Spoken Sibe : Morphology of the Inflected Parts of Speech.

By: Zikmundová, VeronikaPublisher: Prague : Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press, 2013Copyright date: ©2013Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (212 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9788024624891Subject(s): Sibo language -- MorphologyGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Spoken Sibe : Morphology of the Inflected Parts of SpeechDDC classification: 494.1 LOC classification: PL481.S32 -- .Z556 2013ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- Contents -- List of abbreviations -- 0 Introduction -- 1 Characteristics of spoken Sibe -- 1.1 Notes on the phonetics and phonology -- 1.1.1 Problems of the phonological description of Sibe -- 1.1.2 Previous research of the Sibe phonemic system -- 1.1.3 List of sounds in spoken Sibe -- 1.2 Questions of transcription -- 1.3 Remarks on the Sibe vocabulary -- 1.3.1 Personal names -- 1.3.2 Children's expressions -- 1.3.3 Vicarious expressions -- 1.4 Remarks on syntax - negation -- 1.4.1 The negative particle aqů -- 1.4.2 The negative particle vaq -- 1.5 Word classes in spoken Sibe -- 1.5.1 Brief characteristics of the parts of speech -- 2 The Noun -- 2.1 The category of number -- 2.1.1 Generic number -- 2.1.2 Partial number -- 2.1.3 Specific forms of the use of the partial number -- 2.1.4 Expressing plurality through lexical means -- 2.2 The category of case -- 2.2.1 Nominative -- 2.2.2 Genitive -- 2.2.3 Dative-locative -- 2.2.4 Accusative -- 2.2.5 Ablative -- 2.2.6 Lative -- 2.2.7 Instrumental-sociative -- 3 Qualitative nouns -- 3.1 Qualitative nouns formed by derivational suffixes -- 3.1.2 Qualitative nouns in the function of an attribute -- 3.1.3 Qualitative nouns determining verbs -- 3.1.4 Specific grammatical categories of qualitative nouns -- 3.1.5 Other ways of expressing quality, appearance, etc. -- 3.1.6 Vicarious qualitative nouns and other anaphoric expressions -- 4 Pronouns -- 4.1 Personal pronouns -- 4.1.1 Personal pronouns in nominative -- 4.1.2 Personal pronouns in genitive -- 4.1.3 Personal pronouns in dative -- 4.1.4 Personal pronouns in accusative -- 4.1.5 Personal pronouns in ablative -- 4.1.6 Personal pronouns in lative -- 4.1.7 Personal pronouns in instrumental-sociative -- 4.2 Remarks on the personal pronouns -- 4.3 Demonstrative pronouns -- 4.3.1 The demonstrative pronouns ər and tər -- 4.3.2 The pronouns mər and mətər.
4.3.3 The pronouns ək and səkəi /skəi -- 4.4 Interrogative pronouns -- 4.4.1 The pronoun 'ai' -- 4.4.2 The pronoun ya - 'which' as an attribute -- 4.4.3 The pronoun yam (< ya əm -'which one') -- 4.4.4 The pronoun yamkən ('which one' - an independent part of speech) -- 4.4.5 The pronoun və ('who') -- 4.5 Notes on demonstrative and interrogative pronouns -- 5 Numerals -- 5.1 The cardinal numerals -- 5.2 The ordinal numerals -- 5.3 The idiomatic use of numerals -- 6 Spatials -- 6.1 The spatial system in written Manchu -- 6.1.1 The spatial roots in written Manchu -- 6.1.2 The spatial suffixes in written Manchu -- 6.1.3 Meaning and use of the Manchu spatial suffixes -- 6.2 The spatial system in spoken Sibe -- 6.2.1 Spatial roots in spoken Sibe -- 6.2.2 Spatial suffixes in spoken Sibe -- 6.2.3 The use of Sibe spatials -- 6.2.4 The suffix -bi -- 6.2.5 The suffix -ś -- 6.2.6 Temporal use of spatials -- 7 The verb -- 7.1 The verbal system of spoken Sibe -- 7.1.1 The problem of definition of the finite verbs in Sibe -- 7.1.2 The delayed personal pronoun -- 7.1.3 Verbum existentiae -- 7.1.4 Negation of verbal forms -- 7.1.5 Question -- 7.2 Finite verbs -- 7.2.1 The imperfect verb -m(-i-e) (praesens imperfecti) -- 7.2.2 The progressive verb -mεye -- 7.2.3 The progressive verb -m-a-ʁ-əi(e) (PROG.II) -- 7.2.4 The perfective verb -ʁəi(e), -ɣəi(e) and its alomorphs -- 7.2.5 The verbal form expressing a forthcoming action - m-ůʁůi. -- 7.3 Imperative and optative forms -- 7.3.1 Command for the second-person - imperative -- 7.3.2 Polite imperative -mə (benedictive) -- 7.3.3 Voluntative -- 7.3.4 Optative -kiňi -- 7.4 Verbal nouns -- 7.4.1 The imperfective verbal noun -r (nomen imperfecti) -- 7.4.2 Perfective verbal noun -h (nomen perfecti) -- 7.4.3 The progressive verbal noun -maʁ -- 7.4.4 Verbal nouns II -- 7.5 Converbs.
