The Search for Mind :

O'Nuallain, Sean.

The Search for Mind : Second Edition. - 2nd ed. - 1 online resource (288 pages)

Front Cover -- Preliminaries -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- 0.1 In search of mind -- 0.2 The field of Cognitive Science, as treated in this book -- 0.3 History of Cognitive Science -- 0.4 Topics treated -- 0.5 User's guide to this book -- 0.6 Further Reading -- PART I - THE CONSTITUENT DISCIPLINES OF COGNITIVE SCIENCE -- 1. Philosophical Epistemology -- Glossary -- 1.0 What is Philosophical Epistemology? -- 1.1 The reduced history of Western Philosophy, Part I - The Classical Age -- 1.1.1 Scholasticism and the first stirrings of Modernity - Thomas Aquinas -- 1.1.2 Descartes: the first Modern? -- 1.1.3 British Empiricism -- 1.1.4 Immanuel Kant -- 1.2 Mind and World, Part I - The problem of objectivity -- 1.3 The reduced history of Philosophy, Part II - The twentieth century -- 1.3.1 The Continental School -- 1.3.2 Maurice Merleau-Ponty -- 1.3.3 The Analytic School: The Campaign to clean up Philosophy -- 1.4 The philosophy of Cognitive Science -- 1.4.1 Materialism or Dualism? -- 1.4.2 In Search of Mind (II) -- 1.4.3 Autism, egocentrism and intersubjectivity -- 1.4.4 Some current controversies in Cognitive Science -- 1.4.5 Fodor and Modularity -- 1.5 Mind in Philosophy: summary -- 1.6 The Nolanian Framework (so far) -- Further Reading -- 2. Psychology -- 2.0 Why is Psychology so difficult? -- 2.1 A brief history of Experimental Psychology -- 2.1.1 Psychophysics and Behaviour -- 2.1.2 Phenomenological Psychology -- 2.1.3 Cognitive Psychology -- 2.1.4 Depth Psychology -- 2.1.5 Interlude: the framework here -- 2.2 Methodologies in Psychology -- 2.3 Perception -- 2.3.1 Perception and Cognition -- 2.3.2 Transduction and Encoding -- 2.3.3 Ecological Optics -- 2.3.4 The Gestalt approach -- 2.3.5 The constructionist approach -- 2.4 Memory -- 2.4.1 Memory as a store -- 2.4.2 Memory and Learning -- 2.4.3 Memory and Problem-solving. 2.4.4 Memory and Forgetting -- 2.5 Mind in Psychology -- Further Reading -- 3. Linguistics -- Introduction -- 3.1 Why Linguistics? -- 3.2 Computation and Linguistics -- 3.3 The main grammatical theories -- 3.3.1 The Chomskyan Revolution -- 3.3.2 The Counter-revolution -- 3.4 Language Development and Linguistics -- 3.4.1 Thought and Language -- 3.4.2 The evidence from child development -- 3.5 Toward a definition of context -- 3.5.1 Transitions and syntax -- 3.6 The multifarious uses of Language -- 3.7 Linguistics and Computational Linguistics -- 3.7.1 Applied Computational Linguistics -- 3.7.2 Philosophy of Language (reprise) -- 3.7.3 Theory of linguistic computation -- 3.7.4 Cognitive Psychology and Computational Linguistics -- 3.7.5 The Active NLP movement -- 3.8 Language and other symbol systems -- 3.9 On the notion of context -- 3.10 Mind in Linguistics: summary -- Further Reading -- 4. Neuroscience -- The constituent disciplines of Neuroscience -- 4.1 The Methodology of Neuroscience -- 4.1.1 Lesioning -- 4.1.2 Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) -- 4.1.3 EEG -- 4.1.4 Other techniques -- 4.1.5 Counting -- 4.1.6 Double dissociation -- 4.2 Gross Neuroanatomy -- 4.2.1 One brain or two? -- 4.2.4 Neural epigenesis and evolution -- 4.2.5 Gross Neuroanatomy itself -- 4.3 Some relevant findings -- 4.3.1 Realism and Cerebral Functioning -- 4.3.2 Mylesianism and cerebral functioning -- 4.3.3 Cerebral functioning: globalizations and localizations -- 4.4 Connectionism (PDP) -- 4.4.1 Connectionism as experimental neuroscience -- 4.4.2 Parallel distributed processing as tacit knowing -- 4.4.3 PDP as Computer Science -- 4.4.3.1 History of PDP as a Computing Paradigm -- 4.5 The victory of Neuroscience? -- 4.5.1 The work of Gerald Edelman -- 4.5.2 Recent developments -- 4.6 Mind in Neuroscience: summary -- 4.7 Further Reading. 