Symbiosis in Fishes :

Karplus, Ilan.

Symbiosis in Fishes : The Biology of Interspecific Partnerships. - 1st ed. - 1 online resource (461 pages)

Intro -- Symbiosis in FishesThe Biology of Interspecific Partnerships -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- One The Associations between Fishes and Luminescent Bacteria -- Luminescent Bacteria -- Symbiotic Luminescent Bacteria in Fish Light Organs -- Flashlight Fishes -- Taxonomy and Distribution -- The Light Organs -- The Eye and the Light Organ -- Reproduction, Larval and Light Organ Development -- The Photophobic Response -- The Use of Light by Flashlight Fishes -- School Formation -- Territorial Defense -- Sexual Signaling -- Deep Sea Ceratioid Anglerfishes -- Structure, Diversity and Distribution -- Reproductive Strategies -- Facultative Sexual Parasitism -- Light Organ Structure and Development: Light and the Mechanisms Controlling its Emission -- The Use of Lures by Anglerfishes -- Ponyfishes -- Structure, Distribution and Taxonomy -- The Light Organ System (LOS) and Diversity of the Generated Light Patterns -- Sex-Specific Signaling -- Inception of the Association between Luminescent Bacteria and Ponyfishes -- Sexual Dimorphism of the LOS, Sex-Specific Signaling and the Role of Sexual Selection in the Evolution of Leiognathid Fishes -- Specificity of the Partnerships between Luminescent Bacteria and Fishes -- Optimization of the Benefits to Fishes from their Association with Bacteria -- The Evolution of the Partnerships between Fishes and Luminescent Bacteria -- References -- TWO The Associations between Fishes and Sponges -- Sponges -- Predator Deterrence by Sponges -- Multiple Species Assemblages in Sponges -- Obligatory Fish Symbionts and Adaptations for Living in Association with Sponges -- Nutrition, Reproduction and Sponge Occupation by Obligatory Symbiotic Fishes -- Partner Specificity and Sponge Sharing by Obligatory Symbiotic Fishes -- Evolution of the Partnership Between Obligatory Fish Symbionts and Sponges. Sponges as Living Incubators of Fish Eggs -- Facultative Partnerships Between Fishes and Sponges -- References -- THREE The Associations between Fishes and Anthozoans -- Sea Anemones -- The Stinging Cells and their Release Mechanism -- Obligatory Associations with Sea Anemones of Fishes of the Genera Amphiprion and  Premnas -- The Taxonomy, Distribution and Ecology of Host Sea Anemones and their Associated Fishes -- The Protection of Anemone Fishes from Sea Anemones -- Recognition, Attraction to and Selection of Sea Anemones by Anemone Fishes -- Partner Specificity -- Host Preference -- Competitive Interactions -- Stochastic Processes -- Habitat Preference -- Geographical Overlap -- Protection from Sea Anemones -- Species Coexistence -- Adaptations of Anemone Fishes for Living with Sea Anemones -- Protandric Sex Reversal -- Monogamy and Mate Recognition -- Step-fathering -- Social Control of Growth and the Tolerance of Nonbreeders by the Breeders -- Fish Territoriality, Aggression and the Sea Anemone -- Limited Larval Dispersal and Natal Recruitment -- Benefits and Costs to Anemone Fishes and Sea Anemones from being Associated and their Short-term Mutual Impacts -- The Evolution of the Anemone Fish-Sea Anemone Partnership -- The Facultative Associations Between Fishes and Sea Anemones -- Protection from Sea Anemones -- Partner Specificity -- Settlement and Recruitment of D. trimaculatus to Sea Anemones -- The Sharing of Sea Anemones with Anemone Fishes -- Benefits and Costs to Facultative Fish Partners and Sea Anemones -- The Associations Between Fishes and Scleractinian Corals -- Scleractinian Corals -- Microhabitat Selection by Coral Dwelling Fishes -- Adaptations to Habitat by Coral Dwelling Gobies -- Small Size and Morphology -- Noxious Skin -- Hypoxia Tolerance and Air Breathing -- Bidirectional Sex Reversal -- Monogamy. Social Control of Growth -- Multiple Species Assemblages Involving Coral Dwelling Gobies and Crustaceans -- Benefits and Costs to Fishes and Corals for being Associated -- Benefits to Fishes -- Benefits to Corals -- Social Structure and Mating System Evolution in Coral Dwelling Damselfishes of the genus Dascyllus -- References -- Four The Associations between Fishes and Siphonophores -- Siphonophores -- Physalia physalis−the Portuguese Man-of-War -- Fishes Associated with Siphonophores other than Physalia physalis -- Fishes Associated with Physalia physalis -- References -- Five The Associations between Fishes and Scyphozoan Medusae -- Scyphozoan medusae -- Predation on Scyphozoan Medusae and their Structural and Behavioral Antipredator Defenses -- Fishes Associated with Scyphozoan Medusae -- The Protection of Fishes from Scyphozoan Medusae -- Recognition and Attraction to Scyphozoan Medusae by Associated Fishes -- Partner Specificity, Duration of the Medusa-Fish Bond and the Effects of the Medusae Size on the Associated Fishes -- Benefits and Costs to Fishes and Medusae from being Associated -- The Effects of Medusae on Fish Recruitment -- The Association of Fishes with Floating Objects and the Fish-Medusa Partnership -- References -- Six The Associations between Fishes and Molluscs -- The Association between Fishes and Cephalopods -- Cephalopods -- Octopus Dens, Foraging and Antipredatory Behavior -- Scavenging Fishes Associated with Octopus Dens -- Fishes Associated with Foraging Octopuses -- Octopuses and Cleaning Symbiosis -- Transport Associations between Octopuses and Fishes -- Fishes Associated with Squid Schools -- The Association between Fishes and Gastropods -- Gastropods -- Predation on