Companion to Buddhist Philosophy.

Emmanuel, Steven M.

Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. - 1st ed. - 1 online resource (854 pages) - Blackwell Companions to Philosophy Ser. ; v.151 . - Blackwell Companions to Philosophy Ser. .

Intro -- Blackwell Companions to Philosophy -- Title page -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Notes on Contributors -- Acknowledgments -- List of Abbreviations -- Introduction -- The Buddha and Buddhist Philosophy -- Buddhist Philosophy in Focus -- Aim and Structure of the Volume -- Part I Conceptual Foundations -- 1 The Philosophical Context of Gotama's Thought -- Some Fundamental Problems -- Indian "Views" of Reality -- Indian Philosophy and/or Indian Religion? -- Siddhattha Gotama's Cultural and Intellectual Context -- Basic Elements of the Pre-Vedic View - The Remote Origins of Gotama's Thought -- The Meaning, Purpose, and End of Life -- Seeds and Fruit: Actions and their Consequences -- Basic Elements of the Vedic View: The Source of Gotama's Philosophical Concerns -- Basic Elements of the Post-Vedic View: The Immediate Context of Gotama's Thought -- Nine Darśanas -- Six "Orthodox" Darśanas -- Three "Heterodox" Darśanas -- 2 Dukkha, Non-Self, and the Teaching on the Four "Noble Truths" -- Dukkha as the First True Reality for the Spiritually Ennobled: The Painful -- The Second True Reality for the Spiritually Ennobled: The Origin of the Painful -- The Third and Fourth True Realities for the Spiritually Ennobled: The Cessation of the Painful, and the Path to This -- The Cessation of Dukkha -- 3 The Conditioned Co-arising of Mental and Bodily Processes within Life and Between Lives -- The Centrality of Conditioned Co-arising -- The Principle of Conditionality -- The Meaning and Nature of Conditioned Co-arising -- Conditioned Co-arising, the Four True Realities for the Spiritually Ennobled, and Spiritual Practice -- Conditioned Co-arising, Non-Self, and the Khandhas -- The 12 Links (nidānas) -- The Links Over Three Lives, and Over a Series of Moments -- Fathoming, Stilling, and Transcending the Subtle Web of Conditions. Conditioned Co-arising as the Middle Way -- The Type of Relationship Conditioned Co-arising Concerns -- The General Nature of Conditioned Co-arising -- Mahāyāna Developments -- Part II Major Schools of Buddhist Thought -- 4 Theravāda -- History and Context -- The Pāli Canon -- Theravāda Doctrine -- Focus of the Theravāda Abhidhamma -- The Canonical Abhidhamma -- Abhidhamma Commentaries -- 5 Indian Mahāyāna Buddhism -- Background -- Madhyamaka -- Yogācāra/Cittamātra -- Yogācāra-Madhyamaka -- Mahāyāna Path System -- 6 Tibetan Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna -- Introduction -- Philosophical Vajrayāna -- Variations of Madhyamaka -- Tantric Distinction -- Vajrayāna as Pantheism -- 7 East Asian Buddhism -- Historical Context -- Faxiang (法相 -- Jp. Hossō -- K. Beopsang) -- Sanlun (三 -- Jp. Sanron -- K. Samnon) -- Tiantai (天台 -- Jp. Tendai -- K. Cheontae) -- Huayan ( 嚴 -- Jp. Kegon -- K. Hwaeom) -- Zhenyan (真 -- Jp. Shingon) -- Pure Land (净土 Ch. Jìngtǔzōng -- Jp. Jōdo -- K. Jeongtojong) -- Chan (禪 Jp. Zen -- K. Seon) -- Part III Themes in Buddhist Philosophy -- A. Metaphysics -- 8 Metaphysical Issues in Indian Buddhist Thought -- Abhidharma -- Madhyamaka -- Yogācāra -- The school of Dignāga and Dharmakīrti -- 9 Emptiness in Mahāyāna Buddhism Interpretations and Comparisons -- Madhyamaka: Emptiness as Absence of Intrinsic Existence -- Yogācāra: Emptiness of the Subject-Object Duality -- Buddha-Nature: Emptiness as Absence of Defilements -- The Emptiness of Views -- Emptiness as Therapeutic -- 10 Practical Applications of the Perfection of Wisdom Sūtra and Madhyamaka in the Kālacakra Tantric Tradition -- 11 The Huayan Metaphysics of Totality -- 12 Forms of Emptiness in Zen -- Lack of Own-Being -- Formlessness of Ultimate Reality -- Distinctionless State of Meditative Consciousness -- No-Mind in the Action of Non-Action -- Emptiness (or Emptying) of Emptiness. Emptiness of Words -- 13 Between the Horns of Idealism and Realism The Middle Way of Madhyamaka -- Introduction -- Buddhist Realists -- Buddhist Idealists -- Between the Horns: Madhyamaka -- The Two Truths Again -- Conclusion -- B. Epistemology -- 14 A Survey of Early Buddhist Epistemology -- The Historical Context of the Early Buddhist View of Knowledge -- Early Buddhist Epistemology: A Broad and Rich form of Empiricism -- Knowledge Claims Require Personal Verification -- Limitations on Human Knowledge: The Unexplained Questions (avyākatā) -- The All: Senses and Their Objects Define Reality -- An Empirical Account of Experience as a Natural Process -- The Role of Affective Modes of Experience in Cognition -- The Role of Knowledge in Achieving Spiritual Liberation (nibbāna) -- 15 Reason and Experience in Buddhist Epistemology -- Introductory Remarks -- Doubting, Knowing, and Seeing -- Emptiness, Rationality, and the Impossibility of Proof -- Cognitive Events, Logical Reasons, and Causal Explanation -- Conclusion: Knowledge as Enactive Transformation -- 16 The Three Truths in Tiantai Buddhism -- 17 "Spiritual Exercise" and Buddhist Epistemologists in India and Tibet -- I -- II -- III -- IV -- V -- VI -- 18 Yogic Perception, Meditation, and