Evidence Found : An Approach to Crime Scene Investigation.

By: Miranda, DavidPublisher: San Diego : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Description: 1 online resource (199 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780128020944Subject(s): Crime scene searchesGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Evidence Found : An Approach to Crime Scene InvestigationDDC classification: 363.252 LOC classification: HV8073 -- .M573 2015ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Front Cover -- Evidence Found -- Copyright -- Contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- List of Figures -- Chapter 1 - The Evidence Search-Where It All Begins -- FIFTEEN MINUTES OF PLANNING CAN SAVE HOURS OF PROBLEMS -- INTENTION IS A CONSCIOUS CHOICE NOT A DEFAULT SETTING -- CASE STUDY 1: CARTRIDGES? WHAT CARTRIDGES? -- Chapter 2 - Evidence Search Techniques-Tips and Tricks -- SITUATION 1-KNOWING WHERE EVIDENCE IS NOT -- SITUATION 2-FIELD TESTING OF THEORIES -- SITUATION 3-GRASS, SHELL CASINGS, AND NIGHT -- SITUATION 4-SUSPECTS WEARING GLOVES (LATENT PRINTS) -- SITUATION 5-SUSPECTS WEARING GLOVES (DNA) -- SITUATION 6-MAGNETIC POWDER USAGE: METAL -- SITUATION 7-NIGHTTIME EVIDENCE SEARCH -- SITUATION 8-NIGHTTIME EVIDENCE SEARCH -- SITUATION 9-EVIDENCE SEARCH INDOORS -- Chapter 3 - Sequential Processing: Determining Evidence Value -- DEFINITIONS -- CRIME SCENE LAYOUT ANALYSIS -- Chapter 4 - Sequential Processing: Evaluating Evidence and Process -- DEFINITIONS -- APPLICATION OF THE CONCEPTS TO THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS -- CASE STUDY 1: A COLLISION OF RESOURCES -- Chapter 5 - Sequential Processing: Crime Scene Briefing -- CASE STUDY 1: THE VIDEO -- CASE STUDY 2: STEP BY STEP -- Chapter 6 - Evidence Processing: The Decision-Making Process -- CASE STUDY 1: A REQUEST FOR DNA -- Chapter 7 - The Schema of Criminal Investigations: Knowing and Not Knowing -- CASE STUDY 1: UNDERSTANDING OUR OWN SCOPE OF KNOWLEDGE -- CASE STUDY 1: RESEARCHING THE TOOL -- CASE STUDY 1: RESEARCHING THE MONEY -- CASE STUDY 2: REDEFINING WHAT MAKES AN EXPERT -- Chapter 8 - The CSI Effect: A New Approach -- ANALYSIS AND HISTORY OF THE PHENOMENON -- RESPONDING TO THE PHENOMENON -- RESPONDING: LET THE AIR OUT OF THE BALLOON BUT DON'T POP IT -- RESPONDING: QUESTIONS: A DISTRACTING OPPORTUNITY -- RESPONDING: FORENSIC TRANSLATION.
CASE STUDY 1: THE RECALCITRANT ASSISTANT -- Chapter 9 - Emergencies: Plan, Respond, Create -- CASE STUDY 1: THE NEED IS URGENT AND THE TIME IS NOW -- Chapter 10 - Courtroom Techniques-Old and New -- ARE "YES" AND "NO" SUFFICIENT FOR TODAY? -- PLANNING FOR THE FIRST IMPRESSION -- WHO ARE YOU TALKING TO? -- USE THE RIGHT WORDS AT THE RIGHT TIME -- PRINT COMPARISON TESTIMONY: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH -- 100% CERTAINTY IN CONCLUSIONS -- DISCOMFORT AND BOREDOM: DO NOT SHOW THEM -- PUBLIC SPEAKING: YOUR SECRET TERROR? -- THE "OTHER" SIDE -- THE PROSECUTION -- TESTIFYING TO MISTAKES -- CLERICAL ERRORS -- PROCEDURAL ERRORS -- SUBSTANTIVE ERRORS -- CLERICAL ERROR TESTIMONY -- PROCEDURAL ERROR TESTIMONY -- WHEN TESTIMONY TRIES TO DEFLECT THE ERROR -- SUBSTANTIVE ERROR TESTIMONY -- EXPLAINING JUSTIFIED BUT MISUNDERSTOOD DECISIONS -- TESTIFYING TO EVIDENCE CONTAMINATION -- HYPOTHETICALS: WHAT REALLY IS POSSIBLE? -- Chapter 11 - Ongoing Challenges -- REFLECTIONS ON THE FIRST PUBLIC MEETING OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON FORENSIC SCIENCE -- APPLIED SCIENCE VERSUS PURE SCIENCE -- Chapter 12 - Miscellany -- DO'S AND DON'TS FOR FIRST RESPONDERS -- ADDITIONAL TIPS AND TRICKS -- Chapter 13 - Final Thoughts -- A NOTE OF ENCOURAGEMENT -- Index.
