Buddhist Landscapes in Central India : Sanchi Hill and Archaeologies of Religious and Social Change, C. Third Century BC to Fifth Century AD.

By: Shaw, JuliaSeries: UCL Institute of Archaeology PublicationsPublisher: Walnut Creek : Routledge, 2016Copyright date: ©2007Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (368 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781611323450Subject(s): Excavations (Archaeology) -- India -- Sānchi Site.;Buddhist art and symbolism -- India -- Sānchi Site.;Sānchi Site (India)Genre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Buddhist Landscapes in Central India : Sanchi Hill and Archaeologies of Religious and Social Change, C. Third Century BC to Fifth Century ADDDC classification: 934 LOC classification: DS486.S2 -- S53 2007ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- List of Plates -- Abbreviations -- Select Glossary -- Acknowledgements -- 1. Introduction -- The archaeology of Buddhist landscapes -- The Sanchi Survey Project: a case study -- History of archaeological research in the Sanchi area -- Theoretical issues -- Research questions -- Structure of the book -- Conclusion: transcending disciplinary boundaries -- 2. Buddhism, Urbanisation and the State -- Introduction -- Buddhist history -- Urbanisation in the Gangetic valley -- Theories of urbanisation and state -- Irrigation in ancient India -- Buddhism and urbanisation -- Domestication of the saṅgha -- Conclusion -- 3. Physical Geography and Archaeology of Central India -- Introduction -- Geography -- Prehistoric archaeology -- Protohistoric archaeology -- Historical archaeology -- 4. Sanchi Study Area: The Physical Environment -- Introduction -- Location -- Geological zones -- Pedology and land use -- Ancient agriculture and archaeobotanical research -- Drainage -- Climate -- Conclusion -- 5. Political History of the Sanchi area -- Introduction -- The pan-Indian dynastic framework: the Mauryas up to the Guptas -- The post-Gupta period -- Localised polities in central India: city states and Naga oligarchies -- Conclusion -- 6. Religious History and Religious Change in the Sanchi Area -- Introduction -- Buddhism in the Sanchi area: building phases and patronage networks -- Brahmanical traditions -- Pan-Indian religions and 'local' cults: models of religious change -- Conclusion -- 7. Theory and Method of Landscape Archaeology -- Introduction -- Theoretical roots of 'Landscape Studies' -- Survey archaeology -- Conclusion -- 8. The Sanchi Survey Project: Research Design and Field Methodology -- Introduction.
The Sanchi Survey Project 1998-2005: a multi-stage archaeological survey -- Reconnaissance methods -- Site-documentation, recording and mapping -- Dating methods -- Survey design -- 'Sites' in the landscape -- Archaeological sites in today's socio-ritual landscape -- Conclusion -- Plates 1-14 -- 9. Archaeology of Vidisha and Sanchi Hill -- Introduction -- The archaeological sequence at Vidisha -- Sanchi and its archaeological landscape -- Phase I (third century BC): establishment of Buddhism at Sanchi -- Phase II (second to first century BC): the second propagation of Buddhism at Sanchi -- Phase III (first to third century AD) -- Phase IV (fourth to sixth century AD) -- Phase V (seventh to eighth century AD) -- Phase VI (ninth to twelfth century AD) -- Buddhist remains from Sanchi in nearby villages -- The 'non-Buddhist' elements of the site -- Conclusion -- PLATES 16-42 -- 10. The Sanchi Survey Project: Chronology -- Introduction -- Sculpture and architecture -- Ceramics -- Dams and reservoirs -- Conclusion -- 11. Buddhist Sites and 'Buddhist Landscapes' -- Introduction -- Part I: Gazetteer -- Hilltop Buddhist sites -- 'Urban' Buddhist sites -- Other sites with animal capitals -- Summary -- Part II: Patterns in the Buddhist Landscape -- The history of local monasticism: a chronological framework -- Site hierarchy -- Buddhist patronage networks -- The 'topography' of monastic sites -- The development of Buddhist monasticism -- Conclusion -- Plates 43-137 -- 12. Non-Buddhist Ritual Sites -- Introduction: non-Buddhist sculptural and architectural remains -- Part I: Gazetteer -- Phase Id (third century BC) -- Phase IIa (late second to mid-first century BC) -- Phases IIb-IIIa (first century BC to first century AD) -- Phase IIIb sculptures (c. second to third century AD) -- Phase IV (c. fourth to sixth century AD).
Phase V (c. seventh to late eighth century AD) -- Phase VI (c. ninth to tenth century AD) -- Phase VII (eleventh to twelfth century AD) -- Part II: Patterns in the Multi-Layered Ritual Landscape -- Introduction -- Temporal and spatial trends in the Brahmanical landscape -- Inter-religious dynamics -- Conclusion -- Plates 138-218 -- 13. Habitational Settlement Site -- Introduction -- Site size -- Part I: Gazetteer -- Sector 1a: central agricultural plain -- Sector 1b: hilly region around Sanchi and western sector -- Sector 2a: agricultural plains to the east of the River Betwa -- Sector 2b: hills in the east -- Sector 3: hilly region to the south -- Sector 4: hills and plains to the north of the River Bes -- Part II: Settlement Distribution Patterns -- Site hierarchy -- Site distribution -- Chronology -- Settlements and Buddhist sites -- Conclusion -- Colour Illustrations -- 14. Irrigation Systems -- Introduction -- Part I: Preliminaries -- Distribution -- Form and structure -- Reconstructing reservoir areas and volumes -- Comparative framework -- Flood control and water distribution -- Chronology -- Pollen analysis -- Part II: Gazetteer -- Western hilly sector (1b) -- Eastern hilly sector (2b) -- Southern sector (3) -- Northern sector (4) -- Part III: Patterns in the Agrarian Landscape -- Land use -- Decline/disuse -- Rice cultivation in central India? -- Buddhism and water: 'practical' models of religious change -- Patronage -- Conclusion -- Plates 219-31 -- 15. Conclusion: Towards an Integrated Model of Religious Change -- Buddhist landscapes in central India -- Urbanisation and agrarian change -- The saṅgha and local society: exchange networks -- Non-monastic staff -- An end to suffering: practical models of religious change -- Notes -- Appendices -- I Site groups, site complexes and sites -- IIa Sculpture and architectural fragments.
IIb Monastery architecture: dates and classifications -- IIc Phase-by-phase list of non-Buddhist cult spots and temples -- IIIa Pottery: sample numbers and corresponding site details -- IIIb Pottery: fabric types -- IIIc Pottery: vessel types with common fabric-type occurrences -- IIId Pottery: vessel-type illustrations -- Bibliography -- Index.
Summary: The "monumental bias" of Buddhist archaeology has hampered our understanding of the socio-religious mechanisms that enabled early Buddhist monks to establish themselves in new areas. To articulate these relationships, Shaw presents here the first integrated study of settlement archaeology and Buddhist history, carried out in the area around Sanchi, a Central Indian UNESCO World Heritage site. Her comprehensive, data-rich, and heavily illustrated work provides an archaeological basis for assessing theories regarding the dialectical relationship between Buddhism and surrounding lay populations. It also sheds light on the role of the introduction of Buddhism in changing settlement patterns.This volume was originally published in 2007 by the British Association of South Asian Studies.
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Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- List of Plates -- Abbreviations -- Select Glossary -- Acknowledgements -- 1. Introduction -- The archaeology of Buddhist landscapes -- The Sanchi Survey Project: a case study -- History of archaeological research in the Sanchi area -- Theoretical issues -- Research questions -- Structure of the book -- Conclusion: transcending disciplinary boundaries -- 2. Buddhism, Urbanisation and the State -- Introduction -- Buddhist history -- Urbanisation in the Gangetic valley -- Theories of urbanisation and state -- Irrigation in ancient India -- Buddhism and urbanisation -- Domestication of the saṅgha -- Conclusion -- 3. Physical Geography and Archaeology of Central India -- Introduction -- Geography -- Prehistoric archaeology -- Protohistoric archaeology -- Historical archaeology -- 4. Sanchi Study Area: The Physical Environment -- Introduction -- Location -- Geological zones -- Pedology and land use -- Ancient agriculture and archaeobotanical research -- Drainage -- Climate -- Conclusion -- 5. Political History of the Sanchi area -- Introduction -- The pan-Indian dynastic framework: the Mauryas up to the Guptas -- The post-Gupta period -- Localised polities in central India: city states and Naga oligarchies -- Conclusion -- 6. Religious History and Religious Change in the Sanchi Area -- Introduction -- Buddhism in the Sanchi area: building phases and patronage networks -- Brahmanical traditions -- Pan-Indian religions and 'local' cults: models of religious change -- Conclusion -- 7. Theory and Method of Landscape Archaeology -- Introduction -- Theoretical roots of 'Landscape Studies' -- Survey archaeology -- Conclusion -- 8. The Sanchi Survey Project: Research Design and Field Methodology -- Introduction.

