Four Ages of Understanding :

Deely, John.

Four Ages of Understanding : The First Postmodern Survey of Philosophy from Ancient Times to the Turn of the Twenty-First Century. - 1 online resource (1054 pages) - Toronto Studies in Semiotics and Communication . - Toronto Studies in Semiotics and Communication .

Intro -- Contents -- Aviso: Why Read this Book? -- List of Tables and Illustrations -- Reconocimientos -- Preface: The Boundary of Time -- 1 Society and Civilization: The Prelude to Philosophy -- PART ONE: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY: THE DISCOVERY OF "REALITY -- 2 Philosophy as Physics -- Beginning at the Beginning -- Monism -- Pluralism -- Dualism -- Mathematicism: A Theorem from Pythagoras -- Requirements and Dilemmas for a Philosophy of Being -- Summing Up -- 3 The Golden Age: Philosophy Expands Its Horizon -- Socrates (469-399BC) -- Plato (c.427-347BC) -- Aristotle (384-322BC) -- Looking Forward to Latinity, First Aspect -- 4 The Final Greek Centuries and the Overlap of Neoplatonism with Christianity -- The Founding of Stoicism, and, as Background Thereto, Cynicism -- The Stoic Development -- Skepticism and Epicureanism -- The Counterpoint of Stoicism and Epicureanism in the Last Greek Centuries -- Neoplatonism -- The Tree of Porphyry -- Looking Forward to Latinity, Second Aspect: The Greek Notion of Σημείον as "Natural Sign -- PART TWO: THE LATIN AGE: PHILOSOPHY OF BEING -- 5 The Geography of the Latin Age -- Political Geography: The Latin Lebenswelt -- Intellectual Geography: Seeing Latinity Whole -- 6 The So-Called Dark Ages -- Augustine of Hippo (AD354-430) -- Boethius (c.AD480-524) -- The Tunnel to Latin Scholasticism -- Lights at the End of the Tunnel: Anselm of Canterbury (c.1033-1109), Peter Abaelard (c.1079-1142), Peter Lombard (c.1095-1160) -- 7 Cresting a Wave: The Second Stage -- Albertus Magnus (c.1201-1280) -- The Splendor of the Latins -- Into the Abyss -- 8 The Fate of Sign in the Later Latin Age -- Roger Bacon (c.1214-1292) -- Joannes Duns Scotus (c.1266-1308) -- William of Ockham (c.1285-1349) -- The Thicket (i.1349/1529) -- Domingo de Soto (1495-1569) and the Path Beyond the Thicket -- 9 Three Outcomes, Two Destinies. The First Outcome: Pedro da Fonseca (1528-1599) -- Second Outcome: The Conimbricenses (1606, 1607) -- The Vindication of Augustine: John Poinsot (1589-1644) -- One Further Augustinian Heritage: Grammatical Theory and Modistae as a Minor Tradition of Latin Semiotics -- The End of the Story in Latin Times and Its Opening to the Future -- 10 The Road Not Taken -- Stating the Question -- Finding a Focus -- Adjusting the Focus: Understanding What We Have Found -- Conclusion -- PART THREE: THE MODERN PERIOD: THE WAY OF IDEAS -- 11 Beyond the Latin Umwelt: Science Comes of Age -- Questions Only Humans Ask -- Reasonable Questions Philosophy Cannot Answer -- The Quarrels between Faith and Reason -- Science and Academic Freedom: The Achievement of Modernity -- 12 The Founding Fathers: René Descartes and John Locke -- René Descartes (1596-1650) -- John Locke (1632-1704) -- The Common Heritage of Modern Times (c.1637-1867) -- 13 Synthesis and Successors: The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde -- Dr Jekyll Sets Up Shop. The Scientific Side of Modernity: Coming to Terms with Nature -- The Philosophical Side of Modernity: Abandoning the Way of Texts -- Enter Mr Hyde: The Problem of the External World as the Schizophrenia of Modernity -- Journey's End, Journey's Beginning -- 14 Locke Again: The Scheme of Human Knowledge -- Locke's Modest Proposal Subversive of the Way of Ideas, Its Reception, and Its Bearing on the Resolution of an Ancient and a Modern Controversy in Logic -- Expanding upon Locke's Initial Sketch -- A Distinction Which Unites -- PART FOUR: POSTMODERN TIMES: THE WAY OF SIGNS -- 15 Charles Sanders Peirce and the Recovery of Signum -- The Last of the Moderns ... -- ... and First of the Postmoderns -- Peirce's Grand Vision -- Categories and the Action of Signs -- The Peculiar Case of Firstness -- The Ethics of Terminology -- Conclusion. 16 Semiology: Modernity's Attempt to Treat the Sign -- The Proposal of Semiology -- The Essence of Semiology's Proposal -- Points of Comparison between the Project of Semiotics and That of Semiology -- The Struggle for the Imagination of Popular Culture -- Steps to a Postmodern Doctrine of Signs -- 17 At the Turn of the Twenty-first Century -- Trattato di semiotica generale -- The History of Semiotics as It Appears Today (and When and Where Is That?) -- Theoretical Heart of Trattato di semiotica generale -- The Line of Advance -- 18 Beyond Realism and Idealism: Resumé and Envoi -- Rationale of This Work, in View of All That Could Be Said -- The Semeiotic Animal -- Resumé -- Envoi: Beyond Realism and Idealism -- Historically Layered References -- Gloss on the References -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z -- Timetable of Figures.

The first full-scale demonstration of the centrality of the theory of signs to the history of philosophy, Four Ages of Understanding provides a new vantage point from which to review and reinterpret the development of intellectual culture at the threshold of "globalization".


Electronic books.

B72.D445 2001