7.5.1 The imperfective converb -m(ə) (converbum imperfecti) -- 7.5.2 The perfective converb -maq (converbum perfecti) -- 7.5.3 The perfective converb -f(ie)/-f(ə) -- 7.5.4 The conditional converb -či (converbum conditionale) -- 7.5.5 Terminative converb -čiňi -- 7.6 Deverbal suffixes -- 7.6.1 The causative suffix -v -- 7.6.2 Beginning of an action: the suffix -mači- -- 7.7 Vicarious verbs -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix -- Vocabulary -- References -- Summary.
Summary: At present, the Sibe language is the only oral variety of Manchu which is actually in use. With some 20,000 to 30,000 speakers it is also the most widely spoken Tungusic language. The Sibe people, who live at the North-Western border of the present-day Sinkiang Uyghur Autonomous province of China, are descendants of the garrison men of the Manchu army from 18th century. They were sent there after the area was annexed by the Manchus with the task to guard the newly established border between the Manchu Empire and Russia. Being soldiers of an alien army they remained isolated from the indigenous Turkic and Mongolian peoples, which resulted in an allmost miraculous preservation of the language.In the 1990s, when the oral varieties of Manchu in historical Manchuria became either extinct or at the verge of extinction, Sibe kept surviving as a language spoken by all generations of Sibe people in the Chapchal Sibe autonomous county, and by the middle and older generations in virtually all other Sibe settlements of Xinjiang. By now, although the percentage of Sibe-Chinese bilingualism is high, the number of speakers, including young people, is still significantly great.The present description of the grammatical functioning of the two main inflected word classes - nouns and verbs - is documented by examples and sample texts, and provided with the basic general information about the Sibe language and its speakers.The intention of this work is to offer the reader a more complex image of the Sibe language as it is used at present on its historical and cultural territory.
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Intro -- Contents -- List of abbreviations -- 0 Introduction -- 1 Characteristics of spoken Sibe -- 1.1 Notes on the phonetics and phonology -- 1.1.1 Problems of the phonological description of Sibe -- 1.1.2 Previous research of the Sibe phonemic system -- 1.1.3 List of sounds in spoken Sibe -- 1.2 Questions of transcription -- 1.3 Remarks on the Sibe vocabulary -- 1.3.1 Personal names -- 1.3.2 Children's expressions -- 1.3.3 Vicarious expressions -- 1.4 Remarks on syntax - negation -- 1.4.1 The negative particle aqů -- 1.4.2 The negative particle vaq -- 1.5 Word classes in spoken Sibe -- 1.5.1 Brief characteristics of the parts of speech -- 2 The Noun -- 2.1 The category of number -- 2.1.1 Generic number -- 2.1.2 Partial number -- 2.1.3 Specific forms of the use of the partial number -- 2.1.4 Expressing plurality through lexical means -- 2.2 The category of case -- 2.2.1 Nominative -- 2.2.2 Genitive -- 2.2.3 Dative-locative -- 2.2.4 Accusative -- 2.2.5 Ablative -- 2.2.6 Lative -- 2.2.7 Instrumental-sociative -- 3 Qualitative nouns -- 3.1 Qualitative nouns formed by derivational suffixes -- 3.1.2 Qualitative nouns in the function of an attribute -- 3.1.3 Qualitative nouns determining verbs -- 3.1.4 Specific grammatical categories of qualitative nouns -- 3.1.5 Other ways of expressing quality, appearance, etc. -- 3.1.6 Vicarious qualitative nouns and other anaphoric expressions -- 4 Pronouns -- 4.1 Personal pronouns -- 4.1.1 Personal pronouns in nominative -- 4.1.2 Personal pronouns in genitive -- 4.1.3 Personal pronouns in dative -- 4.1.4 Personal pronouns in accusative -- 4.1.5 Personal pronouns in ablative -- 4.1.6 Personal pronouns in lative -- 4.1.7 Personal pronouns in instrumental-sociative -- 4.2 Remarks on the personal pronouns -- 4.3 Demonstrative pronouns -- 4.3.1 The demonstrative pronouns ər and tər -- 4.3.2 The pronouns mər and mətər.