The Sanchi Survey Project 1998-2005: a multi-stage archaeological survey -- Reconnaissance methods -- Site-documentation, recording and mapping -- Dating methods -- Survey design -- 'Sites' in the landscape -- Archaeological sites in today's socio-ritual landscape -- Conclusion -- Plates 1-14 -- 9. Archaeology of Vidisha and Sanchi Hill -- Introduction -- The archaeological sequence at Vidisha -- Sanchi and its archaeological landscape -- Phase I (third century BC): establishment of Buddhism at Sanchi -- Phase II (second to first century BC): the second propagation of Buddhism at Sanchi -- Phase III (first to third century AD) -- Phase IV (fourth to sixth century AD) -- Phase V (seventh to eighth century AD) -- Phase VI (ninth to twelfth century AD) -- Buddhist remains from Sanchi in nearby villages -- The 'non-Buddhist' elements of the site -- Conclusion -- PLATES 16-42 -- 10. The Sanchi Survey Project: Chronology -- Introduction -- Sculpture and architecture -- Ceramics -- Dams and reservoirs -- Conclusion -- 11. Buddhist Sites and 'Buddhist Landscapes' -- Introduction -- Part I: Gazetteer -- Hilltop Buddhist sites -- 'Urban' Buddhist sites -- Other sites with animal capitals -- Summary -- Part II: Patterns in the Buddhist Landscape -- The history of local monasticism: a chronological framework -- Site hierarchy -- Buddhist patronage networks -- The 'topography' of monastic sites -- The development of Buddhist monasticism -- Conclusion -- Plates 43-137 -- 12. Non-Buddhist Ritual Sites -- Introduction: non-Buddhist sculptural and architectural remains -- Part I: Gazetteer -- Phase Id (third century BC) -- Phase IIa (late second to mid-first century BC) -- Phases IIb-IIIa (first century BC to first century AD) -- Phase IIIb sculptures (c. second to third century AD) -- Phase IV (c. fourth to sixth century AD).

