Vowel-Shifting in the English Language : An Evolutionary Account.

By: Kaźmierski, Kamil
Series: Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] Ser: Publisher: Berlin/Boston : De Gruyter, Inc., 2015Copyright date: ©2015Description: 1 online resource (234 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783110366099Subject(s): English language -- Vowels -- HistoryGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Vowel-Shifting in the English Language : An Evolutionary AccountDDC classification: 428.1/3 LOC classification: PE1157 -- .K39 2015ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- Contents -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Research question -- 1.2 Theoretical framework -- 1.3 General hypothesis -- 1.4 Assumptions in need of verification and specific hypotheses -- 1.5 Goals -- 2 Informal outline -- 3 Data and previous accounts -- 3.1 An overview of vowel chain shifts in English -- 3.1.1 The Great Vowel Shift -- 3.1.2 The Short Vowel Shift -- 3.1.3 Contemporary vowel shifts -- 3.2 Study 1: English has become a vowel shifting language -- 3.2.1 Charting vocalic changes -- 3.2.2 Analysis -- 3.3 The co-evolution of rhythm and vowels -- 3.3.1 The reduction and loss of unstressed vowels -- 3.3.2 Rhythm-based typology: on stress-timing and syllabletiming -- 3.3.3 Typological perspective on vowel shifting -- 3.3.4 A unified perspective -- 3.4 Previous approaches to sound change (and vowel shifting) -- 3.4.1 The Neogrammarians -- 3.4.2 The structuralist/functionalist approach -- 3.4.3 Generative phonology -- 3.4.4 Exemplar-based phonology -- 3.4.5 Summary -- 4 Theoretical framework -- 4.1 Evolutionary linguistics -- 4.2 Optimality Theory -- 4.2.1 Introduction -- 4.2.2 The architecture of Optimality Theory -- 4.2.3 Language change in Optimality Theory -- 4.3 Formalizing evolutionary linguistics in Optimality Theory -- 4.3.1 Some modifications to mainstream Optimality Theory stemming from its combination with evolutionary linguistics -- 4.3.2 Further advantages to Optimality Theory -- 5 The full account -- 5.1 Old English -- 5.1.1 Stress assignment in Old English -- 5.1.2 Fixed lexical stress as a factor enhancing the stress-timing of English through enabling the entrenchment of segmental effects of stress -- 5.1.3 Fixed lexical stress as a factor undermining the stress-timing of English though causing stress clashes -- 5.2 Middle English -- 5.2.1 Stress assignment in Middle Engslih grammatical stress.
5.2.2 Avoidance of stress clashes and lapses -- 5.2.3 Stress assignment in Middle English lexical stress -- 5.2.4 Summary -- 5.3 Early Modern English -- 5.3.1 The replacement of length with tenseness -- 5.3.2 The setting off of the Great Vowel Shift -- 5.4 Present-day English -- 5.4.1 The changing roles of vowel duration and vowel quality for the expression of phonological contrasts -- 5.4.2 Study 2a: Quality is the main expression of vocalic contrasts in Present-day English -- 5.4.3 Study 2b: Qualitative variation is not predictable from durational variation in Present-day English -- 5.4.4 A brief cross-varietal comparison -- 5.5 Summary -- 6 Concluding remarks -- 6.1 Summary -- 6.2 Taking stock of a few general insights -- 6.3 Some open questions -- Appendix 1: Comparison to other languages -- 7.1 Romance -- 7.2 Icelandic -- Appendix 2: Chart of vocalic changes -- Appendix 3: Materials used for recordings -- References -- Index.
Summary: The future of English linguistics as envisaged by the editors of Topics in English Linguistics lies in empirical studies which integrate work in English linguistics into general and theoretical linguistics on the one hand, and comparative linguistics on the other. The TiEL series features volumes that present interesting new data and analyses, and above all fresh approaches that contribute to the overall aim of the series, which is to further outstanding research in English linguistics.
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Intro -- Contents -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Research question -- 1.2 Theoretical framework -- 1.3 General hypothesis -- 1.4 Assumptions in need of verification and specific hypotheses -- 1.5 Goals -- 2 Informal outline -- 3 Data and previous accounts -- 3.1 An overview of vowel chain shifts in English -- 3.1.1 The Great Vowel Shift -- 3.1.2 The Short Vowel Shift -- 3.1.3 Contemporary vowel shifts -- 3.2 Study 1: English has become a vowel shifting language -- 3.2.1 Charting vocalic changes -- 3.2.2 Analysis -- 3.3 The co-evolution of rhythm and vowels -- 3.3.1 The reduction and loss of unstressed vowels -- 3.3.2 Rhythm-based typology: on stress-timing and syllabletiming -- 3.3.3 Typological perspective on vowel shifting -- 3.3.4 A unified perspective -- 3.4 Previous approaches to sound change (and vowel shifting) -- 3.4.1 The Neogrammarians -- 3.4.2 The structuralist/functionalist approach -- 3.4.3 Generative phonology -- 3.4.4 Exemplar-based phonology -- 3.4.5 Summary -- 4 Theoretical framework -- 4.1 Evolutionary linguistics -- 4.2 Optimality Theory -- 4.2.1 Introduction -- 4.2.2 The architecture of Optimality Theory -- 4.2.3 Language change in Optimality Theory -- 4.3 Formalizing evolutionary linguistics in Optimality Theory -- 4.3.1 Some modifications to mainstream Optimality Theory stemming from its combination with evolutionary linguistics -- 4.3.2 Further advantages to Optimality Theory -- 5 The full account -- 5.1 Old English -- 5.1.1 Stress assignment in Old English -- 5.1.2 Fixed lexical stress as a factor enhancing the stress-timing of English through enabling the entrenchment of segmental effects of stress -- 5.1.3 Fixed lexical stress as a factor undermining the stress-timing of English though causing stress clashes -- 5.2 Middle English -- 5.2.1 Stress assignment in Middle Engslih grammatical stress.

5.2.2 Avoidance of stress clashes and lapses -- 5.2.3 Stress assignment in Middle English lexical stress -- 5.2.4 Summary -- 5.3 Early Modern English -- 5.3.1 The replacement of length with tenseness -- 5.3.2 The setting off of the Great Vowel Shift -- 5.4 Present-day English -- 5.4.1 The changing roles of vowel duration and vowel quality for the expression of phonological contrasts -- 5.4.2 Study 2a: Quality is the main expression of vocalic contrasts in Present-day English -- 5.4.3 Study 2b: Qualitative variation is not predictable from durational variation in Present-day English -- 5.4.4 A brief cross-varietal comparison -- 5.5 Summary -- 6 Concluding remarks -- 6.1 Summary -- 6.2 Taking stock of a few general insights -- 6.3 Some open questions -- Appendix 1: Comparison to other languages -- 7.1 Romance -- 7.2 Icelandic -- Appendix 2: Chart of vocalic changes -- Appendix 3: Materials used for recordings -- References -- Index.

The future of English linguistics as envisaged by the editors of Topics in English Linguistics lies in empirical studies which integrate work in English linguistics into general and theoretical linguistics on the one hand, and comparative linguistics on the other. The TiEL series features volumes that present interesting new data and analyses, and above all fresh approaches that contribute to the overall aim of the series, which is to further outstanding research in English linguistics.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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