Materials Kinetics Fundamentals.

By: O'Hayre, RyanPublisher: Somerset : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Edition: 1st edDescription: 1 online resource (315 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781118972946Subject(s): Materials -- Creep -- Textbooks.;Mechanics, Analytic -- TextbooksGenre/Form: Electronic books. Additional physical formats: Print version:: Materials Kinetics FundamentalsDDC classification: 620.1/1233 LOC classification: TA418.22 -- .O33 2015ebOnline resources: Click to View
Contents:
Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Learning Objectives -- Part I Kinetic Principles -- Chapter 1 Introduction to Materials Kinetics -- 1.1 What Is Kinetics? -- 1.2 Kinetics Versus Thermodynamics -- 1.3 Homogeneous Versus Heterogeneous Kinetics -- 1.4 Reaction Versus Diffusion -- 1.5 Classifying Kinetic Processes -- 1.6 Brief Word about Units -- 1.7 Chapter Summary -- 1.8 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 2 A Short Detour into Thermodynamics -- 2.1 Dynamic Equilibrium -- 2.2 Enthalpy (H), Entropy (S), and Gibbs Free Energy (G) -- 2.2.1 Relationship between ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS -- 2.3 Molar Quantities -- 2.4 Standard State -- 2.5 Calculating Thermodynamic Quantities -- 2.6 Reaction Quotient Q and Equilibrium Constant K -- 2.7 Temperature Dependence of K -- 2.8 Thermodynamics of Phase Transformations -- 2.9 Ideal Gas Law -- 2.10 Calculating Concentrations for Liquids or Solids -- 2.10.1 Calculating Densities/Concentrations in Pure Materials -- 2.10.2 Calculating Densities/Concentrations in Stoichiometric Compounds or Dilute Solutions -- 2.10.3 Calculating Densities/Concentrations for Mixtures of Multiple Phases/Compounds -- 2.10.4 Calculating Densities/Concentrations from Crystallographic Information -- 2.10.5 Calculating Site Fractions -- 2.11 Chapter Summary -- 2.12 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 3 Chemical Reaction Kinetics -- 3.1 Homogeneous versus Heterogeneous Chemical Reactions -- 3.2 Homogeneous Chemical Reactions -- 3.2.1 Reaction Rate Equation and k -- 3.2.2 Order of Reaction -- 3.2.3 Zero-Order Reactions -- 3.2.4 First-Order Reactions -- 3.2.5 Second-Order Reactions -- 3.2.6 Incomplete Reactions/Equilibrium Reactions -- 3.2.7 Summary of Homogeneous Reaction Kinetics -- 3.3 Temperature Dependence of Reaction Kinetics: Activation Theory -- 3.4 Heterogeneous Chemical Reactions -- 3.4.1 Effect of Catalyst.
3.4.2 Gas-Solid Surface Reaction Processes -- 3.5 Chapter Summary -- 3.6 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 4 Transport Kinetics (Diffusion) -- 4.1 Flux -- 4.2 Fluxes and Forces -- 4.3 Common Transport Modes (Force/Flux Pairs) -- 4.4 Phenomenological Treatment of Diffusion -- 4.4.1 Steady-State Diffusion: Fick's First Law -- 4.4.2 Transient Diffusion: Fick's Second Law -- 4.4.3 Kirkendal Effect and Moving Interface Problems -- 4.4.4 Summary of Transient Diffusion Problems -- 4.4.5 Coupled Diffusion Processes -- 4.5 Atomistic Treatment of Diffusion -- 4.5.1 Overview of Diffusion in Gases Versus Liquids Versus Solids -- 4.5.2 Diffusion in Gases: Kinetic Theory of Gases -- 4.5.3 Diffusion in Solids: Atomistic Mechanisms of Solid-State Diffusion -- 4.5.4 Diffusion in Solids: High-Diffusivity Paths -- 4.6 Chapter Summary -- 4.7 Chapter Exercises -- Part II Applications of Materials Kinetics -- Chapter 5 Gas-Solid Kinetic Processes -- 5.1 Adsorption/Desorption -- 5.2 Active Gas Corrosion -- 5.3 Chemical Vapor Deposition -- 5.4 Atomic Layer Deposition -- 5.5 Passive Oxidation -- 5.6 Chapter Summary -- 5.7 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 6 Liquid-Solid and Solid-Solid Phase Transformations -- 6.1 What Is a Phase