4.3.3 The pronouns ək and səkəi /skəi -- 4.4 Interrogative pronouns -- 4.4.1 The pronoun 'ai' -- 4.4.2 The pronoun ya - 'which' as an attribute -- 4.4.3 The pronoun yam (< ya əm -'which one') -- 4.4.4 The pronoun yamkən ('which one' - an independent part of speech) -- 4.4.5 The pronoun və ('who') -- 4.5 Notes on demonstrative and interrogative pronouns -- 5 Numerals -- 5.1 The cardinal numerals -- 5.2 The ordinal numerals -- 5.3 The idiomatic use of numerals -- 6 Spatials -- 6.1 The spatial system in written Manchu -- 6.1.1 The spatial roots in written Manchu -- 6.1.2 The spatial suffixes in written Manchu -- 6.1.3 Meaning and use of the Manchu spatial suffixes -- 6.2 The spatial system in spoken Sibe -- 6.2.1 Spatial roots in spoken Sibe -- 6.2.2 Spatial suffixes in spoken Sibe -- 6.2.3 The use of Sibe spatials -- 6.2.4 The suffix -bi -- 6.2.5 The suffix -ś -- 6.2.6 Temporal use of spatials -- 7 The verb -- 7.1 The verbal system of spoken Sibe -- 7.1.1 The problem of definition of the finite verbs in Sibe -- 7.1.2 The delayed personal pronoun -- 7.1.3 Verbum existentiae -- 7.1.4 Negation of verbal forms -- 7.1.5 Question -- 7.2 Finite verbs -- 7.2.1 The imperfect verb -m(-i-e) (praesens imperfecti) -- 7.2.2 The progressive verb -mεye -- 7.2.3 The progressive verb -m-a-ʁ-əi(e) (PROG.II) -- 7.2.4 The perfective verb -ʁəi(e), -ɣəi(e) and its alomorphs -- 7.2.5 The verbal form expressing a forthcoming action - m-ůʁůi. -- 7.3 Imperative and optative forms -- 7.3.1 Command for the second-person - imperative -- 7.3.2 Polite imperative -mə (benedictive) -- 7.3.3 Voluntative -- 7.3.4 Optative -kiňi -- 7.4 Verbal nouns -- 7.4.1 The imperfective verbal noun -r (nomen imperfecti) -- 7.4.2 Perfective verbal noun -h (nomen perfecti) -- 7.4.3 The progressive verbal noun -maʁ -- 7.4.4 Verbal nouns II -- 7.5 Converbs.

7.5.1 The imperfective converb -m(ə) (converbum imperfecti) -- 7.5.2 The perfective converb -maq (converbum perfecti) -- 7.5.3 The perfective converb -f(ie)/-f(ə) -- 7.5.4 The conditional converb -či (converbum conditionale) -- 7.5.5 Terminative converb -čiňi -- 7.6 Deverbal suffixes -- 7.6.1 The causative suffix -v -- 7.6.2 Beginning of an action: the suffix -mači- -- 7.7 Vicarious verbs -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix -- Vocabulary -- References -- Summary.

At present, the Sibe language is the only oral variety of Manchu which is actually in use. With some 20,000 to 30,000 speakers it is also the most widely spoken Tungusic language. The Sibe people, who live at the North-Western border of the present-day Sinkiang Uyghur Autonomous province of China, are descendants of the garrison men of the Manchu army from 18th century. They were sent there after the area was annexed by the Manchus with the task to guard the newly established border between the Manchu Empire and Russia. Being soldiers of an alien army they remained isolated from the indigenous Turkic and Mongolian peoples, which resulted in an allmost miraculous preservation of the language.In the 1990s, when the oral varieties of Manchu in historical Manchuria became either extinct or at the verge of extinction, Sibe kept surviving as a language spoken by all generations of Sibe people in the Chapchal Sibe autonomous county, and by the middle and older generations in virtually all other Sibe settlements of Xinjiang. By now, although the percentage of Sibe-Chinese bilingualism is high, the number of speakers, including young people, is still significantly great.The present description of the grammatical functioning of the two main inflected word classes - nouns and verbs - is documented by examples and sample texts, and provided with the basic general information about the Sibe language and its speakers.The intention of this work is to offer the reader a more complex image of the Sibe language as it is used at present on its historical and cultural territory.

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