Knowledge and Practice in English Medicine, 1550–1680.

Wear, Andrew.

Knowledge and Practice in English Medicine, 1550–1680. - 1 online resource (506 pages)

Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- PART I -- CHAPTER 1 Setting the scene -- INTRODUCTION -- LIFE AND DEATH -- DISEASES -- THE SICK POOR -- MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS -- THE MEDICAL MARKETPLACE -- RELIGION -- LITERATE MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE -- THE HUMORAL THEORY OF HEALTH AND ILLNESS -- THE ENGLISH VERNACULAR MEDICAL TEXTS -- CHAPTER 2 Remedies -- INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY -- DOMESTIC KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERTISE -- THE KNOWLEDGE OF 'OLD WIVES' -- PICKING HERBS - TOP-DOWN KNOWLEDGE -- THE MULTIPLICITY OF REMEDIES: THE NEW AND EXOTIC -- FOREIGN VERSUS LOCAL DRUGS -- UNDERSTANDING AND COPING WITH A MULTIPLICITY OF REMEDIES -- DATA RETRIEVAL -- THE VIRTUES AND POWERS OF REMEDIES -- COMPOUND REMEDIES -- SIMPLES AS HELMONTIAN MEDICINES -- IMPROVING REMEDIES -- CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 3 Diseases -- INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY -- THE RANGE OF ILLS AND DISEASES IN EARLY MODERN ENGLAND -- ILLNESS AND LEARNED PRACTICAL MEDICINE -- THE SIGNS OF DISEASE -- ANATOMICAL SIGNPOSTS -- SIGNS AND PATIENTS -- THE CAUSES AND IMAGES OF DISEASE -- The diseased body and the causes of disease -- PUTREFACTION -- Putrefaction and womens' disease -- Stories that carried conviction -- Autopsies and pathological stories -- Patients and disease narratives -- CHAPTER 4 Preventive medicine: healthy lifestyles and healthy environments -- SUMMARY -- INTRODUCTION -- THE ENGLISH HEALTH ADVICE BOOKS -- The social and geographical horizons of the regimens -- HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN THE REGIMENS OF HEALTH -- WE ARE WHAT WE EAT: DIGESTION, HEALTH AND ILLNESS -- Medicine, intemperance and morality -- HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT -- Medical and lay perceptions -- Healthy and ill environments -- Precision and practicality -- Correcting the air -- UNDERSTANDING KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT -- Environment, food and drink -- CONCLUSION. CHAPTER 5 Surgery: the hand work of medicine -- INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY -- SURGERY AND PHYSIC -- LEARNED SURGERY AND THE UNITY OF PHYSIC AND SURGERY -- Diet -- Medicines -- THE IMPACT OF LEARNED MEDICINE -- LEARNING AND PRACTICE -- THE PRACTICE OF SURGERY: DANGEROUS AND INCURABLE CONDITIONS -- PAIN, THE SURGEON AND THE PATIENT -- SURGICAL TECHNIQUE AND CRAFT PROGRESS -- Time and healing -- The operative moment -- SURGEONS AND THE PATHOLOGY OF PUTREFACTION -- THE POX -- Constraints upon surgeons -- CHAPTER 6 Plague and medical knowledge -- SUMMARY -- INTRODUCTION -- THE HORROR OF PLAGUE -- THE PLAGUE, GROUPS AND INDIVIDUALS -- THE MEDICAL VISION OF PLAGUE AND THE POOR -- SUSCEPTIBILITY AND MORAL BLAME IN OTHER GROUPS -- THE BELIEF IN MEDICAL SUCCESS -- THE MEDICAL CAUSES OF PLAGUE -- THE NATURE OF THE PLAGUE POISON -- EARLY ENLIGHTENMENT SCEPTICISM AND CONTINUITY -- CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 7 The prevention and cure of the plague -- MEDICINE AND PREVENTION OF PLAGUE -- Purging the air -- Private space and the prevention of plague -- VISITING THE SICK -- REMEDIES FOR PLAGUE -- THE TREATMENT OF PLAGUE IN THE PLAGUE TREATISES -- SURGERY -- CONCLUSION -- PART II -- CHAPTER 8 Conflict and revolution in medicine - the Helmontians -- SUMMARY -- GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE LATER SEVENTEENTH CENTURY -- THE NEW PHILOSOPHIES AND MEDICINE -- HELMONTIAN MEDICAL THEORY: DISEASE AND THERAPEUTICS -- THE WIDER HELMONTIAN CRITIQUE OF MEDICINE -- THE HELMONTIAN ATTACK ON BLEEDING AND PURGING -- GALENIC CRUELTY -- MEDICAL TRIALS AND THE HELMONTIANS -- WILLIAM WALWYN'S MEDICINE - A CASE STUDY -- SECRET REMEDIES -- MEDICINES TO REPLACE MEDICINE -- WALWYN'S MERRY MEDICINES -- CHAPTER 9 The failure of the Helmontian revolution in practical medicine -- INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY -- DIET AND MEDICINE -- PATIENT RESISTANCE TO PLEASANT MEDICINE -- CASE HISTORIES -- COMPROMISE. UNIVERSAL OPPOSITION -- CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 10 Changes and continuities -- INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY -- THE MEDICINE OF THE EMPIRICS -- THE ATTACK ON ANATOMY -- THOMAS SYDENHAM -- Sydenham's conceptions of disease -- Disease as nature's healing process -- Sydenham on putrefaction -- Sydenham and remedies -- Medicines, Physicians and Apothecaries -- THOMAS WILLIS: OLD STORIES OF DISEASE AND REMEDIES MODERNISED -- CONCLUSION -- Index.

A major synthesis of the knowledge and practice of early modern English medicine.

9780511153754


Medicine--England--History--17th century.


Electronic books.

R486 .W43 2000

610.942