Phase V (c. seventh to late eighth century AD) -- Phase VI (c. ninth to tenth century AD) -- Phase VII (eleventh to twelfth century AD) -- Part II: Patterns in the Multi-Layered Ritual Landscape -- Introduction -- Temporal and spatial trends in the Brahmanical landscape -- Inter-religious dynamics -- Conclusion -- Plates 138-218 -- 13. Habitational Settlement Site -- Introduction -- Site size -- Part I: Gazetteer -- Sector 1a: central agricultural plain -- Sector 1b: hilly region around Sanchi and western sector -- Sector 2a: agricultural plains to the east of the River Betwa -- Sector 2b: hills in the east -- Sector 3: hilly region to the south -- Sector 4: hills and plains to the north of the River Bes -- Part II: Settlement Distribution Patterns -- Site hierarchy -- Site distribution -- Chronology -- Settlements and Buddhist sites -- Conclusion -- Colour Illustrations -- 14. Irrigation Systems -- Introduction -- Part I: Preliminaries -- Distribution -- Form and structure -- Reconstructing reservoir areas and volumes -- Comparative framework -- Flood control and water distribution -- Chronology -- Pollen analysis -- Part II: Gazetteer -- Western hilly sector (1b) -- Eastern hilly sector (2b) -- Southern sector (3) -- Northern sector (4) -- Part III: Patterns in the Agrarian Landscape -- Land use -- Decline/disuse -- Rice cultivation in central India? -- Buddhism and water: 'practical' models of religious change -- Patronage -- Conclusion -- Plates 219-31 -- 15. Conclusion: Towards an Integrated Model of Religious Change -- Buddhist landscapes in central India -- Urbanisation and agrarian change -- The saṅgha and local society: exchange networks -- Non-monastic staff -- An end to suffering: practical models of religious change -- Notes -- Appendices -- I Site groups, site complexes and sites -- IIa Sculpture and architectural fragments.

IIb Monastery architecture: dates and classifications -- IIc Phase-by-phase list of non-Buddhist cult spots and temples -- IIIa Pottery: sample numbers and corresponding site details -- IIIb Pottery: fabric types -- IIIc Pottery: vessel types with common fabric-type occurrences -- IIId Pottery: vessel-type illustrations -- Bibliography -- Index.

The "monumental bias" of Buddhist archaeology has hampered our understanding of the socio-religious mechanisms that enabled early Buddhist monks to establish themselves in new areas. To articulate these relationships, Shaw presents here the first integrated study of settlement archaeology and Buddhist history, carried out in the area around Sanchi, a Central Indian UNESCO World Heritage site. Her comprehensive, data-rich, and heavily illustrated work provides an archaeological basis for assessing theories regarding the dialectical relationship between Buddhism and surrounding lay populations. It also sheds light on the role of the introduction of Buddhism in changing settlement patterns.This volume was originally published in 2007 by the British Association of South Asian Studies.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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