Conchs, Antipredatory Strategies and Foraging in Conchs -- The Association between Cardinal Fishes and Conchs. The Association between Nudibranchs and Gobiid Fishes -- The Association between a Pearlfish and an Opisthobranch Gastropod -- The Association between Fishes and Bivalves -- Bivalves -- The Glochidia Larvae of Freshwater Mussels and their Host Fishes -- Bitterlings and their Freshwater Mussel Hosts -- Attraction of the European Bitterling to Mussels and Choice of Oviposition Sites -- Adaptations of Bitterling for Development Inside Freshwater Mussels -- Male Reproductive Behavior and the Mussel -- Female Reproductive Behavior and the Mussel -- Host Utilization by Sympatric Bitterling Species -- Costs and Benefits for the Mussel and Possible Coevolution of the Bitterling-Mussel Partnership -- Pearl Fishes Associated with Bivalves -- The Association of Snailfish and Red Hake with Sea Scallops -- References -- Seven The Associations between Fishes and Crustaceans -- The Associations between Fishes and Cleaner Shrimps -- Cleaning Symbiosis and Shrimp -- Taxonomy, Morphology, Coloration and Distribution of Cleaner Shrimp -- Cleaner Shrimp Activity -- Associations between Cleaner Shrimp and Sea Anemones -- Communication between Fishes and Cleaner Shrimp -- Removal of Parasites versus Mucus by Cleaner Shrimp -- Costs and Benefits for Cleaner Shrimp and Fish Clients and the Proximate Mechanisms for Cleaning -- The Evolution of the Cleaner Shrimp-Fish Partnership -- Feeding associations between fishes and crustaceans -- Mixed Species Schools of Fishes and Crustaceans -- Liparid Fishes Associated with Lithodid Crabs -- The Associations between Fishes and Burrowing Brachyuran Crabs -- Gobiid Fishes Associated with Burrowing Thalassinid Shrimp -- Thalassinid Shrimp and their Burrows -- The Facultative Association of Clevelandia ios with Callianassa californiensis and Upogebia pugettensis. The Obligatory Association of the Blind Goby Typhlogobius californiensis with Callianassa affinis -- The Obligatory Association of  Austrolethops wardi with Neaxius acanthus -- The Obligatory Association of Didogobius amicuscardis with Axiopsis serratifrons -- Gobiid Fishes Associated with Burrowing Alpheid Shrimps -- Systematics of Gobies and Shrimps -- Biogeography -- Diet and Feeding Behavior -- Habitat Specificity -- Population Structure and Dynamics -- Burrow Structure, Construction and Dynamics -- Activity Rhythms -- Aggressive Behavior and Territoriality of  Goby and Shrimp -- Reproduction of Goby and Shrimp -- Interspecific Communication -- Communication under Natural Conditions in Indo-Pacific Partnerships -- Warning Signal Generation by Indo-Pacific Gobies in Response to Predators and Models of Predators -- Sequence and Information Analyses in Indo-Pacific Partnerships -- Film Analysis of the Communication between the Goby Amblyeleotris steinitzi and the Shrimp Alpheus purpurilenticularis -- Communication between Gobies and Shrimp in the Western Atlantic -- Partner Specificity -- Field Observations -- Laboratory Experiments -- The Mechanism Regulating Specificity -- Goby-Shrimp Phylogeography -- Costs and Benefits for Goby and Shrimp -- Evolution -- References -- Eight The Associations between Fishes and Echinoderms -- The Association between Fishes and Sea Urchins -- Sea Urchins -- Sea Urchin Structural Defenses, Predation by Fishes and Antipredatory Strategies -- Associated Fishes, their Size, Coloration and Sea Urchin Hosts -- The Attraction of Associated Fishes to Sea Urchins -- Benefits and Costs of the Fish-Sea Urchin Partnership -- Partner Specificity in the Fish-Sea Urchin Association -- The Evolution of the Fish-Sea Urchin Partnership -- Mimicry of Sea Urchins by Fishes -- The Association between Fishes and Crinoids -- Crinoids. Predation on Crinoids by Fishes and Antipredatory Strategies of Feather Stars and Sea Lilies.

Symbiosis in Fishes provides comprehensive coverage of the biology of partnerships between fishes and invertebrates, ascending the phylogenetic scale, from luminescent bacteria, sponges and coelenterates to molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms. Both facultative and obligatory partnerships are reviewed with emphasis on the behavioral, ecological and evolutionary aspects of fish symbiosis. Each of the eight chapters of this book focuses on a different group of partners. The structure, physiology and anti-predatory strategies of each group are described to provide the necessary background for the understanding of their partnerships with fishes. The formation of the associations, the degree of partner specificity and its regulation, as well as the benefits and costs for the fishes and their associates, communication between partners and their possible co-evolution are discussed in each chapter. This is the first attempt to critically review in a single volume all associations of fishes with invertebrates based on the latest studies in these areas, together with studies published many years ago and little cited since then. Symbiosis in Fishes provides a huge wealth of information that will be of great use and interest to many life scientists including fish biologists, ecologists, ethologists, aquatic scientists, physiologists and evolutionary biologists. It is hoped that the contents of the book will stimulate many to further research, to fill in the gaps in our knowledge in this fascinating and important subject. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this exciting book.


Symbiosis.;Aquatic animals.;Fishes.;Invertebrates.

Electronic books.

QH548.K37 2014eb