Being and Truth.

Heidegger, Martin.

Being and Truth. - 1 online resource (257 pages) - Studies in Continental Thought Ser. . - Studies in Continental Thought Ser. .

Cover -- Contents -- Translators' Foreword -- THE FUNDAMENTAL QUESTION OF PHILOSOPHY Summer Semester 1933 -- Introduction -- 1. The spiritual-political mission as a decision for thefundamental question -- 2. The Greek questioning in poetry and thought and the inception of philosophy. -- 3. What philosophy is not. Rejection of inadequate attempts to define it -- 4. The fundamental question of philosophy and the confrontation with the history of the Western spirit in its highest position: Hegel -- Main Part The Fundamental Question and Metaphysics: Preparation for a Confrontation with Hegel -- Chapter One The Development, Transformation, and Christianization of Traditional Metaphysics -- 5. Considerations for the confrontation with Hegel -- 6. The concept of metaphysics and its transformation up to the time of classical modern metaphysics -- a) The origin of the concept of metaphysics as a bibliographical title for particular Aristotelian writings -- b) From the bibliographical title to the substantive concept.The Christian transformation of the concept of metaphysics: knowledge of the supersensible (trans physicam) -- 7. Kant's critical question regarding the possibility of metaphysical cognition and the classical division of metaphysics -- a) On the influence of the Christianization of the concept of metaphysics -- b) The three rational disciplines of modern metaphysics and Kant's question regarding the inner possibility and limits of metaphysical cognition as cognition on the basis of pure reason -- Chapter Two The System of Modern Metaphysics and the First of Its Primary Determining Grounds: The Mathematical -- 8. Preliminary remarks on the concept and meaning of the mathematical in metaphysics -- a) The task: a historical return to the turning points in theconcept of metaphysics. b) The Greek concept of the teachable and learnable (τὰ μαθήματα) and the inner connection between the"mathematical" and the "methodological" -- 9. The precedence of the mathematical and its advance decision regarding the content of modern philosophy: the possible idea of knowability and truth -- 10. Modern metaphysics in its illusory new inception with Descartes and its errors -- a) The usual picture of Descartes: the rigorous new grounding of philosophy on the basis of radical doubt -- b) The illusion of radicalism and the new grounding in Descartes under the predominance of the mathematical conception of method -- c) The substantive consequence of the predominance of themathematical conception of method -- 11. The predominance of the mathematical conception of method in the formation of metaphysical systems in the eighteenth century -- 12. Introductory concepts from Wolff's Ontology. The point of departure: the philosophical principles of all human cognition -- Chapter Three Determination by Christianity and the Concept of Mathematical-Methodological Grounding in the Metaphysical Systems of Modernity -- 13. The two main tasks that frame modern metaphysics: the grounding of the essence of Being in general and the proof of the essence and existence of God -- 14. The mathematical character of the system at the basis of Baumgarten's metaphysics -- a) The concept of veritas metaphysica: the agreement of what is with the most universal principles -- b) Preliminary considerations on the principial character of the principle by which the ens in communi is supposed to be determined -- 15. Baumgarten's starting point as the possibile (what can be) and the logical principle of contradiction as the absolutely first principle of metaphysics. 16. Remarks on the grounding of the principium primum.The principle of contradiction and human Dasein: the preservation of the selfsameness of the selfsame -- 17. The mathematical-logical determination of the starting point, goal, and deductive method in Baumgarten's metaphysical system -- a) The summum ens as perfectissimum. The belonging of the perfectum to the concept of Being and its suitability as leading to the highest being -- b) The main steps in the construction of the metaphysical system -- Chapter Four Hegel: The Completion of Metaphysics as Theo-logic -- 18. Transition to Hegel -- 19. The fundamental character of Hegelian metaphysics. Metaphysics as theo-logic -- a) Hegel's metaphysics as logic -- b) Logic as the system of the absolute self-consciousnes sof God: theo-logic -- 20. The completion of Western philosophy in metaphysics as theo-logic and the questionworthiness of this "completion" -- Conclusion -- 21. Confrontation and engagement -- ON THE ESSENCE OF TRUTH Winter Semester 1933-1934 -- Introduction The Question of Essence as Insidious and Unavoidable -- 1. The question of the essence of truth and the willing of what is true in our Dasein -- 2. The question of the essence of essence. -- a) Dasein's becoming essential in authentic care for its ability to be and the putting to work of the essence of things. -- b) The question of the what of essence. Harkening back to the Greek inception -- 3. The saying of Heraclitus. Struggle as the essence of beings -- a) The first part of the saying. Struggle as the power of generation and preservation: innermost necessity of beings -- b) The second part of the saying. The sway of the double power of struggle and the decisive domains of power -- 4. On the truth of the Heraclitean saying -- a) Two traditional meanings of truth. Truth as un-concealment (ἀ-λήθεια) and as correctness. b) The indeterminate prior knowing of truth and the superior power of Being -- 5. On truth and language -- a) The human bond to the superior power of Being and the necessity of language -- b) The logical-grammatical conception of language -- c) The characterization of language as sign and expression -- d) Toward a positive delimitation of the essence of language -- e) The ability to keep silent as the origin and ground of language -- f) Language as the gathered openedness for the overpowering surge of beings -- g) Language as lawgiving gathering and revelation of the structure of beings -- h) Language as λόγος and as μῦθος -- 6. The double sway of the struggle (ἔδειξε-ἐποίησε) as indication of the connection between Being and truth -- 7. The historical transformation of the essence of truth and Dasein -- 8. The disappearance of truth as un-concealment in the traditional transmission of the concept of truth -- a) The long-accustomed conception of truth as correctness. -- b) The last struggle between the earlier (inceptive) and later concept of truth in the philosophy of Plato -- 9. The start of the investigation with the myth of the"allegory of the cave" as the center of Platonic philosophy -- Part One Truth and Freedom: An Interpretation of the Allegory of the Cave in Plato's Republic -- Chapter One The Four Stages of the Happening of Truth -- 10. Interpretive procedure and the structure of the allegory of the cave -- A. The first stage (514a-515c) 11. The situation of the human being in the subterranean cave -- 12. What is unconcealed in the cave -- B. The second stage (515c-515e5) 13. A "liberation" of the human being within the cave -- 14. Expanded conception of unconcealment in the failure of the first attempt at liberation -- C. The third stage (515e5-516e2) 15. The authentic liberation of the human being to the originary light. 16. Liberation and unconcealment. Four questions about their connection -- 17. On the concept of the idea -- a) Preliminary remark on the significance of the doctrine of the ideas in the history of spirit -- b) The fundamental orientation of knowledge toward "seeing" and what is seen -- 18. Idea and light -- a) On the idea in the context of Platonic thought. The priority of seeing and its broader concept -- b) The seeing of what-Being. Idea and Being: presencing-self-presence in the view -- c) The essence of light and brightness: transparency that is perceived and seen in advance -- 19. Light and freedom -- a) On the determination of man on the basis ofseeing, hearing, and speaking -- b) Freedom as binding oneself to the illuminating -- 20. Freedom and beings (Being) -- a) Freedom as binding oneself to the essential law of Dasein and of things -- b) The view of essence that reaches ahead as a projection of Being (with examples from nature, history, art, and poetry) -- 21. On the question of the essence of truth as unconcealment -- a) The doctrine of ideas and the question of truth -- b) Degrees of unconcealment. The ideas as what is originally unconcealed (ἀληθινόν) and what is in the proper sense (ὄντως ὄν) -- c) The ideas as what is seen in a pre-figuring(projective) viewing -- d) On the question of the character of the Being of the ideas -- 22. The happening of truth and the human essence -- a) The allegory of the cave as history (happening) of man -- b) Unconcealing as a fundamental characteristic of human ex-sistence -- c) On the essential determination of man. Truth as a fundamental happening in the human essence -- D. The fourth stage (516e3-517a6) 23. The return of the liberated man into the cave -- 24. The philosopher as liberator. His fate in the happening of revealing and concealing. Chapter Two The Idea of the Good and Unconcealment.

In these lectures, delivered in 1933-1934 while he was Rector of the University of Freiburg and an active supporter of the National Socialist regime, Martin Heidegger addresses the history of metaphysics and the notion of truth from Heraclitus to Hegel. First published in German in 2001, these two lecture courses offer a sustained encounter with Heidegger's thinking during a period when he attempted to give expression to his highest ambitions for a philosophy engaged with politics and the world. While the lectures are strongly nationalistic and celebrate the revolutionary spirit of the time, they also attack theories of racial supremacy in an attempt to stake out a distinctively Heideggerian understanding of what it means to be a people. This careful translation offers valuable insight into Heidegger's views on language, truth, animality, and life, as well as his political thought and activity.



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B3279.H48 -- S3713 2010eb