Summary: Evidence Found: An Approach to Crime Scene Investigation is not another analysis of forensic errors using an "After the Fact" or "Lessons Learned" approach but a "Before the Fact" guide that examines the thought processes that can lead to those mistakes. Plus a few extras tips and tricks from the author's experience of over 25 years. Many high-profile crime scene investigations (and routine ones, for that matter) have suffered errors that have had negative impact on the investigation result and in the courtroom. Typically, we examine what happened and develop a useful list of what to do and what not to do, fixing the symptoms but potentially leaving ourselves open to the same error type on the next scene. The reason? Many crime scene mistakes are the result of systemic issues that are repeated due to a failure to include an evaluation of the decision-making process, including our own foundations of knowledge. Through case study and logical argument, this book attempts to provide a framework to recognize, evaluate, and alter negative decision-making patterns, including evaluating our own experience, before they negatively impact an investigation or the overall operation of a forensic unit. Enhances the base concepts of evidence search and sequential processing for error avoidance Examines the systemic areas/practices of a crime scene investigation where errors can occur Includes a Evidence Matrix - a crime scene evaluation tool that aids in sequential processing decisions Contains tips on overcoming common crime scene issues, inlcuding night time searches Provides courtroom Testimony - communicating comparison findings to a jury.
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Front Cover -- Evidence Found -- Copyright -- Contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- List of Figures -- Chapter 1 - The Evidence Search-Where It All Begins -- FIFTEEN MINUTES OF PLANNING CAN SAVE HOURS OF PROBLEMS -- INTENTION IS A CONSCIOUS CHOICE NOT A DEFAULT SETTING -- CASE STUDY 1: CARTRIDGES? WHAT CARTRIDGES? -- Chapter 2 - Evidence Search Techniques-Tips and Tricks -- SITUATION 1-KNOWING WHERE EVIDENCE IS NOT -- SITUATION 2-FIELD TESTING OF THEORIES -- SITUATION 3-GRASS, SHELL CASINGS, AND NIGHT -- SITUATION 4-SUSPECTS WEARING GLOVES (LATENT PRINTS) -- SITUATION 5-SUSPECTS WEARING GLOVES (DNA) -- SITUATION 6-MAGNETIC POWDER USAGE: METAL -- SITUATION 7-NIGHTTIME EVIDENCE SEARCH -- SITUATION 8-NIGHTTIME EVIDENCE SEARCH -- SITUATION 9-EVIDENCE SEARCH INDOORS -- Chapter 3 - Sequential Processing: Determining Evidence Value -- DEFINITIONS -- CRIME SCENE LAYOUT ANALYSIS -- Chapter 4 - Sequential Processing: Evaluating Evidence and Process -- DEFINITIONS -- APPLICATION OF THE CONCEPTS TO THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS -- CASE STUDY 1: A COLLISION OF RESOURCES -- Chapter 5 - Sequential Processing: Crime Scene Briefing -- CASE STUDY 1: THE VIDEO -- CASE STUDY 2: STEP BY STEP -- Chapter 6 - Evidence Processing: The Decision-Making Process -- CASE STUDY 1: A REQUEST FOR DNA -- Chapter 7 - The Schema of Criminal Investigations: Knowing and Not Knowing -- CASE STUDY 1: UNDERSTANDING OUR OWN SCOPE OF KNOWLEDGE -- CASE STUDY 1: RESEARCHING THE TOOL -- CASE STUDY 1: RESEARCHING THE MONEY -- CASE STUDY 2: REDEFINING WHAT MAKES AN EXPERT -- Chapter 8 - The CSI Effect: A New Approach -- ANALYSIS AND HISTORY OF THE PHENOMENON -- RESPONDING TO THE PHENOMENON -- RESPONDING: LET THE AIR OUT OF THE BALLOON BUT DON'T POP IT -- RESPONDING: QUESTIONS: A DISTRACTING OPPORTUNITY -- RESPONDING: FORENSIC TRANSLATION.

