -- 2.4.2 Infrainguinal Bypass -- 2.4.3 Femoropopliteal Proximal Bypass -- 2.4.4 Femoropopliteal Distal Bypass -- 2.4.5 Femorocrural Bypass.

2.4.6 Critical Limb Ischemia.

The history of surgical approaches to many diseases spans several centuries. However, the last century, and particularly its second half, witnessed an establishment of specialized surgical fields, such as urology surgery, neurosurgery and thoracic surgery, as a result of the rapidly growing knowledge of physiology, pathophysiology, blood transfusion, infection control as well as thanks to excellent new diagnostic methods and technological discoveries. After the Second World War, successful cardiac surgeries were carried out and later, in the 1960s, these were followed by vascular surgeries. The progress in sonography and arteriography, along with the development of new instruments, extracorporeal circulation, vascular substitutes and artificial valves, and last but not least, significant progress in the medicine in general, gradually resulted in the development of one of the pillars of modern surgery - cardiovascular surgery.Although this publication is primarily intended to help prepare foreign students at Czech universities for the demanding state examination in surgery, the arrangement of the text also makes it useful for further, special exams in cardiac and vascular surgery. after the graduation from the university.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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