Enlightenment The Epistemological Issues in a Key Debate -- I -- II -- III -- IV -- V -- VI -- VII -- C. Language and Logic -- 19 Language and Logic in Indian Buddhist Thought -- Introduction -- Logic in Indian Buddhism -- Conclusion -- 20 Buddhist Philosophy of Logic -- Logic in Buddhist Philosophy -- The Role of Inference in Epistemology -- Logic or Epistemology? -- The Elements of Inference -- Buddhist Conception of Logic -- Logic in Buddhist Logic -- 21 Candrakīrti on the Limits of Language and Logic -- The Doctrine of Two Truths -- Cessation, Nirvana, and Nihilism -- The Doctrine of Emptiness. Paradoxical Language -- The Soteriological Value of Emptiness: The Peace of Nirvana -- The Four Positions (catuṣkoṭi) -- Candrakīrti on Bhāviveka's Use of Inferences and Syllogisms -- Candrakīrti on the Function of Valid Means of Knowledge -- Conclusion -- 22 On the Value of Speaking and Not Speaking Philosophy of Language in Zen Buddhism -- Language Versus Silence -- Zen Literature Seen through the Shift to the Dharma Hall -- Sense or Nonsense? -- Kōan as Monastic Narrative: Actions Speak Louder -- 23 The Voice of Another Speech, Responsiveness, and Buddhist Philosophy -- D. Philosophy of Mind -- 24 Mind in Theravāda Buddhism -- The First Five Factors: Contact, Feeling, Perception, Intention, Consciousness -- The Other Factors -- Additional Factors -- Mind and Cosmos -- Mind and Matter -- 25 Philosophy of Mind in Buddhism -- Why is Philosophy of Mind an Issue in Buddhism? -- Canonical Views on the Relation of Physical and Mental Events -- Nāgārjuna -- Vasubandhu -- Dharmakīrti -- Śāntideva -- Conclusion -- 26 Cognition, Phenomenal Character, and Intentionality in Tibetan Buddhism -- The Phenomenal Character of Cognition -- Disjunctivism -- Not a Sense-Datum Theory -- Not an Intentionalist Theory -- Disjunctivism Again -- Epistemically Engaged Objects and Intentionality -- Correspondence and Perception -- Correspondence and Conception -- Conclusion -- 27 The Non-Self Theory and Problems in Philosophy of Mind -- The Buddhist Non-Self Theory -- The Questions of King Milinda -- Vasubandhu's Rejection of the Self -- Agent and I-Consciousness -- The Non-Self Theory and Free Will -- E. Ethics and Moral Philosophy -- 28 Ethical Thought in Indian Buddhism -- The Ethical Themes in Brief -- Was There a Moral Philosophy in Indian Buddhism? -- Ethical Themes in the Original Teaching of the Buddha -- Ethical Themes in Mahāyāna Buddhism. Buddhist Moral Philosophy -- 29 Character, Disposition, and the Qualities of the Arahats as a Means of Communicating Buddhist Philosophy in the Suttas -- What is an Arahat? -- Sāriputta and Moggallāna: Two Strands of Meditative Practice -- Nuns, Laymen, and Laywomen -- The Buddhist Understanding of Character -- 30 Compassion and the Ethics of Violence -- Definitions -- Compassion and the Rhetoric of Superiority -- The Benefit of Self and Other -- Compassion and Ontology -- The Ethics of Violence -- 31 Buddhist Ethics and Western Moral Philosophy -- Introduction -- Buddhist Ethics as Virtue Ethics -- Buddhist Ethics as Consequentialism -- Buddhist Ethics and Other Western Moral Theories -- Buddhist Ethics and Western Moral Philosophy in Dialogue -- F. Social and Political Philosophy -- 32 The Enlightened Sovereign Buddhism and Kingship in India and Tibet -- Conceptions of Kingship in Early Buddhism -- The Ruler and the State -- Buddhist Accounts of Government: Elected Kings and Universal Monarchs -- Notions of Kingship in Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna Buddhism -- The Bodhisattva-Emperors of Tibet -- Rule by Incarnation Regimes -- 33 Political Interpretations of the Lotus Sūtra -- Origins and Early Usage -- The Lotus as Protector of the Realm -- By Any Means Necessary -- Hope for the Outcast -- Nichiren: The Personal is Political -- The Land of Ever Tranquil Light -- Modern(ist) Interpretations of the Lotus Sūtra -- Conclusions: Left, Right, or Everywhere? -- 34 Socially Engaged Buddhism Emerging Patterns of Theory and Practice -- The Scope of Engaged Buddhism -- Three Marks of Engaged Buddhist Philosophy -- Conclusion -- 35 Comparative Reflections on Buddhist Political Thought Aśoka, Shambhala, and the General Will -- Human Nature, the State of Nature, and the Nature of Peace -- The Shambhalan Paradigm -- The Aśokan Paradigm. The Theravāda Tripartite Political System.

A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy is the most comprehensive single volume on the subject available; it offers the very latest scholarship to create a wide-ranging survey of the most important ideas, problems, and debates in the history of Buddhist philosophy. Encompasses the broadest treatment of Buddhist philosophy available, covering social and political thought, meditation, ecology and contemporary issues and applications Each section contains overviews and cutting-edge scholarship that expands readers understanding of the breadth and diversity of Buddhist thought Broad coverage of topics allows flexibility  to instructors in creating a syllabus Essays provide valuable alternative philosophical perspectives on topics to those available in Western traditions.


Buddhist philosophy.

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