Philosophical Interpretations of the Old Testament.

Sekine, Seizo.

Philosophical Interpretations of the Old Testament. - 1 online resource (268 pages) - Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft Ser. ; v.458 . - Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft Ser. .

Intro -- Preface -- Part I The Old Testament and Philosophy -- Part II Old Testament Thought and the Modern World -- Part III The Prophets and Soteriology -- Part IV Old Testament Studies in Japan -- Explanatory Notes -- Abbreviations -- Abbreviations for Hebrew Bible / Old Testament Books -- Abbreviations for New Testament Books -- Abbreviations for Bible Versions -- Ancient Versions -- Introduction: Philosophical and Historical Interpretations -- Historical Interpretation -- Examples of Historical Interpretation -- Philosophical Interpretation -- Examples of Philosophical Interpretation -- The Relationship between the Two Approaches and the Task at Hand -- Monotheism in the Context of Contemporary Challenges -- Part I The Old Testament and Philosophy -- Chapter 1: Philosophical Interpretations of the Sacrifice of Isaac: Inquiring into the True Significance of the Akedah -- Introduction -- 1 An Evaluation of Kierkegaard's Interpretation -- 1.1 Kierkegaard's Interpretation -- 1.2 Westermann's Critique -- 1.3 Questions for Westermann -- 2 Interpretations by Kant, Buber, Levinas, Derrida, and Miyamoto, and a Critical Summary -- 2.1 Kant's Interpretation -- 2.2 Buber's Interpretation -- 2.3 Levinas's Interpretation -- 2.4 Derrida's Interpretation -- 2.5 Miyamoto's Interpretation -- 2.6 Critical Summary -- 3 Examining the Theory that Treats Verses 15-19 as a Later Accretion -- 3.1 Translation of Verses 15-19 and Notes -- 3.2 Grounds for Treating Verses 15-19 as a Later Accretion -- 3.3 Examining the Theory that Treats Verses 15-19 as a Later Accretion -- 3.4 The Theory that Treats Verse 19 as a Later Accretion -- 4 A Reconstruction of the Dialogue among God, Abraham, and Isaac, and their States of Mind -- 4.1 Silence or Dialogue -- 4.2 Translation of Verses 2-4 and Verse 9 with Notes -- 4.3 When Was Abraham "Told" about "the Place"?. 4.4 Toward Understanding the Characters' States of Mind -- 5 Isaac's Feelings -- 5.1 The Father's Love -- 5.2 Translation of Verses 7-8 with Notes -- 5.3 Isaac's Self-sacrifice -- 5.4 Why Did Isaac Not Run Away? -- 6 Abraham's Feelings -- 6.1 In His Relationship with Isaac -- 6.2 Abraham's Logic and Conviction: With Reference to Josephus -- 6.3 Abraham's Statement: Returning to the Akedah -- 6.4 The True Meaning of Abraham's Statement -- 6.5 Faith and Unbelief -- 6.6 Contradictory Views of the Talkative Abraham -- 6.7 The One Who is Weak and the One Who Fears God -- 7 God's Self-Denial -- 7.1 Doubts about "God" -- 7.2 Criticism from Philosophy of a Personal God, and its Outcome -- 7.3 Nishida's Understanding of the Akedah -- 7.4 Abraham's Evil and God's Love -- 7.5 Summary -- 7.6 Self-Negation within the Creator God -- 7.7 Self-Negation within the Ethnic God -- 7.8 The Meaning of Self-Negation -- 7.9 Additional Comments on Agape: Agape in the Old and New Testaments -- 7.10 The Meaning of be-har yahwe yera'e -- Conclusion -- A Retrospect of the Main Points Concerning "the True Significance of the Akedah" -- Prospects for Collaboration Between Old Testament Studies and Philosophy -- Chapter 2: The Paradox of Suffering: Comparing Second Isaiah and Socrates -- Introduction -- 1 Theodicy of Suffering in Israelite Religion -- 1.1 Suffering of the Righteous in the Book of Second Isaiah -- 1.2 Max Weber's Interpretation and its Merits -- 1.3 Despair in Life -- 2 Egoism of Suffering in Greek Philosophy -- 2.1 The Execution of Socrates -- 2.2 The Relationship between Love and Suffering in Aristotle -- 2.3 Hope in Life -- 3 Suffering as the Starting Point of Liberation from Egoism -- 3.1 Abandonment of Egoism -- 3.2 Devotion -- 3.3 The Paradox of Suffering. Chapter 3: Reconstructing Old Testament Monotheism: A Dialogue between Old Testament Studies and Philosophy -- Introduction -- 1 What is Problematic about Monotheism? -- 2 Various Views of God in the Old Testament's Self-Understanding -- 2.1 The God Who Directs Israel's Wars -- 2.2 The God Who Uses Other Nations to Punish Israel's Sins -- 2.3 The God Who Does Not Guide History -- 3 Various Views of God Classified in Terms of Religious Studies -- 3.1 The Relationship with Polytheism -- 3.2 The Law of Monolatry -- 3.3 The Formation and Significance of Monotheism -- 4 