Transformation? -- 6.2 Driving Forces for Transformation: Temperature and Composition -- 6.2.1 Calculating ΔGV -- 6.3 Spinodal Decomposition: A Continuous Phase Transformation -- 6.4 Surfaces and Interfaces -- 6.4.1 Estimating Surface Energies -- 6.4.2 Interfacial Energy Balances -- 6.4.3 Overview of Important Surface/Interface Energy Effects -- 6.5 Nucleation -- 6.5.1 Homogeneous Nucleation -- 6.5.2 Heterogeneous Nucleation -- 6.5.3 Nucleation Rate -- 6.6 Growth -- 6.7 Nucleation and Growth Combined -- 6.7.1 Effect of Nucleation Rate versus Growth Rate on Microstructure -- 6.7.2 Overall Rate of Transformation: Johnson-Mehl and Avrami Equations.
6.7.3 Time-Temperature-Transformation Diagrams -- 6.8 Solidification -- 6.8.1 Casting Microstructures -- 6.8.2 Plane Front Solidification (Scheil Equation) -- 6.8.3 Cellular or Dendritic Growth -- 6.8.4 Eutectic Lamellae -- 6.8.5 Peritectic Solidification -- 6.9 Martensitic Transformations -- 6.10 Chapter Summary -- 6.11 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 7 Microstructural Evolution -- 7.1 Capillary Forces -- 7.2 Surface Evolution -- 7.2.1 Surface Evolution by Solid-State Diffusion -- 7.2.2 Surface Evolution by Vapor-Phase Transport -- 7.3 Coarsening -- 7.3.1 Diffusion-Limited Coarsening -- 7.3.2 Source/Sink-Limited Coarsening -- 7.4 Grain Growth -- 7.5 Sintering -- 7.6 Chapter Summary -- 7.7 Chapter Exercises -- References -- Part III Appendixes -- Appendix A Units -- Appendix B Periodic Table -- Appendix C Answers to Selected Calculation Questions -- Index -- EULA.
Summary: Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place - for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials KineticsSummary: Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.
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Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Learning Objectives -- Part I Kinetic Principles -- Chapter 1 Introduction to Materials Kinetics -- 1.1 What Is Kinetics? -- 1.2 Kinetics Versus Thermodynamics -- 1.3 Homogeneous Versus Heterogeneous Kinetics -- 1.4 Reaction Versus Diffusion -- 1.5 Classifying Kinetic Processes -- 1.6 Brief Word about Units -- 1.7 Chapter Summary -- 1.8 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 2 A Short Detour into Thermodynamics -- 2.1 Dynamic Equilibrium -- 2.2 Enthalpy (H), Entropy (S), and Gibbs Free Energy (G) -- 2.2.1 Relationship between ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS -- 2.3 Molar Quantities -- 2.4 Standard State -- 2.5 Calculating Thermodynamic Quantities -- 2.6 Reaction Quotient Q and Equilibrium Constant K -- 2.7 Temperature Dependence of K -- 2.8 Thermodynamics of Phase Transformations -- 2.9 Ideal Gas Law -- 2.10 Calculating Concentrations for Liquids or Solids -- 2.10.1 Calculating Densities/Concentrations in Pure Materials -- 2.10.2 Calculating Densities/Concentrations in Stoichiometric Compounds or Dilute Solutions -- 2.10.3 Calculating Densities/Concentrations for Mixtures of Multiple Phases/Compounds -- 2.10.4 Calculating Densities/Concentrations from Crystallographic Information -- 2.10.5 Calculating Site Fractions -- 2.11 Chapter Summary -- 2.12 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 3 Chemical Reaction Kinetics -- 3.1 Homogeneous versus Heterogeneous Chemical Reactions -- 3.2 Homogeneous Chemical Reactions -- 3.2.1 Reaction Rate Equation and k -- 3.2.2 Order of Reaction -- 3.2.3 Zero-Order Reactions -- 3.2.4 First-Order Reactions -- 3.2.5 Second-Order Reactions -- 3.2.6 Incomplete Reactions/Equilibrium Reactions -- 3.2.7 Summary of Homogeneous Reaction Kinetics -- 3.3 Temperature Dependence of Reaction Kinetics: Activation Theory -- 3.4 Heterogeneous Chemical Reactions -- 3.4.1 Effect of Catalyst.

