Semiconductor Photocatalysis : Principles and Applications.

By: Kisch, HorstPublisher: Weinheim : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (266 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783527673346Subject(s): Catalysts.;Nanoparticles.;PhotocatalysisGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Semiconductor Photocatalysis : Principles and ApplicationsDDC classification: 621.38152 LOC classification: TP159.C3 -- .K573 2015ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Intro -- Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1 Introduction -- 1.1 A Brief History of Photochemistry -- 1.2 Catalysis, Photochemistry, and Photocatalysis -- Chapter 2 Molecular Photochemistry -- 2.1 Absorption and Emission -- 2.2 Intensity of Electronic Transitions -- 2.2.1 Contribution of Nuclei -- 2.2.2 Contribution of Spin -- 2.2.3 Contribution of Orbitals -- 2.3 Excited States Radiative Lifetimes -- 2.4 Energy and Electron Transfer -- 2.4.1 Energy Transfer -- 2.4.2 Electron Transfer -- 2.5 Proton Transfer and Hydrogen Abstraction -- 2.6 Photosensitization -- 2.7 Rates and Quantum Yields -- 2.8 Quenching of Excited States -- 2.8.1 Identification of the Reactive Excited State -- 2.9 Absorption, Emission, and Excitation Spectra -- 2.10 Classification and Reactivity of Excited States -- 2.10.1 Organic Molecules -- 2.10.1.1 π,π* States -- 2.10.1.2 n,π* States -- 2.10.1.3 Charge-Transfer (CT) States -- 2.10.1.4 Triplet and Singlet Oxygen Reactions -- 2.10.2 Inorganic and Organometallic Complexes -- 2.10.2.1 Metal-Centered (MC) states -- 2.10.2.2 Ligand-Centered (LC) States -- 2.10.2.3 Charge Transfer Metal to Ligand (CTML) States -- 2.10.2.4 Charge Transfer Ligand to Metal (CTLM) States -- 2.10.2.5 Charge Transfer to Solvent (CTTS) States -- 2.10.2.6 Intervalence Transfer (IT) States -- Chapter 3 Molecular Photocatalysis -- 3.1 Hydrogenation of 1,3-Dienes -- 3.2 Co-Cyclization of Alkynes with Nitriles -- 3.3 Enantioselective Trifluoromethylation of Aldehydes -- 3.4 Photoinduced Electron Transfer Catalysis -- 3.5 Reduction and Oxidation of Water -- Chapter 4 Photoelectrochemistry -- 4.1 Electronic Structure and Nature of Excited States -- 4.1.1 The (Optical) Bandgap -- 4.1.1.1 Measurement of the Bandgap Energy -- 4.1.1.2 Influence of Crystal Size -- 4.1.2 The Photonic Bandgap -- 4.1.3 Emission Spectra.
4.2 Photocorrosion -- 4.3 Interfacial Electron Transfer -- 4.3.1 Introduction -- 4.3.2 Thermal Interfacial Electron Transfer (IFET) -- 4.3.2.1 IFET at the Metal/Liquid Interface -- 4.3.2.2 IFET at the Semiconductor/Liquid Interface -- 4.3.3 Photochemical Interfacial Electron Transfer -- 4.3.3.1 IFET in Large Semiconductor Crystals -- 4.3.3.2 IFET in Small Semiconductor Crystals -- Chapter 5 Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- 5.1 Mechanisms, Kinetics, and Adsorption -- 5.1.1 General Classification of Reactions -- 5.1.2 Rates, Quantum Yields, and Their Comparability -- 5.1.2.1 Direct Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- 5.1.2.1.1 Factors Determining the Quantum Yield -- 5.1.2.1.2 Kinetic Aspects -- 5.1.2.1.3 Quantum Yield -- 5.1.2.1.3 Role of Adsorption -- 5.1.2.1.3 Indirect Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- 5.1.3 Influence of Semiconductor Nature and Particle Size on Chemical Selectivity -- 5.1.3.1 Control of Chemoselectivity by Surface States and Redox Amplification -- 5.2 Characterization of Photocatalysts -- 5.2.1 General Methods -- 5.2.2 Flatband and Quasi-Fermi Potentials -- 5.2.2.1 Measurements in Absence of Light -- 5.3 Preparation and Properties of Photocatalysts -- 5.3.1 Pristine Compounds and Solid Solutions -- 5.3.1.1 TiO2 -- 5.3.1.2 WO3 -- 5.3.1.3 α-Fe2O3 -- 5.3.1.4 BiVO4 -- 5.3.1.5 Ta2O3, TaON, Ta3N5, and MTaO2N -- 5.3.1.6 CuO, Cu2O -- 5.3.1.7 GaN-ZnO -- 5.3.1.8 CdS and ZnS -- 5.3.2 Grafting of CdS and TiO2 onto Inorganic Supports -- 5.3.2.1 Grafting onto a Nonconducting Support -- 5.3.2.2 Grafting onto a Semiconducting Support -- 5.3.3 Grafting of Metal Halides and Metal Oxides onto Titania -- 5.3.3.1 Metal Chloride-Grafted Titania -- 5.3.4 Metal-Loaded Powders -- 5.3.5 Nonmetal-Modified Titania -- 5.3.5.1 Nitrogen-Modified Titania -- 5.3.5.2 ``Carbon''-Modified Titania -- 5.3.5.3 Miscellaneous -- 5.4 Type A Reactions -- 5.4.1 Water Splitting.