5. Artificial Intelligence -- Introduction -- 5.1 AI and Cognitive Science -- 5.1.1 What is AI? -- 5.1.2 The reduced history of AI -- 5.1.3 Foundational issues: Cognitive Science and Computation -- 5.2 Skeptics and their techniques -- 5.2.1 Ludwig Wittgenstein and Slot-Assertions -- 5.2.2 Edmund Husserl and frames -- 5.2.3 Alan Turing and Computability -- 5.2.4 Gödel, completeness and decidability -- 5.2.5 The Chomsky Hierarchy -- 5.2.6 Roger Penrose and the last Emperor -- 5.2.7 Terry Winograd -- 5.2.8 Bayes and Probabilistic Reasoning -- 5.2.9 David Marr and the syntax of vision -- 5.2.10 Myles and Post-Modernism -- 5.2.11 What would Descartes think of being called a skeptic? -- 5.3 AI as Computer Science -- 5.4 AI as software -- 5.4.1 NLP -- 5.4.2 Expert Systems -- 5.4.3 Vision -- 5.4.4 The Frame Problem -- 5.4.5 PDP as AI -- 5.4.6 Summary -- 5.4.7 The recent history of AI -- 5.5 The current methodological debate -- 5.5.1 Bateson's cybernetic approach to mind -- 5.6 Context, syntax and semantics -- 5.7 Mind in AI -- 5.8 Texts on AI -- 6. Ethology and Ethnoscience -- 6.1 Ethology -- 6.1.1 Can Ethology explain everything? -- 6.1.2 Ethology and learning mechanisms -- 6.1.3 Mind in ethology -- 6.2 Ethnoscience -- 6.2.1 Ethnography and anthropology -- 6.2.2 Cross-cultural cognition -- 6.3 Mind in Ethology and Ethnoscience -- 6.4 Further Reading -- PART II - A NEW FOUNDATION FOR COGNITIVE SCIENCE -- Introduction -- 7. Symbol Systems -- 7.1 Characteristics of symbol systems -- 7.2 Context and the layers of symbol systems -- 7.3 Mind and symbol systems -- 7.4 Further reading -- 8. Consciousness and Selfhood -- Introduction -- 8.1 Cognitive views -- 8.1.2 Computational theories of Consciousness -- 8.1.2.1 Consciousness as an operating system -- 8.1.3 A Mathematical view of Consciousness -- 8.1.4 Summary -- 8.2. What is at stake?. 8.3 Consciousness as treated in Philosophy -- 8.3.1 Analytic philosophers discuss consciousness! -- 8.3.2 … As does everyone else -- 8.4 The Development of Selfhood -- 8.4.1 The paradoxical nature of selfhood -- 8.4.2 The origins of selfhood -- 8.4.3 An alternative perspective: the self and its world -- 8.5 The minimal requirements for this theory -- 8.5.1 The essential constructs -- 8.5.2 Toward a new vocabulary -- 8.5.3 Summary -- 8.6 Self as a filter -- 8.7 Self and motivation -- 8.8 Conclusions -- 8.9 Recent developments -- 8.10 Further reading -- 9. Cognitive Science and the Search for Mind -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Review -- 9.3 A theory of Mind anyone? -- 9.4 Foundational considerations -- 9.5 Coda: the Nolanian Framework -- Bibliography -- Author Index -- Subject Index -- Back Cover - Book Description.

The degree to which cognitive science as currently conceived can aspire to be the science of mind is a difficult issue. Proposing anintegrated approach to cognitive science, this revised edition of The Search For Mind has been updated to meet the newest developments of this rapidly changing field. The first part of this book constitutes clear introductions to the disciplines that traditionally are seen to constitute cognitive science (namely: Philosophy, Psychology, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence and Ethnology). The second section focuses on the nature of symbol systems, considered generically, and goes on to detail a theory of consciousness and selfhood. The two strands are woven together into a new theory of cognition and its development. Ó Nualláin concludes that a science that fully attempts to treat cognition must remain au fait with the findings from all other approaches to the study of mind, from the purely behaviorist to the purely experiential.

9781841508252


Cognitive science.;Interdisciplinary approach to knowledge.;Philosophy of mind.


Electronic books.

BF311 -- .O58 2002eb

153