3.4.2 Gas-Solid Surface Reaction Processes -- 3.5 Chapter Summary -- 3.6 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 4 Transport Kinetics (Diffusion) -- 4.1 Flux -- 4.2 Fluxes and Forces -- 4.3 Common Transport Modes (Force/Flux Pairs) -- 4.4 Phenomenological Treatment of Diffusion -- 4.4.1 Steady-State Diffusion: Fick's First Law -- 4.4.2 Transient Diffusion: Fick's Second Law -- 4.4.3 Kirkendal Effect and Moving Interface Problems -- 4.4.4 Summary of Transient Diffusion Problems -- 4.4.5 Coupled Diffusion Processes -- 4.5 Atomistic Treatment of Diffusion -- 4.5.1 Overview of Diffusion in Gases Versus Liquids Versus Solids -- 4.5.2 Diffusion in Gases: Kinetic Theory of Gases -- 4.5.3 Diffusion in Solids: Atomistic Mechanisms of Solid-State Diffusion -- 4.5.4 Diffusion in Solids: High-Diffusivity Paths -- 4.6 Chapter Summary -- 4.7 Chapter Exercises -- Part II Applications of Materials Kinetics -- Chapter 5 Gas-Solid Kinetic Processes -- 5.1 Adsorption/Desorption -- 5.2 Active Gas Corrosion -- 5.3 Chemical Vapor Deposition -- 5.4 Atomic Layer Deposition -- 5.5 Passive Oxidation -- 5.6 Chapter Summary -- 5.7 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 6 Liquid-Solid and Solid-Solid Phase Transformations -- 6.1 What Is a Phase Transformation? -- 6.2 Driving Forces for Transformation: Temperature and Composition -- 6.2.1 Calculating ΔGV -- 6.3 Spinodal Decomposition: A Continuous Phase Transformation -- 6.4 Surfaces and Interfaces -- 6.4.1 Estimating Surface Energies -- 6.4.2 Interfacial Energy Balances -- 6.4.3 Overview of Important Surface/Interface Energy Effects -- 6.5 Nucleation -- 6.5.1 Homogeneous Nucleation -- 6.5.2 Heterogeneous Nucleation -- 6.5.3 Nucleation Rate -- 6.6 Growth -- 6.7 Nucleation and Growth Combined -- 6.7.1 Effect of Nucleation Rate versus Growth Rate on Microstructure -- 6.7.2 Overall Rate of Transformation: Johnson-Mehl and Avrami Equations.

6.7.3 Time-Temperature-Transformation Diagrams -- 6.8 Solidification -- 6.8.1 Casting Microstructures -- 6.8.2 Plane Front Solidification (Scheil Equation) -- 6.8.3 Cellular or Dendritic Growth -- 6.8.4 Eutectic Lamellae -- 6.8.5 Peritectic Solidification -- 6.9 Martensitic Transformations -- 6.10 Chapter Summary -- 6.11 Chapter Exercises -- Chapter 7 Microstructural Evolution -- 7.1 Capillary Forces -- 7.2 Surface Evolution -- 7.2.1 Surface Evolution by Solid-State Diffusion -- 7.2.2 Surface Evolution by Vapor-Phase Transport -- 7.3 Coarsening -- 7.3.1 Diffusion-Limited Coarsening -- 7.3.2 Source/Sink-Limited Coarsening -- 7.4 Grain Growth -- 7.5 Sintering -- 7.6 Chapter Summary -- 7.7 Chapter Exercises -- References -- Part III Appendixes -- Appendix A Units -- Appendix B Periodic Table -- Appendix C Answers to Selected Calculation Questions -- Index -- EULA.

Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place - for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials Kinetics

Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2019. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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