5.4.1.1 One-Particle Photocatalysis -- 5.4.1.2 Two-Particle Photocatalysis -- 5.4.1.3 Reduction and Oxidation of Water -- 5.4.2 Aerobic Oxidations -- 5.4.2.1 Direct Photocatalysis -- 5.4.2.2 Indirect Photocatalysis -- 5.4.3 Nitrogen Fixation -- 5.4.3.1 Fixation by UV Irradiation -- 5.4.3.2 Fixation by Visible Irradiation -- 5.4.3.3 Formation of Ammonia, Hydrazine, and Nitrate -- 5.4.3.4 Role of Chloride Ions -- 5.4.3.5 Mechanism -- 5.4.4 Carbon Dioxide Fixation -- 5.4.5 Organic Reactions -- 5.4.5.1 Oxidative C-N Cleavage -- 5.4.5.2 Intramolecular C-N and C-C Coupling -- 5.4.5.3 Intermolecular C-C and C-N Coupling -- 5.4.5.4 Intermolecular C-O Coupling -- 5.4.5.5 Anaerobic Dehydrodimerization and Intermediary Water Reduction -- 5.5 Type B Reactions -- 5.5.1 C-N Coupling -- 5.5.2 C-C Coupling -- 5.5.2.1 Addition of Olefins to Imines -- 5.5.2.2 Addition of Olefins to Amines -- 5.5.3 C-H Activation of Alkanes -- 5.6 Environmental Aspects -- 5.6.1 Abiotic Nitrogen Fixation -- 5.6.2 Photocatalysis and Chemical Evolution -- 5.6.3 Detoxification of Air and Water -- 5.6.4 Antibacterial and Antiviral Effects -- 5.6.5 Amphiphilic Properties of Titania -- 5.7 Titania in Food and Personal Care Products -- 5.8 Photoreactors -- 5.8.1 Laboratory Photoreactors -- 5.8.2 Solar Photoreactors and Kinetic Modeling -- References -- Index -- EULA.
Summary: Focusing on the basic principles of semiconductor photocatalysis, this book also gives a brief introduction to photochemistry, photoelectrochemistry, and homogeneous photocatalysis. In addition, the author - one of the leading authorities in the field - presents important environmental and practical aspects. A valuable, one-stop source for all chemists, material scientists, and physicists working in this area, as well as novice researchers entering semiconductor photocatalysis.
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Intro -- Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1 Introduction -- 1.1 A Brief History of Photochemistry -- 1.2 Catalysis, Photochemistry, and Photocatalysis -- Chapter 2 Molecular Photochemistry -- 2.1 Absorption and Emission -- 2.2 Intensity of Electronic Transitions -- 2.2.1 Contribution of Nuclei -- 2.2.2 Contribution of Spin -- 2.2.3 Contribution of Orbitals -- 2.3 Excited States Radiative Lifetimes -- 2.4 Energy and Electron Transfer -- 2.4.1 Energy Transfer -- 2.4.2 Electron Transfer -- 2.5 Proton Transfer and Hydrogen Abstraction -- 2.6 Photosensitization -- 2.7 Rates and Quantum Yields -- 2.8 Quenching of Excited States -- 2.8.1 Identification of the Reactive Excited State -- 2.9 Absorption, Emission, and Excitation Spectra -- 2.10 Classification and Reactivity of Excited States -- 2.10.1 Organic Molecules -- 2.10.1.1 π,π* States -- 2.10.1.2 n,π* States -- 2.10.1.3 Charge-Transfer (CT) States -- 2.10.1.4 Triplet and Singlet Oxygen Reactions -- 2.10.2 Inorganic and Organometallic Complexes -- 2.10.2.1 Metal-Centered (MC) states -- 2.10.2.2 Ligand-Centered (LC) States -- 2.10.2.3 Charge Transfer Metal to Ligand (CTML) States -- 2.10.2.4 Charge Transfer Ligand to Metal (CTLM) States -- 2.10.2.5 Charge Transfer to Solvent (CTTS) States -- 2.10.2.6 Intervalence Transfer (IT) States -- Chapter 3 Molecular Photocatalysis -- 3.1 Hydrogenation of 1,3-Dienes -- 3.2 Co-Cyclization of Alkynes with Nitriles -- 3.3 Enantioselective Trifluoromethylation of Aldehydes -- 3.4 Photoinduced Electron Transfer Catalysis -- 3.5 Reduction and Oxidation of Water -- Chapter 4 Photoelectrochemistry -- 4.1 Electronic Structure and Nature of Excited States -- 4.1.1 The (Optical) Bandgap -- 4.1.1.1 Measurement of the Bandgap Energy -- 4.1.1.2 Influence of Crystal Size -- 4.1.2 The Photonic Bandgap -- 4.1.3 Emission Spectra.

