On Ideas :

Fine, Gail.

On Ideas : Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms. - 1 online resource (417 pages)

Intro -- PREFACE -- Contents -- Abbreviations -- 1. TEXT AND TRANSLATION -- 2. INTRODUCTION -- 1. The interest of the Peri ideōn -- 2. A terminological problem -- 3. Realist and semantic conceptions of universals -- 4. Universal and particulars -- 5. Plato's view -- 6. Forms and Aristotelian universals -- 7. The structure and moral of Peri ideōn I -- 8. Aristotle as a critic of Plato -- 3. EVIDENCE, PROVENANCE, AND CHRONOLOGY -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Evidence that Aristotle wrote the Peri ideōn -- 3. Reasons for doubting whether Aristotle wrote the Peri ideōn -- 4. The Peri ideōn's contents -- 5. The riddle of the Peri ideōn -- 6. Plato's development -- 7. When was the Peri ideōn written relative to Plato's dialogues? -- 8. When in Aristotle's career was the Peri ideōn written? -- 4. PLATONIC QUESTIONS -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Aristotle on the origins of the theory of forms -- 3. The'What is F?' question -- 4. Socratic forms -- 5. Plato's Heracleiteanism -- 6. Compresence, knowledge, and separation -- 7. Self-predication and paradigmatism -- 8. Conclusion -- 5. THE ARGUMENTS FROM THE SCIENCES: FORMS AND KNOWLEDGE -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The first Argument from the Sciences -- 3. The second Argument from the Sciences -- 4. The third Argument from the Sciences -- 5. Conclusion -- 6. FORMS OF ARTEFACTS -- 7. PLATO AND THE ARGUMENTS FROM THE SCIENCES -- 1. Socrates and the Arguments from the Sciences -- 2. Plato and the premisses of the Arguments from the Sciences -- 3. Plato and the conclusion of the Arguments from the Sciences -- 4. The Imperfection Argument -- 5. Broad compresence -- 6. Artefact forms again -- 8. THE ONE OVER MANY ARGUMENT: FORMS AND PREDICATION -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The One over Many Argument -- 3. What is predicated? -- 4. Negations -- 5. Plato's One over Many Argument -- 6. Forms of negations? -- 7. Separation. 9. THE OBJECT OF THOUGHT ARGUMENT: FORMS AND THOUGHT -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Object of Thought Argument -- 3. Aristotle's first objection to the Object of Thought Argument -- 4. Aristotle's second objection to the Object of Thought Argument -- 5. Plato and the Object of Thought Argument -- 6. Conclusion -- 10. THE ARGUMENT FROM RELATIVES -- 1. Introduction -- 2. An overview of the argument -- 3. Homonymy, synonymy, and focal connection -- 4. A puzzle -- 5. A second puzzle -- 6. Why equality is homonymous if it is defined in sensible terms -- 7. How to avoid homonymy -- 8. How the Argument from Relatives conceives forms -- 9. Why the Argument from the Relatives is a more accurate argument -- 10. Conclusion -- 11. COMPLETENESS AND COMPRESENCE: OWEN ON THE ARGUMENT FROM RELATIVES -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Completeness -- 3. Owen's account of the Argument from Relatives -- 4. Three criticisms -- 12. KATH' HAUTO AND PROS TI -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Plato on kath' hauto and pros ti -- 3. Alexander on kath' hauto and pros ti -- 4. The Academy on kath' hauto and pros ti -- 13. ARISTOTLE'S OBJECTIONS TO THE ARGUMENT FROM RELATIVES -- 1. Aristotle's first objection: No substance is a relative -- 2. Aristotle's second objection: Self-predication and Uniqueness conflict -- 3. Aristotle's third objection: The Argument From Relatives establishes two forms of unequal -- 4. A fourth objection: All forms are relatives -- 14. THE ACCURATE ONE OVER MANY ARGUMENT -- 15. THIRD MAN ARGUMENTS -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Plato's Third Man Argument -- 3. The Resemblance Regress -- 4. Aristotle's Peri ideon formulation of the Third Man Argument -- 5. Eudemus' version of the Third Man Argument -- 6. Conclusion -- 16. IS PLATO VULNERABLE TO THE THIRD MAN ARGUMENT? -- 1. Some preliminaries -- 2. A partial escape-route -- 3. A problem and a possible resolution. 4. The Third Bed Argument -- 5. Aristotle on Plato and the Third Man Argument -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index Locorum -- Index Nominum -- A -- B -- C -- D -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- l -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- V -- W -- General Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- W -- X.

This is the first book on Aristotle's important but neglected essay Peri ideon, 'On Ideas', to be published in English. Gail Fine explores the philosophical merits of Aristotle's criticisms of Plato, and relates their views to current debates about universals, properties, meaning, and knowledge. The full, annotated text of Peri ideon is included, with translation.

9780191519512


Aristotle. -- De ideis.;Plato -- Influence.;Form (Philosophy);Universals (Philosophy).


Electronic books.

B491.F63F56 1993

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