Signs, Science and Politics :

Formigari, Lia.

Signs, Science and Politics : Philosophies of language in Europe 1700-1830. - 1 online resource (228 pages) - Studies in the History of the Language Sciences ; v.70 . - Studies in the History of the Language Sciences .

SIGNS, SCIENCE AND POLITICS -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Preface & Acknowledgements -- LIST OF ORIGINAL PLACES OF PUBLICATION -- Table of contents -- Chapter 1. The Semiotic Control of Experience -- 1.1 Towards a natural history of speech -- 1.1.1 Robinson Crusoe and Victor de l'Aveyron -- 1.1.2 Language and man's dual nature -- 1.2 Language and the "way of ideas -- 1.2.1 The way of reason vs. the way of ideas -- 1.2.2 Common sense, ordinary language and praxis -- 1.2.3 Semantics, poetics and the theory of communication -- 1.3 Semiotics and philosophy -- 1.3.1 A "prologue to all sciences -- 1.3.2 The role of semiotics in experimental metaphysics -- 1.3.3 The crisis of empiricist methodology in the sciences of language -- 1.4 The theory of signs and the metaphysical revival -- 1.4.1 Language structure and social hierarchy -- 1.4.2 The crisis of semiotic logic and the primacy of consciousness -- Suggestions for further reading: -- Chapter 2. The Semiotic Control of Civil Society -- 2.1 "Sapienza ben parlante" or: the use of eloquence -- 2.1.1 Vico's Orpheus and Muratorl's urban preacher -- 2.1.2 Lordship over language -- 2.1.3 Language and the foundation of society -- 2.1.4 From myth to logos -- 2.1.5 "Expliquons Vico... -- 2.2 Linguistic theory and reformist philosophy in Italy -- 2.2.1 Philosophy of language and social communication -- 2.2.2 The learned and the media -- 2.2.3 The order of language and the social order -- 2.2.4 Words, money and power -- 2.3 Theories of language in Italy from Revolution to Restoration -- 2.3.1 Principles of a new rhetoric -- 2.3.2 Language and Ideology in Italy -- 2.3.3 Towards a common language -- 2.3.4 Ideology and semiotics -- 2.3.5 Alessandro Manzoni's theory of language -- 2.3.6 Manzoni on linguistic laws and linguistic usage -- 2.4 Theories of language and theories of power in France. 2.4.1 Power and the word: for and against the Lumières -- 2.4.2 The eclectic compromise -- 2.4.3 The student of rhetoric and the professor of philosophy -- 2.4.4 Philosophy of history and philosophy of language -- Suggestions for further reading: -- Chapter 3. The Birth of Idealism in Linguistics: The History of a Transition -- 3.1 Transcendental subjectivity and language -- 3.2 Linguistics and transcendental philosophy -- 3.3 A critique of linguistic transcendentalism -- 3.4 Conclusions -- Suggestions for further reading: -- Bibliography -- A. Primary sources -- B. Secondary sources -- Indexof Authors -- Index of Subjects & Terms.

This book tells the story of how 18th-century European philosophy used Locke's theory of signs to build a natural history of speech and to investigate the semiotic tools with which nature and civil society can be controlled. The story ends at the point where this approach to language sciences was called into question. Its epilogue is the description of the birth of an alternative between empiricism and idealism in late 18th- and early 19th-century theories of language.This alternative has given rise to such irreducible dichotomies as empirical linguistics vs. speculative linguistics, philosophies of linguistics vs. philosophy of language. Since then philosophers have largely given up reflecting on linguistic practice and have left the burden of unifying and interpreting empirical research data to professional linguists, limiting themselves to the study of foundations and to purely self-contemplative undertakings.The theoretical and institutional relevance to the present of the problems arising from this situation is in itself a sufficient reason for casting our minds back over a period in which, as in no other, linguistic research was an integral part of the encyclopaedia of knowledge, and in which philosophers reflected, and encouraged reflection, upon the semiotic instruments of science and politics.


Language and languages -- Philosophy -- History.;Semiotics -- History.;Linguistics -- Europe -- History.

Electronic books.

P101 -- .F674 1993eb