4.2 Photocorrosion -- 4.3 Interfacial Electron Transfer -- 4.3.1 Introduction -- 4.3.2 Thermal Interfacial Electron Transfer (IFET) -- 4.3.2.1 IFET at the Metal/Liquid Interface -- 4.3.2.2 IFET at the Semiconductor/Liquid Interface -- 4.3.3 Photochemical Interfacial Electron Transfer -- 4.3.3.1 IFET in Large Semiconductor Crystals -- 4.3.3.2 IFET in Small Semiconductor Crystals -- Chapter 5 Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- 5.1 Mechanisms, Kinetics, and Adsorption -- 5.1.1 General Classification of Reactions -- 5.1.2 Rates, Quantum Yields, and Their Comparability -- 5.1.2.1 Direct Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- 5.1.2.1.1 Factors Determining the Quantum Yield -- 5.1.2.1.2 Kinetic Aspects -- 5.1.2.1.3 Quantum Yield -- 5.1.2.1.3 Role of Adsorption -- 5.1.2.1.3 Indirect Semiconductor Photocatalysis -- 5.1.3 Influence of Semiconductor Nature and Particle Size on Chemical Selectivity -- 5.1.3.1 Control of Chemoselectivity by Surface States and Redox Amplification -- 5.2 Characterization of Photocatalysts -- 5.2.1 General Methods -- 5.2.2 Flatband and Quasi-Fermi Potentials -- 5.2.2.1 Measurements in Absence of Light -- 5.3 Preparation and Properties of Photocatalysts -- 5.3.1 Pristine Compounds and Solid Solutions -- 5.3.1.1 TiO2 -- 5.3.1.2 WO3 -- 5.3.1.3 α-Fe2O3 -- 5.3.1.4 BiVO4 -- 5.3.1.5 Ta2O3, TaON, Ta3N5, and MTaO2N -- 5.3.1.6 CuO, Cu2O -- 5.3.1.7 GaN-ZnO -- 5.3.1.8 CdS and ZnS -- 5.3.2 Grafting of CdS and TiO2 onto Inorganic Supports -- 5.3.2.1 Grafting onto a Nonconducting Support -- 5.3.2.2 Grafting onto a Semiconducting Support -- 5.3.3 Grafting of Metal Halides and Metal Oxides onto Titania -- 5.3.3.1 Metal Chloride-Grafted Titania -- 5.3.4 Metal-Loaded Powders -- 5.3.5 Nonmetal-Modified Titania -- 5.3.5.1 Nitrogen-Modified Titania -- 5.3.5.2 ``Carbon''-Modified Titania -- 5.3.5.3 Miscellaneous -- 5.4 Type A Reactions -- 5.4.1 Water Splitting.

5.4.1.1 One-Particle Photocatalysis -- 5.4.1.2 Two-Particle Photocatalysis -- 5.4.1.3 Reduction and Oxidation of Water -- 5.4.2 Aerobic Oxidations -- 5.4.2.1 Direct Photocatalysis -- 5.4.2.2 Indirect Photocatalysis -- 5.4.3 Nitrogen Fixation -- 5.4.3.1 Fixation by UV Irradiation -- 5.4.3.2 Fixation by Visible Irradiation -- 5.4.3.3 Formation of Ammonia, Hydrazine, and Nitrate -- 5.4.3.4 Role of Chloride Ions -- 5.4.3.5 Mechanism -- 5.4.4 Carbon Dioxide Fixation -- 5.4.5 Organic Reactions -- 5.4.5.1 Oxidative C-N Cleavage -- 5.4.5.2 Intramolecular C-N and C-C Coupling -- 5.4.5.3 Intermolecular C-C and C-N Coupling -- 5.4.5.4 Intermolecular C-O Coupling -- 5.4.5.5 Anaerobic Dehydrodimerization and Intermediary Water Reduction -- 5.5 Type B Reactions -- 5.5.1 C-N Coupling -- 5.5.2 C-C Coupling -- 5.5.2.1 Addition of Olefins to Imines -- 5.5.2.2 Addition of Olefins to Amines -- 5.5.3 C-H Activation of Alkanes -- 5.6 Environmental Aspects -- 5.6.1 Abiotic Nitrogen Fixation -- 5.6.2 Photocatalysis and Chemical Evolution -- 5.6.3 Detoxification of Air and Water -- 5.6.4 Antibacterial and Antiviral Effects -- 5.6.5 Amphiphilic Properties of Titania -- 5.7 Titania in Food and Personal Care Products -- 5.8 Photoreactors -- 5.8.1 Laboratory Photoreactors -- 5.8.2 Solar Photoreactors and Kinetic Modeling -- References -- Index -- EULA.

Focusing on the basic principles of semiconductor photocatalysis, this book also gives a brief introduction to photochemistry, photoelectrochemistry, and homogeneous photocatalysis. In addition, the author - one of the leading authorities in the field - presents important environmental and practical aspects. A valuable, one-stop source for all chemists, material scientists, and physicists working in this area, as well as novice researchers entering semiconductor photocatalysis.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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