Philosophical Reflections about the Concept of God -- 5 The Anthropological Significance of Atonement Faith -- 5.1 Atonement of the Righteous in Judaism and Christianity -- 5.2 Egoism of Suffering in Greek Philosophy -- 5.3 Atonement as the Starting Point of Liberation from Egoism -- Conclusion -- Part II Old Testament Thought and the Modern World -- Chapter 4: Modern Aspects of the Old Testament Understanding of God: Qohelet, Schoenberg, Jung -- 1 Suspicions, Criticisms, and Verbal Attacks against the Old Testament God -- 1.1 Qohelet's Suspicions of the God who Requites Good and Evil -- 1.2 Schoenberg's Criticism of the God who Rejects Idols -- 1.3 Jung's Statement that "Job's God is a Fool" -- 2 A Response from the Old Testament -- 2.1 The Nihilism of Qohelet and his Triumph Over It: The Ontological Personal God and the Non-ontological Transcendent One -- 2.2 Schoenberg's Uncertainty: Toward the Idea of Atonement Thought -- 2.3 What Jung Missed: Demythologizing the Creation Story -- 3 How Does the Old Testament Understanding of God Challenge the Modern World? -- 3.0 What Kind of Age is this Modern Period? -- 3.1 Doubts about the Concept of God -- 3.2 Sensitivity to Suffering -- 3.3 The Givenness of Existence. Chapter 5: Toward Regenerating Ethics: Seeking an Ordered Path of Joyful Coexistence -- Introduction -- 1 Two Attitudes Toward Ethics -- 1.1 Emotional Draconianism and Ethical Education -- 1.2 Theoretical Ethical Relativism and Skepticism -- 1.3 Aphasia and Working to Overcome It -- 2 Two Grounds for Rejecting Murder: Awareness of Order (Ri) -- 2.1 A Ktisiological Reason (Ri) -- 2.2 A Soteriological Reason (Ri) -- 2.3 Summary -- 3 Seven Paths (Ro) for Arriving at the Two Understandings of Order (Ri) -- 3.1 Religion -- 3.2 Philosophy -- 3.2.1 The Philosophical Hermeneutics of Gadamer and Ricoeur -- 3.2.2 Plato's Criticism of Democracy -- 3.2.3 Wonder (thaumazein) is the Beginning of Philosophy (philosophiā) -- 3.3 Science -- 3.4 Summary -- 3.5 Law -- 3.6 Politics -- 3.7 The Arts -- 3.8 The Art of Discovering Good Things -- Conclusion -- Part III The Prophets and Soteriology -- Chapter 6: A Genealogy of Prophetic Salvation: Isaiah, Second Isaiah, and Jeremiah -- Introduction -- 1 From the Book of Isaiah -- 1.1 The Call of Isaiah -- 1.2 Early Messianic Prophecies -- 1.3 David's Scion -- 1.4 Those Who Received Instruction -- 1.5 Second Isaiah's Suffering Servant -- 2 From the Book of Jeremiah -- 2.1 Jeremiah and the Deuteronomistic Historian -- 2.2 False Prophets -- 2.3 Messiah -- 2.4 Sacrifices -- 2.5 The New Covenant -- Chapter 7: The Prophets and Deuteronomism: The Book of Jeremiah -- 1 Questions about Authenticity -- 2 True and False Prophets -- 3 An Examination of Thiel's Theory about the Deuteronomistic Historian's Redactional Intentions -- 3.1 The Theology of Thiel's Deuteronomistic Historian -- 3.2 Ideas and Expressions Unique to the Deuteronomistic Historian (Other than those Cited by Thiel) -- 3.3 Ideas Unique to Jeremiah -- 4 Interpretation of the "New Covenant" Prophecy: The First Point of Debate. 5 Interpretation of the "New Covenant" Prophecy: The Second Point of Debate -- 6 The Prophetic Content of Jeremiah's Authentic Texts -- 7 A Comparison of the Ideas of the Deuteronomistic Historian and Jeremiah -- 8 Revisiting Questions about Authenticity: The Task of Philosophical Interpretation -- Part IV Old Testament Studies in Japan -- Chapter 8: Old Testament Studies in Japan: A Retrospect and Prospects -- Introduction -- 1 A Retrospect -- 1.1 A Brief History of the Society for Old Testament Study in Japan and the Japanese Biblical Institute -- 1.2 Brief Overview of International Research Achievements -- 1.3 Brief Overview of Domestic Research Achievements -- 2 Prospects -- 2.1 Old Testament Studies in Japan: Reflections and Prospects -- 2.2 Looking to the Future of the Society for Old Testament Study in Japan -- 2.2.1 -- 2.2.2 -- 2.2.3 -- 2.2.4 -- 2.2.5 -- 2.2.6 -- 2.2.7 -- 2.2.8 -- 2.2.9 -- Conclusion -- Subject Index -- Author Index -- Ancient. Sources. Index.

The series Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (BZAW) covers all areas of research into the Old Testament, focusing on the Hebrew Bible, its early and later forms in Ancient Judaism, as well as its branching into many neighboring cultures of the Ancient Near East and the Greco-Roman world.

9783110340761


Bible. -- Old Testament -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.


Electronic books.

BS1171.3 -- .S4513 2014eb

221.6