CASE STUDY 1: THE RECALCITRANT ASSISTANT -- Chapter 9 - Emergencies: Plan, Respond, Create -- CASE STUDY 1: THE NEED IS URGENT AND THE TIME IS NOW -- Chapter 10 - Courtroom Techniques-Old and New -- ARE "YES" AND "NO" SUFFICIENT FOR TODAY? -- PLANNING FOR THE FIRST IMPRESSION -- WHO ARE YOU TALKING TO? -- USE THE RIGHT WORDS AT THE RIGHT TIME -- PRINT COMPARISON TESTIMONY: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH -- 100% CERTAINTY IN CONCLUSIONS -- DISCOMFORT AND BOREDOM: DO NOT SHOW THEM -- PUBLIC SPEAKING: YOUR SECRET TERROR? -- THE "OTHER" SIDE -- THE PROSECUTION -- TESTIFYING TO MISTAKES -- CLERICAL ERRORS -- PROCEDURAL ERRORS -- SUBSTANTIVE ERRORS -- CLERICAL ERROR TESTIMONY -- PROCEDURAL ERROR TESTIMONY -- WHEN TESTIMONY TRIES TO DEFLECT THE ERROR -- SUBSTANTIVE ERROR TESTIMONY -- EXPLAINING JUSTIFIED BUT MISUNDERSTOOD DECISIONS -- TESTIFYING TO EVIDENCE CONTAMINATION -- HYPOTHETICALS: WHAT REALLY IS POSSIBLE? -- Chapter 11 - Ongoing Challenges -- REFLECTIONS ON THE FIRST PUBLIC MEETING OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON FORENSIC SCIENCE -- APPLIED SCIENCE VERSUS PURE SCIENCE -- Chapter 12 - Miscellany -- DO'S AND DON'TS FOR FIRST RESPONDERS -- ADDITIONAL TIPS AND TRICKS -- Chapter 13 - Final Thoughts -- A NOTE OF ENCOURAGEMENT -- Index.

Evidence Found: An Approach to Crime Scene Investigation is not another analysis of forensic errors using an "After the Fact" or "Lessons Learned" approach but a "Before the Fact" guide that examines the thought processes that can lead to those mistakes. Plus a few extras tips and tricks from the author's experience of over 25 years. Many high-profile crime scene investigations (and routine ones, for that matter) have suffered errors that have had negative impact on the investigation result and in the courtroom. Typically, we examine what happened and develop a useful list of what to do and what not to do, fixing the symptoms but potentially leaving ourselves open to the same error type on the next scene. The reason? Many crime scene mistakes are the result of systemic issues that are repeated due to a failure to include an evaluation of the decision-making process, including our own foundations of knowledge. Through case study and logical argument, this book attempts to provide a framework to recognize, evaluate, and alter negative decision-making patterns, including evaluating our own experience, before they negatively impact an investigation or the overall operation of a forensic unit. Enhances the base concepts of evidence search and sequential processing for error avoidance Examines the systemic areas/practices of a crime scene investigation where errors can occur Includes a Evidence Matrix - a crime scene evaluation tool that aids in sequential processing decisions Contains tips on overcoming common crime scene issues, inlcuding night time searches Provides courtroom Testimony - communicating comparison findings to a jury.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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